Evelyn Baring, 1st Baron Howick of Glendale, (29 September 1903 - 10 March 1973) was Governor of Southern Rhodesia from 1942 to 1944, High Commissioner for Southern Africa from 1944 to 1951, and Governor of Kenya from 1952 to 1959. Baring played an integral role in the suppression of the Mau Mau uprising. Together with Colonial Secretary Alan Lennox-Boyd, Baring played a significant role in the government's efforts to deal with the Mau Mau uprising and see Kenya through to independence.
Education and early career
Baring followed in the footsteps of his father, the famed "Maker of Modern Egypt"-- Evelyn Baring, 1st Earl of Cromer. Baring graduated from Oxford University with First Class Honours in modern history before serving in the Indian Civil Service. He then joined Britain's Foreign Office, where he was sent first to Southern Rhodesia before being posted in South Africa as High Commissioner.
Seretse Khama affair
In 1949, as British High Commissioner in South Africa, Baring played a key role in preventing Seretse Khama, the heir to the throne of the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, from becoming its king. This action he recommended to the British government on the grounds that Khama had wed a white English woman, Ruth Williams, and that the inter-racial marriage had been opposed by apartheid South Africa, a neighbouring state.
Working in close collaboration with Percivale Liesching, who was Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations at the time, Baring was able to persuade government ministers not only that Khama should be prevented from becoming king but that he should be exiled from his country. Baring's role in what became known as the Seretse Khama affair is documented in Colour Bar: The Triumph of Seretse Khama and His Nation by the historian Susan Williams.
Governorship in Kenya
As Governor of Kenya, Baring declared a State of Emergency on 20 October 1952 before launching Operation Jock Scott, which targeted Mau Mau leaders, especially Jomo Kenyatta.
In June 1957, Baring passed on to Alan Lennox-Boyd a secret memorandum written by Eric Griffiths-Jones, the attorney general of Kenya. The memorandum described the abuse of Mau Mau detainees. The paper alleges that Baring supplied a covering letter that asserted that inflicting "violent shock" was the only way of dealing with Mau Mau insurgents.
Career after Kenya
Baring left Kenya in 1959. He returned to his family estate of Howick Hall, which was inherited by his wife Lady Mary Cecil Grey, daughter of Charles Grey, 5th Earl Grey. He was known to enjoy birdwatching. He later accepted a post with the government's Colonial Development Corporation.
Marriage and children
Baring married Lady Mary Cecil Grey, daughter of Charles Grey, 5th Earl Grey, and Lady Mabel Laura Georgiana Palmer (daughter of William Palmer, 2nd Earl of Selborne), on 24 April 1935. They had three children:
Baring died on 10 March 1973 at the age of 69 and was succeeded in the barony by his son, Charles.
Baring was created:
- Coronet of a Baron
- A Mullet Erminois, two of the points resting on the pinions of a pair of Wings conjoined and elevated Argent.
- Azure, on a Fess Or, an Eastern Crown Azure, in chief a Bear's Head proper, muzzled Or.
- Dexter: A Tiger guardant proper, gorged with an Eastern Crown Or.
Sinister: a Lion guardant Purpure, crowned with a Ducal Coronet Or, and gorged with an Eastern Crown Or.
- DE BON VOULOIR SERVIR LE ROI
(To serve the King with goodwill)
- Order of the Garter circlet (Appointed 23 April 1977)
|Family tree: Descendants of Johann Baring (1697-1748)
|Johann (John) Baring|
|Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet|
|Sir Thomas Baring, 2nd Baronet|
|Alexander Baring, 1st Baron Ashburton|
|Francis Baring, 1st Baron Northbrook|
|Bingham Baring, 2nd Baron Ashburton|
|Francis Baring, 3rd Baron Ashburton|
|Henry Bingham Baring|
|Edward Baring, 1st Baron Revelstoke|
|Evelyn Baring, 1st Earl of Cromer|
|William Henry Baring|
|Thomas Baring, 1st Earl of Northbrook|
|Francis Henry Baring|
|Alexander Baring, 4th Baron Ashburton|
|John Baring, 2nd Baron Revelstoke|
|Cecil Baring, 3rd Baron Revelstoke|
|Rowland Baring, 2nd Earl of Cromer|
|Evelyn Baring, 1st Baron Howick of Glendale|
|Rosa Frederica Baring|
|Francis Baring, 2nd Earl of Northbrook|
|Francis Arthur Baring, 4th Baron Northbrook|
|Francis Baring, 5th Baron Ashburton|
|Sir Godfrey Baring, 1st Baronet|
|Rupert Baring, 4th Baron Revelstoke|
|Rowland Baring, 3rd Earl of Cromer|
|Charles Baring, 2nd Baron Howick of Glendale|
|William Drake Baring-Gould|
|Francis John Baring, 5th Baron Northbrook|
|Alexander Baring, 6th Baron Ashburton|
|Sir Charles Christian Baring, 2nd Baronet|
|Helen Azalea Baring|
|Raymond Alexander Baring|
|John Baring, 5th Baron Revelstoke|
|James Baring, 6th Baron Revelstoke|
|Evelyn Rowland Esmond Baring, 4th Earl of Cromer|
|William S. Baring-Gould|
|Francis Baring, 6th Baron Northbrook|
|John Baring, 7th Baron Ashburton|
|Sir John Francis Baring, 3rd Baronet|
|Alexander Rupert Baring, 7th Baron Revelstoke|