Hainanese Transliteration Scheme
Get Hainanese Transliteration Scheme essential facts below. View Videos or join the Hainanese Transliteration Scheme discussion. Add Hainanese Transliteration Scheme to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Hainanese Transliteration Scheme

The Hainanese Transliteration Scheme (Chinese: ?) refers to a romanization scheme published by the Guangdong Provincial Education Department in September 1960 as one of four systems collectively referred to as Guangdong Romanization. The scheme describes the Wenchang dialect spoken in Wenchang, Hainan which is considered to be the prestige dialect of Hainanese. At the time of the scheme's creation, Hainan was part of Guangdong, until it was separated to form its own province in 1988. This system utilises the Latin alphabet with superscript numbers to represent tone.

System

Letters

This system uses the Latin alphabet, excluding the letters ⟨c⟩, ⟨f⟩, ⟨j⟩, ⟨k⟩, ⟨q⟩, ⟨r⟩, ⟨t⟩, ⟨w⟩ and ⟨x⟩.

Initials

Letter
Example
IPA
b
?
[?b]/[?]
p
?
[p?]/[?]
m
?
[m]
v
?
[v]/[b]
d
?
[t]
dd
?
[?d]/[?]
n
?
[n]
l
?
[l]
g
?
[k]
ng
?
[?]
h
?
[x]
hh
?
[h]
z
?
[ts]
s
?
[s]
y
?
[z]

Finals

i [i] ? u [u] ?
a [a] ? ia [ia] ? ua [ua] ?
o [o] ? io [i?] ?
e [?] ? ue [ue] ?
ai [ai] ? uai [uai] ?
oi [?i] ? ui [ui] ?
ao [au] ? iao [iau] ?
ou [?u] ? iu [iu] ?
am [am] ? iam [iam] ?
im [im] ?
an [an] ? uan [uan] ?
in [in] ? un [un] ?
ang [a?] ? iang [ia?] ? uang [ua?] ?
eng [e?] ?
ong [] ? iong [i] (?)
ab [ap] ? iab [iap] (?)
ib [ip] ?
ad [at] ? uad [uat] ?
id [it] ? ud [ut] ?
ag [ak] (?) iag [iak] (?) uag [uak] (?)
eg [ek] ?
og [ok] ? iog [iok] ?

Tones

Tone number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Example ?
di1
?
di2
?
di3
?
di4
?
di5
?
di6
?
did7
?
did8

See also

References

  1. ,1988?11?,455-456ISBN 7-218-00195-5/Zo11?

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Hainanese_Transliteration_Scheme
 



 



 
Music Scenes