Ilfov County
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Ilfov County
Ilfov County
Jude?ul Ilfov
Coat of arms of Ilfov County
Administrative map of Romania with Ilfov county highlighted
Coordinates: 44°37?N 26°07?E / 44.61°N 26.12°E / 44.61; 26.12Coordinates: 44°37?N 26°07?E / 44.61°N 26.12°E / 44.61; 26.12
Development regionBucure?ti-Ilfov
Historical regionMuntenia
 o PrefectHubert Petru ?tefan Thuma (PNL)
 o Total1,583 km2 (611 sq mi)
Area rank41st
 o Total388,738
 o Rank25th
 o Density250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Telephone code(+40) 21 or (+40) 31[1]
ISO 3166 codeRO-IF
GDP (nominal)US$ 4.775 billion (2015)
GDP/capitaUS$ 12,285 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Council

Ilfov (Romanian pronunciation: ['ilfov]) is the county that surrounds Bucharest, the capital of Romania. It used to be largely rural, but, after the fall of Communism, many of the county's villages and communes developed into high-income commuter towns, which act like suburbs or satellites of Bucharest. The gentrification of the county is continuing, with many towns in Ilfov, such as Otopeni, having some of the highest GDP per capita levels in the country.


It has a population (excluding Bucharest) of 364,241. The population density is 230.09 per km². 40% of the population commutes and works in Bucharest, although, in recent years, many industrial plants were built outside Bucharest, in Ilfov county. It has an annual growth of about 4%.

Year County population[3][4]
1948 167,533
1956 Increase 196,265
1966 Increase 229,773
1977 Increase 287,738
1992 Decrease 286,510
2002 Increase 300,123
2011 Increase 388,738
2016 Increase 390,751 (estimate)[5]


The county has an area of 1,584 km² and it is situated in the Romanian Plain between the Arge? River and the Ialomi?a River.

The main rivers that pass through the county are: Dâmbovi?a River, Colentina River and Gruiu River. Several lakes can be found in Ilfov county, notably Lake Cernica, Lake Snagov and Lake C?ld?ru?ani.



The base occupation used to be the agriculture. Nowadays, due to the economical growth in Bucharest, many companies have opened their offices, production facilities or warehouses in the nearby villages, situated in the Ilfov County, thus making it the most developed county in Romania.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Food and beverages industry
  • Textile industry
  • Mechanical components industry
  • Chemical industry
  • Paper industry
  • Furniture industry
  • Rubber industry
  • Electrical equipment industry
  • Transport equipment industry
  • Electronic and optical equipment

At Otopeni there is the main aerial transport hub in Romania - the Henri Coand? International Airport. Also all the main roads and railways leaving Bucharest pass through the county.


The county has a large surface covered with forests and also due to its lakes, it is a frequent week-end and holiday destinations for the inhabitants of Bucharest.

Other notable touristic sites are:


The Ilfov County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 32 counsellors, with the following party composition:[6]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 16                                
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 5                                
  USR PLUS 5                                
  PRO Romania (PRO) 4                                
  People's Movement Party (PMP) 2                                


Most of today's Ilfov County used to be covered by Codrii Vl?siei, a thick forest, but there were several Dacian settlements, most important being Argedava, on the right bank of the Arge? River in what is now Pope?ti, which was the capital of king Burebista.

The thick forests were useful for retreat during the migration age because they were not easy to cross on horseback. In fact, the name of the forest means "the Forests of the Vlachs" (Romanians), a name given by the Slavs who inhabited the nearby plains.

The county was named after the Ilfov River and it appears for the first time in a 1482 donation act of voivode Vlad C?lug?rul to the monastery of Snagov. In earliest documents, it was known as Elhov. The name is of Slavic origin, being derived from ?, elha (alder) and possessive suffix -ov, referring to a river which flowed through an alder forest.[7]

Administrative divisions

Str. Mic?unelelor, main street in Dragomire?ti-Vale, 2007

The county has 8 towns and 32 communes. The largest settlements by population are Voluntari, Pantelimon, Buftea and Pope?ti-Leordeni. These are the only settlements with more than 20.000 residents. Unlike most other areas of Romania, the population in Ilfov County is increasing, as many of the settlements here are seen as suburbs of Bucharest and are increasingly attracting upper class families. At the 2011 census, 43% of the county's population was defined as urban.[8]

Voluntari is the largest settlement, with a population of 42.944 at the 2011 census.[8] It has experienced rapid population growth in recent years. There were serious debates about the city level awarded to Voluntari in 2004, as it is alleged that it was given in regard to the city's political affiliation, rather than population, development or any other objective features. Despite this, Voluntari did have a population of 30,000 at that time, and many other localities with this population have been given city-status in the past.

Buftea is associated with the cinema of Romania; as the film studios MediaPro Pictures are located in Buftea.

Otopeni was transformed into a town under the communist regime, as part of Nicolae Ceau?escu's systematization policy, with semidetached houses being replaced by four-storey blocks of flats.[9]

Before 1972, Ilfov County used to be one of the largest counties of Romania, but parts of it were added to neighbouring counties and nowadays it is the smallest (excluding the city of Bucharest, which has a special status). Between 1981 and 1997, it was called "Sectorul Agricol Ilfov" and it was not a separate county, but subordinate to the capital.

Ilfov communes
  1. Peri?
  2. Ciolpani
  3. Gruiu
  4. Nuci
  5. Snagov
  6. Gr?di?tea
  7. Moara Vl?siei
  8. Balote?ti
  9. Corbeanca
  10. Dasc?lu
  11. Petr?chioaia
  12. Otopeni (town status)
  13. Tunari
  14. ?tef?ne?tii de Jos
  15. Afuma?i
  16. Voluntari (town status)
  17. G?neasa
  18. Mogo?oaia
  19. Buftea (town status)
  20. Chitila (town status)
  21. Dragomire?ti-Vale
  22. Chiajna
  23. Dobroe?ti
  24. Pantelimon (town status)
  25. Br?ne?ti
  26. Ciorogârla
  27. Domne?ti
  28. Clinceni
  29. Bragadiru (town status)
  30. Pope?ti-Leordeni (town status)
  31. Glina
  32. Cernica
  33. Cornetu
  34. M?gurele (town status)
  35. Jilava
  36. Berceni
  37. D?rti-Ilfov
  38. 1 Decembrie
  39. Vidra

Ilfov County is the only county that has its capital outside of its territorial area, in Bucharest, which is not part of the actual county. Initially, right after the 1968 reform of the public administration in communist Romania, Ilfov was a larger county, that comprised its present-day territory, the entire Giurgiu County, Bucharest and the western parts of C?l?ra?i and Ialomi?a counties. Later during the communist period, its territory was reduced to its current size and it became one of the sectors of Bucharest. It became again a county in 1997, when its capital was designated to be Bucharest.[10][11] However, in 2005, some plans were proposed that would merge Bucharest with 90 other communes located to up to 40 km outside the city, in Ilfov County and other nearby counties into a "metropolitan area" of Bucharest, similar to Greater London.[12] As of 2011, these plans did not happen, while a debate on the general administrative division of Romania was under way.

Historical county

Jude?ul Ilfov
County (Jude?)
View of the center of Bucharest in 1928. Bucharest was the capital of the Kingdom of Romania and of Ilfov County in the interwar period.
View of the center of Bucharest in 1928. Bucharest was the capital of the Kingdom of Romania and of Ilfov County in the interwar period.
Coat of arms of Jude?ul Ilfov
Romania 1930 county Ilfov.png
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic regionMuntenia
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)Bucharest (Romanian: Bucure?ti)
 o Total5,176 km2 (1,998 sq mi)
 o Total999,562
 o Density190/km2 (500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)

Historically, the county was located in the southern part of Greater Romania, in the southern part of the historical region of Muntenia, around and in the south of Bucharest. During the interwar years, the county, which contained the city of Bucharest, was the most populous county in Romania. Currently the territory of the county is divided among Bucharest, the current Ilfov County, Dâmbovi?a County, Ialomi?a County, C?l?ra?i County, and Giurgiu County. It was bordered to the north by the counties of Prahova and Dâmbovi?a, to the west by Vla?ca County, to the east by Ialomi?a County, and to the south by Durostor County.


Map of Ilfov County as constituted in 1938.

The county included the cities of Bucharest and Olteni?a, and originally seven administrative districts (pli):[13]

  1. Plasa B?neasa, headquartered at B?neasa (with 39 villages)
  2. Plasa Bolintin, headquartered at Bolintin (with 38 villages)
  3. Plasa Bude?ti, headquartered at Bude?ti (with 31 villages)
  4. Plasa Fierbin?i, headquartered at Fierbin?i (with 51 villages)
  5. Plasa Olteni?a, headquartered at Olteni?a (with 25 villages)
  6. Plasa S?rule?ti, headquartered at S?rule?ti (with 54 villages)
  7. Plasa Vidra, headquartered at Vidra (with 28 villages)

Subsequently, the county established three more districts:

  1. Plasa Buftea, headquartered at Buftea (with 50 villages)
  2. Plasa Domne?ti, headquartered at Domne?ti (with 44 villages)
  3. Plasa Pantelimon, headquartered at Pantelimon (with 43 villages)


According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 999,562 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 84.3% Romanians, 7.0% Jews, 2.5% Hungarians, 1.7% Romanies, 1.5% Germans, as well as other minorities.[14] From the religious point of view, the population was 84.5% Eastern Orthodox, 7.7% Jewish, 3.7% Roman Catholic, 1.3% Greek Catholic, 1.2% Lutheran, as well as other minorities.[15]

Urban population

In 1930, the county's urban population was 649,429 inhabitants, comprising 77.7% Romanians, 10.8% Jews, 3.7% Hungarians, 2.2% Germans, 1.2% Romanis, as well as other minorities.[14] From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 76.4% Eastern Orthodox, 11.8% Jewish, 5.6% Roman Catholic, 2.0% Greek Catholic, 1.9% Lutheran, 1.1% Reformed, as well as other minorities.[15]


  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia dup? etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia la recens?mintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 ?i 2002" Archived 2006-09-22 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Rezultate - Recensamant 2011". Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electoral? Permanent?. Retrieved .
  7. ^ Constantin C. Giurescu, Istoria Bucure?tilor. Din cele mai vechi timpuri pîn? în zilele noastre, Bucharest, 1966, p. 38
  8. ^ a b "Recens?mântului Popula?iei ?i al Locuin?elor - 2011" (PDF). Retrieved 2017.
  9. ^ Darrick Danta, "Ceausescu's Bucharest", The Geographical Review 83, no. 2 (1993)
  10. ^ "Law no. 50/1997 in Romania". Retrieved .
  11. ^ "Law no. 50/1997 in Romania". Camera Deputa?ilor. Retrieved .
  12. ^ Alexandru, Cristina. "Bucure?tiul va înghi?i localitile din jur". Biz Magazine. nr 110; 15 September 2005
  13. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Jude?ul Ilfov
  14. ^ a b Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 256-257
  15. ^ a b Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 649

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