House of Sabah
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House of Sabah

House of Al Sabah
?
Emblem of Kuwait.svg
Emblem and Flag of Kuwait
Flag of Kuwait.svg
Parent houseBani Utbah
CountryKuwait
Foundedc. 1752
FounderSabah I
Current headNawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber
Titles
TraditionsSunni Islam

The House of Al Sabah (Arabic: ??l ?ub) is the ruling family of Kuwait.

History

Prior to settling in Kuwait, the Al Sabah family were expelled from Umm Qasr in southern Iraq by the Ottomans due to their predatory habits of preying on caravans in Basra and trading ships in Shatt al-Arab.[1] The family originated from the Jamil branch of the Anza family[2] and part of the Utub federation.[2] The Al Sabah family settled across various regions in southern Iran and Iraq until they finally settled in what is now Kuwait around 1683 or 1714.[]

The Emir of Kuwait is the head of state. He is nominated by a family council headed by members of the family.[]

The crown prince has to be a senior member of the House. He is nominated by a family council headed by members of the family.[]

After Iraq military forces invaded Kuwait in 1990, many members of the Kuwaiti government fled to Saudi Arabia. One of the Royal family members was murdered after an Iraqi military vehicle hit him.[]

Controversies

A corrupt Kuwaiti prince/sheikh is said to have arrested a whistleblower; the latter discovered that the prince was involved in Malaysia's 1MDB scandal.[3]

Various Kuwaitis including other Royals have been jailed after they criticized the Kuwaiti government.[4] In 2010, the U.S. State Department said it had concerns about the case of Kuwaiti blogger and journalist Mohammad Abdul-Kader al-Jassem who was on trial for allegedly criticizing the ruling al-Sabah family, and faced up to 18 years in prison if convicted.[5] He was detained after a complaint against him was issued by the office of Kuwait's Emir Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad al-Sabah.[5]

Rulers

Dean of the House

Governing branches

Succession to the throne of Kuwait is limited to the descendants of Mubarak Al-Sabah. The reigning emir must appoint an heir apparent within one year of his accession to the throne.[]

The Crown Prince has to be a senior member of the House of Sabah. The position of Emir is also traditionally alternated between the two main branches of the House of Sabah, the Al-Ahmed and Al-Salem branches. The Prime Minister is appointed by the Emir.[]

Chieftain Sheikhs of the House of Sabah have been leading the Military of Kuwait since the early establishment of defense infantry and cavalry forces.[8][9][10] Since the forming of the first cabinet on 17 January 1962, all three of the defense ministry, interior ministry and ministry of foreign affairs of Kuwait have been led by members of the House of Sabah.[11] By government protocol, defense, interior and foreign affairs ministers are deputy prime ministers of Kuwait; unlike the defense protocol minister of the Kuwait National Guard.[]

Lineage

See also

References

  1. ^ "'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [1000] (1155/1782)". qdl.qa. p. 1000. Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ a b Hamad Ibrahim Abdul Rahman Al Tuwaijri (1996). "Political power and rule in Kuwait" (PhD Thesis). Glasgow University. p. 6. Retrieved 2021.
  3. ^ Report, Sarawak. "How A Kuwaiti Royal Sheikh Jailed A 1MDB Whistleblower Whilst Laundering China Kickbacks For Najib - EXCLUSIVE". Sarawak Report.
  4. ^ https://www.arabianbusiness.com/kuwait/politics-economics/384499-kuwait-jails-mps-dissidents-over-2011-parliament-raid
  5. ^ a b Reuters Staff (4 June 2010). "U.S. concerned by case of jailed Kuwaiti blogger" – via www.reuters.com.
  6. ^ "KUWAIT NATIONAL GUARD - ? -". kng.gov.kw.
  7. ^ "Kuwait National Guard - ? -". kng.gov.kw. Archived from the original on 3 March 2018. Retrieved 2020.
  8. ^ "Kuwait National Guard - ? -". kng.gov.kw. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 2020.
  9. ^ YouTube. youtube.com.
  10. ^ "Kuwait National Guard - ? -". kng.gov.kw. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 2020.
  11. ^ "Nine ministers headed Interior Ministry since Kuwaits independence". KUNA. 7 February 2011. Retrieved 2013.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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