Abu'l-?asan A?mad ibn Ja?far al-Barmaki al-Nadim
|Other names||Jahza al-Barmaki|
|Occupation||Lute player and Author|
|Era||Islamic Golden Age |
|Known for||Singer, poet, and Abbas?d courtier, close Companion of Al-Muqtadir|
Abu'l-?asan A?mad ibn Ja?far al-Barmak? al-Nad?m (839 - June/July 936), surnamed Jaa (Arabic: ?, lit. 'popping out, bulging') and al-?unb?r? (lit. 'the lute player'), was a descendant of the Barmakid family, and a well-known scholar, singer, poet, and courtier of his time.
He was reportedly born in 839, the grandson of Musa ibn Yahya and great-grandson of the famous Yahya al-Barmaki, the vizier of Harun al-Rashid. The historian Charles Pellat describes him as "a man of very varied culture, but little religion, of doubtful morals and repulsive appearance"; he was nicknamed Jaa by Abbasid prince and Arab poet Ibn al-Mu'tazz on account of his bulging eyeballs. He nevertheless was a prominent member of the courtly society of his time, and appears in multiple anecdotes, associating with the grandees of the Abbasid Caliphate's court. Little of his work survives, apart from a few poems; most of them are known through a list in the 10th-century compendium al-Fihrist, and include treatises on astrology, lute-playing, cooking, and a biography of Caliph al-Mu'tamid. He died at Wasit in June/July 936.