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Jabril Ibn Bukhtishu
A folio of the earliest manuscript of the Kit?b na?t al-hayaw?n
, attributed to ibn Bukhtishu, depicting Aristotle
Jabril ibn Bukhtishu, (Jibril ibn Bakhtisha) also written as Bakhtyshu, was an 8th-9th century physician from the Bukhtishu family of Assyrian Nestorian physicians from the Academy of Gundishapur. He was a Nestorian and spoke the Syriac language.
Grandson of Jirjis ibn Jibril, he lived in the second half of the eighth century.
He was physician to Ja'far the Barmakide, then in 805-6 to Harun al-Rashid and later to al-Ma'mun; died in 828-29; buried in the monastery of St. Sergios in al-Madain (Ctesiphon).
He wrote various medical works and exerted much influence upon the progress of science in Baghdad. Works attributed to him include Kit?b ?ab?'i' al-?ayaw?n wa-khawih? wa-man?fi' a''ih? ('Book of the Characteristics of Animals and Their Properties and the Usefulness of Their Organs'), written for Nasir al-Dawla; Ris?la f? al-?ibb wa-al-a?d?th al-nafs?niyya ('Treatise on Medicine and Psychological Phenomena'); and Kit?b na?t al-hayaw?n. He was a member of the Bakhtyashu family. He took pains to obtain Greek medical manuscripts and patronized the translators.
- ^ Anna Contadini, 'A Bestiary Tale: Text and Image of the Unicorn in the Kit?b na?t al-hayaw?n (British Library, or. 2784)', Muqarnas, 20 (2003), 17-33 (p. 17), https://www.jstor.org/stable/1523325.
- ^ Islamic Culture and the Medical Arts, U.S. National Library of Medicine
- ^ Anna Contadini, 'A Bestiary Tale: Text and Image of the Unicorn in the Kit?b na?t al-hayaw?n (British Library, or. 2784)', Muqarnas, 20 (2003), 17-33 (pp. 17-18), https://www.jstor.org/stable/1523325.