Jiu River
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Jiu River
Jiu
Jiu River in Craiova.jpg
View of the river Jiu passing Craiova city, Dolj County, Romania
Raul Jiu.png
The river Jiu in Romania.
Location
CountryRomania
CountiesHunedoara, Gorj, Dolj
CitiesPetro?ani (Jiul de Est), Lupeni (Jiul
de Vest), Târgu Jiu, Craiova
Physical characteristics
SourceConfluence of headwaters Jiul de Vest and Jiul de Est, near Petro?ani, Hunedoara
 • coordinates45°22?07?N 23°22?04?E / 45.36861°N 23.36778°E / 45.36861; 23.36778
 • elevation554 m (1,818 ft)
MouthDanube
 • location
near Bechet, Dolj
 • coordinates
43°46?41?N 23°48?48?E / 43.77806°N 23.81333°E / 43.77806; 23.81333Coordinates: 43°46?41?N 23°48?48?E / 43.77806°N 23.81333°E / 43.77806; 23.81333
Length339 km (211 mi)
Basin size10,080 km2 (3,890 sq mi)
Discharge 
 • average95 m3/s (3,400 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionDanube-> Black Sea
Tributaries 
 • leftJiul de Est, Gilort, Amaradia
 • rightJiul de Vest, Motru

The Jiu (Romanian: [?iw] ; Hungarian: Zsil [?il]; German: Schil or Schiel; Latin: Rabon) is a river in southern Romania.[1][2] It is formed near Petro?ani by the confluence of headwaters Jiul de Vest and Jiul de Est.

It flows southward through the Romanian counties Hunedoara, Gorj and Dolj before flowing into the Danube near Z?val,[3] a few kilometers upstream from the Bulgarian city of Oryahovo. It is 339 kilometres (211 mi) long, including its source river Jiul de Vest.[2][4] It has a basin of 10,080 km2 (3,890 sq mi).[2][4][5]

The upper Jiu Valley, around Petro?ani and Lupeni, is Romania's principal coal mining region.

Towns and cities

The following towns are situated along the river Jiu, from source to mouth: Petro?ani (Jiul de Est), Lupeni (Jiul de Vest), Bumbe?ti-Jiu, Târgu Jiu, Turceni, Filia?i, Craiova.

Border checkpoint between Romania and Austria-Hungary on the Jiu gorge (cca. 1914)

Tributaries

The following rivers are tributaries to the river Jiu (from source to mouth):[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Planul na?ional de management. Sinteza planurilor de management la nivel de bazine/spa?ii hidrografice, anexa 7.1" (PDF, 5.1 MB). Administra?ia Na?ional? Apele Române. 2010. p. 538.
  2. ^ a b c d Atlasul cadastrului apelor din România. Partea 1 (in Romanian). Bucharest: Ministerul Mediului. 1992. pp. 239-255. OCLC 895459847. River code: VII.1
  3. ^ Jiu (jud. Dolj), e-calauza.ro
  4. ^ a b Danube River Basin District, Part A - Roof Report, IPCDR, p 12
  5. ^ 2017 Romanian Statistical Yearbook, p. 13



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