Hasdrubal the Fair
|Born||Circa 270 BC|
|Cause of death||Assassination|
|Occupation||Military leader and politician|
Hasdrubal followed Hamilcar in his campaign against the governing aristocracy at Carthage at the close of the First Punic War, and in his subsequent career of conquest in Hispania. In 237 BC, they parted towards the Peninsula, but around 231-230 BC Hasdrubal allegedly interceded in Hamilcar's name to make the Numidian tribes from northern Africa submit to the Barcid family; and it wasn't long until Numidia fell into Carthage's sphere of influence.
After Hamilcar's death in 228 BC while fighting Iberian tribes, Hasdrubal succeeded him in command following orders from Carthage as Hamilcar's sons were too young. Hannibal, the elder, was nineteen at the time. Compared to his predecessor, Hasdrubal largely preferred diplomacy over military campaigns. In accordance with the common diplomatic customs of the time, Hasdrubal demanded hostages from the realms who bent the knee to Carthage, as to dissuade them from breaking their treaties.
Thus, he extended the territory by skillful diplomacy and consolidating it by founding the important city and naval base of Qart Hadasht, which the Romans later called Carthago Nova (Cartagena) as the capital of the new province, and by establishing a treaty with the Roman Republic which cemented the River Ebro (the classical Iberus) as the boundary between the two powers. This treaty was caused because a Greek colony, Ampurias, and also Iberian Sagunto, fearful of the continuous growth of Punic power in Iberia, asked Rome for help. Hasdrubal accepted reluctantly, as Punic dominion in Iberia was not yet sufficiently established to jeopardise its future expansion in a premature conflict.
Hasdrubal's successor was his brother-in-law and the son of Hamilcar, Hannibal Barca.