David J. Peterson
|Born||[non-primary source needed]January 20, 1981|
|Occupation||Writer, language creator|
|Known for||Language creation for Game of Thrones, Defiance and The 100|
David Joshua Peterson (born January 20, 1981) is an American conlanger, writer, and artist, who has constructed languages for television and movies such as Thor: The Dark World and Doctor Strange as well as the Dothraki and Valyrian languages for the television series Game of Thrones.
Studying at University of California, Berkeley (1999-2003), Peterson received BA degrees in English and in linguistics. He received an MA in linguistics from University of California, San Diego (2003-2006). According to an interview given to the publication Conlangs Monthly, he had his first contact with constructed languages while still at Berkeley, after attending an Esperanto class in 2000. In 2007, he co-founded the Language Creation Society with nine other language creators and served as its president (2011-2014).
In 2009, the television network HBO needed a fictional language for the Game of Thrones television series and turned to the Language Creation Society for help. This resulted in a contest, which Peterson won.
Peterson has created the Dothraki and Valyrian languages for the HBO series Game of Thrones and the Castithan, Irathient, Indogene and Omec languages for the Syfy show Defiance; he has been creating languages since 2000. He also created the language used by the Dark Elves in the movie Thor: The Dark World. Peterson's recent projects include the creation of the Inha and Munja'kin languages for the NBC series Emerald City.
Peterson has worked to popularize the activity of language creation, or "conlanging". He produced a number of videos on YouTube, in a series called The Art of Language Invention, and published a book of the same title in 2015. Peterson also worked as an executive producer on the 2017 documentary film, Conlanging: The Art of Crafting Tongues.
|2011-2019||Game of Thrones||
|2014||Star-Crossed||Sondiv, the mostly object-verb-subject language of the Atrians. It has a nonconcatenative morphology, broken plurals, nominal TAM (pronouns and object-marking affixes change depending on the verb's aspect), nasal vowels, a construct state and its own abjad called Kwandon.|
|2014-2015||Dominion||Lishepus, a polypersonal verb-subject-object language invented by the angels to prevent humans from understanding them. It is based on Proto-Indo-European and Proto-Afroasiatic roots and has pharyngeal consonants, inflected prepositions and a construct state.|
|2015-2020||The 100||Trigedasleng ("forest language") or Trig, a descendant of an American English cryptolect spoken by Grounders. It has become an isolating language and developed clusivity.|
|2015||Penny Dreadful||Verbis Diablo, the language of witches and demons. Due to its supernatural nature, its grammar is unstable and its words change meaning randomly. Though intentionally heavily distorted (sometimes through anagrams or phonetic reversal), its vocabulary is based on Classical Arabic, Akkadian, Middle Egyptian, Attic Greek, Latin, Persian and Turkish. It has pharyngeal consonants and inflected prepositions. Its verbs agree with their objects but not their subjects.|
|2016-2017||The Shannara Chronicles||Noalath, the verb-subject-object language of Druids. It has consonant mutation, reduplication, 5 noun classes, a singulative number for some nouns, circumfixes and vowel reduction.|
|2018||Into the Badlands||Azrán, a tonal, polypersonal descendant of Mexican Spanish spoken in Azra.|
|2019||Another Life||Achaian and Tala, two asemic syllabaries.|
|2019||The Witcher||Hen Linge ("elder speech"), the language of elves and mages. It has 5 noun classes, a negative verb and its own runiform alphabet.|
|2020||Motherland: Fort Salem||Méníshè ("mother tongue"), the tonal, polypersonal language of witches. It has ejective consonants, 6 noun classes, evidentiality, reduplication and inflected postpositions. A language derived from Méníshè and spoken by Camarilla members was also used for one line. Peterson created both languages with Jessie Sams.|
|2020||Lovecraft Country||Language of Adam|
|2021||Shadow and Bone||
|Year||Title||Language(s) / Role|
|2013||Thor: The Dark World||Shiväisith ("soft speech"), the language of the Dark Elves. It has a Finnish-inspired vowel harmony system as well as consonant harmony, 15 grammatical cases, a negative verb, a hodiernal tense and its own runiform alphabet called Todjydheenil.|
|2016||Warcraft: The Beginning|
|2016||Doctor Strange||Nelvayu, a polypersonal language the Zealots use for incantations.|
|2017||Conlanging: The Art of Crafting Tongues||Executive Producer|
|2018, 2020||The Christmas Chronicles, The Christmas Chronicles 2||Yulish, the language of Santa Claus and the Christmas elves. It has a nonpast tense, its nouns inflect for definiteness and its main stress is associated with a dip in intonation.|
|2021||Raya and the Last Dragon||Kumandran, the language of Kumandra. It was only used for one line and a few untranslated words in English lines.|
|2021||Dune||TBA (most likely Chakobsa, the Arabic-derived language of the Fremen, spoken on the desert planet Arrakis.)|
|2018||Arena of Valor||
|2019||Lampedusa (Eduardo Reck Miranda)||V?v ("love"), a language spoken on Ariel's island. It has serial verb constructions, a negative verb and reduplication.|
|2014, 2017||The Zaanics Deceit, The Zaanics Pursuit||Væyne Zaanics ("God's gift" or "God's curse"), a polypersonal language invented by the Lyrs and the Severns. It has 7 grammatical cases, 2 noun classes, circumfixes and its own alphabet called Yesuþoh, a cipher with a variety of allographs. Peterson created this language with Nina Post.|
David J. Peterson EXECUTIVE PRODUCER David began work on his first language in 2000 and has been creating languages ever since. He's worked as a language creator on HBO's Game of Thrones, Syfy's Defiance and Dominion, the CW's Star-Crossed and The 100, plus Marvel's Thor: The Dark World. He's also the author of two books: Living Language Dothraki (2014) and The Art of Language Invention (2015).