Get Help:IPA/Slovene essential facts below. View Videos or join the Help:IPA/Slovene discussion. Add Help:IPA/Slovene to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Slovene language pronunciations in resource articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to resource articles, see {{IPA-sl}} and Resource: Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Slovene phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Slovene.

IPA Examples nearest English equivalent
b bob bob
d dan done
dz brivec brije[1] heads
d? d?ez George
f film film
? gora gore
? vrh drevesa[1] Spanish rasgo
j jaz[2] yaw
k kolo, brlog cola
l luka[2] Luke
m morje, Istanbul[3] more
? simfonija, informacija[3] comfort
n ne[3][2] no
? banka[3] bank
p pet, bob pet
? robot US atom
s stol, d?ez stole
? ?um shell
t ti, pred tattoo
ts car shorts
t? ?aj church
v filozof[1] van
? voda
w cerkev[4] we
? vsi[4] white or twice
x harfa Scottish loch
z zima zoo
? ?aba fusion
Combinations of vowels and tone[5]
Low tone (or "rising") vowels
IPA Stress
Examples nearest English equivalent
à: á danes father
: ê é zemlja British square
è: é cerkev late
è sem (stressed) about
? vrba US verb (but trilled)
ì: í hi?a least
: ô ó poten dog
ò: ó eroti?en story
ù: ú truplo scoop
High tone (or "falling") vowels
á à ? brat strut
á: á ? grad father
è ? met let
: ê ? adverb British square
é: é kreda late
è pes about
? ? tr?nica US verb (but trilled)
í ì ? bik list
í: í ? list least
ò ? on off
: ô ? alkova dog
ó: ó pot story
ú ù ? kruh foot
ú: ú ? romunina scoop
ý ? ü? Türk[8] somewhat like cute
Unstressed vowels
a a ?ena father (but shorter)
? e e medved let
? ? danes about
er, r ?r, r koder, potrditi US verb (but trilled)
i i biti list
? o potok lot
u u mamut foot
IPA Stress
Example Explanation
' N/A ['sm] primary stress


  1. ^ a b c [dz, ?, v] are allophones of /ts, x, f/ that occur before voiced consonants (Herrity (2000:16)).
  2. ^ a b c Orthographic sequences ?lj, nj, rj? are pronounced /lj, nj, rj/ only if a vowel follows; otherwise, the /j/ is not pronounced. For ?rj?, it is reflected in the orthography, but for ?lj, nj? it is not.
  3. ^ a b c d Nasals always assimilate their place of articulation to that of the following consonant. Before velar consonants they are , and before labial consonants they are ; the labiodental appears before /f/ and /?/. Orthographic ?n? before ?p? and ?b? is rare and is confined mostly to loanwords.
  4. ^ a b Standard Slovene features three allophones of /v/ (the latter two sometimes also occurring for /l/): before vowels, it is [?], after a vowel it is [w], and between a syllable boundary and a voiceless consonant, it is [?] (?u?tar?i?, Komar & Petek (1999:136)).
  5. ^ Some scholars have found that vowel length in Standard Slovene is no longer distinctive, (?u?tar?i?, Komar & Petek (1999:136), Tatjana Srebot-Rejec. "On the vowel system in present-day Slovene" (PDF)., Srebot-Rejec (1988)) and the only differences in vowel length are that the stressed vowels are longer than the unstressed ones,(Tatjana Srebot-Rejec. "On the vowel system in present-day Slovene" (PDF)., ?u?tar?i?, Komar & Petek (1999:137)) with stressed open syllables longer than stressed closed syllables (Tatjana Srebot-Rejec. "On the vowel system in present-day Slovene" (PDF).).
  6. ^ Tonic marks are not part of the orthography but are found in dictionaries such as "Slovenski pravopis 2001". Tone marks can also be found on ?r?, which signifies the sequence /?r/.
  7. ^ a b Wherever possible, one should transcribe Slovene with both tonic and stress marks. If the correct tones are unknown, it is acceptable to put only a stress-based transcription.[this is clearly not the current practice as there are only a few transcriptions that indicate tone]
  8. ^ /ý/ appears only in loanwords and is often replaced by /í/.


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes