Jian'ou
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Jian'ou
Jian'ou


Kienow
Jian'ou Railway Station
Jian'ou Railway Station
Nickname(s): 
, Root Craft City of China[]
Location of Jian'ou City within Nanping City
Location of Jian'ou City within Nanping City
Jian'ou is located in Fujian
Jian'ou
Jian'ou
Location in Fujian
Coordinates: 27°02?N 118°19?E / 27.033°N 118.317°E / 27.033; 118.317Coordinates: 27°02?N 118°19?E / 27.033°N 118.317°E / 27.033; 118.317
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceFujian
Prefecture-level cityNanping
Government
 o CPC City Committee SecretaryQiu Yi
Population
 o Total452,174
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Local dialectNorthern Min: Jian'ou dialect
Websitewww.jianou.gov.cn
Former names
Jianning
Traditional Chinese?
Simplified Chinese?
Literal meaningPrefecture of Establishing Peace and/or Tranquility

Jian'ou is a county-level city in Nanping in northern Fujian province, China. Under the name Jianning (Kienning), it was formerly the seat of its own prefecture and was the namesake of its province.

Jian'ou is within a major bamboo and rice-growing area on Jianxi Brook, about 70 kilometres (43 mi) south from Jianyang.

The Jian'ou dialect, a dialect of Northern Min, is spoken in Jian'ou.

History

Maps of "Kien-ning-fou" and "Tchang-tai-hien" from Du Halde's 1735 Description of China, based on Jesuit accounts

The city was established in 196 under the name Jian'an - the era name of the reigning Emperor Xian of Han. Along with Fuzhou, they were the earliest-established Chinese territories in the area and thus their province bears their conjoined names: Fu & Jian. The city was once the capital of the Fujian region and also served as the capital of the kingdom of Yin in AD 943.[1] In the Song dynasty, Jian'an became the seat of Jianning Prefecture (Jianning-fu).

Jian'ou was visited by Marco Polo in 1291 on his way from Hangzhou to Quanzhou. In his Travels, dictated seven years later to a scribe writing in Old French, the name Jianning-fu is romanised as Quenlinfu.[2][3] The city is, he says,

"of considerable size, and contains three very handsome bridges, upwards of a hundred paces in length and eight paces in width. The men of the place are very handsome, and live in a state of luxurious ease. There is much raw silk produced here and it is manufactured into silk pieces of various sorts. Cottons are also woven of coloured threads, which are carried for sale to every part of the province of Mangi.[a] The people employ themselves extensively, and export quantities of ginger and galangal. I have been told, but did not myself see the animal, that there are found at this place a species of domestic fowls which have no feathers, their skins being clothed with black hair, resembling the fur of cats. Such a sight must be extraordinary. They lay eggs like other fowls, and they are good to eat. The multitude of tigers renders traveling through the country dangerous, unless a number of persons go in company."[4]

Under the Yuan Dynasty, the name was changed from Jianning-Fu to Jianning-Lu. This was a result of an administrative restructuring: formerly, Jian'ou was the capital of the local fu, or prefecture. Jian'ou was made the capital of the local lu, a collection of prefectures still smaller than a province, and was renamed Jianning-Lu accordingly.[5]

Administration

Jian'ou (labeled as Chien-ou, Kienning) (1954)

4 Subdistricts

  • Ouning Street Office (?): Qilijie Village, Shuixi Village
  • Zhishan Street Office (?): Xida Village, Haodong Village, Mawen Village
  • Jian'an Street Office (?): Dong'an Village, Dongmen Village, Qianjie Community
  • Tongji Street Office (?): Sanmen Village, Nanmen Village, Dongxi Village, Qiaonan Community, Nanmen Community, Taozhu Community

10 Towns

  • Xudun ()
  • Jiyang ()
  • Fangdao ()
  • Dongyou ()
  • Xiaoqiao ()
  • Yushan ()
  • Nanya ()
  • Dikou ()
  • Xiaosong ()
  • Dongfeng ()

4 Townships

  • Chuanshi ()
  • Shunyang ()
  • Shuiyuan ()
  • Longcun ()

Transportation

Specialty

  • Fangcun Kompia (?)
  • Xiaosong Bianrou (?): originated from Hutou Village, Xiaosong Town
  • Fumao Cellar Spirit (?)
  • Zhuili chestnut (?)
  • Pressed salted duck (?)

Notable people

Scenic

Climate

Climate data for Jian'ou (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.8
(83.8)
32.4
(90.3)
33.8
(92.8)
35.3
(95.5)
37.3
(99.1)
38.0
(100.4)
41.7
(107.1)
41.7
(107.1)
39.1
(102.4)
37.1
(98.8)
33.2
(91.8)
27.9
(82.2)
41.7
(107.1)
Average high °C (°F) 14.0
(57.2)
15.7
(60.3)
19.1
(66.4)
24.6
(76.3)
28.4
(83.1)
31.1
(88.0)
34.8
(94.6)
34.4
(93.9)
31.2
(88.2)
26.9
(80.4)
21.4
(70.5)
16.1
(61.0)
24.8
(76.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
10.7
(51.3)
13.9
(57.0)
19.0
(66.2)
22.9
(73.2)
25.9
(78.6)
28.6
(83.5)
28.0
(82.4)
25.3
(77.5)
20.7
(69.3)
15.1
(59.2)
9.8
(49.6)
19.1
(66.3)
Average low °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
7.4
(45.3)
10.5
(50.9)
15.2
(59.4)
19.1
(66.4)
22.2
(72.0)
24.1
(75.4)
23.8
(74.8)
21.4
(70.5)
16.5
(61.7)
11.1
(52.0)
5.7
(42.3)
15.2
(59.3)
Record low °C (°F) -5.0
(23.0)
-4.0
(24.8)
-3.2
(26.2)
3.7
(38.7)
9.5
(49.1)
13.7
(56.7)
19.9
(67.8)
18.0
(64.4)
12.8
(55.0)
4.0
(39.2)
-1.8
(28.8)
-7.2
(19.0)
-7.2
(19.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 71.2
(2.80)
116.6
(4.59)
205.6
(8.09)
216.6
(8.53)
238.1
(9.37)
303.1
(11.93)
121.6
(4.79)
133.2
(5.24)
98.6
(3.88)
59.9
(2.36)
58.7
(2.31)
50.4
(1.98)
1,673.6
(65.87)
Average relative humidity (%) 82 83 83 81 81 82 77 78 79 79 81 81 81
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

Notes

  1. ^ Usually anglicised as Manji, the Chinese term Manzi (, meaning roughly Barbary) was the name north of the Yangzi for the lands south of it, lands now comprising the rump (or Southern) Song Dynasty centred at Hangzhou. Enduringly based in the north, the Mongols completed their conquest of the rump Song in 1279, annexing it in its entirety and reducing Hangzhou to one provincial capital among many in their vast Yuan Empire. The Yuan Emperor of course was Polo's nominal host for nearly two decades. For more on the term, cf. Names of China.

References

  1. ^ "The historical evolution of Jian'ou city / ?" (in Chinese). Official website of Jian'ou government. 2017-05-02. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Polo, Marco (1997), Marsden, William (ed.), Make Poluo Lvji, Hertfordshire: Wordsworth Editions.
  3. ^ Polo, Marco (1997), Yang Zhijiu (ed.), Make Poluo Lvji, Beijing: Foreign Languages College Research Publishing, p. 18.
  4. ^ Polo, Marco, Travels of Marco Polo, ch. LXXIV, pp.199-200.
  5. ^ "An 800-year-old label may rewrite the history of a Java Sea shipwreck". Ars Technica. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "Li Qiumei - the sports star of Northern Min" (in Chinese). Nanping Sports Bureau. 2010-07-14.

External links


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Jian'ou
 



 



 
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