Elisabeth of Kalisz
|Died||28 September 1304|
|Spouse(s)||Henry V, Duke of Legnica|
|Father||Boles?aw the Pious|
|Mother||Jolenta of Poland|
Elisabeth of Kalisz (c.1259 - 28 September 1304) or Elisabeth of Greater Poland, was the eldest child of Boles?aw the Pious and his wife, Saint Jolenta of Poland. Her younger sister was Jadwiga of Greater Poland.
The couple had eight children:
Her husband went to war with Henry III, Duke of Silesia-Glogau; he was captured and imprisoned in G?ogów until he was released. Henry was ill by the time of his release; this was due to the conditions of his confinement (he was locked in an iron cage).
He never recovered his health, and seems to have known that he was not going to live much longer. Fearing for the future of his Duchy, in 1294 he decided to put himself under the protection of the Holy See.
Elisabeth's mother and younger sister, Anna had gone to live in a nunnery after the death of their father. Jadwiga was married to W?adys?aw I the Elbow-high; they had many children - among them were Elizabeth of Poland and Casimir III the Great.
Following Boles?aw's arrival in the Bohemian court and after his betrothal to Margaret, the King clearly favored him; this attitude caused fear among the closest male relatives of the King, who saw the young Duke of Legnica as a potential rival for the throne. Although the fact that Wenceslaus II had a son made him seem irrelevant, the sudden death of the King in 1305 and one year later the murder of his son and successor Wenceslaus III in Olomouc gained him an unexpected importance. Boles?aw began his fight for the Bohemian throne taking the title of "haeres Regni Poloniae" (heir of the Polish Kingdom).
Boles?aw and Margaret were married in 1308 and had three children. By this time, Elisabeth had died. She died on 28 September 1304 and was buried alongside her husband in the Clare monastery of Wroc?aw.