Freedom and Direct Democracy
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Freedom and Direct Democracy
Freedom and Direct Democracy
Svoboda a p?ímá demokracie
LeaderTomio Okamura
Deputy LeadersRadim Fiala
Jaroslav Holík
Radek Rozvoral
Radovan Vích
Founded5 May 2015 (2015-05-05)
Split fromDawn of Direct Democracy
HeadquartersRytí?ská 6, Prague[1]
NewspaperNa vlastní o?i[2]
Youth wingMladí Espé?áci
Membership (2019)5,799[3]
Ideology
Political positionRight-wing[12][13] to
far-right[14][15][16]
European affiliation
European Parliament groupIdentity and Democracy
Colours  Blue
Chamber of Deputies
Senate
European Parliament
Regional councils
Governors of the regions
Local councils
Website
http://www.spd.cz/

Freedom and Direct Democracy (Czech: Svoboda a p?ímá demokracie, SPD) is a hard Eurosceptic,[11] anti-immigration,[9] pro-direct democracy[4][5] political party in the Czech Republic. The party holds 19 seats in the Czech Chamber of Deputies.

History

The party was founded in May 2015 by Tomio Okamura and Radim Fiala when eight Members of Parliament split from the Dawn of Direct Democracy parliamentary group. As the party was newly-formed in that parliamentary term, these MPs sat as independents until the 2017 Czech legislative election. Following that election, the party now holds 22 seats in the Czech Chamber of Deputies.

Freedom and Direct Democracy is named after the European Parliament Eurosceptic political group Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy.[17][18][19] The party has links with Marine Le Pen's National Front which is a member of the Europe of Nations and Freedom, a separate Eurosceptic political group in the European Parliament[20] and Marine Le Pen endorsed SPD before the 2017 Czech legislative election.[21]

In December 2017, SPD hosted a conference of the Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom in Prague, with parties such as the French National Front, Dutch Party for Freedom, Freedom Party of Austria and Lega Nord of Italy.[22]

In 2019, following the European Parliament elections, the SPD entered the European Parliament with two MEPs, who sit with the Identity and Democracy group.[23]

In July 2020, SPD MP Tereza Hy?hová defected to become the third MP for the Tricolour Citizens' Movement.[24]

Policies

The SPD broadly describes itself as a "patriotic and democratic movement" on its website and party program.[25]

The party is opposed to Czech membership of the European Union and calls for the Czech Republic to leave the bloc. The party also wants to pursue a more restrictive immigration policy, particularly towards immigration from Islamic nations, and rejects multiculturalism. It is strongly opposed to illegal immigration and the EU's policy of migrant quotas which it argues will lead to the "Islamization" of Europe.[26][27][28][29] However, the party maintains that it does not want to promote hatred to any nation, group or culture, but argues that Europe's Judeo-Christian identity should be protected.[25]

SPD also supports introducing a system of direct democracy and encouraging citizen participation in politics. It also wants to protect the right to privacy from state surveillance and supports a reduction in VAT.[25]

Organisation

Membership

Tomio Okamura often claims that SPD has a membership of thousands of members. In October 2017 he claimed that SPD has 7,000 members,[30] and in November 2017 12,000 members.[] Doubt has been cast on these figures, with the suggestion that Okamura often conflates numbers of supporters with actual members. It was reported in 2015 that SPD had only 20 members, compared to Okamura's claims of 10,000. In February 2018 the party stated that it had 1,200 members.[31] The party had 1,400 members in July 2018.[32]

Election results

Chamber of Deputies

Year Vote Vote % Seats ± Place Government
2015
Split from Dawn No
2017 538,574 10.64
Increase 14 4th No

Senate

Election First round Second round Seats Notes
Votes % Places Votes % Places
2016 5,988 0.68 20th  
2018 759 3.34 7th  
By-election in Trutnov district.
2018 697 4.09 8th  
By-election in Zlín district. Lubomír Ne?as was a SPO candidate supported by SPD.
2018 70,110 6.44 7th  

Local election

Year Vote Vote % Place Seats
2018

European Parliament

Election Votes Share of votes in % Seats obtained Place
2019
216,718
9.14%
5th

Regional election

Year Vote Vote % Seats +/- Place Note
2016 153,099 5.7
6th Participated in coalition with Party of Civic Rights
2020 169,978 6.1
Increase 17 5th

Prague municipal elections

Year Leader Vote Vote % Seats +/- Place Position
2018 Hynek Beran 895,859 3.54%
0 6th

References

  1. ^ "Seznam politických stran a hnutí - Ministerstvo vnitra ?eské republiky". aplikace.mvcr.cz.
  2. ^ demokracie, SPD - Svoboda a p?ímá. "Tomio Okamura: První ?íslo nových novin SPD - Na vlastní o?i | SPD - Svoboda a p?ímá demokracie". www.spd.cz. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ "Trikolóra má u? víc fanou?k? ne? STAN a Piráti". Novinky.cz. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Nordsieck, Wolfram (2017). "Czechia". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  5. ^ a b demokracie, SPD - Svoboda a p?ímá. "Program - SPD - Svoboda a p?ímá demokracie". www.spd.cz.
  6. ^ "Volební zisky evropské krajní pravice jsou zatím vyí ne? ?eské". ceskapozice.lidovky.cz (in Czech). 23 December 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ "Revoluce v Evrop N?co se d?je, podívejte se na ?esko, pí?e se v Británii". EuroZprávy.cz. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ Beran, Vojt?ch (13 November 2016). "42 "vlasteneckých" a nacionalistických skupin v ?esku". Echo24.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 2017.
  9. ^ a b "Okamura registers new anti-immigrant party Freedom and Direct Democracy". spd.cz. Retrieved 2016.
  10. ^ "Czech far-right leader Tomio Okamura urges citizens to walk pigs near mosques to defend country from Islam". Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ a b "France's Le Pen announces far-right bloc of anti-EU MEPs". BBC. Retrieved 2016.
  12. ^ "Czech President Calls EU 'Cowards' on Yerushalayim". Hamodia. 10 December 2017.
  13. ^ "New Czech PM Babi? prepares to talk migration, reforms at EU summit". Euractiv. 7 December 2017.
  14. ^ Far-right scores surprise success in Czech election. Reuters. Authors - Robert Muller and Jan Lopatka. Published 21 October 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  15. ^ Far-Right Czech election 'kingmaker' calls for referendum on EU membership 'just like Britain'. The Telegraph. Author - Matthew Day. Published 19 October 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  16. ^ Babi?' Czech Republic: too thin a gruel?. openDemocracy. Author - Michal Simecka. Published 20 October 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017
  17. ^ "» Rozhovor Tomia Okamury pro EuroZprávy.cz". Retrieved 2016.
  18. ^ "Okamura a Fiala skon?ili v hnutí Úsvit, zakládají novou stranu". Retrieved 2016.
  19. ^ https://www.ceskatelevize.cz/porady/1096898594-udalosti-komentare/4322-rekli-v-udalostech-komentarich/?strana=4 Archived October 9, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ "Tomio Okamura svolal v?echny své lidi a bylo ru?no: Nep?átel?tí vet?elci! Pokus o vra?du. Delegace od Marine Le Pen i provolání k Zemanovi". Retrieved 2016.
  21. ^ Mouvement pour une Europe des Nations et des Libertés (19 October 2017). "Marine Le Pen supports Tomio Okamura, President of the SPD, member of the MENF" – via YouTube.
  22. ^ "Le Pen to appear at December event with Okamura in Prague - Radio Prague".
  23. ^ "Czechia sends representatives of populist ANO, neo-fascist SPD and Communists to European Parliament". intellinews.com. 2019-05-28. Retrieved .
  24. ^ "Hy?hová opou?tí poslanecký klub SPD, bude spolupracovat s Trikolórou". iDNES.cz. 27 July 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  25. ^ a b c "POLICY PROGRAM SPD". Retrieved 2019.
  26. ^ "Far-right leaders gather in Prague ahead of EU vote". Euractive. 25 April 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  27. ^ "In Prague, Europe's far-right celebrates the Austrian coalition". Euractive. 17 December 2017. Retrieved 2019.
  28. ^ "Far-right scores surprise success in Czech election". Reuters. 21 October 2017. Retrieved 2019.
  29. ^ "Czech Republic at heart of fight for Europe". Politico. 5 February 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  30. ^ "Okamura chce s SPD do vlády. Podmínkou je pro n?j zákon o referendu". Euro.cz (in Czech). 6 October 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  31. ^ "Nové straníky táhne do partají volební úsp?ch i propad". Novinky.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 2018.
  32. ^ "Okamura zítra obhajuje post ?éfa SPD". MF Dnes. Retrieved 2018.

Further reading

  • Hlou?ek, Vít; Kope?ek, Lubomír; Vodová, Petra (2020). The Rise of Entrepreneurial Parties in European Politics. Springer Nature. ISBN 978-3-030-41916-5.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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