Edwin Bidwell Wilson
|Born||April 25, 1879|
|Died||December 28, 1964(aged 85)|
|Alma mater||Yale University|
|Institutions||Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
|Doctoral advisor||Josiah Willard Gibbs|
|Doctoral students||Jane Worcester|
Edwin Bidwell Wilson (April 25, 1879 - December 28, 1964) was an American mathematician and polymath. He was the sole protégé of Yale's physicist Josiah Willard Gibbs and was mentor to MIT economist Paul Samuelson.
Wilson gave a plenary address at the International Congress of Mathematicians in 1904 in Heidelberg and in 1924 in Toronto.
In Wilson (1927) he introduced the Wilson score interval, a binomial proportion confidence interval, and also derived the "plus four rule", which uses a pseudocount of two (add two to both your count of successes and failures, so four total) for estimating the probability of a Bernoulli variable with a confidence interval of two standard deviations in each direction (approximately 95% coverage).