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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Standard Bulgarian pronunciations in resource articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to resource articles, see {{IPA-bg}} and Resource: Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Bulgarian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Bulgarian.

IPA Examples English approximation
b ???? box
c [1] cute
d ? dust
d?z birds
d jab
f ? fact
? ? good
? ?[1] argue
j ? yes
k ? skill
l ?? leap
? ? all or west
? ?? million
m ? mocha
n ? north
? ?? canyon
? ? sing
p ? speak
r ? trilled r, like in Spanish
s ? salt, mask
? ? sugar
t ?? style
t?s ? bats
t ? cheese
v ? view
x ? loch (Scottish English)
z ? zoo
? ? pleasure
Marginal consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
? ?? between go and ahold
ç ? huge
w ?? water
IPA Examples English approximation
a ?? father
? ??? plus
? ?? edge
i ??? police
? ?? off
u ?? pool
Reduced vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
? ??, ?? sofa
o ?, ? thought (RP), coat (Scottish English)
Other symbols
IPA Description
' Stress on the following syllable
? Secondary stress on the following syllable
Palatalization of the preceding consonant


  1. ^ a b Scatton 1984, p. 17.


  • Sabev, Mitko (2015). Reduction of unstressed central and back vowels in Contemporary Standard Bulgarian (PDF). Glasgow, UK: Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences.
  • Scatton, Ernest A. (1984). A Reference Grammar of Modern Bulgarian.
  • Zhobov, Valdimir (2004). ? ? ? [The Sounds of the Bulgarian Language].

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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