House of Rosenberg
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House of Rosenberg

Original arms of the family.
Later arms of the Rosenbergs, with elements from the Orsini family arms.
Vítkovci, Lords of Rose, wallpainting by Mikolá? Ale?. Ro?mberk (with a red rose) is in the middle.

The Rosenberg family (Ro?mberkové in Czech, sg. z Ro?mberka) was a prominent Bohemian noble family that played an important role in Czech medieval history from the 13th century until 1611. Members of this family held posts at the Prague royal (and later imperial) court, and they were viewed as very powerful lords of the Kingdom of Bohemia. This branch of the Vítkovci clan was initially founded by Vítek III, the son of Vítek (German: Witiko) of Pr?ice.

History

Around 1250, the Vítkovci clan settled at the Ro?mberk Castle in the region of ?eský Krumlov, then about 1253 erected the ?eský Krumlov castle. The Krumlov castle thus became the residence of the Lords of Ro?mberk for the next three hundred years. It was the Ro?mberks who influenced the appearance of southern Bohemia to a great extent. The coat of arms and emblem of this family was represented by a red five-petalled rose on a silver field, which is still often seen in a considerable part of southern Bohemia.

Peter I of Ro?mberk held the post of the superior chamberlain at the court of John of Bohemia. His wife was a widow of the Bohemian king Wenceslaus III.

Another significant personage of the family was Jind?ich III of Ro?mberk, a son of Old?ich I of Ro?mberk, who led the Union of Nobility, being displeased during the reign of King Wenceslaus IV.

Jind?ich's son, Oldrich II of Ro?mberk, was a member of the Bohemian nobility who defended the interests of Bohemian catholic nobility and of Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, during the times of the Hussite wars.

A daughter of Old?ich II was Perchta of Ro?mberk, who is identified with the Ro?mberks "White Lady" ghost tales, and current residents of the area still report seeing Perchta's spirit around the castle.

The decline of the House of Ro?mberk began with Vilém and Petr Vok, the sons of Jo?t III, both being raised under the guardianship of their uncle, Peter V.

Vilém of Ro?mberk is generally considered the most significant representative of the family, making the ?eský Krumlov area the center of southern Bohemian cultural and political life.

After Vilém's death in 1592, his younger brother, Petr Vok, assumed the position of reigning lord. In 1601, he was forced to sell the Krumlov castle to Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor. Petr Vok transferred his residence after the sale to T?ebo?, where he died in 1611. Petr Vok brought to a close the three-hundred-year-long reign of this illustrious dynasty.

See also

References

  • VESELÁ, Lenka. Knihy na dvo?e Ro?mberk?. Praha : Knihovna Akademie v?d ?R : Scriptorium, 2005. 359 s. ISBN 80-86675-06-8 (KNAV). ISBN 80-86197-60-3 (Scriptorium).
  • Václav B?ezan: ?ivoty posledních Rozmberk?. (aus dem Manuskript hrsg. v. Jaroslav Pánek). Praha 1985.
  • Jaroslav Pánek: Poslední Ro?mberkové. Velmo?i ?eské renesance. Praha 1989.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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