Hy%C5%8Dgo Prefecture
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Hy%C5%8Dgo Prefecture
Hy?go Prefecture

Japanese transcription(s)
 o Japanese
 o R?majiHy?go-ken
Flag of Hy?go Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Hy?go Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Hy?go Prefecture
Country Japan
RegionKansai
IslandHonshu
CapitalKobe
SubdivisionsDistricts: 8, Municipalities: 41
Government
 o GovernorToshiz? Ido
Area
 o Total8,400.94 km2 (3,243.62 sq mi)
Area rank12th
Population
(1 June 2019)
 o Total5,469,762
 o Rank7th
 o Density650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-28
Websiteweb.pref.hyogo.lg.jp/fl/english/
Symbols
BirdOriental white stork (Ciconia boyciana)
FlowerNojigiku (Chrysanthemum japonense)
TreeCamphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)

Hy?go Prefecture (, Hy?go-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu.[1] Hy?go Prefecture has a population of 5,469,762 (as of 1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 8,400 square kilometres (3,200 sq mi). Hy?go Prefecture borders Kyoto Prefecture to the east, Osaka Prefecture to the southeast, and Okayama Prefecture and Tottori Prefecture to the west.

K?be is the capital and largest city of Hy?go Prefecture, and the seventh-largest city in Japan, with other major cities including Himeji, Nishinomiya, and Amagasaki.[2] Hy?go Prefecture's mainland stretches from the Sea of Japan to the Seto Inland Sea, where Awaji Island and a small archipelago of islands belonging to the prefecture are located. Hy?go Prefecture is a major economic center, transportation hub, and tourist destination in western Japan, with 20% of the prefecture's land area designated as Natural Parks. Hy?go Prefecture forms part of the Keihanshin metropolitan area, the second-most-populated urban region in Japan after the Greater Tokyo area and one of the world's most productive regions by GDP.

History

Map of Hyogo Prefecture with former provincial boundaries and current prefectural offices.
1.?Kobe city (divided between Harima and Settsu)
2.?Settsu (Hanshin South office)
3.?Settsu (Hanshin North office)
4.?Harima East office
5.?Harima North office
6.?Harima Central office
7.?Harima West office
9.?Tanba office
8.?Tajima office
10.?Awaji office
Areas beyond Harima West belonged to Mimasaka (north) and Bizen (south)

Present-day Hy?go Prefecture includes the former provinces of Harima, Tajima, Awaji, and parts of Tanba and Settsu.[3]

In 1180, near the end of the Heian period, Emperor Antoku, Taira no Kiyomori, and the Imperial court moved briefly to Fukuhara, in what is now the city of Kobe. There the capital remained for five months.

Himeji Castle, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is in the city of Himeji.

Southern Hy?go Prefecture was severely devastated by the 6.9 Mw Great Hanshin earthquake of 1995, which destroyed major parts of Kobe and Awaji, as well as Takarazuka and neighboring Osaka Prefecture, killing nearly 6,500 people. In 2020 Hy?go became one of the worst affected prefectures for the COVID-19 virus in Western Japan.

Geography

Map of Hy?go Prefecture.
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town
Kobe
Takarazuka
Sumoto
Tatsuno
Shiso

Hy?go has coastlines on two seas: to the north, the Sea of Japan, to the south, the Seto Inland Sea. On Awaji Island, Hy?go borders the Pacific Ocean coastline in the Kii Channel. The northern portion is sparsely populated, except for the city of Toyooka, and the central highlands are only populated by tiny villages. Most of Hy?go's population lives on the southern coast, which is part of the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto metropolitan area. Awaji is an island that separates the Inland Sea and Osaka Bay, lying between Honshu and Shikoku.

Summertime weather throughout Hy?go is hot and humid. As for winter conditions in Hy?go, the north of Hy?go tends to receive abundant snow, whilst the south receives only the occasional flurry.

Hy?go borders on Osaka Prefecture, Kyoto Prefecture, Tottori Prefecture and Okayama Prefecture.

As of 31 March 2008, 20% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Sanin Kaigan and Setonaikai National Parks; Hy?nosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park; and Asago Gunzan, Harima Ch?bu Ky?ry?, Inagawa Keikoku, Izushi-Itoi, Kasagatayama-Sengamine, Kiyomizu-T?j?ko-Tachikui, Onzui-Chikusa, Seiban Ky?ry?, Seppiko-Mineyama, Tajima Sangaku, and Taki Renzan Prefectural Natural Parks.[5]

Cities

Twenty-nine cities are located in Hy?go Prefecture:

Name Area (km2) Population Map
R?maji Kanji
Flag of Aioi, Hyogo.svg Aioi 90.4 30,250 Aioi in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Akashi, Hyogo.svg Akashi 49.22 294,312 Akashi in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ako, Hyogo.svg Ak? 126.88 48,788 Ako in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Amagasaki, Hyogo.svg Amagasaki 49.77 450,765 Amagasaki in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Asago Hyogo.JPG Asago 402.98 31,248 Asago in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ashiya, Hyogo.svg Ashiya 18.47 94,116 Ashiya in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Awaji Hyogo.JPG Awaji 184.05 43,110 Awaji in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Himeji, Hyogo.svg Himeji 534.43 530,517 Himeji in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Itami, Hyogo.svg Itami 25.09 197,335 Itami in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kakogawa, Hyogo.svg Kakogawa ? 138.51 266,433 Kakogawa in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kasai, Hyogo.svg Kasai 150.22 45,126 Kasai in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kato, Hyogo.svg Kat? 157.49 40,194 Kato in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kawanishi, Hyogo.svg Kawanishi 53.44 159,723 Kawanishi in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kobe.svg Kobe (capital) 557.02 1,524,601 Kobe in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Miki, Hyogo.svg Miki 176.58 76,370 Miki in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Minamiawaji, Hyogo.svg Minamiawaji 229.17 45,961 Minamiawaji in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nishinomiya, Hyogo.svg Nishinomiya 99.96 488,335 Nishinomiya in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nishiwaki Hyogo.JPG Nishiwaki 132.47 41,336 Nishiwaki in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ono, Hyogo.svg Ono 93.68 49,025 Ono in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Sanda, Hyogo.svg Sanda 210.22 113,726 Sanda in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shiso Hyogo.JPG Shis? 658.6 39,008 Shisou in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Sumoto, Hyogo.svg Sumoto 182.47 45,090 Sumoto in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Takarazuka, Hyogo.svg Takarazuka 101.89 225,228 Takarazuka in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Takasago, Hyogo.svg Takasago 34.38 92,444 Takasago in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Sasayama Hyogo.JPG Tamba-Sasayama 377.61 42,395 Sasayama in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tanba, Hyogo.svg Tanba 493.21 65,753 Tamba in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tatsuno, Hyogo.svg Tatsuno ? 210.93 77,968 Tatsuno in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Toyooka, Hyogo.svg Toyooka 697.55 78,571 Toyooka in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yabu, Hyogo.svg Yabu 422.7 24,489 Yabu in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg

Towns

These are the towns in each district:

Name Area (km2) Population District Map
R?maji Kanji
Flag of Fukusaki Hyogo.JPG Fukusaki 45.82 19,516 Kanzaki District Fukusaki in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Harima, Hyogo.svg Harima 9.13 34,590 Kako District Harima in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ichikawa, Hyogo.svg Ichikawa 82.7 12,583 Kanzaki District Ichikawa in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Inagawa, Hyogo.svg Inagawa ? 90.41 31,381 Kawabe District Inagawa in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Inami Hyogo.JPG Inami 34.96 31,372 Kako District Inami in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kami Hyogo.JPG Kami 369.08 18,396 Mikata District Kami in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kamigori Hyogo.JPG Kamig?ri 150.28 15,448 Ak? District Kamigori in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kamikawa Hyogo.JPG Kamikawa 202.27 11,735 Kanzaki District Kamikawa in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Sayo Hyogo.JPG Say? 307.51 17,505 Say? District Sayo in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shinonsen Hyogo.JPG Shin'onsen ? 241 15,539 Mikata District Shin-onsen in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Taishi Hyogo.JPG Taishi 22.61 34,105 Ibo District Taishi in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Taka Hyogo.JPG Taka 185.15 20,713 Taka District Taka in Hyogo Prefecture Ja.svg

Islands

Two major artificial islands are located Hy?go Prefecture:

National parks

Mergers

Future mergers

The city of Ak? and the only town in Ak? District (Kamig?ri), were scheduled to merge and the city would still retain the name Ak?. Ak? District would be defunct if the merger was successful.[6] However, the merger hasn't taken place.

Economy

As in all prefectures nationwide, agriculture, forestry, and fisheries play a big role in the economy of Hyogo Prefecture.[7] Hy?go Prefecture also has an IT industry, many heavy industries, metal and medical, Kobe Port being one of the largest ports in Japan. Kobe Port also hosts one of the world's fastest supercomputers,[8] and Hyogo Prefecture passed laws to keep Kobe Port free of nuclear weapons (a nuclear-free zone) since the year 1975.

Hy?go is a part of the Hanshin Industrial Region. There are two research institutes of Riken, natural sciences research institute in Japan, in Kobe and Harima. "SPring-8", a synchrotron radiation facility, is in Harima.

Culture

National Treasures of Japan

Important Preservation Districts for Groups of Historic Buildings in Japan

Museums

Education

Universities

Amagasaki

Takarazuka

Sanda

Nishinomiya

Ashiya

Kobe

Kato

Akashi

Kakogawa

Himeji

Ak?

High schools

There are 163 public and 52 private high schools within Hyogo prefecture. Of the public high schools, some are administered by the Hyogo prefectural government, whilst the others are administered by local municipalities.

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Hy?go.

Football (soccer)

Baseball

Volleyball

Rugby

Basketball

Tourism

A popular troupe of Takarazuka Revue plays in Takarazuka.

Arima Onsen in the south of the province in Kita-ku, Kobe is one of the Three Ancient Springs in Japan. The north of Hyogo Prefecture has sightseeing spots such as Kinosaki Onsen, Izushi, and Yumura Onsen. Takeda Castle in Asago is often referred to locally as the "Machu Picchu of Japan". The matsuba crab and Tajima beef are both national delicacies.[9]

Festival and events

Dekansho Bon Dancing Festival
Castle Festival in Himeji
  • Miyuki Street New Year's midnight traditional sale, Himeji
  • Nishinomiya Shrine's Ebisu Festival in January
  • Yanagihara Ebisu Festival in January, Kobe
  • Tada Shrine's Genji Festival in April, Kawanishi
  • Kobe Festival and Parade in May
  • Aioi Peron Festival in May
  • Himeji Yukata Festival in June
  • Dekansho Bon Dancing Festival in August, Sasayama
  • Nada Fighting Festival, Himeji
  • Kobe Luminarie in December
  • Ako Chushingura Parade

Transportation

Rail

People movers

Road

Expressways

National highways

  • Route 2
  • Route 9
  • Route 28
  • Route 29
  • Route 43
  • Route 171
  • Route 173
  • Route 174 (Sannomiya-Kobe Port)
  • Route 175
  • Route 176
  • Route 178
  • Route 179
  • Route 250
  • Route 312
  • Route 372
  • Route 373
  • Route 426
  • Route 427
  • Route 428
  • Route 429
  • Route 436
  • Route 477
  • Route 482
  • Route 483

Ports

  • Kobe Port - Mainly international container hub port
  • Akashi Port
  • Shikama Port - Mainly Sh?do Island route ferry

Airport

Notable people

Sister regions

Hyogo entered a sister state relationship with Washington state in the United States on October 22, 1963, the first such arrangement between Japan and the United States.[10][11]

In 1981, a sister state agreement was drawn up between Hyogo and the state of Western Australia in Australia.[12] To commemorate the 10th anniversary of this agreement in 1992, the Hyogo Prefectural Government Cultural Centre was established in Perth.[13]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hy?go prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 363-365, p. 363, at Google Books; "Kansai" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 477, p. 477, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Kobe" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 537, p. 537, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Statistics Bureau of Japan
  5. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  6. ^ City.ako.hyogo.jp Archived 2006-07-08 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "XII Income of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries" (PDF). Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-09-19. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science". Archived from the original on 2017-09-26. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "JAL Guide to Japan - Matsuba Crab". Archived from the original on 2015-04-05. Retrieved .
  10. ^ Camden, Jim (August 20, 2013). "Washington, Japan celebrate 50 years". Spokesman-Review. Archived from the original on March 11, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  11. ^ "Celebrating 50 years with Hyogo, Japan". Washington State Library. August 19, 2013. Archived from the original on March 11, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  12. ^ "Sister Cities - City of Perth". Archived from the original on 2015-05-30.
  13. ^ Hyogo.com.au Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine

References

External links

Coordinates: 34°41?26.94?N 135°10?59.08?E / 34.6908167°N 135.1830778°E / 34.6908167; 135.1830778


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Hy%C5%8Dgo_Prefecture
 



 



 
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