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|Type||Progressive think tank|
|Headquarters||14 Buckingham Street, WC2N 6DF|
The Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR) is a progressive think tank based in London. It was founded in 1988 and is an independent registered charity. IPPR has offices in Newcastle, Manchester, and Edinburgh. Funding comes from trust and foundation grants, government support, and individual donors. The think tank aims to maintain the momentum of progressive thought in the United Kingdom through well-researched and clearly argued policy analysis, reports, and publications; as well as a high media profile.
The Institute for Public Policy Research was founded in 1988 by Lord Hollick and Lord Eatwell. The founding director was James Cornford and Tessa Blackstone was the first chair. According to academic Peter Ruben its primary aim was to provide theoretical analysis for modernisers in the UK Labour Party; offering alternatives to free market fundamentalism.
In 1992 IPPR published the highly influential report of the Commission on Social Justice, laying out out an ambitious agenda of social policy reform and revitalise progressive thinking as New Labour became ascendant.
IPPR publishes about fifty reports each year, topics include economic policy, energy, transport, climate change, families, work, migration, integration, communities, democracy, devolution and public services.
|Edited by||Joshua Emden, Shreya Nanda, Rachel Statham and Chris Thomas|
Public Policy Research
|ISO 4||IPPR Progress. Rev.|
In September 2018, the think tank published Prosperity and justice: A plan for the new economy - The final report of the IPPR Commission on Economic Justice based on two years of research. The report recommendations included; the minimum wage raised to £10.20 per hour in London and to £8.75 outside London, workers on zero hours contracts to be paid at least 20% above the higher rate, an industrial strategy boosting exports, with a new national investment bank raising £15bn a year to get public investment to 3.5% of GDP (the G7 average), large changes to government of UK companies including workers on company boards, raising the headline rate of corporation tax and a minimum corporation tax rate to fight tax avoidance by multinationals and a single income tax for all types of incomes. Currently the poorest 20% pay 35% of their incomes in tax, a higher proportion than any other income groups.
The IPPR published the "State of the North 2019" report, from IPPR North, which blames power centralisation and lack of devolution for adding to regional divisions. The report showed that the UK has larger regional divisions than any other country at a comparable level of economic development. The mortality rate in Blackpool, Hull and Manchester is higher than in some Turkish and Polish cities. Luke Raikes of the IPPR North, said, "It is no surprise that people across the country feel so disempowered. Both political and economic power are hoarded by a handful of people in London and the south-east and this has damaged all parts of the country, from Newcastle to Newham." There are also bigger divides in job opportunities and productivity than in comparable nations. Areas in London and the South East rank among the most productive in the developed world, but areas in Northern Ireland, Wales and the North of England are less productive than areas in Hungary, Poland and Romania. The report authors maintain centralisation created and worsened these regional divisions and point out that 95p in every £1 paid in tax goes to Whitehall, compared with 69p in Germany. UK local government spends 1% of GDP on economic affairs while France and Germany spend twice as much locally and regionally. The UK is, "consistently more divided than any comparable country" over vital topics like productivity, income, unemployment, health and politics. Economists believe productivity is vital for economic growth and increasing living standards, there the UK is the most regionally divided nation of its size and development level and during the last decade has not improved. Regional inequality of inome has increased over the years to 2019, reaching an average £48,000 per person difference between the most prosperous and the most deprived areas. Arianna Giovannini of IPPR North, said 2019 had, "exposed our country's regional divides (...) But 2019 also showed the great promise of devolution. Mayors in the north have shown what's possible, despite the limited amount of devolved power they currently have. Devolution must be the way forward for the country, and all areas need substantial power and funding. The next government must lead a devolution parliament - an unprecedented and irreversible shift of power - so that England's regions, towns and cities can work together to bridge our regional divides."