Edo People
Get Edo People essential facts below. View Videos or join the Edo People discussion. Add Edo People to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Edo People
Edo people
Edo
The Edo Cultural Group.jpg
An Edo children's cultural assembly
Total population
3.8+ million[1]
Regions with significant populations
Niger Delta
Languages
Edo language
Religion
Predominantly Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Afemai, Esan, Isoko, Urhobo and Akpes

The Edo or Benin people are an Edoid ethnic group primarily found in Edo State, Southern part of Nigeria. They speak the Edo language and are the descendants of the founders of the Benin Empire. They are closely related to other ethnic groups that speak Edoid languages, such as the Esan, the Afemai, the Isoko,and the Urhobo.[2]

The name "Benin" (and "Bini") is a Portuguese corruption, ultimately from the word "Ubini", which came into use during the reign of Oba (ruler) Ewuare the Great, c. 1440. "Ubini", an ancient Edo word meaning beautiful people, was used to describe the royal administrative centre or city or capital proper of the kingdom, Edo. Ubini was later corrupted to Bini by the mixed ethnicities living together at the centre; and further corrupted to Benin around 1485 when the Portuguese began trade relations with Oba Ewuare.[3]

History

Location of the Edo homeland (dark green)

in Nigeria (green)

Administrative region

Edo people can be found in Nigeria's Edo State which got its name from the primary inhabitants of the region's most notable historical conglomeration, Benin City, which is also the central capital homeland of the Edo people. Edo people also have many related groups in their immediate surroundings also encompassed by the political and administrative borders of Edo state.[4] Most of these groups have traced their history back to the historical city center off the Benin people, Benin City. Examples of such adjacent groups include various Afemai sub-groups, the Esan people of Edo state and the Akoko Edo people situated on the state's northern borders.[5]

Edo state was formerly part of the old Bendel state of early post-colonial Nigeria, also known as the Mid-Western Region, Nigeria. This region's influence and culture reflects that of the Edo, Urhobo, Esan and other Edo related peoples.[6]

Location of Edo state and Benin City in Nigeria
Edo cultural dressing with beaded crowns and outfits
Tunic

Dressing

Edo people have one of the dress cultures on the African continent. Their fashion accessories holds royalty and typically includes red beads, body marks, bangles, anklets, raffia work and so on.[7]

Traditional beliefs

In the traditional religion of the Edo, there exists, besides the human world, an invisible world of supernatural beings acting as interceders for the human world. Offerings are made to them in their respective shrines. Osanobua is the creator and Supreme God. His son/daughter Olokun is ruler of all bodies of water and is responsible for the prosperity and fertility of his/her human followers. Another son Ogun, is the patron god of metalworkers.[8] The epithet Osanobua Noghodua mean God Almighty. The word Osanobua encompasses a large number of divine principles - including the divine state of being merciful, timeless, goodness, justice, sublimity, and supreme. In the Edo belief system, Osanobua has the divine attributes of omnipresence (orhiole), omniscience (ajoana), and omnipotence (udazi). The Supreme Deity is believed to be present everywhere and at all times.[9][10]

16th century ivory portrait of Queen Mother Idia

Art and architecture

Figure of Oba Oguola, an Edo king

Traditional Edo art consists of widely identifiable sculptures, plaques and masks which reflect various spiritual and historical aspects of their cultural traditions. Some of the notable Edo art pieces include the mask of the Queen Mother Idia and a vast collection of historical Edo art pieces called the Benin Bronzes which can be found not only in Nigeria but further dispersed around the world.[11]

Notable Benins in Nigeria

Icons

Ewuare II

See also

List of the Ogiso

Kingdom of Benin

Oba of Benin

References

  1. ^ Shoup III, John A. (2011). Ethnic Groups of Africa and the Middle East: An Encyclopedia: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 130. ISBN 9781598843637.
  2. ^ "'Edo Is The Best Tribe In Nigeria'_George - Opera News". ng.opera.news. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "Yoruba leaders disagree over origin, meaning of their name". Vanguard News. 2019-10-26. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "Edo | people". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved .
  5. ^ Koutonin, Mawuna (2016-03-18). "Story of cities #5: Benin City, the mighty medieval capital now lost without trace". The Guardian. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "Edo | state, Nigeria". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved .
  7. ^ Okpokunu, Edoja; Agbontaen-Eghafona, Kokunre A.; Ojo, Pat O. (2005). "Benin dressing in contemporary Nigeria: social change and the crisis of cultural identity". African Identities. 3 (2): 155-170. doi:10.1080/14725840500235506. S2CID 143668454.
  8. ^ "Why Edo State Nigeria is seen as the center of diabolism. - Opera News". ng.opera.news. Retrieved .
  9. ^ Peavy, Daryl, Kings, Magic, and Medicine, p. 5, ISBN 9780557183708 [1]
  10. ^ Paula Ben-Amos, Flora Edouwaye S. Kaplan: Edo Religion. In: Lindsay Jones: Encyclopedia of Religion. Thomson-Gale, 2005. ISBN 002865997X
  11. ^ "Edo People: Reasons Why They Are Known For Their Beauty In Nigeria - Opera News". ng.opera.news. Retrieved .
  12. ^ "Oba Ewuare II: A quintessential monarch at 66". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. 2019-10-18. Retrieved .
  13. ^ "No going back on return of artefacts to the palace -- Oba Ewuare II". Vanguard News. 2021-07-10. Retrieved .
  14. ^ "Sir Victor Uwaifo... My journey to stardom, greatness". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. 2021-03-13. Retrieved .
  15. ^ "I almost died of electrocution on stage in 1969 - Sir Victor Uwaifo". Punch Newspapers. 2021-04-04. Retrieved .
  16. ^ "Peter Odemwingie Profile, News & Stats | Premier League". www.premierleague.com. Retrieved .
  17. ^ "Nigerian filmmaker, Charles Novia, floats Teen TV channel". 2019-11-21. Retrieved .
  18. ^ "Oshodin formally hands over to new Uniben VC". Vanguard News. 2014-12-03. Retrieved .
  19. ^ "OSHODIN: A Study In University Administration". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. 2015-02-27. Retrieved .
  20. ^ "Archbishop Idahosa told me about his death - Oyakhilome". Vanguard News. 2020-03-15. Retrieved .
  21. ^ "Amazon.com". www.amazon.com. Retrieved .
  22. ^ "Pinnick describes Samuel Ogbemudia stadium as 'world class'". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. 2020-11-02. Retrieved .
  23. ^ "TRIBUTE: Samuel Ogbemudia: The man who gave his people swagger | Premium Times Nigeria". 2017-03-26. Retrieved .
  24. ^ "APC leaders appoint Oyegun chairman South-south 'reconciliation team'". 2020-12-16. Retrieved .
  25. ^ "Ikpeba: Where does the Prince of Monaco belong among Nigeria's greats? | Goal.com". www.goal.com. Retrieved .
  26. ^ "Happy Birthday, Victor Ikpeba!". AS Monaco. 2021-06-12. Retrieved .
  27. ^ www.bloomberg.com https://www.bloomberg.com/profile/person/2411727. Retrieved . Missing or empty |title= (help)
  28. ^ "Chief Gabriel Igbinedion Archives". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. Retrieved .
  29. ^ "Erhabor Ogieva Emokpae; Unforgettable master of African art". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. 2020-01-05. Retrieved .
  30. ^ "I have no problem with Mercy Aigbe, says estranged husband". Punch Newspapers. 2021-06-21. Retrieved .
  31. ^ "The 2014 National Conference: Looking back, looking forward". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. 2015-03-31. Retrieved .
  32. ^ "Prof Osasere Orumwense Archives". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. Retrieved .
  33. ^ "Suyi Davies Okungbowa". www.amazon.com. Retrieved .
  34. ^ Eisenhofer, Stefan (January 1995). "The Origins of the Benin Kingship in the Works of Jacob Egharevba". History in Africa. 22: 141-163. doi:10.2307/3171912. ISSN 0361-5413. JSTOR 3171912.
  35. ^ "Book Serial: Ile-Ife: City of 201 gods (2)". Vanguard News. 2012-12-12. Retrieved .

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Edo_people
 



 



 
Music Scenes