Katsina Emirate
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Katsina Emirate
Katsina
Gobarau Minaret
Gobarau Minaret
Nickname(s): 
KT
Katsina is located in Nigeria
Katsina
Katsina
Location in Nigeria
Coordinates: 12°59?20?N 07°36?03?E / 12.98889°N 7.60083°E / 12.98889; 7.60083Coordinates: 12°59?20?N 07°36?03?E / 12.98889°N 7.60083°E / 12.98889; 7.60083
CountryFlag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria
StateFlag of Katsina State.svg Katsina State
Government
 o ChairmanHamisu Gambo
 o EmirAbdulmumini Kabir Usman
Area
 o Total142 km2 (55 sq mi)
Population
(2006)
 o Total318,459
3-digit postal code prefix
820
ISO 3166 codeNG.KT.KA
ClimateBSh

Katsina is a Local Government Area and the state capital of Katsina State in northern Nigeria.[1] Katsina is located some 260 kilometres (160 mi) east of the city of Sokoto and 135 kilometres (84 mi) northwest of Kano, close to the border with Niger. In 2016, Katsina's estimated population was 429,000.[2] The city is the centre of an agricultural region producing groundnuts, cotton, hides, millet and guinea corn[1] and also has mills for producing peanut oil and steel. The city is largely Muslim, and the population of the city is mainly from the Fulani ethnic group.

Former Nigerian President Umaru Yar'Adua was a nobleman of Katsina.[3]

The current Governor of Katsina is Aminu Bello Masari,[4] who was sworn in as the executive governor of the state on 29 May 2015, succeeding Barr. Ibrahim Shema.[5]

Emirs palace entrance
Katsina Emirate "Gidan Korau"

Katsina Emirate

The Katsina Royal Palace 'Gidan Korau' is a huge complex located in the centre of the ancient city. It is a symbol of culture, history and traditions of 'Katsinawa'. According to historical account, it was built in 1348 AD by Muhammadu Korau, who is believed to have been the first Muslim King of Katsina. This explains why it is traditionally known as 'Gidan Korau' (House of Korau). It is one of the oldest and among the first generation palaces, along with Daura, Kano and Zazzau. The palace was encircled with a rampart, 'Ganuwar Gidan Sarki' (which is now gone). The main gate which leads to the palace is known as 'Kofar Soro', while the gate at the backyard is called 'Kofar Bai' (now gone). The Emir's residential quarters at the epicenter of the Palace is a large compound built in the typical traditional architectural style]].[6] The current Emir of Katsina is Alhaji Abdulmumini Kabir Usman.a Fulani legacy

Local governments

Katsina State has 34 local governments. The local government area of Katsina is an area of 142 km2, with a population of 318,459 at the 2006 census. The local government are as follows;

  1. Batagarawa
  2. Bindawa
  3. Rimi
  4. Charanchi
  5. Bakori
  6. Danja
  7. Funtua
  8. Jibiya
  9. Batsari
  10. Kankara
  11. Kankia
  12. Faskari
  13. Malumfashi
  14. Kafur
  15. Kurfi
  16. Matazu
  17. Musawa
  18. Dan-Musa
  19. Safana
  20. Dutsin-Ma
  21. Dandume
  22. Baure
  23. Katsina
  24. Mani
  25. Kusada
  26. Sabuwa
  27. Mashi
  28. Zango
  29. Sandamu
  30. Daura
  31. Madawa
  32. Ingawa
  33. Kaita
  34. Dutse

Source: Katsina culture and history board, office of the surveyor of Katsina State

The postal code of the area is 820.[7]

History

Surrounded by city wall 21 kilometres (13 mi) in length, Katsina is believed to have been founded circa 1100.[1] In pre-Islamic times, Katsina's semi-divine ruler was known as the Sarki, who faced a summary death-sentence if found to be ruling incompetently. From the 17th to the 18th century, Katsina was the commercial heart of Hausaland and became the largest of the seven Hausa city-states. Katsina was conquered by the Fulani during the Fulani War in 1807. In 1903, the Emir, Abubakar dan Ibrahim, accepted British rule, which continued until Nigerian independence from Britain in 1960.

During sub-Saharan trade, the city of Katsina was known to be one of the most vibrant and strong commercial centres, and was believed to be the strongest with the Hausa kingdoms in terms of commerce, trade and craft. The German explorer Friedrich Hornemann reached Katsina, the first Westerner to do so, at the beginning of the 19th century.

The city's history of western-style education dates back to the early 1950s, when the first middle school in northern Nigeria was established. There are now several institutions of higher learning, including two universities: Umaru Musa Yar'adua University and the private Katsina University. The city of Katsina is also home to a famous 18th-century mosque featuring the Gobarau Minaret, a 15-metre (50 ft) tower made from mud and palm branches.[1]


2020 Boko Haram incident

In December, 2020, over 300 schoolboys were kidnapped from their boarding school in Katsina.[8] 344 of the boys were returned safely within a week.[8] Boko Haram took credit for the incident,[8] but local officials expressed skepticism about the claim, noting that Boko Haram had not been previously active in the region.[9]

Higher education institutions

  1. Umaru Musa Yar'Adua University(UMYU),
  2. Federal University, Dutsin-Ma
  3. Al-Qalam University, Katsina
  4. Hassan Usman Katsina Polytechnic
  5. Federal College Of Education Katsina

Geography

Climate

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Katsina has a hot semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSh" on climate maps.[10]

Climate data for Katsina
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.7
(98.1)
39.4
(102.9)
41.7
(107.1)
42.2
(108.0)
42.2
(108.0)
41.1
(106.0)
36.1
(97.0)
33.3
(91.9)
35.0
(95.0)
37.2
(99.0)
37.2
(99.0)
36.7
(98.1)
42.2
(108.0)
Average high °C (°F) 30.1
(86.2)
32.8
(91.0)
36.4
(97.5)
38.6
(101.5)
37.8
(100.0)
34.6
(94.3)
30.8
(87.4)
28.8
(83.8)
30.9
(87.6)
34.0
(93.2)
33.1
(91.6)
30.2
(86.4)
33.2
(91.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.1
(70.0)
23.6
(74.5)
27.8
(82.0)
30.8
(87.4)
31.0
(87.8)
28.6
(83.5)
25.9
(78.6)
24.6
(76.3)
25.8
(78.4)
26.7
(80.1)
24.1
(75.4)
21.2
(70.2)
25.9
(78.6)
Average low °C (°F) 12.0
(53.6)
14.3
(57.7)
19.1
(66.4)
23.1
(73.6)
24.2
(75.6)
22.7
(72.9)
21.1
(70.0)
20.6
(69.1)
20.7
(69.3)
19.3
(66.7)
15.1
(59.2)
12.1
(53.8)
18.7
(65.7)
Record low °C (°F) 5.0
(41.0)
5.6
(42.1)
4.4
(39.9)
11.7
(53.1)
18.3
(64.9)
16.7
(62.1)
15.0
(59.0)
16.7
(62.1)
16.7
(62.1)
8.3
(46.9)
5.6
(42.1)
5.6
(42.1)
4.4
(39.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.5
(0.02)
0.5
(0.02)
0.5
(0.02)
5.0
(0.20)
56.0
(2.20)
84.0
(3.31)
185.0
(7.28)
274.0
(10.79)
127.0
(5.00)
10.0
(0.39)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
742.0
(29.21)
Average precipitation days 0 0 0 1 5 8 15 17 13 2 0 0 61
Average relative humidity (%) 39 32 28 41 62 77 88 93 92 76 49 44 60
Mean monthly sunshine hours 279.0 257.1 257.3 261.0 288.3 267.0 244.9 220.1 246.0 285.2 285.0 275.9 3,166.8
Mean daily sunshine hours 9.0 9.1 8.3 8.7 9.3 8.9 7.9 7.1 8.2 9.2 9.5 8.9 8.6
Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst[11]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Katsina The Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved February 20, 2007.
  2. ^ Katsina (State, Nigeria) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location, on March 21, 2016.
  3. ^ "Umaru Musa Yar'Adua | president of Nigeria". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "Buhari, Katsina governor meet inside Aso Rock". Punch Newspapers. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "Biography of Katsina former Governor Ibrahim Shehu Shema". Katsina Post. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "KATSINA EMIRATE COUNCIL".. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  7. ^ "Post Offices- with map of LGA". NIPOST. Archived from the original on 2009-10-07. Retrieved .
  8. ^ a b c "Nigeria school attack: Hundreds of boys". BBC News. 2020-12-17. Archived from the original on 2021-02-28. Retrieved .
  9. ^ Giles, Christopher (19 December 2020). "Nigeria school kidnappings: Is Boko Haram responsible?". BBC.
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Katsina
  11. ^ "Klimatafel von Katsina / Nigeria" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 2016.

External links

  • Media related to Katsina at Wikimedia Commons

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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