Hindu Pilgrimage Sites
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Hindu Pilgrimage Sites

In religion and spirituality, a pilgrimage is a very long journey or search of great moral significance. Sometimes, it is a journey to a sacred area or shrine of importance to innate faith. Members of every major religion participate in pilgrimages. A person who makes such a journey is called a pilgrim.

Unlike some other religions, Hindus are not required to undertake pilgrimages during their lifetime.[1] However, most Hindus go on such journeys to numerous iconic sites including those below:

India

Varanasi known as Kashi is one of the holiest pilgrimage sites
Kodlamane Shree Vishnumurthy Temple
Tirupati temple

Char Dham (Famous Four Pilgrimage sites): The four holy sites Puri, Rameswaram, Dwarka, and Badrinath (or alternatively the Himalayan towns of Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri) compose the Chota Char Dham (four small abodes) pilgrimage circuit.

Kumbh Mela: The Kumbh Mela (the "pitcher festival") is one of the holiest of Hindu pilgrimages that is held every three years; the location is rotated among Prayagraj, Haridwar, Nashik, and Ujjain.

Old Holy cities as per Puranic Texts: Varanasi formerly known as Kashi, Prayagraj also known as Prayag, Haridwar-Rishikesh, Mathura-Vrindavan, Kurukshetra, the Land of Bhagavad Gita in Haryana and Ayodhya.

Old Temple cities: Puri, which hosts a major Vaishnava Jagannath temple and Rath Yatra celebration; Katra, home to the Vaishno Devi temple; Tirumala - Tirupati, home to the Tirumala Venkateswara Temple; Madurai Meenakshi and Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple in Sri Rangam; Dwarkadhish Temple - Dwarka, home to Dwarkadhish form of Sri Krishna; Radharani Temple - Barsana, dedicated to Sri Radha, Sabarimala, where Swami Ayyappan is worshipped; Sri Padmanabhaswamy Temple at Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala;Guruvayur temple at Guruvayur. The oldest of these temple pilgrimage is the Pandharpur Wari which is said to be in tradition from the past 800 years.

New Pilgrimage Centres: Three comparatively recent temples of fame and huge pilgrimage are Belur Math, the hub of the worldwide Ramakrishna Movement in West Bengal, Dakshineswar Kali Temple, Kolkata; Vivekananda Rock Memorial at Kanyakumari; Sri Ramana Ashram at Tiruvannamalai; and ISKCON temples in Ujjain, Bangalore, Patna, Tirumala, Vishakapatnam, Delhi, Chennai, and Mumbai. Ramakrishna Mission Swami Vivekananda's Ancestral House and Cultural Centre, the birthplace of Swami Vivekananda is also another popular destination.

Shakti Peethas: An important set of pilgrimages are the Shakti Peethas, where the Mother Goddess is worshipped, the two principal ones being Kalighat and Kamakhya. The original Shakti Peethas are

  • Mahamaya, Amarnath, Jammu and Kashmir
  • Phullara, in Attahasa, West Bengal
  • Bahula, Bardhaman, West Bengal
  • Mahishmardini, Bakreshwar, Siuri town
  • Avanti, Bairavparvat Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh
  • Aparna, Bhavanipur, Bangladesh
  • Gandaki Chandi, Chandi River
  • Bhamari, Janasthaan
  • Kottari, Hinglaj, Karachi
  • Jayanti, Bourbhag Village, Bangladesh
  • Yogeshwari, Khulna district
  • Jwala or Shakti Siddhida, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh
  • Kalika, Kalighat, West Bengal
  • Kali in Kalmadhav, Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh
  • Khamakya, Guwahati, Assam
  • Devgarbha/Kankleshwari, Birbhum, West Bengal
  • Sravani, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu
  • Chamudeshwari/Jaya Durga, Chamundi Hills, Mysore
  • Vimla, Murshidabad, West Bengal
  • Kumara Shakti at Anandamayee Temple of West Bengal
  • Shakti Bhraamari, Ratnavali, West Bengal
  • Shakti Dakshayani, Manasarovar
  • Gayatri Manibandh, Pushkar, Rajasthan
  • Uma at Mithila, border of Nepal and India
  • Indraksh, Nainativu, Manipallavam
  • Mahashira, Guhyeshwari near Pashupatinath Temple
  • Bhawani at Chandranath Hills, Bangladesh
  • Varahi, Panch Sagar, Uttar Pradesh
  • Chandrabhaga, Junagarh, Gujarat
  • Lalita of Prayag
  • Savitri/Bhadra Kali, Kurukshetra, Haryana
  • Maihar/Shivani, Satna, Madhya Pradesh
  • Nandini or Nandikeshwari, Birbhum, West Bengal
  • Sarvashail/Rakini on Godavari river banks at Kotilingeswar Temple
  • Mahish Mardini at Shivaharkaray near Karachi of Pakistan
  • The Narmada Shondesh, Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh
  • Sundari at Sri Sailam (currently in Bangladesh)
  • Maha Lakshmi at Sri Shail (currently in Bangladesh)
  • Devi Narayani, Suchindram, Tamil Nadu
  • Suganda of Shikarpur (currently in Bangladesh)
  • Tripura Sundari, Udaipur in Tripura
  • Mangal Chandika at Ujjain
  • Vishalakshi, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
  • Kapalini of Vibash, Medinipur, West Bengal
  • Ambika, Bharatpur, Rajasthan
  • Uma at Vrindavan/Bhooteswar Temple of Uttar Pradesh
  • Tripurmalini, Jalandhar, Punjab
  • Amba at Ambaji, Gujarat
  • Jai Durga, Deogarh, Jharkhand
  • Danteshwari, Chattisgarh
  • Nabi Gaya, Biraj, Jaipur. According to later texts there are altogether 51 or 108 shakti peethas, though many in the lists cannot be confirmed to exist and may have been added in order to list a religiously significant number.

Jyotirlingas: Other set of important pilgrimages are the Jyotirlingas, where lord Shiva is worshipped in the form of Shiva Lingas. There are twelve Jyotirlingas in India. The twelve Jyotirlingas are:

Sri Lanka

Mauritius

Trinidad and Tobago

Suriname

Pakistan

Katas Raj Temples are said to date from the times of the Mahabharata.

Nepal

China

Indonesia

Cambodia

Malaysia

United States

See also

List of Hindu temples

References

  1. ^ Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs - Hinduism See drop-down essay on "Hindu Practices"
  2. ^ "Ganga Dhaaraa Teerath: Water is Life : TriniView.com". www.triniview.com. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "Exchange Village Mud Mandir". National Trust of Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "Moose Bhagat Hindu Temple". National Trust of Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved .
  5. ^ Bissessarsingh, Angelo (November 6, 2016). "The Moose Bhagat Mandir". guardian.co.tt. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "Shiva Mandir". National Trust of Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Balka devi Temple". National Trust of Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "Hanuman Temple". National Trust of Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "Triveni Mandir". National Trust of Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved .

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