Help:IPA/Slovene
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Help:IPA/Slovene

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Slovene language pronunciations in popflock.com resource articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to popflock.com resource articles, see {{IPA-sl}} and popflock.com Resource: Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Slovene phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Slovene.

Consonants
IPA Examples nearest English equivalent
b bob bob
d dan done
dz brivec brije[1] heads
d? d?ez George
f film film
? gora gore
? vrh drevesa[1] Spanish rasgo
j jaz[2] yaw
k kolo cola
l luka[2] Luke
m morje, Istanbul[3] more
? simfonija, informacija[3] comfort
n ne[3][2] no
? banka[3] bank
p pet pet
? robot US batter
s stol stole
? ?um shell
t ti tattoo
ts car shorts
t? ?aj church
v filozof Dolar[1] van
? voda
w cerkev[4] we
? vsi[4] white or twice
x harfa Scottish loch
z zima zoo
? ?aba fusion
Combinations of vowels and tone[5]
Low tone (or "rising") vowels
IPA Stress
orth.
Tonal
orth.[6][7]
Examples nearest English equivalent
à: á danes father
: ê é zemlja British square
è: é cerkev late
è sem (stressed) about
? vrba US verb (but trilled)
ì: í hi?a least
: ô ó poten dog
ò: ó eroti?en story
ù: ú truplo scoop
High tone (or "falling") vowels
á à ? brat strut
á: á ? grad father
è ? met let
: ê ? adverb British square
é: é kreda late
è pes about
? ? tr?nica US verb (but trilled)
í ì ? bik list
í: í ? list least
ò ? on off
: ô ? alkova dog
ó: ó pot story
ú ù ? kruh foot
ú: ú ? romunina scoop
ý ? ü? Türk[8] somewhat like cute
Unstressed vowels
a a ?ena father (but shorter)
? e e medved let
? ? danes about
er, r ?r, r koder, potrditi US verb (but trilled)
i i biti list
? o potok lot
u u mamut foot
Stress[7]
IPA Stress
orth.
Tonal
orth.
Example Explanation
' N/A ['sm] primary stress

Notes

  1. ^ a b c [dz, ?, v] are allophones of /ts, x, f/ that occur before voiced consonants (Herrity (2000:16)).
  2. ^ a b c Orthographic sequences ⟨lj, nj, rj⟩ are pronounced /lj, nj, rj/ only if a vowel follows; otherwise, the /j/ is not pronounced. For ⟨rj⟩, it is reflected in the orthography, but for ⟨lj, nj⟩ it is not.
  3. ^ a b c d Nasals always assimilate their place of articulation to that of the following consonant. Before velar consonants they are , and before labial consonants they are ; the labiodental appears before /f/ and /?/. Orthographic ⟨n⟩ before ⟨p⟩ and ⟨b⟩ is rare and is confined mostly to loanwords.
  4. ^ a b Standard Slovene features three allophones of /v/ (the latter two sometimes also occurring for /l/): before vowels, it is [?], after a vowel it is [w], and between a syllable boundary and a voiceless consonant, it is [?] (?u?tar?i?, Komar & Petek (1999:136)).
  5. ^ Some scholars have found that vowel length in Standard Slovene is no longer distinctive, (?u?tar?i?, Komar & Petek (1999:136), Tatjana Srebot-Rejec. "On the vowel system in present-day Slovene" (PDF)., Srebot-Rejec (1988)) and the only differences in vowel length are that the stressed vowels are longer than the unstressed ones,(Tatjana Srebot-Rejec. "On the vowel system in present-day Slovene" (PDF)., ?u?tar?i?, Komar & Petek (1999:137)) with stressed open syllables longer than stressed closed syllables (Tatjana Srebot-Rejec. "On the vowel system in present-day Slovene" (PDF).).
  6. ^ Tonic marks are not part of the orthography but are found in dictionaries such as "Slovenski pravopis 2001". Tone marks can also be found on ⟨r⟩, which signifies the sequence /?r/.
  7. ^ a b Wherever possible, one should transcribe Slovene with both tonic and stress marks. If the correct tones are unknown, it is acceptable to put only a stress-based transcription.[this is clearly not the current practice as there are only a few transcriptions that indicate tone]
  8. ^ /ý/ appears only in loanwords and is often replaced by /í/.

Sources


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