Foreign Relations of Trinidad and Tobago
Get Foreign Relations of Trinidad and Tobago essential facts below. View Videos or join the Foreign Relations of Trinidad and Tobago discussion. Add Foreign Relations of Trinidad and Tobago to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Foreign Relations of Trinidad and Tobago

Modern Trinidad and Tobago maintains close relations with its Caribbean neighbours and major North American and European trading partners. As the most industrialized and second-largest country in the English-speaking Caribbean, Trinidad and Tobago has taken a leading role in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), and strongly supports CARICOM economic integration efforts. It also is active in the Summit of the Americas process and supports the establishment of the Free Trade Area of the Americas, lobbying other nations for seating the Secretariat in Port of Spain.

As a member of CARICOM, Trinidad and Tobago strongly backed efforts by the United States to bring political stability to Haiti, contributing personnel to the Multinational Force in 1994. After its 1962 independence, Trinidad and Tobago joined the United Nations and Commonwealth of Nations. In 1967, it became the first Commonwealth country to join the Organization of American States (OAS). In 1995, Trinidad played host to the inaugural meeting of the Association of Caribbean States and has become the seat of this 35-member grouping, which seeks to further economic progress and integration among its states.

In international forums, Trinidad and Tobago has defined itself as having an independent voting record, but often supports U.S. and EU positions.

Trinidad and Tobago has historically been a trans-shipment point for South American drugs destined for the United States and Europe. This has created much tension in the country's politics.

Trinidad and Tobago is also a member-state of the International Criminal Court, without a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the U.S. military (as covered under Article 98)

Trinidad and Tobago and the Commonwealth of Nations

Trinidad and Tobago became an independent state in 1962 with Queen Elizabeth II as Queen of Trinidad and Tobago. She was represented by the Governor-General of Trinidad and Tobago.

In 1976, Trinidad and Tobago became a Commonwealth republic with the last Governor-General, Sir Ellis Clarke becoming the first President of Trinidad and Tobago.

Bilateral relations

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Armenia See Armenia-Trinidad and Tobago relations
 Azerbaijan 11 April 2011[1] See Azerbaijan-Trinidad and Tobago relations
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on April 11, 2011[1]
 Australia 7 January 1974 See Australia-Trinidad and Tobago relations
 Barbados See Barbados-Trinidad and Tobago relations
  • Barbados maintains non-resident representation to Port of Spain.
  • Trinidad and Tobago maintains non-resident representation to Bridgetown.
 Belize 21 September 1981
 Brazil See Brazil-Trinidad and Tobago relations

Brazil and Trinidad and Tobago enjoy a cordial and active relation. The establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries started in 1942 with the establishment of a Brazilian Vice-Consulate in Port-of-Spain, where later the Brazilian Embassy was open in 1965. Several mutual visits of Heads of State have occurred starting in 2008, when a MOU for cooperation on energy industry was signed.[3]

 Canada August 31, 1962 See Canada-Trinidad and Tobago relations

Both Countries established diplomatic relations in August 1962. Canada currently has 68,000 Trinidad and Tobagoan immigrants.

  • Canada has a High Commission in Port of Spain.
  • Trinidad and Tobago has a High Commission in Ottawa and a consulate-general in Toronto.
 Chile See Chile-Trinidad and Tobago relations
  • Trinidad has a consulate in Santiago while Chile has an embassy in Port of Spain
 China 20 June 1974 See China-Trinidad and Tobago relations
  • China has an embassy in Port of Spain
  • Trinidad and Tobago has an embassy in Beijing
 Croatia 14 December 2011

Both countries established diplomatic relations on December 14, 2011.[4][5]

 Cuba 8 December 1972 See Cuba-Trinidad and Tobago relations
  • Cuba has an embassy in Port of Spain.
  • Trinidad and Tobago has an embassy in Havana.
 Cyprus
 France See France-Trinidad and Tobago relations

Bilateral relations between the countries France and Trinidad and Tobago have existed for about two hundred years.[7] Currently, France has an embassy in Port of Spain. Trinidad and Tobago is represented in France through its embassy in Brussels (Belgium). Trinidad and Tobago also has bilateral investment agreements with France.[8]

 Georgia

Georgia is represented in Trinidad and Tobago by its embassy in Brasilia.[9]

 Guyana 26 May 1966 See Guyana-Trinidad and Tobago relations

Both Nations formally established diplomatic relations on 26 May 1966. The two share many similarities between each other due to their shared history in the Commonwealth of Nations along with having similar language, culture, demographics and religions. Both countries had substantial numbers of indentured servants from India and slaves from Africa imported into their country. In the 1970s, Trinidad and Tobago gave Guyana substantial oil exports on credit and in the 1990s, forgave hundred of millions of dollars of debt under the Paris Club Agreement. In 2017, Guyana established its first High Commission in Port of Spain. In 2018, Both countries signed a MOU(Memorandum of Understanding) on Energy Cooperation.

 India See India-Trinidad and Tobago relations

Both nations formally established diplomatic relations in 1962.[10] Republic of India operates a High Commission in Port of Spain,[11] whilst Republic of Trinidad and Tobago operates a High Commission in New Delhi.[12]

 Israel 1962

Both countries established diplomatic relations in January 1962. The country is among the staunchest supporters of Israel in the Caribbean[13]

 Jamaica See Jamaica-Trinidad and Tobago relations
  • Jamaica has a High Commission in Port of Spain.
  • Trinidad and Tobago has a High Commission in Kingston.
 Malta 24 September 2009
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on September 24, 2009.[14]
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
 Mexico 30 April 1966 See Mexico-Trinidad and Tobago relations
  • Mexico has an embassy in Port of Spain.[15]
  • Trinidad and Tobago is accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington, D.C., United States.[16]
 Nigeria
  • Nigeria has a High Commission in Port of Spain.
  • Trinidad and Tobago has a High Commission in Abuja.
 Peru See Peru-Trinidad and Tobago relations
  • Peru has an embassy in Port of Spain
  • Trinidad and Tobago has a Consulate in Lima
 Russia 6 June 1974 See Russia-Trinidad and Tobago relations

The Soviet Union and Trinidad and Tobago have signed diplomatic missions on June 6, 1974. Both countries have interests with each other since the Soviet Union. In August 1992, Trinidad recognized Russia as the USSR's successor. Currently, Russia is represented in Trinidad and Tobago through a non-resident embassy in Georgetown (Guyana). In 2004, Sergey Lavrov and Knowlson Gift signed the protocol on the political consultations between the two Ministries. In April 2005 the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation and the Chamber of Industry and Commerce of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago signed the cooperation agreement.[17] In 2004, the Russian Cossack folk dance had nine concerts in Port of Spain, San Fernando, Couva, and Tobago.

 Serbia 1974
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1974.[18]
  • Both countries have a number of bilateral agreements.[19]
 Singapore 1971 See Singapore-Trinidad and Tobago relations
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1971.
  • Singapore was Trinidad and Tobago's 3rd largest import partner in 2015.
 Solomon Islands 2014

Both countries established diplomatic relations in 2014.[20]

 South Korea 23 July 1985

The establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Korea and Trinidad and Tobago started 23 July 1985.[21]

 South Africa 10 January 1995 See South Africa-Trinidad and Tobago relations
  • South Africa has a High Commission in Port of Spain.
  • Trinidad and Tobago has a High Commission in Pretoria.
 Spain See Spain-Trinidad and Tobago relations
 Turkey 1963[22] See Trinidad and Tobago-Turkey relations
  • Turkey has an embassy in Port of Spain.[23]
  • Trade volume between the two countries was 120.8 million USD in 2019 (Trinidad's exports/imports: 52.4/68.4 million USD).[23]
 United Kingdom 31 August 1962 See Trinidad and Tobago-United Kingdom relations
  • Trinidad and Tobago has a High Commission in London.
  • The United Kingdom has a High Commission in Port of Spain.
 United States See Trinidad and Tobago-United States relations
United States embassy in Port of Spain.

The United States and Trinidad and Tobago enjoy cordial relations. U.S. interests there and throughout the hemisphere focus on increasing investment and trade, and ensuring more stable supplies of energy. They also include enhancing Trinidad and Tobago's political and social stability and positive regional role through assistance in drug interdiction, health issues, and legal affairs. The U.S. embassy was established in Port of Spain in 1962, replacing the former consulate-general.

  • Trinidad and Tobago has an embassy in Washington, D.C.
  • United States has an embassy in Port of Spain.
 Venezuela See Trinidad and Tobago-Venezuela Relations
  • Trinidad and Tobago has an embassy in Caracas.
  • Venezuela has an embassy in Port of Spain.

International organisations

On its independence in 1962, Trinidad and Tobago joined the United Nations and the Commonwealth of Nations. In 1967, it became the first Commonwealth country to join the Organization of American States (OAS).

In 1995, Trinidad played host to the inaugural meeting of the Association of Caribbean States and has become the seat of this 35-member grouping, which seeks to further economic progress and integration among its states.

As the most industrialized and second-largest country in the English-speaking Caribbean, Trinidad and Tobago has taken a leading role in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), and strongly supports CARICOM economic integration efforts. It also is active in the Summit of the Americas process and supports the establishment of the Free Trade Area of the Americas, lobbying other nations for seating the Secretariat in Port of Spain. As a member of CARICOM, Trinidad and Tobago strongly backed efforts by the United States to bring political stability to Haiti, contributing personnel to the Multinational Force in 1994.

Trinidad and Tobago is also a member-state of the International Criminal Court, without a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the U.S. military (as covered under Article 98).

See also

References

  1. ^ a b " ? ? ? - ? - ? Mail.Ru". 2015-04-03. Archived from the original on 2015-04-03. Retrieved .
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-12-30. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "República de Trinidad e Tobago". www.itamaraty.gov.br. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "MVEP o Date of Recognition and Establishment of Diplomatic Relations". www.mvep.hr. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "MVEP o Overview of Bilateral Treaties of the Republic of Croatia by Country". www.mvep.hr. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS - Cyprus Diplomatic Missions Abroad". www.mfa.gov.cy. Retrieved .
  7. ^ Sahadeo Basdeo and Graeme Mount (2001). The Foreign Relations of Trinidad and Tobago (1962-2000). Lexicon. ISBN 976-631-023-8. The French presence in Trinidad and Tobago dates back two centuries. It is not surprising that French influence ...CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  8. ^ World trade and arbitration materials v. 11, nos. 1-3 (Werner Pub. Co., 1999), 24.
  9. ^ " ? ? ? - Home". mfa.gov.ge. Retrieved .
  10. ^ "About Trinidad and Tobago - The High Commission of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago". Archived from the original on 20 February 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  11. ^ "Hcipos.in". www.hcipos.in. Retrieved .
  12. ^ Trinidad and Tobago High Commission in New Delhi Archived 2015-04-29 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-04-20. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ foreignaffairs.gov.mt https://foreignaffairs.gov.mt/default.aspx?aspxerrorpath=/mt/Archives/Pages/Establishment-of-Diplomatic-Relations-between-Malta-and-the-Republic-of-Trinidad-and-Tobago.aspx. Retrieved . Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ "Inicio". embamex.sre.gob.mx. Retrieved .
  16. ^ "Embassy in Washington D.C., U.S.A." Ministry of Foreign and CARICOM Affairs. Retrieved .
  17. ^ "Embassy of the Russian Federation in Georgetown about relations with Trinidad and Tobago". Archived from the original on 2012-02-16. Retrieved .
  18. ^ "Bilateral Issues with Foreign Countries". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia.
  19. ^ "TRADE AGREEMENT /SFRY-TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO". 20 October 1996.
  20. ^ "TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO ESTABLISHES DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH SOLOMON ISLANDS". Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales Secretaria General. Retrieved .
  21. ^ " ". Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
  22. ^ "II.Bilateral Relations (Main Documents)". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey.
  23. ^ a b "Relations between Turkey and Trinidad and Tobago".

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Foreign_relations_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago
 



 



 
Music Scenes