|Died||27 March 1868 (aged 60)|
|Education||University of Edinburgh, Princeton University|
|Years active||mid 19th-century|
|The Church of Christ, Inspiration|
|David Anne Douglas|
|Children||Rev Dr David Douglas Bannerman, James Patrick Bannerman|
|Tradition or movement||Free Church of Scotland (1843-1900)|
|Main interests||Ecclesiology, Biblical inspiration|
The Rev Prof James Bannerman, D.D. (9 April 1807 - 27 March 1868), was a Scottish theologian. He is best known for his classic work on Presbyterian ecclesiology, The Church of Christ, which continues to be widely read.
Bannerman was the son of Reverend James Patrick Bannerman, minister of Cargill, Perthshire. He was born at the manse of Cargill on 9 April 1807, and after a distinguished career at the University of Edinburgh, especially in the classes of Sir John Leslie and Professor Wilson, became minister of Ormiston, in Midlothian, in 1833, left the Established Church for the Free Church in 1843, and in 1849 was appointed professor of apologetics and pastoral theology in the New College, Edinburgh, which office he held till his death, 27 March 1868, at his home, 7 Clarendon Crescent, near Dean Bridge.
In 1850 he received the degree of D.D. from Princeton College, New Jersey. He took a leading part in various public movements, especially in that which led in 1843 to the separation of the free church from the state, and subsequently in the negotiations for union between the nonconformist presbyterian churches of England and Scotland. His chief publications were:
They had three sons and six daughters, including Rev Dr David Douglas Bannerman DD (b.1842) and James Patrick Bannerman. A third son, Major General William Burney Bannerman FRSE (1858-1924), married Helen Brodie Cowan Watson, daughter of Robert Boog Watson, and he and his wife are buried with the parents in the north-west section of the Grange Cemetery in Edinburgh.