Karl Joseph Schulte
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Karl Joseph Schulte
His Eminence

Karl Joseph Schulte
Cardinal, Archbishop of Cologne
Karl Joseph Schulte.jpg
ChurchRoman Catholic
Installed25 March 1920
Term ended11 March 1941
PredecessorFelix von Hartmann
SuccessorJosef Frings
Other post(s)Cardinal-Priest of Santi Quattro Coronati
Ordination22 March 1895
Consecration19 March 1910
Created cardinal7 March 1921
by Benedict XV
Personal details
Born(1871-09-14)14 September 1871
Velbert Germany
Died11 March 1941(1941-03-11) (aged 69)
Cologne Germany
BuriedCologne Cathedral
ParentsOswald Schulte
Antonetta Schlünder
Previous post(s)Bishop of Paderborn (1909-1920)
Coat of armsKarl Joseph Schulte's coat of arms
Styles of
Karl Schulte
Coat of arms of Karl Joseph Schulte.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal

Karl Joseph Schulte (14 September 1871 – 11 March 1941), was a German Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Cologne from 1920 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1921.


Karl Joseph Schulte was born in Haus Valbert (part of Lennestadt), to Oswald and Antonetta (née Schlünder) Schulte. Confirmed on 24 July 1887, he studied at the seminary in Essen and the University of Tübingen (from where he obtained a doctorate in theology on 5 March 1903). Schulte was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Hubert Simar on 22 March 1895.

He then did pastoral work in Paderborn, including serving as a vicar in Witten, until 1901. He was a repetitor at the Collegio Leonino and Major Seminary of Paderborn from 1901 to 1905, whence he began teaching theology, canon law, and apologetics at the Theological Faculty of Paderborn. In 1908 he became an official episcopal counselor. He was the first editor of the journal Theologie und Glaube, published by the department of theology in Paderborn.[1]

On 30 November 1909 Schulte was elected Bishop of Paderborn, a choice confirmed by Pope Pius X on 7 February 1910. He received his episcopal consecration on the following 19 March from Cardinal Anton Fischer, with Bishops Michael Korum and Hermann Dingelstadt serving as co-consecrators, in the Paderborn Cathedral. Schulte, who during World War I organized a large relief force for the British and French prisoners in German prison camps,[2] was later named Archbishop of Cologne on 8 March 1920.

Pope Benedict XV created him Cardinal-Priest of Santi Quattro Coronati in the consistory of 7 March 1921. Schulte was one of the cardinal electors in the 1922 papal conclave, and again in the conclave of 1939. He was also a strong opponent of both communism[3] and Nazism.[4]

The Cardinal died in Cologne, at age 69. He is buried in the archiepiscopal crypt of the Cologne Cathedral.


  1. ^ "Daten und Fakten". Erzbischöfliche Akademische Bibliothek Paderborn. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ "Wynfrith and Schulte". Time Magazine. 1925-10-05. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "Religion: Death of a Pope". Time Magazine. 1939-02-20. Archived from the original on 2011-05-24. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "Sunday of Youth" - TIME". Time Magazine. 1937-06-14. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved .

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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