Democratic Front (Montenegro)
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Democratic Front Montenegro

The Democratic Front (Montenegrin and Serbian: /Demokratski front, DF) is a right-wing populist and social conservative political alliance in Montenegro. It is currently composed of the New Serb Democracy (NSD), Movement for Changes (PzP), Democratic People's Party (DNP), True Montenegro (PCG), United Montenegro (UCG) and Workers' Party (RP).[2] The main goal of the DF is to overthrow the ruling Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro (DPS), which was in power in country since introduction of the multi-party system in 1990, until 2020 parliamentary election.[3]

History

Miodrag Leki? led the alliance's list in the parliamentary election of October 2012.[4] Leki? ran in the 2013 presidential election, supported by both his Democratic Front and the Socialist People's Party. According to the electoral committee's report, he was narrowly defeated by incumbent Filip Vujanovi? (supported by the ruling DPS). However, many independent observers insisted that Vujanovi?'s victory came about as the result of a massive electoral fraud.[5]

In March 2015, Leki? split from the alliance due to internal disagreements, having decided to form a new centre-right, moderate and pro-EU political party, DEMOS.

After Leki? departing from the alliance, the Democratic Front significantly changed its public appearance and radicalized its rhetoric and ideology. At the 2016 parliamentary election, DF came second, behind ruling DPS, with 20.32% of the vote with 18 seats won, remaining in opposition. On 9 May 2019, members of alliance leadership Andrija Mandi? and Milan Kne?evi?, along with 12 another people found guilty by the Higher Court in Montenegro for the "plotting to commit terrorist acts and undermine the constitutional order of Montenegro on the day of 2016 parliamentary election."

On 3 August 2020, the Democratic Front alliance decided to sign an agreement with the Socialist People's Party, United Montenegro, Workers' Party, as well some minor extra-parliamentary parties, forming a pre-election coalition under the name For the Future of Montenegro, in order to participate at the forthcoming 30 August 2020 elections.[6][7] The coalition common list for 2020 election is led by a Montenegrin university professor, Zdravko Krivokapi?. Many media, analysts, but also political opponents have labeled the new coalition as the "Vu?i?'s list", because major parties in the new coalition have very close cooperation with the populist SNS-led regime in Serbia, the largest number of constituents of the new coalition were present at several meetings in Belgrade during 2019 and 2020, organized by Serbian President (also the SNS chairman) Aleksandar Vu?i?, gathering "leaders of Serb communities" in Serbia's neighboring countries.[6][8][9][10] The August 2020 election resulted in a victory for the opposition parties and the fall from power of the ruling DPS, which has ruled the country since the introduction of the multi-party system in 1990. The electoral coalition list won 32.55% of the popular vote, which equals 27 seats in the parliament, of which the Democratic Front member parties get 20 MPs.[11] In October 2020, Democratic Front parliamentary club was joined by United Montenegro and the Workers' Party, while the Movement for Changes decided to form separate parliamentary group, under the name "Democratic Front - Movement for Changes".[12]

Since a political split with their candidate for PM, Zdravko Krivokapi?, after he questioned their competence to participate in his cabinet, leaders of the Democratic Front, Andrija Mandi? and Neboj?a Medojevi? started to publicly criticize the alleged influence of the Serbian Orthodox Church, as well of the businessman Miodrag Davidovi? on Krivokapi? decisions and on composition of his cabinet, which they eventually supported in parliament after all. Mandi? claimed that Krivokapi? had been appointed head of the "For the Future" list after "pressure and conditioning of electoral support" by "parts of the Serbian Church", accusing parts of the church and Krivokapi? of "acting on someone's orders from abroad", while Medojevi? stated that Bishop Joanikije Mi?ovi? and priest Gojko Perovi? set the terms of the church's support and threatened to withdraw Krivokapi? from the electoral list, a few days before handing over the electoral lists for 2020 parliamentary election, which Perovi? categorically denied.[13] During October and November Medojevi? and Mandi? have repeatedly conditioned their parties' support for the Krivokapi? Cabinet, if they were not part of it. Mandi? explicitly asked Krivokapi? to "return the mandate and that they would look for a new PM designate".[14][15] Unfoundedly accusing and public insults were publicly condemned by the Serbian Church, PM Krivokapi?, Davidovi?, but also by the DF's coalition partner the Socialist People's Party, while the True Montenegro left the parliamentary group of the Democratic Front, out the protest.[16]

The DF maintains a very close cooperation with the right-wing populist SNS regime in Serbia led by Aleksandar Vu?i?, President of Serbia. Since mid-2010s, Vu?i? and members of his party have repeatedly publicly supported DF activities in Montenegro. In December 2020, Vu?i?, speaking to the media about Serbia future relation with the new government in Montenegro and PM Krivokapi?, called DF leaders "sole true representatives of Serbian community in Montenegro". In 2021, Vu?i? even claimed the existence of a conspiracy that "many in Montenegro" allegedly want the "destruction" of this political alliance.[17]

Elections

Parliamentary elections

Parliament of Montenegro
Year Popular vote % of popular vote Overall seats won Seat change Government
2012 82,773 22.82%
Increase 20 opposition
2016 77,784 20.32%
Decrease 2 opposition
2020 133,261[a] 32.55%
Increase 3 gov't support
  1. ^ Run within common For the Future of Montenegro electoral list, with SNP and the Popular Movement.

Presidential elections

President of Montenegro
Election year # Candidate 1st round votes % 2nd round votes % Notes
2013 2nd Miodrag Leki? 154,289 48.79% -- --
2018 2nd Mladen Bojani? 111,711 33.40% -- -- Independent, support

Members

Party Ideology Leader Since No. of seats
New Serb Democracy
Nova srpska demokratija
?
NSD National conservatism
Unionism
Russophilia
Andrija Mandi? 2012-
Movement for Changes
Pokret za promjene
PzP Populism
Euroscepticism
Souverainism
Neboj?a Medojevi? 2012-
Democratic People's Party
Demokratska narodna partija
? ?
DNP Social conservatism
Unionism
Russophilia
Milan Kne?evi? 2015-
United Montenegro[a]
Ujedinjena Crna Gora
? ?
UCG Cultural conservatism
National conservatism
Unionism
Vladimir Dobri?anin 2020-
Workers' Party[a]
Radni?ka partija
?
RP Social conservatism
Left-wing populism
Cultural conservatism
Maksim Vu?ini? 2020-
Serb Radical Party[b]
Srpska radikalna stranka
?
SRS Serbian ultranationalism
National conservatism
Russophilia
Ilija Darmanovi? 2016- Non-parliamentary
Yugoslav Communist Party[b]
Jugoslovenska komunisti?ka partija
? ?
JKP Communism
Titoism
Yugoslavism
Zoran Rado?evi? 2016- Non-parliamentary
Socialists of Montenegro[b]
Socijalisti Crne Gore
? ?
SCG Social democracy
Regionalism
Yugoslavism
Sne?ana Jonica 2021- Non-parliamentary

Former members

Party Abbreviation Ideology Leader Member
Party of United Pensioners and the Disabled
Partija ujedinjenih penzionera i invalida
? ? ? ?
PUPI Single-issue politics
Rights of pensioners
Social justice
Momir Joksimovi? 2012-16
Democratic Party of Unity
Demokratska stranka jedinstva
?
DSJ Unionism
National conservatism
Russophilia
Neboj?a Ju?kovi? 2015-17
Resistance to Hopelessness
Otpor bezna?u
?
OB Populism
Anti-establishment
Military neutrality
Mladen Bojani? 2016-17
Democratic Serb Party
Demokratska srpska stranka
?
DSS Christian democracy
Cultural conservatism
Unionism
Dragica Perovi? 2016-20
True Montenegro
Prava Crna Gora
? ?
Prava Right-wing populism
Serb ethnic interests
Military neutrality
Marko Mila?i? In 2020[a]

a Members of the Democratic Front's parliamentary group only. b Regional-level partner parties

Alliance leadership

Presidency

A Since Leki?'s abandonment the alliance, it is led by the Presidency, which consists of six members, two representatives from all three major parties; New Serb Democracy (NSD), Movement for Changes (PzP) and Democratic People's Party (DNP). Since March 2015 members of the collective presidency are:

See also

References

  1. ^ Demokratski front predstavio svoje simbole, Vijesti, 23 August 2012
  2. ^ "CG: Osnovan "Demokratski front"". novosti.rs.
  3. ^ "Leki? na ?elu opozicionog fronta Crne Gore". Slobodnaevropa.org. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ "DPS i SDP nakon 11 godina bez apsolutne vlasti". Vijesti.me. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ "Rezultat predsedni?kih izbora u Crnoj Gori i dalje sporan". Time.rs. Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Dogovorili se DF, SNP, Narodni pokret, Prava Crna Gora i ostali: Krivokapi? nosilac liste". www.vijesti.me.
  7. ^ Litije dobile politi?ki profil: Zdravko Krivokapi? na ?elu koalicije DF-a, SNP-a, Prave Crne Gore i Narodnog pokreta!, borba.me, 1 August 2020
  8. ^ Milovi, Vu?i?evi, Amfilohijevi; razvrstavanje, Monitor
  9. ^ Od "Vu?i?eve liste" ostao samo DF, RTCG/Pobjeda
  10. ^ Beograd gura SNP u zagrljalj Frontu, CdM, 29 July 2020
  11. ^ "Rezultati DIK-a na 100 odsto prebrojanih glasova: DPS 35.06, "Za budu?nost Crne Gore" 32.55 odsto glasova". vijesti.me (in Serbian). Retrieved 2020.
  12. ^ Klubovi poslanika, Skup?tina Crne Gore/Parliament of Montenegro (Retrieved 28 October 2020)
  13. ^ Gojko Perovi?: Sti?e se utisak da Neboj?a Medojevi? preuzima anti-crkveni manir od svojih doju?era?njih protivnika, Vijesti, 23 October 2020
  14. ^ Ko prolongira formiranje vlade, radi za DPS, Vijesti, 26 October 2020
  15. ^ NE ODUSTAJE OD EKSPERTSKOG KONCEPTA: Krivokapi? saop?tio Mandi?u: Nova vlada bez tri lidera, Vijesti, 24 October 2020
  16. ^ eki? pozvao Medojevi?a i predstavnike ostalih partija da prekinu sa uvredama i izno?enjem neprovjerenih izjava, Vijesti (Nov 2020)
  17. ^ VU?I?: Mnogi su ?eleli da uni?te Demokratski front u Crnoj Gori, Kurir, 14 February 2021

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Democratic_Front_(Montenegro)
 



 



 
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