|Counties||Hunedoara, Gorj, Dolj|
|Cities||Petro?ani (Jiul de Est), Lupeni (Jiul |
de Vest), Târgu Jiu, Craiova
|Source||Confluence of headwaters Jiul de Vest and Jiul de Est, near Petro?ani, Hunedoara|
|• elevation||554 m (1,818 ft)|
|near Bechet, Dolj|
|Length||339 km (211 mi)|
|Basin size||10,080 km2 (3,890 sq mi)|
|• average||95 m3/s (3,400 cu ft/s)|
|Progression||Danube-> Black Sea|
|• left||Jiul de Est, Gilort, Amaradia|
|• right||Jiul de Vest, Motru|
The Jiu (Romanian: [?iw] ; Hungarian: Zsil [?il]; German: Schil or Schiel; Latin: Rabon) is a river in southern Romania. It is formed near Petro?ani by the confluence of headwaters Jiul de Vest and Jiul de Est.
It flows southward through the Romanian counties Hunedoara, Gorj and Dolj before flowing into the Danube near Z?val, a few kilometers upstream from the Bulgarian city of Oryahovo. It is 339 kilometres (211 mi) long, including its source river Jiul de Vest. It has a basin of 10,080 km2 (3,890 sq mi).
The upper Jiu Valley, around Petro?ani and Lupeni, is Romania's principal coal mining region.
The following rivers are tributaries to the river Jiu (from source to mouth):