French Open
Get French Open essential facts below. View Videos or join the French Open discussion. Add French Open to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
French Open

French Open
Logo Roland-Garros.svg
Official website
Founded1891; 131 years ago (1891)
Editions126 (2022)
90 Grand Slam events (since 1925)
LocationParis, XVIe
VenueStade Roland Garros (since 1928)
Societé de Sport de Île de Puteaux, at Puteaux (1891-1894); Tennis Club de Paris, at Auteuil (1895-1908); Société Athlétique de la Villa Primrose at Bordeaux (1909); Croix-Catelan de Racing Club de France at the Bois de Boulogne (1910-1924, 1926); Stade Français at Saint-Cloud (1925, 1927)
SurfaceClay - outdoors[a] (1908-present)
Sand - outdoors (1891-1907)
Prize moneyEUR34,367,215 (2021)[2]
DrawS (128Q) / 64D (16Q)[b]
Current championsNovak Djokovic (singles)
Pierre-Hugues Herbert
Nicolas Mahut (doubles)
Most singles titlesRafael Nadal (13)
Most doubles titlesRoy Emerson (6)
DrawS (128Q) / 64D (16Q)
Current championsBarbora Krej?íková (singles)
Barbora Krej?íková
Kate?ina Siniaková (doubles)
Most singles titlesChris Evert (7)
Most doubles titlesMartina Navratilova (7)
Mixed doubles
Current championsDesirae Krawczyk
Joe Salisbury
Most titles (male)Ken Fletcher /
Jean-Claude Barclay (3)
Most titles (female)Margaret Court (4)
Grand Slam
Last completed
2021 French Open

The French Open (French: Internationaux de France de Tennis), also known as Roland-Garros (French: [l ?a?os]), is a major tennis tournament held over two weeks at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France, beginning in late May each year.[c] The tournament and venue are named after the French aviator Roland Garros.[3] The French Open is the premier clay court championship in the world and the only Grand Slam tournament currently held on this surface.[4] It is chronologically the second of the four annual Grand Slam tournaments,[5] the other three are the Australian Open, Wimbledon, and the US Open. Until 1975, the French Open was the only major tournament not played on grass.[6] Between the seven rounds needed for a championship, the clay surface characteristics (slower pace, higher bounce), and the best-of-five-set men's singles matches, the French Open is widely regarded as the most physically demanding tournament in the world.[7][8][9][10][11]


Officially named in French les Internationaux de France de Tennis (the "French Internationals of Tennis" in English),[12][13] the tournament itself uses the name Roland-Garros in all languages, and it is almost always called the French Open in English.[14] (The stadium and tournament are both hyphenated as Roland-Garros because French spelling rules dictate that in the name of a place or event named after a person, the elements of the name are joined with a hyphen.[15])

In 1891 the Championnat de France, which is commonly referred to in English as the French Championships, began. This was only open to tennis players who were members of French clubs. The first winner was H. Briggs, a Briton who resided in Paris and was a member of the Club Stade Français. In the final he defeated P. Baigneres in straight sets.[16] The first women's singles tournament, with four entries, was held in 1897. The mixed doubles event was added in 1902 and the women's doubles in 1907. In the period of 1915-1919, no tournament was organized due to World War I. This tournament was played until 1924, using four venues:

  • Societé de Sport de l'Île de Puteaux, in Puteaux, Île-de-France (next to the Seine river); played on the club's ten sand grounds laid out on a bed of rubble. 1891, 1893, 1894 (men's singles), 1895 (men's singles), 1897 (women's singles), 1902 (women's singles and mixed doubles), 1905 (women's singles and mixed doubles), 1907 (men's singles, women's singles, mixed doubles) editions.
  • The Croix-Catelan of the Racing Club de France (club founded in 1882 which initially had two lawn-tennis courts with four more grass (pelouse) courts opened some years later, but due to the difficulty of maintenance, they were eventually transformed into clay courts) in the Bois de Boulogne, Paris. 1892, 1894 (men's doubles), 1895 (men's doubles), 1897 (women's singles), 1901 (men's doubles), 1903 (men's doubles and mixed doubles), 1904, 1907 (men's doubles), 1908, 1910-1914, 1920-1924 editions.
  • Tennis Club de Paris (club founded in 1895 which initially had four indoor wood courts and five outdoor clay courts), at 71, Boulevard Exelmans in the Auteuil neighborhood, Paris. 1896, 1897 (men's singles), 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901 (men's and women's singles), 1902 (men's singles), 1903 (men's singles and women's singles), 1905 (men's singles) and 1906 editions.
  • Société Athlétique de la Villa Primrose in Bordeaux, on clay. Only played in 1909.

In 1925, the French Championships became open to all amateurs internationally and was designated a major championship by the International Lawn Tennis Federation. It was held at the Stade Français in Saint-Cloud (site of the previous World Hard Court Championships) in 1925 and 1927, on clay courts. In 1926 the Croix-Catelan of the Racing Club de France hosted the event in Paris, site of the previous French club members only tournament, also on clay.

Another clay court tournament, called the World Hard Court Championships, is sometimes considered the true precursor to the modern French Open as it admitted international competitors. This was held at Stade Français in Saint-Cloud, from 1912 to 1914, 1920, 1921 and 1923, with the 1922 event held in Brussels, Belgium. Winners of this tournament included world No. 1s such as Tony Wilding from New Zealand (1913, 1914) and Bill Tilden from the US (1921). In 1924 there was no World Hard Court Championships due to tennis being played at the Paris Olympic Games.

After the Mousquetaires or Philadelphia Four (René Lacoste, Jean Borotra, Henri Cochet, and Jacques Brugnon) won the Davis Cup on American soil in 1927, the French decided to defend the cup in 1928 at a new tennis stadium at Porte d'Auteuil. The Stade de France had offered the tennis authorities three hectares of land with the condition that the new stadium must be named after the World War I aviator hero Roland Garros.[17] The new Stade de Roland Garros (whose central court was renamed Court Philippe Chatrier in 1988) hosted that Davis Cup challenge. On May 24, 1928, the French International Championships moved there, and the event has been held there ever since.[18]

During World War II, the Tournoi de France was not held in 1940 and from 1941 through 1945 it took place on the same grounds, but those events are not recognized by the French governing body, the Fédération Française de Tennis.[19] In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon, making it the third Grand Slam event of the year. In 1968, the year of the French General Strike, the French Championships became the first Grand Slam tournament to go open, allowing both amateurs and professionals to compete.[18]

Since 1981, new prizes have been presented: the Prix Orange (for the player demonstrating the best sportsmanship and cooperative attitude with the press), the Prix Citron (for the player with the strongest character and personality) and the Prix Bourgeon (for the tennis player revelation of the year). In another novelty, since 2006 the tournament has begun on a Sunday, featuring 12 singles matches played on the three main courts. Additionally, on the eve of the tournament's opening, the traditional Benny Berthet exhibition day takes place, where the profits go to different charity associations. In March 2007, it was announced that the event would provide equal prize money for both men and women in all rounds for the first time.[20] In 2010, it was announced that the French Open was considering a move away from Roland Garros as part of a continuing rejuvenation of the tournament.[21] Plans to renovate and expand Roland Garros have put aside any such consideration, and the tournament remains in its long time home.

Expansion in the early 21st century

Court Philippe Chatrier during the 2013 French Open.

From 2004 to 2008, plans were developed to build a covered stadium with a roof, as complaints continued over delayed matches.[22][23][24] Various proposals were put forward to expand the facility or to move the French Open to a completely new, 55-court venue outside of Paris city limits. In 2011 the decision was taken to maintain the tournament within its existing venue.[25][26] The expansion project called for a new stadium to be built alongside the historical Auteuil's greenhouses and expansion of old stadiums and the tournament village.[27] A wide-ranging project to overhaul the venue was presented in 2011, including building a roof over Court Philippe-Chatrier, demolishing and replacing Court No. 1 with a grassy hill for outdoors viewing, and geographical extension of the venue eastward into the Jardin des Serres d'Auteuil.[28]

Legal opposition from environmental defence associations and other stakeholders delayed the works for several years as litigation ensued.[29] In particular, the city council voted in May 2015 against the expansion project, but on 9 June 2015 Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo announced the signing of the construction permits, with work scheduled to begin in September of that year and conclude in 2019.[30][31] In December 2015, the Administrative Court of Paris once again halted renovation work, but the French Tennis Federation won the right to proceed with the renovation on appeal.[32]

Renovation work finally commenced at the close of the 2018 edition of the tournament. Redeveloped seating and a retractable roof was constructed for Court Philippe-Chatrier and the new 5,000-seat Court Simonne-Mathieu was opened, having been named after France's second-highest achieving female tennis player, and noted for its innovative use of greenhouse encasing architecture.[33] The renewal of the venue has been generally well received by the players and the public.[34] The 2020 edition of the tournament, which was the first to be assisted by the roof over Philippe-Chatrier, was postponed to late September and early October and was played in front of limited spectators, due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[35] Floodlights were also installed over each of the courts in the precinct, allowing the tournament to facilitate night matches for the first time.[36] In 2021, the tournament was back in the traditional slot of late May and early June.[37]

Surface characteristics

Composition of the courts.[38]

Clay courts slow down the ball and produce a high bounce when compared with grass courts or hard courts. For this reason, clay courts take away some of the advantages of big servers and serve-and-volleyers, which makes it hard for these types of players to dominate on the surface. For example, Pete Sampras, known for his huge serve and who won 14 Grand Slam titles, never won the French Open - his best result was reaching the semi-finals in 1996. Many other notable players have won multiple Grand Slam events but have never won the French Open, including John McEnroe, Frank Sedgman, John Newcombe, Venus Williams, Stefan Edberg, Boris Becker, Lleyton Hewitt, Jimmy Connors, Louise Brough, Virginia Wade or Martina Hingis; McEnroe and Edberg lost their only French Open finals appearances in five sets.

On the other hand, players whose games are more suited to slower surfaces, such as Rafael Nadal, Björn Borg, Ivan Lendl, Mats Wilander, Justine Henin and Chris Evert, have found great success at this tournament. In the Open Era, the only male players who have won both the French Open and Wimbledon, played on faster grass courts, are Rod Laver, Jan Kode?, Björn Borg, Andre Agassi, Rafael Nadal, Roger Federer and Novak Djokovic. Borg's French Open--Wimbledon double was achieved three times consecutively.[39]

Composition of the courts

1. Red brick dust.
2. Crushed white limestone.
3. Clinker (coal residue).
4. Crushed gravel.
5. Drain rock.


Rafael Nadal holding the Coupe des Mousquetaires.

The trophies have been awarded to the winners since 1953 and are manufactured by Mellerio dits Meller, a famous Parisian jewelry house. They are all made of pure silver with finely etched decorations on their side. Each new singles winner gets his or her name written on the base of the trophy. Winners receive custom-made pure silver replicas of the trophies they have won.[40] They are usually presented by the President of the French Tennis Federation (FFT).

The trophy awarded to the winner of the men's singles is called the Coupe des Mousquetaires (The Musketeers' Cup). It is named in honor of the "Four Musketeers". The trophy weighs 14 kg, is 40 cm high and 19 cm wide.[41] The current designed was created in 1981 by the Mellerio dit Meller. Each winner gets a smaller-size replica and the original remains property of the FFT at all times.[42]

The trophy awarded to the winner of the women's singles is called the Coupe Suzanne Lenglen (Suzanne Lenglen Cup) since 1979. The current cup was awarded for the first time in 1986. It is, with a few details, a replica of a cup offered at the time by the city of Nice to Suzanne Lenglen. This trophy, donated by Suzanne Lenglen's family to the Musée National du Sport, was awarded between 1979 and 1985 to every winner until the FFT made a copy. Each winner receives a smaller-size replica and the original remains property of the FFT at all times.[42]

Rankings points and prize money

When a player makes it to the indicated round, they receive the points and money listed (provided they don't make it to a further round).

Point distribution

Men and women often receive point values based on the rules of their respective tours.

Senior points

Event W F SF QF Round of 16 Round of 32 Round of 64 Round of 128 Q Q3 Q2 Q1
Men's singles 2000 1200 720 360 180 90 45 10 25 16 8 0
Men's doubles 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
1300 780 430 240 130 70 10 40 30 20 2
10 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

Prize money

For 2021, the prize money pool was announced to be EUR34,367,215, a reduction of 10.53% compared to the prize pool for 2020 edition.[43]

2021 Event Winner Finalist Semifinals Quarterfinals Round of 16 Round of 32 Round of 64 Round of 128 Q3 Q2 Q1
Singles EUR1,400,000 EUR750,000 EUR375,000 EUR255,000 EUR170,000 EUR113,000 EUR84,000 EUR60,000 EUR25,600 EUR16,000 EUR10,000
Doubles* EUR244,295 EUR144,074 EUR84,749 EUR49,853 EUR29,325 EUR17,250 EUR11,500 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Mixed doubles* EUR122,000 EUR61,000 EUR31,000 EUR17,500 EUR10,000 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Wheelchair singles EUR53,000 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
EUR16,000 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

per team.


Former champions

Current champions

Most recent finals


Record Era Player(s) Count Years
Men since 1891
Most singles titles Open Era Spain Rafael Nadal 13 2005-2008, 2010-2014, 2017-2020
Pre-Open Era France Henri Cochet 4 1926, 1928, 1930, 1932
Note: Also won World Hard Court Championships in 1922.
French Championships* France Max Decugis 8 1903-1904, 1907-1909, 1912-1914
Most consecutive singles titles Open Era Spain Rafael Nadal 5 2010-2014
Pre-Open Era United States Frank Parker
Egypt Jaroslav Drobný
United States Tony Trabert
Italy Nicola Pietrangeli
2 1948-1949
French Championships* France Paul Aymé 4 1897-1900
Most doubles titles Open Era Canada Daniel Nestor
Belarus Max Mirnyi
4 2007 with Mark Knowles, 2010 with Nenad Zimonji?, 2011, 2012 with Max Mirnyi.
2005, 2006 with Jonas Björkman, 2011, 2012 with Daniel Nestor.
Pre-Open Era Australia Roy Emerson 6 1960, 1962 with Neale Fraser, 1961 with Rod Laver, 1963 with Manuel Santana, 1964 with Ken Fletcher, 1965 with Fred Stolle.
French Championships* France Max Decugis 13 1902-1909, 1911-1914, 1920[44]
Most consecutive doubles titles Open Era Canada Daniel Nestor 3 2010-2012
Pre-Open Era Australia Roy Emerson 6 1960-1965
French Championships* France Maurice Germot 10 1906-1914, 1920[44]
Most mixed doubles titles French Open Australia Ken Fletcher
France Jean-Claude Barclay
3 1963-1965 with Margaret Court.
1968, 1971, 1973 with Françoise Dürr.
French Championships* France Max Decugis 7 1904-1906, 1908-1909, 1914 and 1920 with Suzanne Lenglen.
Most Championships
(singles, doubles & mixed doubles)
French Open Spain Rafael Nadal 13 2005-2008, 2010-2014, 2017-2020 (13 singles)
French Championships* France Max Decugis 28 1902-1920 (8 singles, 13 doubles, 7 mixed)
Women since 1897
Most singles titles Open Era United States Chris Evert 7 1974-1975, 1979-1980, 1983, 1985-1986
French Championships* France Suzanne Lenglen 6 1920-1923, 1925-1926
Note: Also won World Hard Court Championships in 1914, 1921-1923.
Most consecutive singles titles Open Era Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia/United States Monica Seles
Belgium Justine Henin
3 1990-1992
French Championships* France Jeanne Matthey
France Suzanne Lenglen
4 1909-1912
Most doubles titles Open Era Czech Republic/United States Martina Navratilova 7 1975 with Chris Evert, 1982 with Anne Smith, 1984-1985, 1987, 1988 with Pam Shriver, 1986 with Andrea Temesvári.
French Championships* France Simonne Mathieu 6 1933, 1934 with Elizabeth Ryan, 1936-1937, 1938 with Billie Yorke, 1939 with Jadwiga J?drzejowska.
Most consecutive doubles titles Open Era Czech Republic/United States Martina Navratilova

United States Gigi Fernández
5 1984-1985, 1987-1988 with Pam Shriver, 1986 with Andrea Temesvári.

1991 with Jana Novotná, 1992-95 with Natasha Zvereva.
French Championships* France Françoise Dürr 5 1967-1971
Most mixed doubles titles Open Era France Françoise Dürr 3 1968, 1971, 1973 with Jean-Claude Barclay.
French Championships* France Suzanne Lenglen 7 1914, 1920 with Max Decugis, 1921-1923, 1925, 1926 with Jacques Brugnon.
Most Championships
(singles, doubles & mixed doubles)
Open Era Czech Republic/United States Martina Navratilova 11 1974-1988 (2 singles, 7 doubles, 2 mixed)
French Championships* France Suzanne Lenglen 15 1919-1926 (6 singles, 2 doubles, 7 mixed)
Unseeded champions Men France Marcel Bernard
Sweden Mats Wilander
Brazil Gustavo Kuerten
Argentina Gastón Gaudio
Women United Kingdom Margaret Scriven
Latvia Je?ena Ostapenko
Poland Iga ?wi?tek
Czech Republic Barbora Krej?íková
Youngest singles champion Men United States Michael Chang 17 years and 3 months (1989)
Women Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia/United States Monica Seles 16 years and 6 months (1990)
Oldest singles champion Men Spain Andrés Gimeno 34 years and 10 months (1972)
Women Hungary Zsuzsa Körmöczy 33 years and 10 months (1958)
  • French Championships (1891-1924) was only open to French clubs' members. In 1925, it opened to international players, and was later renamed the French Open in 1968, when it allowed professional b to compete with amateurs. See WHCC.



Territory Year Broadcasters & Live Streaming
 France (2022-present) France Télévisions
Amazon Prime Video (Internet)



Territory Year Broadcasters & Live Streaming
 Germany (2022-present) Eurosport
 United Kingdom
  Vatican City

North America

Territory Year Broadcasters & Live Streaming
 United States (2022-present) NBC Sports
Peacock (Internet)

Tennis Channel


Territory Year Broadcasters & Live Streaming
 Australia (2022-present) Nine Network
Stan Sports (Internet)

Other regions and countries

Europe - Eurosport and the Eurosport Player (co-broadcaster in various countries).

Americas - ESPN (except Brazil & Canada)



Ball boys and ball girls

At the 2020 French Open, there were 230 "ramasseurs de balles" (literally "gatherers of balls" in English). They are aged between 12 and 16 years old, and dress in matching shirts and shorts. The ball boys and ball girls are chosen to take part in the French Open through an application process, which in 2020 had approximately 4,000 applicants from across France.[46][47] Upon selection they are trained in the weeks leading up to the French Open.

See also

Lists of champions
Other Grand Slam tournaments


  1. ^ Except Court Philippe Chatrier during rain delay.
  2. ^ In the main draws, there are 128 singles players (S) and 64 doubles teams (D), and there are 128 and 16 entrants in the respective qualifying (Q) draws.
  3. ^ Usually the tournament is held in late May to early June. However, there have been exceptions:
    • The 1946 and 1947 tournaments were held in July after Wimbledon following the aftermath of World War II;
    • 2020 was held in late September after the US Open due to the COVID-19 pandemic;
    • 2021 was postponed by one week also due to the pandemic after virus cases rose in France in March of that year.
  4. ^ Last French Men's Singles champion: Yannick Noah (1983).
  5. ^ Last French Women's Singles champion: Mary Pierce (2000).


  1. ^ "Un siècle d'histoire". Roland-Garros Official Website (in French).
  2. ^ "2021 French Open: When does it take place, what's new this year, TV channels, betting, prize money". 28 May 2021.
  3. ^ Gershkovich, Evan (10 June 2017). "Who Was Roland Garros? The Fighter Pilot Behind the French Open". The New York Times. Retrieved 2022.
  4. ^ "The French Open for Dummies". Bleacher Report. 22 May 2009. Retrieved 2022.
  5. ^ Clarey, Christopher (30 June 2001). "Change Seems Essential to Escape Extinction: Wimbledon: World's Most Loved Dinosaur". International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  6. ^ Monte Burke (30 May 2012). "What Is The Most Prestigious Grand Slam Tennis Tournament?". Forbes. Retrieved 2013. That survey asked 108 top players to rank the four Slams in order of prestige. The ranking went as follows: 1. Wimbledon 2. French Open 3. U.S. Open 4. Australian Open
  7. ^ Natekar, Gaurav (24 May 2021). "French Open 2021: Why Roland Garros is the toughest Grand Slam to win?". First Post. Retrieved 2022.
  8. ^ Clarke, Liz (15 May 2020). "The French Open, 'unique in all the world', demands a dancer's agility and an iron will". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2022.
  9. ^ Shine, Ossian (25 May 2017). "Roland Garros now toughest slam of all, says former champ". Reuters. Retrieved 2022.
  10. ^ Dietz, David (12 May 2011). "French Open: Why Winning at Roland Garros Is the Pinnacle of Sports". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 2022.
  11. ^ Clarey, Christopher (26 May 2006). "In a year of change at Roland Garros, the winners may stay the same". International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  12. ^ "Un siècle d'histoire".
  13. ^ "Britannica: French Open". Retrieved 2021.
  14. ^ Christopher Clarey (23 May 2013). "A Puzzler in Paris: French Open or Roland Garros?". The New York Times.
  15. ^ Ramat, Aurel (1994). Le Ramat typographique. Éditions Charles Corlet. p. 63. ISBN 2854804686.
  16. ^ "Event Guide / History / Past Winners 1891-2008". Archived from the original on 13 May 2012. Retrieved 2009.
  17. ^ Evan Gershkovich (10 June 2017). "Who was Roland Garros? The fighter pilot behind the French Open". The New York Times.
  18. ^ a b "Roland Garros: a venue open all year long. Past Winners and Draws". Archived from the original on 8 August 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  19. ^ Henry D. Fetter (6 June 2011). "The French Open During World War II: A Hidden History". The Atlantic.
  20. ^ "Roland Garros Awards Equal Pay". WTA Tour. 16 March 2007. Archived from the original on 23 June 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  21. ^ "French Open could move away from Roland Garros in Paris". BBC News. 16 March 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  22. ^ "Roland Garros set for roof". 6 June 2004. Retrieved 2015.
  23. ^ Clarey, Christopher (27 May 2006). "French Open Adds Day; Clay Stays the Same". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015.
  24. ^ "Only 13 matches completed before rain halts play". 27 May 2008. Retrieved 2015.
  25. ^ Christopher Clarey (28 May 2013). "Renovation Plans in Limbo, Roland Garros Faces Future". The New York Times.
  26. ^ Andrew Roberts (14 February 2011). "French Open Tennis Will Stay in Paris at Upgraded Roland Garros". Bloomberg.
  27. ^ "Modernising Roland Garros stadium". Fédération Française de Tennis (FFT). Archived from the original on 10 August 2015.
  28. ^ "Projet de nouveau stade Roland-Garros | CNDP - Commission nationale du débat public". Retrieved 2019.
  29. ^ "Extension de Roland-Garros: retour devant la justice". Francetvsport (in French). November 2016. Retrieved 2019.
  30. ^ Kamakshi Tandon (29 May 2015). "Paris city council votes against French Open expansion project".
  31. ^ "Roland Garros Revamp Gets Green Light". NDTV. 10 June 2015. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2015.
  32. ^ "French Federation to Appeal against Roland Garros´ Modernization suspension!". Tennis World. 26 March 2016.
  33. ^ "Court Simonne-Mathieu stunning new addition to Roland Garros". The Independent. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  34. ^ ""Un écrin extraordinaire" : le court Simonne-Mathieu de Roland-Garros fait l'unanimité chez les joueurs et spectateurs". Franceinfo (in French). 2 June 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  35. ^ Christopher Clarey (27 September 2020). "New for This Pandemic French Open: Fall Weather and Lights". The New York Times.
  36. ^ "French Open lights up as another tradition dies". 21 September 2020.
  37. ^ "French Open postponed by one week in hope more fans can attend". BBC. 8 April 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  38. ^ "Clay, the hallowed red dirt". Roland-Garros. Retrieved 2021.
  39. ^ Atkin, Ronald. "Wimbledon Legends - Bjorn Borg". Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  40. ^ "An A to Z of Roland Garros". Fédération Française de Tennis (FFT). Archived from the original on 2 April 2015.
  41. ^ Absalon, Julien (26 June 2014). "Pourquoi les vainqueurs ne repartent pas avec les vrais trophées". Le Figaro (in French). Paris. Retrieved 2021.
  42. ^ a b "THE TROPHIES". Paris. p. en-US. Retrieved 2021.
  43. ^ "French Open 2021 Prize Money". Perfect Tennis. 20 May 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  44. ^ a b "French Open winners". Roland Garros. Retrieved 2015.
  45. ^ Perry, Kevin (12 November 2020). "STAN and NINE become new Australian home of Wimbledon and French Open Tennis". TV Blackbox. Retrieved 2021.
  46. ^ Edworthy, Sarah (2 June 2019). "Day in the Life: Ball Kids". Roland-Garros Official Website. Retrieved 2019.
  47. ^ Guedon, Claire (4 October 2020). "Luka, 14 ans, un Drômois ramasseur de balles à Roland-Garros". France Bleu (in French). Retrieved 2020.

External links

Preceded by Grand Slam Tournament
Succeeded by

Coordinates: 48°50?49.8?N 2°14?57.3?E / 48.847167°N 2.249250°E / 48.847167; 2.249250

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes