Dr A.H. Heineken Prize
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Dr A.H. Heineken Prize

The Heineken Prizes for Arts and Sciences consist of 11 awards biannually bestowed by Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. The prizes are named in honor of Henry Pierre Heineken, son of founder Gerard Adriaan Heineken, Alfred Heineken, former chairman of Heineken Holdings, and Charlene de Carvalho-Heineken, current chair of the Heineken Prizes Foundations, which fund all Heineken Prizes for Arts and Sciences. Thirteen winners of the Dr H. P. Heineken Prize for Biochemistry and Biophysics or the Dr A. H. Heineken Prize for Medicine subsequently were awarded a Nobel Prize.

Organization

The five science prizes ($200,000 each) are:
1. Dr H. P. Heineken Prize for Biochemistry and Biophysics [1]
2-4. Dr A. H. Heineken Prizes for History,[2] Medicine[3] and Environmental Sciences [4]
5. C. L. de Carvalho-Heineken Prize for Cognitive Sciences [5]

In 1988, the Dr A. H. Heineken Prize for Art was established to be awarded to an outstanding artist working in the Netherlands. The prize is EUR100,000, half of which is to be spent on a publication and/or exhibit.[6]

Since 2010, Heineken Young Scientists Awards are given to young talent in similar research fields as the Dr H. P. Heineken, Dr A. H. Heineken and C. L. de Carvalho-Heineken Prizes.[7]

Selection

The selection system of the Heineken Prizes can be compared to that of the Nobel Prizes. Scientists from all over the world are invited to nominate fellow scientists for the Heineken Prizes. The Royal Netherlands Academy appoints special committees consisting of eminent scientists and chaired by a member of the board of one of the academy's two divisions. Both members and nonmembers of the academy are eligible for membership of these committees. An independent jury of members of the academy, acting in a personal capacity, chooses the winners of the Dr A. H. Heineken Prize for Art.

The Heineken Prizes are awarded in a special session of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, which takes place every even year at the Beurs van Berlage in Amsterdam.[8] In 2002, 2004,[9] 2006,[10] 2008,[11] 2010[12] and 2012[13] the Prizes were presented by the Prince of Orange.

List of laureates

Dr H. P. Heineken Prize for Biochemistry and Biophysics

Dr A. H. Heineken Prize for Medicine

Dr A. H. Heineken Prize for Environmental Sciences

Dr A. H. Heineken Prize for History

C.L. de Carvalho-Heineken Prize for Cognitive Sciences (before 2014: Dr A. H. Heineken Prize for Cognitive Sciences)

Dr A. H. Heineken Prize for Art

Nobel Prizes

The following winners of the Heineken Prizes for Medicine and Biochemistry and Biophysics have since won a Nobel Prize:

  • Christian de Duve
    • Dr. H. P. Heineken Prize for Biochemistry and Biophysics 1973
    • Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1974
  • Aaron Klug
    • Dr. H. P. Heineken Prize for Biochemistry and Biophysics 1979
    • Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1982
  • Thomas Cech
    • Dr. H. P. Heineken Prize for Biochemistry and Biophysics 1988
    • Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1989
  • Paul C. Lauterbur
    • Dr. A. H. Heineken Prize for Medicine 1989
    • Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2003
  • Paul Nurse
    • Dr. H. P. Heineken Prize for Biochemistry and Biophysics 1996
    • Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2001
  • Barry J. Marshall
    • Dr. A. H. Heineken Prize for Medicine 1998
    • Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2005
  • Eric R. Kandel
    • Dr. A. H. Heineken Prize for Medicine in 2000
    • Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2000
  • Andrew Z. Fire
    • Dr. H. P. Heineken Prize for Biochemistry and Biophysics 2004
    • Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2006
  • Roger Y. Tsien
    • Dr. H. P. Heineken Prize for Biochemistry and Biophysics 2002
    • Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2008
  • Jack W. Szostak
    • Dr. H. P. Heineken Prize for Biochemistry and Biophysics 2008
    • Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009
  • Elizabeth Blackburn
    • Dr. A. H. Heineken Prize for Medicine 2004
    • Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009
  • Ralph M. Steinman
    • Dr. A. H. Heineken Prize for Medicine 2010
    • Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2011

See also

References

  1. ^ "Heineken Prize for Biochemistry and Biophysics". Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ "Heineken Prize for History". Retrieved 2015.
  3. ^ "Heineken Prize for Medicine". Retrieved 2015.
  4. ^ "Heineken Prize for Environmental Sciences". Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ "Heineken Prize for Cognitive Science". Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ "Heineken Prize for Art". Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ "Heineken Young Scientists Awards". Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ "KNAW > News > Press releases > Dr H. P. Heineken Prize for Biochemistry and Biophysics awarded to Jack Szostak". Archived from the original on 2009-07-05. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "Toespraak van Z.K.H. de Prins van Oranje, uitgesproken bij de Heinekenprijzen uitreiking, Amsterdam, vrijdag 1 oktober 2004 (Engels)". Archived from the original on 5 June 2014. Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ "Toespraak van de Prins van Oranje, 28 september 2006". Archived from the original on 5 June 2014. Retrieved 2015.
  11. ^ "Speech by the Prince of Orange on the occasion of the presentation of the Dr. A.H. Heineken Prizes at the Beurs of Berlage in Amsterdam". Archived from the original on 4 June 2014. Retrieved 2015.
  12. ^ "Speech by the Prince of Orange". Archived from the original on 4 June 2014. Retrieved 2015.
  13. ^ "Toespraak van de Prins van Oranje voorafgaand aan de prijsuitreking voor wetenschap en kunst te Amsterdam". Archived from the original on 4 June 2014. Retrieved 2015.
  14. ^ "Dr A.H. Heineken Prize for Art 2018 awarded to Erik van Lieshout -- KNAW". www.knaw.nl.

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