International Democrat Union
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International Democrat Union

International Democrat Union
International Democrat Union logo.png
AbbreviationIDU
Formation1983
PurposeWorld federation of right-of-centre/moderate-to-conservative political parties[1][2]
HeadquartersMunich, Germany
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
77
Official language
English
Chairman
Stephen Harper
Deputy Chairman
Brian Loughnane
Websiteidu.org

The International Democrat Union (IDU) is an international alliance of right-of-centre political parties.[3][4] Headquartered in Munich, Germany,[5] the IDU consists of 77 full and associate members from 65 different countries.[6] It is chaired by Stephen Harper, former Prime Minister of Canada.

The IDU provides a forum in which political parties holding similar beliefs can come together and exchange views on matters of policy and organisational interest. From this, they act cooperatively, establish contacts, and present a unified voice toward the promotion of centre-right policies around the globe. The IDU has some overlap of member parties with the Centrist Democrat International (CDI), but the CDI is more centrist and communitarian than the IDU.[7]

The group was founded in 1983 as the umbrella organisation for the European Democrat Union (EDU), Caribbean Democrat Union (CDU), and the Asia Pacific Democrat Union (APDU). Created at the instigation of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and U.S. Vice President George H. W. Bush, the organisation was founded at a joint meeting of the EDU and APDU in London, United Kingdom.[8]

The IDU has several regional affiliates: the Democrat Union of Africa, the Union of Latin American Parties, the Asia Pacific Democrat Union, the Caribbean Democrat Union, the European People's Party, and the European Conservatives and Reformists Party.[9] It also has an affiliated youth wing in the International Young Democrat Union, and an affiliated women's wing in the International Women's Democrat Union.

Founding

The IDU was founded in London on 24 June 1983.[10] According to Richard V. Allen, to be admitted as a member, a party must qualify as a "mainstream conservative" party influenced by classical liberalism.[11]

The founding declaration was signed by 19 persons:[12]

Member parties

Full members

Full members
Country Party Abbreviation Government Lower Chamber Upper Chamber
 Albania Democratic Party of Albania PD in opposition
 Anguilla Palmavon Webster extraparliamentary opposition
 Argentina Republican Proposal PRO in opposition
 Australia Liberal Party of Australia LIB in coalition
 Austria Austrian People's Party ÖVP in coalition
 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan National Independence Party AMIP extraparliamentary opposition
 Bangladesh Bangladesh Nationalist Party BNP in opposition
 Belarus BPF Party BNF extraparliamentary opposition
United Civic Party AHP extraparliamentary opposition
 Bolivia Democrat Social Movement MDS extraparliamentary opposition
Party of Democratic Action SDA in coalition
Party of Democratic Progress PDP in opposition
Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina HDZ in coalition
Croatian Democratic Union 1990 HDZ 1990 in opposition
 Brazil Democrats DEM in coalition
 Bulgaria GERB GERB in coalition
Union of Democratic Forces SDS in opposition
 Canada Conservative Party of Canada CPC / PCC in opposition
 Chile Independent Democratic Union UDI in coalition
National Renewal RN in coalition
 Republic of China Kuomintang of China KMT in opposition
 Colombia Colombian Conservative Party PCC in coalition
 Croatia Croatian Democratic Union HDZ in coalition
 Cyprus Democratic Rally DISY in government
 Czech Republic Civic Democratic Party ODS in opposition
 Denmark Conservative People's Party DKF in opposition
 Dominican Republic National Progressive Force FNP extraparliamentary opposition
 Ecuador Social Christian Party PSC in opposition
 El Salvador Nationalist Republican Alliance ARENA in opposition
 Estonia Isamaa in opposition
 Finland National Coalition Party Kok in opposition
 Georgia United National Movement ENM in opposition
 Germany Christian Democratic Union of Germany CDU in coalition
Christian Social Union of Bavaria CSU in coalition
 Ghana New Patriotic Party NPP in government
 Greece New Democracy ND in government
 Grenada New National Party NNP in government
 Guatemala Unionist Party PU in coalition
 Honduras National Party of Honduras PNH in government
 Hungary Fidesz in government
 Iceland Independence Party D in coalition
 India Bharatiya Janata Party BJP in government
 Israel Likud Party Likud in opposition
 Jamaica Jamaica Labour Party JLP in government
 Kenya Democratic Party of Kenya DP in opposition
 Lebanon Lebanese Forces in opposition
 Lithuania Homeland Union - Lithuanian Christian Democrats TS-LKD in coalition
 Maldives Maldivian Democratic Party MDP in government
 Moldova Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova PLDM extraparliamentary opposition
Party of Action and Solidarity PAS in government
 Mongolia Democratic Party DP in opposition
 Montenegro Movement for Changes PzP in coalition
 Morocco Istiqlal Party in opposition
 Namibia Popular Democratic Movement PDM in opposition
 New Zealand National Party NAT in opposition
 Nicaragua Conservative Party PCN in opposition
 North Macedonia VMRO-DPMNE in opposition
 Norway Conservative Party H in coalition
 Panama Democratic Change CD in opposition
 Paraguay Partido Colorado ANR-PC in government
 Peru Christian People's Party PPC extraparliamentary opposition
 Portugal CDS - People's Party in opposition
 Saint Lucia United Workers Party UWP in opposition
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines New Democratic Party NDP in opposition
 Serbia Serbian Progressive Party SNS in government
 Slovenia Slovenian Democratic Party SDS in coalition
 South Africa Inkatha Freedom Party IFP in opposition
 South Korea People Power Party PPP in opposition
 Spain People's Party PP in opposition
 Sri Lanka United National Party UNP in opposition
 Sweden Moderate Party M in opposition
 Tanzania Chama Cha Demokrasia Na Maendeleo CHADEMA in opposition
 Uganda Forum for Democratic Change FDC in opposition
 Ukraine Batkivshchyna VOB in opposition
European Solidarity YeS in opposition
 United Kingdom Conservative and Unionist Party CON in government
 United States Republican Party R / GOP in opposition
 Venezuela Project Venezuela PV extraparliamentary opposition

Chairpersons

Chairperson Term Start Term End Political Affiliation Country
William Hague 1997 2002 Conservative  United Kingdom
John Howard 2002 2014 Liberal  Australia
Sir John Key 2014 2018 National  New Zealand
Stephen Harper 2018 incumbent Conservative  Canada

See also

References

  1. ^ "Principles | International Democrat Union". 1 February 2018.
  2. ^ Marjorie Hunter and Warren Weaver Jr. (24 July 1985). "BRIEFING; A Parties' Party". The New York Times.
  3. ^ Weisman, Steven R. (23 September 1989). "Conservative Figures See 'Bright' Future". The New York Times.
  4. ^ "Bush in Terrorist Warning". The New York Times. 11 June 2002. President Bush warned an international group of conservative and moderate politicians at the White House tonight that terrorists could attain 'catastrophic power' with weapons of mass destruction and would readily use that power to attack the United States or other nations. The president made his remarks to about 100 members of the International Democrat Union, a group of international center and center-right political parties that met today and Sunday for a conference in Washington.
  5. ^ Burnell, Peter J. (2006). Globalizing Democracy: Party Politics in Emerging Democracies. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-415-40184-5.
  6. ^ International Democrat Union. "IDU Members". Idu.org. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 2016.
  7. ^ Mohr, Alexander (2010). The German Political Foundations as Actors in Democracy Assistance. Boca Raton: Universal-Publishers. p. 151. ISBN 978-1-59942-331-9.
  8. ^ Goldman, Ralph Morris (2002). The Future Catches Up: Transnational Parties and Democracy. London: Taylor & Francis. p. 418. ISBN 978-0-595-22888-1.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "International Democrat Union, minutes of founding meeting, 1983" (PDF).
  11. ^ "BY ANY OTHER NAME, CONSERVATIVE". The New York Times. 27 July 1985.
  12. ^ "International Democrat Union, minutes of founding meeting, 1993" (PDF).

External links


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