Draghi Cabinet
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Draghi Cabinet
Draghi Cabinet
Flag of Italy.svg
67th Cabinet of Italy
Incumbent
Mario Draghi 2021 cropped.jpg
Date formed13 February 2021 (5 months ago) (2021-02-13)
People and organisations
Head of stateSergio Mattarella
Head of governmentMario Draghi
No. of ministers24 (incl. Prime Minister)
Member partiesM5S, Lega, PD, FI, IV, Art.1, CD, NcI, +Eu
Status in legislatureNational unity government
Opposition partiesFdI, SI, Alt[a]
History
Election(s)2018 election
Legislature term(s)XVIII Legislature (2018-present)
Incoming formation2021 government formation
PredecessorConte II Cabinet

The Draghi Cabinet is the 67th and current Cabinet of the Italian Republic, and the first one led by former European Central Bank President Mario Draghi. It has been in office since 13 February 2021.[1][2]

The Draghi Cabinet was formed following the resignation of Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte in the midst of a political crisis which led to the Conte Cabinet losing its majority. After consultations with political parties, President Sergio Mattarella tasked Draghi with forming a "high-profile" government.[3] Mattarella stated that the new government would have to tackle the health, economic and social crises related to the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as overseeing the EU relief fund associated with it.[4][5] The Draghi Cabinet was described as a national unity government by numerous news sources.[6][7][8][9] The choice by Mattarella to appoint Draghi as Prime Minister was welcomed by some international observers, with others casting doubt on the stability of a new technocratic government.[10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

The Draghi Government was formed with both politicians and independent technocrats, and is supported by a large majority of the Italian Parliament, including the anti-establishment Five Star Movement (M5S), the right-wing League (Lega), the centre-right Forza Italia (FI), the centre-left Democratic Party (PD), the centrist Italia Viva (IV), and the leftist Article One (Art.1).[6][18]

Supporting parties

  1. ^ Parliamentary group formed by former members of the M5S, who were expelled in February 2021.

History

Background

Mario Draghi announcing the Cabinet at the Quirinal Palace.

On 13 January 2021, Italia Viva (IV) withdrew its support for the Conte Cabinet, triggering a political crisis.[19] Conte subsequently won confidence motions in both houses of Parliament, with the abstention of IV, but could only reach a plurality in the Senate, rather than an absolute majority.[20][21][22] In the wake of this, Conte tendered his resignation to President Mattarella, who then began a round of discussions with various parties to form a new government.[23]

Government formation

Mattarella met with delegations of political parties on 28 and 29 January to determine their views on the formation of a new government. The Five Star Movement (M5S), Democratic Party (PD), Free and Equal (LeU), For the Autonomies, Europeanists, and some members of the Mixed Group all expressed support for the reappointment of Conte as Prime Minister, but IV ruled this out.[24][25][26] The centre-right and right-wing parties, the League (Lega), Forza Italia (FI) and the Brothers of Italy (FdI), stated that they preferred a snap election, but would be willing to join a national unity government under certain conditions.[27][28] Following this deadlock, Mattarella asked Roberto Fico, the President of the Chamber of Deputies, to explore the possibility of a grand coalition government.[29] On 2 February, Fico confirmed that there was insufficient support for the proposal.[30]

The Draghi Cabinet at the Quirinal Palace for the official portrait.

With the prospect of early elections looming, on 3 February Mattarella invited former ECB President Mario Draghi to the Quirinal Palace to charge him to forming a national unity government.[31] Draghi accepted the offer, and began consultations with the leaders of political parties.[32] Conte publicly endorsed him as his successor the following day, and further negotiations commenced.[33] On 10 February, League leader Matteo Salvini and FI leader Silvio Berlusconi jointly announced their support for Draghi.[34] Conversely, FdI leader Giorgia Meloni stated that her party would go into opposition.[35] The PD's national board unanimously voted on 11 February to support Draghi.[36] The same day, the M5S held an online referendum on whether to "support a technical-political government with the other political forces indicated by the appointed prime minister Mario Draghi", which was approved by 59.3%.[37]

Having achieved sufficient support, on 12 February Draghi met with President Mattarella at the Quirinal Palace and presented his list of ministers. The Draghi Cabinet was sworn in on the following day, 13 February, at 11:00 AM UTC.[38][39] The Cabinet was composed of twenty-four ministers, eight women and sixteen men, most of them from Northern Italy, largely from Lombardy and Veneto; it contained representatives from all supportive political parties, as well as numerous independent technocrats.[40][41]

Investiture vote

On 17 February 2021, the Senate approved the Draghi Cabinet with 262 votes in favour, 40 against and 2 abstentions.[42] The following day, the Chamber of Deputies affirmed its support, with 535 votes in favour, 56 against and 5 abstentions.[43] This was the third largest majority garnered by a cabinet in the history of the Italian Republic after the Monti Cabinet and after the Andreotti IV Cabinet.[44]

17-18 February 2021
Investiture votes for Draghi Cabinet
House of Parliament Vote Parties Votes
Senate of the Republic
(Voting: 302 of 321,
Majority: 152)
checkY Yes M5S (69), Lega-PSd'Az (62), FI-UDC (49), PD (35), IV-PSI (17), Eur-MAIE-CD (10), Aut (5), LeU (4), IdeA-C! (3), +Eu-Az (2), Others (6)
?N No FdI (19), M5S (15),[45] LeU / Italian Left (2), Others (4)
Abstention Aut (1), Others (1)
Chamber of Deputies
(Voting: 591 of 630,
Majority: 296)
checkY Yes M5S (155), Lega (125), PD (91), FI (81), IV (28), CD (14), LeU (11), C! (10), NcI-USEI-AdC (5), SVP-PATT (4), Az-+Eu-RI (4), Eur-MAIE-PSI (2), Others (5)
?N No FdI (31), M5S (16),[46] Lega (1),[47] LeU / Italian Left (1), Others (7)
Abstention M5S (5)[46]

Party breakdown

Beginning of term

Ministers

Ministers and other members

Geographical breakdown

Beginning of term

A choropleth map showing the number of ministers from each region.

Council of Ministers

The Council of Ministers is composed of the following members:[48]

Office Name Party Term
Prime Minister Mario Draghi Independent
Minister of Foreign Affairs Luigi Di Maio Five Star Movement
Minister of the Interior Luciana Lamorgese Independent
Minister of Justice Marta Cartabia Independent
Minister of Defence Lorenzo Guerini Democratic Party
Minister of Economy and Finance Daniele Franco Independent
Minister of Economic Development Giancarlo Giorgetti League
Minister of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies Stefano Patuanelli Five Star Movement
Minister for the Ecological Transition[a] Roberto Cingolani Independent
Minister of Sustainable Infrastructure and Mobility[b] Enrico Giovannini Independent
Minister of Labour and Social Policies Andrea Orlando Democratic Party
Minister of Public Education Patrizio Bianchi Independent
Minister of University and Research Maria Cristina Messa Independent
Minister of Culture Dario Franceschini Democratic Party
Minister of Health Roberto Speranza Article One
Minister of Tourism[c] Massimo Garavaglia League
Minister for Parliamentary Relations Federico D'Incà Five Star Movement
Minister of Public Administration Renato Brunetta Forza Italia
Minister of Regional Affairs Mariastella Gelmini Forza Italia
Minister for the South and Territorial Cohesion Mara Carfagna Forza Italia
Minister for Equal Opportunities and Family Elena Bonetti Italia Viva
Minister for Youth Policies Fabiana Dadone Five Star Movement
Minister for Technological Innovation and Digital Transition Vittorio Colao Independent
Minister for Disabilities Erika Stefani League
Secretary of the Council of Ministers Roberto Garofoli Independent
  1. ^ On 26 February 2021, the Ministry of the Environment was renamed Ministry for the Ecological Transition, and its responsibilities were expanded so as to include energy policies.
  2. ^ On 26 February 2021, the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport was renamed Ministry of Sustainable Infrastructure and Mobility.
  3. ^ The Ministry of Culture was also responsible for tourism in the previous governments. The new Ministry of Tourism has just been established as an independent institution.

Composition

Office Portrait Name Term of office Party
Prime Minister Mario Draghi 2021 cropped.jpg Mario Draghi 13 February 2021 - present Independent
Undersecretaries
Minister of Foreign Affairs Luigi Di Maio 2019 Official.jpg Luigi Di Maio 13 February 2021 - present Five Star Movement
Deputy Minister
Undersecretaries
Minister of the Interior Luciana Lamorgese crop.jpg Luciana Lamorgese 13 February 2021 - present Independent
Undersecretaries
Minister of Justice Marta Cartabia (cropped).jpg Marta Cartabia 13 February 2021 - present Independent
Undersecretaries
Minister of Defence Lorenzo Guerini 2019 Official.jpg Lorenzo Guerini 13 February 2021 - present Democratic Party
Undersecretaries
Minister of Economy and Finance Daniele Franco.jpg Daniele Franco 13 February 2021 - present Independent
Deputy Minister
Undersecretaries
Minister of Economic Development Giancarlo Giorgetti Quirinale 2018.png Giancarlo Giorgetti 13 February 2021 - present League
Deputy Ministers
Undersecretary
Minister of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies Stefano Patuanelli 2021 (cropped).jpg Stefano Patuanelli 13 February 2021 - present Five Star Movement
Undersecretaries
Minister for the Ecological Transition Roberto Cingolani - Festival Economia 2018.jpg Roberto Cingolani 13 February 2021 - present Independent
Undersecretaries
Minister of Sustainable Infrastructure and Mobility Enrico Giovannini cropped.jpg Enrico Giovannini 13 February 2021 - present Independent
Deputy Ministers
Undersecretary
Minister of Labour and Social Policies Andrea Orlando daticamera 2018 (cropped).jpg Andrea Orlando 13 February 2021 - present Democratic Party
Undersecretaries
Minister of Public Education Patrizio Bianchi 2018.jpg Patrizio Bianchi 13 February 2021 - present Independent
Undersecretaries
Minister of University and Research Maria Cristina Messa 2021 (cropped).jpg Maria Cristina Messa 13 February 2021 - present Independent
Minister of Culture Dario Franceschini Official (cropped).jpg Dario Franceschini 13 February 2021 - present Democratic Party
Undersecretary
Minister of Health Roberto Speranza 2020.jpg Roberto Speranza 13 February 2021 - present Article One
Undersecretaries
Minister of Tourism Massimo Garavaglia daticamera 2018.jpg Massimo Garavaglia 13 February 2021 - present League
Minister for Parliamentary Relations
(without portfolio)
Federico D'Incà (cropped).jpg Federico D'Incà 13 February 2021 - present Five Star Movement
Undersecretaries
Minister of Public Administration
(without portfolio)
Renato Brunetta 2018 (cropped).jpg Renato Brunetta 13 February 2021 - present Forza Italia
Minister of Regional Affairs and Autonomies
(without portfolio)
Mariastella Gelmini daticamera 2018.jpg Mariastella Gelmini 13 February 2021 - present Forza Italia
Minister for the South and Territorial Cohesion
(without portfolio)
Mara Carfagna 2018 (cropped).jpg Mara Carfagna 13 February 2021 - present Forza Italia
Undersecretary
Minister for Family and Equal Opportunities
(without portfolio)
Elena Bonetti 2021 (cropped).jpg Elena Bonetti 13 February 2021 - present Italia Viva
Minister for Youth Policies
(without portfolio)
Fabiana Dadone daticamera 2018.jpg Fabiana Dadone 13 February 2021 - present Five Star Movement
Minister for Technological Innovation and Digital Transition
(without portfolio)
Vittorio Colao 2015 (cropped).jpg Vittorio Colao 13 February 2021 - present Independent
Undersecretary
Minister for Disabilities
(without portfolio)
Erika Stefani (cropped).jpg Erika Stefani 13 February 2021 - present League
Secretary of the Council of Ministers
(Undersecretary to the Presidency of the Council of Ministers)
Roberto Garofoli (cropped).jpg Roberto Garofoli 13 February 2021 - present Independent

References

  1. ^ "Mario Draghi sworn in as prime minister of Italy". the Guardian. 13 February 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  2. ^ Balmer, Crispian (14 February 2021). "Italy's Draghi takes office, faces daunting challenges". Reuters. Retrieved 2021.
  3. ^ Balmer, Crispian; Amante, Angelo (2 February 2021). "Italy's president calls on Draghi to save country from crisis". Reuters. Retrieved 2021.
  4. ^ "Italian president Sergio Mattarella to seek a 'high-profile' government". the Guardian. 2 February 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  5. ^ Harlan, Chico; Pitrelli, Stefano (12 February 2021). "Mario Draghi will be Italian prime minister. On the agenda: covid, an economic crisis and raising Italy's profile in the world". Washington Post. Retrieved 2021.
  6. ^ a b Johnson, Miles (13 February 2021). "Mario Draghi sworn in as Italy's new prime minister". Financial Times. Retrieved 2021.
  7. ^ "Draghi government sworn in - English". ANSA.it. 13 February 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  8. ^ Roberts, Hannah (12 February 2021). "Mario Draghi forms Italian government". POLITICO. Retrieved 2021.
  9. ^ Horicka, Martin (22 February 2021). "Populists, Super Mario, and Italy's Last Hope". The National Interest. Retrieved 2021.
  10. ^ Bachstein, Andrea. "Mario Draghi als Premierminister: Das italienische Experiment". Süddeutsche.de (in German). Retrieved 2021.
  11. ^ Brankovic, Maja. "Mario Draghi in Italien: Sind Technokraten die besseren Politiker?". FAZ.NET (in German). Retrieved 2021.
  12. ^ "The Guardian view on Mario Draghi: the right man for Italy ... for now | Editorial". the Guardian. 4 February 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  13. ^ Horowitz, Jason (12 February 2021). "A Giant of Europe Prepares to Head Italy's New Unity Government". The New York Times. Retrieved 2021.
  14. ^ Pérez, Claudi; Verdú, Daniel (3 February 2021). "Draghi, un tecnócrata al rescate de Italia". EL PAÍS (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021.
  15. ^ "Draghi: Call of duty for Italy's 'Super Mario'". BBC News. 12 February 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  16. ^ "An Italian rescue mission for Mario Draghi". Financial Times. 3 February 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  17. ^ Speciale, Alessandro; Follain, John; Albanese, Chiara (11 February 2021). "Super Mario Rides to Italy's Rescue Armed With Prestige and EU Funds". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2021.
  18. ^ Governo, Draghi scioglie la riserva e annuncia i ministri: Franceschini alla Cultura, Cartabia alla Giustizia, Franco all'Economia, Cingolani alla Transizione ecologica, la Repubblica
  19. ^ Meredith, Sam; Amaro, Silvia (13 January 2021). "Italy's government in crisis after former PM pulls support for ruling coalition". CNBC.com. CNBC. CNBC International. Retrieved 2021.
  20. ^ Reuters Staff (2021-01-18). "Italy PM Conte comfortably wins lower house confidence vote". Reuters. Retrieved .
  21. ^ "Italian PM Giuseppe Conte's government survives Senate confidence vote". euronews. 2021-01-19. Retrieved .
  22. ^ Il Senato vota la fiducia a Conte: il Governo ha la maggioranza relativa con 156 sì, Fanpage
  23. ^ Legorano, Giovanni (January 25, 2021). "Italian Prime Minister Resigns Amid Struggle Over How to Revive Economy From Covid-19". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2021.
  24. ^ Consultazioni, Zingaretti: "Pd sostiene incarico a Conte, è punto di sintesi", la Repubblica
  25. ^ Crimi "Pronti a confronto anche con Italia Viva, ma serve lealtà", Il Tempo
  26. ^ Governo: secondo giorno di consultazioni. Renzi: 'Dopo i veti ci dicano se ci vogliono', ANSA
  27. ^ "Mattarella: "Adotterò un'iniziativa immediata". E convoca il presidente Fico per un mandato esplorativo". lastampa.it (in Italian). 2021-01-29. Retrieved .
  28. ^ Governo, Causin (Europeisti): "Conte è elemento di attrazione, non escludiamo un partito. Italia Viva? Fa la schifiltosa ma è nata come noi", Il Fatto Quotidiano
  29. ^ Mattarella: "Possibile conferma della maggioranza attuale, va verificata". Fico convocato al Quirinale, Il Fatto Quotidiano
  30. ^ "La vecchia maggioranza non si è messa d'accordo" (in Italian). Il Post. 2 February 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  31. ^ "Ex-ECB chief Mario Draghi asked to form Italy's next government". euronews. 2021-02-03. Retrieved .
  32. ^ Crisi governo, Draghi accetta l'incarico: "Vincere pandemia e rilanciare il Paese"., Sky Tg24
  33. ^ Giuseppe Conte scende in campo. E si autodichiara federatore, Huffington Post
  34. ^ "Berlusconi e Salvini: "Sostegno a Draghi con responsabilità e senza veti"". ilGiornale.it (in Italian). 2021-02-10. Retrieved .
  35. ^ Meloni attacca Salvini: "Non voterò la fiducia a Draghi, a lui Pd e la Boldrini vanno bene?", Internazionale
  36. ^ "Zingaretti: "Unità contro chi vuole destabilizzare il Pd. Ora Costituente per riforme in Parlamento"". la Repubblica (in Italian). 2021-02-11. Retrieved .
  37. ^ "Dal voto Cinquestelle via libera al governo Draghi con il 59,3%. Di Maio: "Il movimento prende la via europea". Fico: "Niente salti nel buio"". lastampa.it (in Italian). 2021-02-11. Retrieved .
  38. ^ Giuffrida, Angela (12 February 2021). "Mario Draghi's new government to be sworn in on Saturday". The Guardian. Retrieved 2021.
  39. ^ "Italy's Draghi sworn in as prime minister". The Canberra Times. 13 February 2021.
  40. ^ "Il Governo Draghi, 23 ministri: 8 donne e 15 uomini. I tecnici sono otto" (in Italian). ANSA. 13 February 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  41. ^ "Governo Draghi, prevalgono i ministri del Nord" (in Italian). Rai News. 12 February 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  42. ^ Governo, ok del Senato alla fiducia a Draghi con 262 sì. "Grazie per la stima, andrà validata dai fatti". Nel M5S 15 votano contro, la Repubblica
  43. ^ Forgnone, Valeria; Mari, Laura (18 February 2021). "Governo, ok della Camera alla fiducia con 535 sì, 56 no e 5 astenuti. Voto contrario di un leghista che passa a Fdi. Dissenso leghista a quota 32. Draghi: "Lotta alla corruzione e alle mafie"". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 2021.
  44. ^ Draghi, ok al Senato senza record: oggi tocca alla Camera. Strappo M5S, Qui Finanza
  45. ^ now expelled, 6 of them founded the group Alt
  46. ^ a b now expelled, 13 of them founded the group Alt
  47. ^ now in FdI
  48. ^ "I Ministri del Governo Draghi". www.governo.it (in Italian). 13 February 2021. Retrieved 2021.

External links


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