Emirate of Dulkadir
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Emirate of Dulkadir
Dulkadirids / Dulkadiro?ullar?

1337-1522
Map of the Anatolian beyliks around 1330. Dulkadir was located in south east Anatolia.
Map of the Anatolian beyliks around 1330. Dulkadir was located in south east Anatolia.
CapitalElbistan
Mara?
Common languagesTurkish
Religion
Sunni Islam
GovernmentBeylik
Bey 
o 1337
Zeyneddin Karaca Bey
o 1522
Dulkadir Ali Bey
Historical eraLate Medieval
o Established
1337
o Disestablished
1522
Preceded by
Succeeded by

The Anatolian beylik of Dulkadir (Modern Turkish: Dulkadiro?ullar? Beyli?i), was one of the frontier principalities established by the Turkoman clans Bayat, Afshar and Begdili after the decline of Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm.

Capitals

The capitals of the beylik were located around the town of Elbistan in Kahramanmara? Province of Turkey in different eras.

As a buffer state

For a while, the Beylik of Dulkadiro?ullar? had an influence extending from K?r?ehir to Mosul, but with the rise of the Ottomans, they became a buffer state between the Ottomans and the Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo) of Egypt. They became part of the Ottoman Empire in early 16th century. Until the mid-19th century, the region centered on the town of Elbistan in Kahramanmara? Province of Turkey was often referred to as Dulkadiro?ullar? (or Zulkadriyye ) State in Ottoman documents[].

The Dulkadir dynasty also gave many brides to the Ottoman dynasty. Emine Hatun, the daughter of Nasreddin Mehmed Bey, the fifth ruler of Dulkadiro?ullar? State, was Mehmed I's third consort, and thus the mother of Ottoman Sultan Murad II. Their marriage served as an alliance between the Ottomans and this buffer state. Their son Murad II is the ancestor of all succeeding Sultans. Similarly, Mükrime Hatun, the daughter of Süleyman Bey, the sixth ruler of Dulkadiro?ullar? State, was the third wife of Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II. Moreover, Ay?e Hatun, the daughter of Alaüddevle Bozkurt, the eleventh ruler of the Dulkadir State, was the wife of Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II, and consequently the stepmother of Selim I.

List of rulers

  1. Zeyneddin Karaca Bey (1337-1353)[1]
  2. Garseddin Halil Bey (1353-1386)
  3. ?aban Süli Bey (Sevli Bey) 1386-1398)
  4. Sadaka Bey (1398-1399)
  5. Nasireddin Mehmed Bey (1399-1442)
  6. Dulkadiro?lu Süleyman Bey (1442-1454)
  7. Melik Arslan Bey (1454-1465)
  8. ?ah Budak Bey (1465-1467)
  9. ?ehsuvar Bey(1467-1472)
  10. ?ah Budak Bey (second reign) (1472-1480)
  11. Alaüddevle Bozkurt Bey (1480-1515)
  12. Dulkadiro?lu Ali Bey (1515-1522)

See also

References

  1. ^ Yeni Rehber Ansiklopedisi, Türkiye Gazetesi, 1993 (in Turkish)

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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