Faridabad
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Faridabad

Faridabad
Vatika Business Towers Faridabad.png
Most Beautiful Lake in Faridabad.jpg
Crown plaza Faridabad.jpg
Larsen & Toubro Office.png
From Top, Left to Right: Vatika Mindscapes, Lake near Surajkund, Crown Plaza of Faridabad, Larsen & Toubro Corporate Office
Faridabad
Faridabad
Faridabad
Faridabad
Faridabad
Faridabad
Coordinates: 28°25?16?N 77°18?28?E / 28.4211°N 77.3078°E / 28.4211; 77.3078Coordinates: 28°25?16?N 77°18?28?E / 28.4211°N 77.3078°E / 28.4211; 77.3078
Country India
StateHaryana
DistrictFaridabad
Metropolitan AreaDelhi
Established1607
Named forSheikh Farid
Government
 o TypeMunicipality
 o BodyMunicipal Corporation of Faridabad
 o MayorSuman Bala
 o Senior Deputy MayorDevender Chaudhary
 o Deputy MayorManmohan Garg
 o Planning agencyFaridabad Metropolitan Development Authority
Area
 o Total207.8 km2 (80.2 sq mi)
Elevation
198 m (650 ft)
Population
(2011)
 o Total1,404,653[1]
 o Density1,890.7/km2 (4,897/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Faridabadi/Fbd-ians
Languages
 o OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
121001[3]
Telephone code0129
Vehicle registrationHR-51 (North)
HR-29 (South)
HR-87 (West)
HR-38 (Commercial)
DL-16 (Delhi NCR)
HDI (2017)
Websitefaridabad.nic.in
mcfaridabad.org

Faridabad is the largest city in the Indian state of Haryana and a part of the National Capital Region of Delhi.[5] It is one of the major satellite cities of Delhi and is located 284 kilometres south of the state capital Chandigarh. The river Yamuna forms the eastern district boundary with Uttar Pradesh. The Government of India included it in the second list of Smart Cities Mission on 24 May 2016.[6] Faridabad has been described as the eighth fastest growing city in the world and the third in India by the City Mayors Foundation survey.[7] As per the 2001 Delhi Regional Plan, Faridabad is part of the Delhi Metropolitan Area (DMA).[8]

The newly developed residential and industrial part of Faridabad (Sec. 66 to 89) between the Agra Canal and the Yamuna River is commonly referred to as Greater Faridabad. The area is being developed as a self-sustained sub-city with wide roads, tall buildings, malls, educational institutions, and health and commercial centers. Sectors 66 to 74 are Industrial Sectors, while Sectors 75 to 89 are Residential Sectors.[9]

Faridabad is a major industrial hub of Haryana.[5] 50% of the income tax collected in Haryana is from Faridabad and Gurgaon.[10] Faridabad is famous for henna production from the agricultural sector, while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes, tyres and garments constitute its primary industrial products.

In 2018, Faridabad was considered by the World Health Organization as the world's second most polluted city.[11] In 2020, Faridabad ranked 10th in the Swachh Survekshan Survey's top ten dirtiest cities in India in 2020.[12]

Faridabad has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under Government of India's flagship Smart Cities Mission by Ministry of Urban Development.

History

The city was founded in 1607 by Sheikh Far?d, treasurer to the Mughal emperor Jahangir, to protect the Grand Trunk Road between Delhi and Agra, and lies in the cultural region of Braj.[13][14] A project for Pakistani refugee resettlement and light industrial development was initiated in the city in 1950.[14] In Independent India, Faridabad was initially a part of Gurgaon district which was later made an independent district on 15 August 1979.

Nearby Tilpat (then "Tilprastha") was one of the five villages demanded by Pandavas to avert a disastrous war.[15][16]

Geography

Climate

Faridabad
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
15
 
 
21
8
 
 
19
 
 
23
10
 
 
21
 
 
30
15
 
 
27
 
 
36
21
 
 
29
 
 
39
26
 
 
61
 
 
39
28
 
 
214
 
 
35
27
 
 
228
 
 
34
26
 
 
100
 
 
34
25
 
 
21
 
 
33
19
 
 
5
 
 
28
13
 
 
14
 
 
22
8
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Weather 2[17]

Faridabad has a borderline hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh) just short of a dry-winter humid subtropical climate (Cwa). The city features the three typical Indian seasons - The "hot" or pre-monsoon season lasts from late March to late June and is typified by sweltering and arid conditions that begin very dry but latterly turn humid. The "wet" or monsoon season is sweltering and often dangerously humid with frequent but erratic heavy rainfall. Following the retreat of the monsoon is the "cool" or winter season with warm and sunny weather producing by far the most comfortable conditions.[]

Climate data for Faridabad
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21
(70)
23
(73)
30
(86)
36
(97)
39
(102)
39
(102)
35
(95)
34
(93)
34
(93)
33
(91)
28
(82)
22
(72)
31
(88)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
10
(50)
15
(59)
21
(70)
26
(79)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
19
(66)
13
(55)
8
(46)
19
(66)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 15
(0.6)
19
(0.7)
21
(0.8)
27
(1.1)
27
(1.1)
61
(2.4)
214
(8.4)
228
(9.0)
100
(3.9)
21
(0.8)
5
(0.2)
14
(0.6)
752
(29.6)
Source: Weather 2[17]

Administration

There are six key administrators of Faridabad.[18] [19]

S. No. Department Title Position Holder Qualification
1 Administration Divisional Commissioner Sh. Sanjay Joon IAS
2 Administration Deputy Commissioner Sh. Yashpal Yadav IAS
3 Administration Additional Deputy Commissioner Sh. Ram Kumar Singh IAS
4 Municipal Corporation of Faridabad (MCF) Commissioner Sh. Yashpal Yadav IAS
5 Judiciary District & Sessions Judge Sh. Deepak Gupta HCS (Judicial)
6 Police Commissioner of Police Sh. O P Singh IPS

Faridabad, Palwal, and Nuh district jointly fall under Faridabad division of Haryana. A Division is headed by a Divisional Commissioner.

Faridabad has a judiciary system headquartered at District Court in Sector 12 which came into existence on 8 December 1980 with Shri A.P. Chaudhary as first District & Sessions Judge, Faridabad. The District Court has its Bar association with more than 2000 lawyers as its members[20]

Economy

The Faridabad Small Industries Association claims that Faridabad and Gurgaon districts account for almost 56% of the income tax collected in Haryana.[5] Faridabad has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.[21] It has started growing as another technology hub in Haryana nurturing startups and innovation.[22]

Amul Banas Dairy

Faridabad is the largest exporter of henna (Mehandi) in India. According to the Faridabad Henna Manufacturing Association, the sale of henna from Faridabad is worth an estimated (US$35 million)- (US$42 million) annually.[23]

NPTI Corporate Office, Faridabad
National Power Training Institute Corporate Office, Faridabad

Many directorates of different union government ministries are headquartered in Faridabad including Central Ground Water Board, Department of Plant Quarantine and Central Insecticide Lab,[24] and Union Government Offices from Haryana including the Commissioner of Central Excise within Department of Revenue, Government of India, Department of Explosives, and Department of Labour. Institute such as National Council for Cement and Building Materials, a research and development institute under the ministry of commerce, and industry has its head office in Faridabad.[25]

The Apex Central Training Institute of the Department of Revenue, Government of India, National Academy of Customs Excise & Narcotics is located at Sector 29. The National Power Training Institute, an autonomous body under Ministry of Power, Government of India has a corporate office in Faridabad.[26] The city also hosts the National Institute of Financial Management, which serves as training academy for accounting and financial services.[27]

NHPC Corporate Office, Faridabad

Also headquartered here is NHPC Limited which is a Central PSU under the Ministry of Power, Government of India, and the largest Hydro-power Company in India.

An office of Geological Survey of India is also located in the NIT-5 area of the city.

Faridabad is the industrial capital of Haryana. As of 2013, out of a total of 11,665 registered working factories in Haryana, 2,499 were in Faridabad which was followed by Gurgaon with 2,116 factories. According to a study, the growth of Faridabad has been declining in the last 2 decades, the share of Faridabad in investment is less than 1% and 93% of investment is in the paper industry. The industrial contribution of Faridabad to Haryana's revenue was declined from 29% to 22% in 2012-13.[28]

Faridabad is home to large-scale companies like Escorts Limited,[29] India Yamaha Motor Pvt. Ltd., Havells India Limited,[30] JCB India Limited, Indian Oil (R&D),[31] Larsen & Toubro (L&T),[32] Whirlpool India Ltd., ABB Group, Goodyear India Ltd., Bata India Ltd and Eicher Tractor Ltd. and Beebay Kidswear[33] Eyewear e-tailer Lenskart and healthcare startup Lybrate have their headquarters in Faridabad.[34][35] More than 5,000 units of auto parts producers are based in Faridabad.[36] Lakhani Armaan Group has set up manufacturing facilities at Faridabad (Haryana). [37]

Transportation and connectivity

Rail

Faridabad is on the broad gauge of the New Delhi - Mumbai Line. New Delhi and Hazrat Nizammudin Railway Station is about 25 km away from Old Faridabad railway station. The trains for big cities like Mumbai, Hyderabad, Chennai are easily accessible from here. Local trains runs between New Delhi to Faridabad.[38]

Metro

Delhi Metro Violet Line

Delhi Metro Violet Line connects Faridabad with Delhi. The extension of Violet Line to Faridabad was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 6 Sepetmeber 2015.[39] There are 9 metro stations in Faridabad corridor of Delhi Metro which are all elevated.[40] Metro has been recently elongated to Ballabhgarh with the addition of two stations- Sant Surdas Sihi and Raja Nahar Singh Ballabhgarh.

Haryana government is also planning to link Faridabad and Gurgaon by Metro.[41] Currently the Faridabad corridor of Delhi Metro Violet Line is the longest metro corridor in the National Capital Region (NCR) consisting of 11 stations and the total length of corridor being 14 km.[42]

The 11 metro stations are Sarai, NHPC Chowk, Mewala Maharajpur, Sector 28, Badkhal Mor, Old Faridabad, Neelam Chowk Ajronda, Bata Chowk, Escorts Mujesar, Sant Surdas (Sihi) and Raja Nahar Singh.[43]

Road

Faridabad is well connected with Delhi through Delhi Faridabad Skyway (Badarpur Flyover).[44][45][46][47][48] It is also connected to cities of Gurugram through Faridabad Gurugram Road (SH137) and Gautam Buddha Nagar of Uttar Pradesh.

Airways

Faridabad is served by Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi, which is around 35 km from Faridabad.[38] The airport is the busiest airport in India and provides domestic and international air connectivity.[49]

Demographics

As per 2011 census, Faridabad had a population of 1,404,653 out of which there were 750,446 males and 654,207 females.[1] The literacy rate was 83.04 per cent.[50] The local languages are Brajbhasha and Haryanvi.[51]

Education

Higher education

There are numerous educational institutions in Faridabad that offer higher education courses. These colleges provide courses in different field like science, medicine, arts, commerce, engineering, MCA, etc. Some of the colleges that offer graduate and undergraduate courses include:

Healthcare

There are many private and government hospitals in Faridabad.[52][53] The city also has one Government Medical College Hospital named Employees State Insurance Corporation Medical College, Faridabad.[54] The city had another private medical college Gold field medical college situated in Village Chainsa, Ballabgarh which got defunct in 2016 due to financial constraints and later bought by Haryana government and planned to restart in 2020 by the name of "Atal Bihari Vajpayee government medical College".[55] Other hospitals include:

Sports

Cricket

Nahar Singh Stadium

The Nahar Singh Stadium, which has approximately 25,000 seats, has hosted 8 international cricket matches[57] and a league cricket match between Mumbai Heroes and Bhojpuri Dabbang of Celebrity Cricket League.[] However, owing to the poor condition of the grounds, international competitions have not been held there since 2017.[57][58] In 2019, a $10.15 million (115 Crore) Haryana government project began to renovate the stadium and grounds. International matches are expected to resume in the facility by the early 2020.[57]

Tourism

Badkhal Lake

Dried Badkhal lake

Badkhal Lake was located in Badkhal village, 8 km from Delhi Border. The lake fringed by Aravalli hills was a man-made embankment which has now dried up.[59] The lake complex, spread over 40 acres, had come up in 1969.[60] In June 2015, Haryana government decided to revive the Badkhal lake here to once again attract tourists.[61]

Surajkund Tourist Complex and International Crafts Fair

SurajKund International Crafts Fair, Faridabad

Situated at a distance of around 8 km from South Delhi. It is a 10th-century water reservoir which believed to be built by Tomar king Surajpal.[62][63] Place is known for its annual fair "Surajkund International Crafts Mela".[64] 2015 edition of fair was visited by 1.2 million visitors including 160,000 foreigners with more than 20 countries participating in fair.[65] The Suraj Kund Lake.[66] D2i.in. Retrieved on 2012-01-10. here is surrounded by rock cut steps.[67]

2016 edition of Surajkund International Crafts Mela was the 30th edition and People's Republic of China will be participating in the fair.[68] Participation of the China will be the part of agreement signed between India and China in 2014 to celebrate year 2016 as "Year of China in India".[69]

In 2021, the international crafts fair or Surajkund Mela, as it commonly called scheduled from 1 February to 15 February was cancelled for the first time in 34 years amid COVID-19 fears.[70]

Anangpur Dam

Surajkund dam downstream side

The Anagpur Dam is located close to the Anagpur village (also called Arangpur) in Faridabad district, about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) away from Surajkund.[] This unique Indian hydraulic engineering structure was built during the reign of King Anangpal of the Tomar dynasty in the 8th century. It is approachable by road from Delhi from the Delhi - Mathura road. The ruins of the fortifications found in Anangpur village establish by an inference that it was built by Anangpal as part of the Lal Kot that was developed as the first city of Delhi in the 8th century.[71][72][73]

Prehistoric stone age site

Archaeologists discovered cave paintings and tools from the Paleolithic period in the Mangar Bani hill forest, which is on the outskirts of Faridabad. The cave paintings are estimated to be one lac years old. These are believed to be the largest in the Indian subcontinent and possibly the world's oldest.[74][74][75]

Recreation

Faridabad and various shopping malls including SRS Mall in Sector 12, Crown Interiors Mall in Sector 37, Crown Plaza in Sector 15 A, Parasnath Mall along with several others. The city has a good network of parks in each sector with some of the major parks like Town Park in Sector 12 which also accommodates one of the Largest Flag of India. Omaxe World Street is the recent addition to the malls of Greater faridabad

Religious sites

  • Shri Maharani Vaishno Devi Mandir, Tikona Park dedicated to Ma Tikona Park Vasini, a form of Ma Vaishno Devi.
  • Shri Salasar Balaji Evam Khatu Shyam Mandir, Main Mathura Road, Ballabhgarh
  • Shri 1008 Parshvanath Digambar Jain Mandir, Sector 16[76]
  • Jharna Mandir, Mohabbtabad
  • Nagashri Temple, Sihi
  • Ratan Nath Mandir
  • Shiv Mandir, Sainik Colony
  • Shri Triveni Hanuman Mandir at Gurgaon-Faridabad Expressway
  • Parson Temple near Badhkal Lake[77]
  • Jagannath Temple, Sector 16
  • Hari Parwat Mandir, Anangpur

Utilities

Faridabad has been selected as one of the 100 Smart Cities in India.[78] A live talk show on making Faridabad 'a smart city' was organised at Municipal Corporation's Auditorium.[when?][79][80] Haryana Power Generation Corporation Ltd (HPGCL) is setting up a solar power plant at the site of a defunct thermal power plant in Faridabad. The power generator plans to set up the plant over 151.78 acres near Bata Chowk in the district that generated coal based energy in the past.[81]

Environment

A petition was filed with National Green Tribunal (NGT) for protection of Aravalli from Faridabad waste disposal.[82]

Politics of Faridabad

The Lok Sabha MP from Faridabad is Krishan Pal Gurjar, who was elected in May 2019. The MLA is Narender Gupta, who was elected in October 2019.[83]

Notable people

See also

References

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  71. ^ Sharma, Y.D (2001). Delhi and its Neighbourhood. Surjakund and Anagpur Dam. New Delhi: Archaeological Survey of India. pp. 100-161. Archived from the original on 26 April 2003. Retrieved 2009. Page 100:Suraj Kund lies about 3 km south-east of Tughlaqabad in district Gurgaon--The reservoir is believed to have been constructed in the tenth century by King Surjapal of Tomar dynasty, whose existence is based on Bardic tradition. Page 101: About 2 km south-west of Surajkund, close to the village of Anagpur (also called Arangpur) is a dam ascribed to Anagpal of the Tomar Dynasty, who is also credited with building the Lal Kot
  72. ^ Peck, Lucy (2005). Delhi - A thousand years of Building. Suraj Kund dam and Surajkund tank. New Delhi: Roli Books Pvt Ltd. p. 29. ISBN 81-7436-354-8. Archived from the original on 12 March 2006. Retrieved 2009. One of the two significant structures in the area, the dam lies about 1 km to the north of the Anangpur village. A path from the main village street will lead you into flat pastureland. Head for the small rocky hill ahead of you and climb over it. On the other side is another flat area, rather thickly covered in thorn trees. It is worth finding a way through them to the dam that straddles the gap between the two nearby hills. The dam is an impressive edifice 50 m wide and 7 m high built from accurately hewn quartzite blocks.---There is a passage for the egress of water at the level of the ground on the dammed side. The flat land across which you have walked is caused by centuries of silt deposits in the lake that once existed behind this dam. The land around has been very heavily quarried recently, so further archaeological finds are unlikely.
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