He trained with Pietro Paolini in Lucca and then moved to Rome to work under Pietro da Cortona. He often worked alongside Filippo Gherardi. With Coli, Gherardi was initially a trainee of Pietro Paolini in Lucca. In Venice, Coli and Gherardi also completed frescoes (1670-72) of the dome of the church of San Nicolò da Tolentino with a fresco of the Glory of San Nicolò, and in the massive decoration of the church of San Pantalon. In Venice, Coli and Gherardi frescoed the Library of San Giorgio Maggiore.