Greens-European Free Alliance
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Greens%E2%80%93European Free Alliance

The Greens/European
Free Alliance
European Parliament group
GreensEFA logo EN.svg
English abbr.Greens/EFA[1]
French abbr.Verts/ALE[2]
Formal nameParliamentary Group of The Greens/European Free Alliance in the European Parliament
IdeologyGreen politics[3]
Minority politics[3]
European partiesEuropean Green Party
European Free Alliance
European Pirate Party
Volt Europa[4][5]
Animal Politics EU
From1999; 22 years ago (1999)
Preceded byThe Green Group
European Radical Alliance
Chaired byPhilippe Lamberts
Ska Keller

The Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) is a political group of the European Parliament composed primarily of green and regionalist political parties.[6][7][8]

Formed following the 1999 European elections for the 5th European Parliament, the Greens/EFA group now consists of five distinct European political parties, namely the larger European Green Party (EGP) and part of the European Free Alliance (EFA)[9] and the smaller European Pirate Party (PPEU), Volt Europa (Volt), and part of Animal Politics EU (APEU). The EFA consists of parties representing stateless nations, regionalist and minority political interests. The group has generally limited its membership to progressive parties.[10] These European parties are joined by MEPs from non-aligned national parties, which have included the Dutch Europe Transparent (2004-2009) and the Swedish (2009-2014), German (2014-) and Czech (2019-) Pirate Parties.[11]

Group members

9th European Parliament

Greens-European Free Alliance has MEPs in 15 member states. Dark green indicates member states sending multiple MEPs, light green indicates member states sending a single MEP.
Virginijus Sinkevi?ius, European Commissioner from Lithuania.
State National party European party MEPs[12]
Austria Austria The Greens - The Green Alternative
Die Grünen - Die Grüne Alternative (Grüne)
Belgium Belgium Ecolo EGP
Groen EGP
Czech Republic Czech Republic Czech Pirate Party
?eská pirátská strana (Piráti)
Denmark Denmark Socialist People's Party
Socialistisk Folkeparti (SF)
Finland Finland Green League
Vihreä liitto (Vihr.)
France France Europe Ecology - The Greens[B 1]
Europe Écologie Les Verts (EELV)
Independent Ecological Alliance
Alliance écologiste indépendante (AEI)
Let's Do Corsica
Femu a Corsica (FaC)
Germany Germany Alliance '90/The Greens
Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (Grüne)
Pirate Party
Piratenpartei Deutschland (Piraten)
Ecological Democratic Party
Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei (ÖDP)
Volt Volt
Independent[13] None
 Italy Green Europe
Europa Verde - Verdi (EV)
Independent[14] None
Republic of Ireland Ireland Green Party
Comhaontas Glas
Latvia Latvia Latvian Russian Union
Latvijas Krievu savien?ba (LKS)
Lithuania Lithuania Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union
Lietuvos valstie?i? ir ?ali?j? s?junga (LV?S)
Luxembourg Luxembourg The Greens
Déi Gréng (DG)
Netherlands Netherlands GreenLeft
GroenLinks (GL)
Poland Poland Green Party
Partia Zieloni
Portugal Portugal People-Animals-Nature

Pessoas-Animais-Natureza (PAN)

Spain Spain Republican Left of Catalonia
Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC)
Catalonia in Common
Catalunya en Comú (CatComú)
Sweden Sweden Green Party
Miljöpartiet de gröna (MP)
 European Union

8th European Parliament

7th European Parliament

6th European Parliament

  1. ^ a b c d For 2019 it include Benoît Biteau, an independent politician
  2. ^ From 20 April 2016 the MEP Davor ?krlec become independent
  3. ^ a b c Until 31 December 2011.
  4. ^ From 2004 to 2009 with EPP-ED and from 2014 with ECR
  5. ^ Realigned with the EPP since 2009

Group presidents

The Greens/EFA group is usually co-chaired by 2 presidents, at least one of them must be a woman.

Legislature Co-president National party Co-president National party
1999-2004 Paul Lannoye Ecolo Heidi Hautala Green League
2004-2009 Daniel Cohn-Bendit Alliance 90 / Les Verts Monica Frassoni Federation of the Greens
2009-2014 Daniel Cohn-Bendit Europe Écologie Les Verts Rebecca Harms Alliance 90/The Greens
2014-2016 Philippe Lamberts Ecolo Rebecca Harms Alliance 90/The Greens
since 2016 Philippe Lamberts Ecolo Ska Keller Alliance 90/The Greens

European Parliament results

Election year No. of
overall seats won
Increase 48
Decrease 6
Increase 13
Decrease 5
2019 (pre-Brexit)
Increase 24
2019 (post-Brexit)
Decrease 5


  1. ^ "Who we are". Archived 18 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  2. ^ "Qui sommes-nous ?" Archived 23 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  3. ^ a b c Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "European Union". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ @EuropeElects (9 June 2019). "EU28: Volt Europa membership vote on..." (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  5. ^ Petitjean, Euranet Plus News Agency | Sophie (12 June 2019). "Volt Europa : "We need European solutions to European problems"".
  6. ^ Tapio Raunio (2012). "Political Interests: The European Parliament's Party Groups". In John Peterson; Michael Shackleton (eds.). The Institutions of the European Union. Oxford University Press. p. 341. ISBN 978-0-19-957498-8.
  7. ^ Andreas Staab (2011). The European Union Explained, Second Edition: Institutions, Actors, Global Impact. Indiana University Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-253-00164-1.
  8. ^ Lori Thorlakson (2013). "Federalism and the European Party System". In Alexander H. Trechsel (ed.). Towards a Federal Europe. Taylor & Francis. p. 72. ISBN 978-1-317-99818-1.
  9. ^ "Who we are". Archived 18 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Gupta, Devashree (April 2008). "Nationalism across borders: transnational nationalist advocacy in the European Union". Comparative European Politics. 6 (1): 61-80. doi:10.1057/palgrave.cep.6110127. S2CID 144152782.
  11. ^ "VoteWatch Europe: European Parliament, Council of the EU" Archived 10 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  12. ^ See the 2019 European Parliament election results.
  13. ^ "Humorlose Erklärung, warum ich aus Die PARTEI austrete" (in German). 13 January 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  14. ^ "M5S, i quattro eurodeputati scissionisti accolti nel gruppo dei Verdi al Parlamento Ue" (in Italian). 9 December 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  15. ^ See the 2014 European Parliament election results.
  16. ^ "Indrek Tarand". European Parliament. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  17. ^ "List of elected MEPs". Archived 9 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ "Indrek Tarand". European Parliament. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  19. ^ "2019 Election Results". Retrieved 26 May 2019.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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