Ellen Meiksins Wood (April 12, 1942-January 14, 2016) was an American-Canadian Marxist political theorist and historian.
Wood was born in
New York City on April 12, 1942, as Ellen Meiksins one year after her parents, Latvian Jews active in the Bund, arrived in New York from Europe as political refugees. She was raised in the United States and Europe.
Wood received a
Bachelor of Arts degree in Slavic languages from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1962 and subsequently entered the graduate program in political science at the University of California, Los Angeles, from which she received her Doctor of Philosophy degree in 1970. From 1967 to 1996, she taught political science at Glendon College, York University, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. 
Robert Brenner, Ellen Meiksins Wood articulated the foundations of political Marxism, a strand of Marxist theory that places history at the centre of its analysis. It provoked a turn away from  structuralisms and teleology towards historical specificity as contested process and lived praxis.
Meiksins Wood's many books and articles, were sometimes written in collaboration with her husband,
Neal Wood (1922-2003). Her work has been translated into many languages, including Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French, German, Romanian, Turkish, Chinese, Korean, and Japanese. Of these, The Retreat from Class received the Deutscher Memorial Prize in 1988. Wood served on the editorial committee of the British journal  between 1984 and 1993. From 1997 to 2000, Wood was an editor, along with New Left Review Harry Magdoff and Paul Sweezy, of , the socialist magazine.
In 1996, she was inducted into the
Royal Society of Canada, a marker of distinguished scholarship. She and Neal Wood divided their time between England and Canada until he died in 2003. 
In 2014, she married
Ed Broadbent, former leader of the New Democratic Party of Canada, with whom she lived in Ottawa and London for six years until her death from cancer at the age of 73. 
. University of California Press, 1972. Mind and Politics: An Approach to the Meaning of Liberal and Socialist Individualism
. Schocken Books, 1986. The Retreat from Class: A New 'True' Socialism ISBN 0-8052-7280-1. Verso Classics, January 1999. Reprint with new introduction. ISBN 1-85984-270-4.
. Verso, 1992. The Pristine Culture of Capitalism ISBN 0-86091-572-7.
. Cambridge University Press, 1995. Democracy Against Capitalism: Renewing Historical Materialism ISBN 0-521-47682-8. Excerpt available here
Peasant-Citizen and Slave: The Foundations of Athenian Democracy. Verso, February 20, 1997. ISBN 0-86091-911-0.
. Monthly Review Press, 1999, 120 pp. The Origin of Capitalism ISBN 1-58367-000-9, ISBN 1-58367-007-6. Revised edition: . Verso Books, 2002, 213 pp. The Origin of Capitalism: A Longer View ISBN 1-85984-392-1, ISBN 978-1-85984-392-5.
Verso, 2003. Empire of Capital, ISBN 978-1-85984-502-8; paperback : Verso, 2005. ISBN 1-84467-518-1.
Citizens to Lords: A Social History of Western Political Thought from Antiquity to the Middle Ages . Verso, 2008. ISBN 978-1-84467-243-1. Verso, 2012. Liberty & Property: A Social History of Western Political Thought from Renaissance to Enlightenment. ISBN 978-1-84467-752-8.
Class Ideology and Ancient Political Theory: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle in Social Context. Oxford University Press, 1978. ISBN 0195201000 A Trumpet of Sedition: Political Theory and the Rise of Capitalism, 1509-1688. New York University Press, 1997 and London: Pluto Press, 1997. ISBN 0745311768
Publications available online
"C.B. MacPherson: Liberalism, And The Task Of Socialist Political Theory", (1978), pp. 215-240. Critical evaluation of the thought of C. B. Macpherson. [Retrieved April 18, 2010] The Socialist Register, Vol.15
"Liberal Democracy And Capitalist Hegemony: A Reply To Leo Panitch On The Task Of Socialist Political Theory", (1981), pp. 169-189. On socialist political theory. [Retrieved April 18, 2010] The Socialist Register, Vol. 18
"Marxism Without Class Struggle?", (1983), pp. 239-271. [Retrieved April 18, 2010] The Socialist Register, Vol. 20
"The Uses and Abuses of 'Civil' Society,", (1990), pp. 60-84. [Retrieved April 18, 2010] The Socialist Register, Vol. 26: The Retreat of the Intellectuals
"Ralph Milband, 1924-1994", (Autumn 1994). Homage to Ralph Miliband Radical Philoshopy, issue 68
"A Chronology of the New Left and its Successors, or: Who's Old-Fashioned Now?", (1995), pp. 22-49. The Socialist Register, Vol. 31: Why Not Capitalism?
"Modernity, Postmodernity, or Capitalism?", Monthly Review (July-August 1996). [Retrieved from http://findarticles.com/ April 18, 2010]
"Issues of class and culture: an interview with Aijaz Ahmad", (October 1996). [Retrieved from Monthly Review http://findarticles.com/ April 18, 2010]
"Back to Marx,", , Vol. 49, No. 2 (June 1997). Monthly Review
"Labor, the State, and Class Struggle,", , Vol. 49, No. 3 (July-August 1997). Monthly Review
"A Note on Du Boff and Herman", , Vol. 49, No. 6 (November 1997). A note on globalization. Monthly Review
"Class compacts, the welfare state, and epochal shifts: a reply to Frances Fox Piven and Richard A. Cloward - New Press, p.13, 1997" (January 1998).
"The , Communist Manifesto After 150 Years," , Vol. 50, No. 1 (May 1998). Monthly Review
"The Agrarian Origins of Capitalism,", , Vol. 50, No. 3 (July-August 1998). Monthly Review
"Capitalist Change and Generational Shifts,", , Vol. 50, No. 5 (October 1998). Monthly Review
"Kosovo and the New Imperialism", , Vol. 51, No. 2 (June 1999). Monthly Review
"Unhappy Families: Global Capitalism in a World of Nation-States", , Vol. 51, No. 3 (July-August 1999). Monthly Review
"The Politics of Capitalism", , Vol. 51, No. 4 (September 1999). Monthly Review "Eurocentric Anti-Eurocentrism", solidarity-us.org (2001). A Critique of Eurocentric Anti-Eurocentrism
"An interview with Ellen Meiksins Wood". By Christopher Phelps. (May 1999). Monthly Review
"York professors named to Royal Society," The York University Gazette, Vol. 27, No. 8, October 23, 1996. ISSN 1199-5246 [Retrieved April 18, 2010]
Political Marxism and the Social Sciences
"York professors named to Royal Society," The York University Gazette, Vol. 27, No. 8 (October 23, 1996) ISSN 1199-5246 [Retrieved April 18, 2010]
"RSC: The Academies of Arts, Humanities and Sciences of Canada". Archived from the original on December 20, 2016 . Retrieved 2007.
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"Ellen Meiksins Wood, author and third wife of Ed Broadbent, dead at 73". Victoria Times-Colonist. Canadian Press. January 14, 2016. Archived from the original on January 14, 2016 . Retrieved 2016.
"Remembering Ellen Meiksins Wood". The Broadbent Blog. The Broadbent Institute . Retrieved 2016.
"Happy Campers" book review of Why Not Socialism? by G.A. Cohen, , Vol. 32, No. 2 (January 28, 2010) [Retrieved April 18, 2010] London Review of Books "Why It Matters" book review of Hobbes and Republican Liberty, by Quentin Skinner. , Vol. 30, No. 18 (September 25, 2008) [Retrieved April 18, 2010] London Review of Books