Ia%C8%99i County
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Ia%C8%99i County
Ia?i County
Jude?ul Ia?i
Coat of arms of Ia?i County
Administrative map of Romania with Ia?i county highlighted
Coordinates: 47°15?N 27°19?E / 47.25°N 27.31°E / 47.25; 27.31Coordinates: 47°15?N 27°19?E / 47.25°N 27.31°E / 47.25; 27.31
CountryRomania
Development regionNord-Est
Historical regionWestern Moldavia
CapitalIa?i
Area
 o Total5,476 km2 (2,114 sq mi)
Area rank23rd
Population
(2011)
 o Total772,348
 o Rank2nd
 o Density140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Telephone code(+40) 232 or (+40) 332[1]
ISO 3166 codeRO-IS
GDP (nominal)US$ 5.431 billion (2015)
GDP/per capitaUS$ 7,032 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Council
Prefecture

Ia?i County (Romanian pronunciation: ['ja]) is a county (jude?) of Romania, in Western Moldavia, with the administrative seat at Ia?i. It is the most populous county in Romania, after the Municipality of Bucharest (which has the same administrative level as that of a county).

Geography

Three Lakes Area

This county has a total area of 5,476 km2. It lies on a plain between the Siret River and the Prut River. Two other rivers run through the county: the Bahlui River (on the banks of which lies the city of Ia?i) and the Jijia River.

Neighbours

Demographics

As of 20 October 2011 census, Ia?i County had a population of 772,348.[2] On the other hand, according to the 2012 data provided by the County Population Register Service, the total registered population of the county is as high as 873,662 people.[3]

The population of Ia?i County today is nearly double what it was sixty years ago.

Year County population[5]
1948 431,586
1956 Increase 516,635
1966 Increase 619,027
1977 Increase 729,243
1992 Increase 806,778
2002 Increase 816,910
2011 Decrease 772,348

County government

Ia?i County Council and Prefecture Headquarters

The Ia?i County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 36 counsellors, with the following party composition:[6]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 17                                  
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 10                                  
  Save Romania Union (USR) 6                                  
  People's Movement Party (PMP) 3                                  

Economy

This county is predominantly agricultural, due to its topography. Industry is concentrated in the cities. The principal industries are:

  • Software
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Automotive
  • Metallurgy and heavy-equipment manufacturing
  • Electronics & Electrotechnics
  • Textiles
  • Food production

Tourism

Sturdza Palace in Micl?u?eni

City of Ia?i is the most important city in Moldavia and one of the most important social, cultural and business centres in Romania. It has the oldest University in the country, and, until the formation of the United Principalities, it was the capital of Moldavia.

Some of the tourist destinations in the county:

Communities

Ia?i County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns, and 93 communes

Historical county

Jude?ul Ia?i
County (Jude?)
The building of the prefecture of Ia?i County from the interwar period, now the George Enescu National University of Arts
The building of the prefecture of Ia?i County from the interwar period, now the George Enescu National University of Arts
Coat of arms of Jude?ul Ia?i
Romania 1930 county Iasi.png
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic regionMoldavia
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)Ia?i
Area
 o Total3,227 km2 (1,246 sq mi)
Population
(1930)
 o Total275,796
 o Density85/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
UTC+3 (EEST)

The county was located in the northeastern part of Greater Romania, in the northeast of the region of Moldavia. Today, most of the territory of the former county is part of the current Ia?i County. In the eastern part of the county, the county included a part of the left bank of the Prut River, now in the territory of the Republic of Moldova. It was bordered to the north by the counties of Boto?ani and B?l?i, to the east by L?pu?na County, to the south by the counties of F?lciu and Vaslui, and to the west by the counties of Roman and Baia.

Administration

Map of Ia?i County as constituted in 1938.

In 1938, the county was divided into six districts (pli):[8]

  1. Plasa Bahlui, headquartered at Podu Iloaiei
  2. Plasa Cârlig?tura, headquartered at Târgu Frumos
  3. Plasa Codru, headquartered at Buciumii (at that time a commune, now Bucium District in the city of Ia?i)[9]
  4. Plasa Copou, headquartered at Ia?i
  5. Plasa Turia, headquartered at ?ipotele
  6. Plasa Ungheni, headquartered at Ungheni-Târg, now the city of Ungheni in the Republic of Moldova

Iasi County included two urban localities: Ia?i (county seat) and urban commune Târgu Frumos, located at the western border of the county.

Population

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 275,796 inhabitants, 81.6% Romanians, 14.6% Jews, 0.6% Russians, 0.5% Hungarians, 0.4% Germans, as well as other minorities.[10] From the religious point of view, the population was 82.0% Eastern Orthodox, 14.9% Jewish, 2.3% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.

Urban population

In 1930, the county's urban population was 107,804 inhabitants, 102,872 in Ia?i and 4,932 in Târgu Frumos, comprising 60.8% Romanians, 33.6% Jews, 0.9% Germans, 0.9% Russians, as well as other minorities. In the urban area, languages were Romanian (72.5%), followed by Yiddish (22.2%), Russian (1.8%), German (0.9%), as well as other minorities.[10] From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of Eastern Orthodox (61.4%), Jewish (34.4%), Roman Catholic (3.0%), as well as other minorities.

References

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ "Unul din 25 de ie?eni nu de?ine acte de identitate" (in Romanian). ziarulevenimentul.ro. 2013-02-14. Retrieved .
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia dup? etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia la recens?mintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 ?i 2002" Archived 2006-09-22 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electoral? Permanent?. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Population on 1 January by age groups and sex - functional urban areas". Eurostat. Retrieved 2016.
  8. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Jude?ul Ia?i
  9. ^ ?coala Gimnazial? ,,Veronica Micle" din Ia?i
  10. ^ a b Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 246-247

External links


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