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A Tibetan khata.
Tibetan name
Mongolian name
Mongolian Cyrillic
Nepali name

A khata or khatag[1](Tibetan: ?; Dzongkha: , dhar, Mongolian : / Mongolian: / IPA: [t?k], khadag or hatag, Nepali: khada, Chinese /; pinyin: h?dá/h?dá[2][3][4]) is a traditional ceremonial scarf in tengrism[5] and Tibetan Buddhism. It originated in Tibetan culture[] and is common in cultures and countries where Tibetan Buddhism is practiced or has strong influence.

13th Dalai Lama of Tibet in 1932


Tibetan people used to give animal skins as gifts because there was no silk in Tibet. According to the Bon historical record, people would put sheep wool around their necks during the time of the ninth king, Degong Jayshi, and head for some religious rituals. This tradition was passed down from that moment onwards. People began making scarves and using silk over time. So, the scarf replaced the plain sheep's wool and people put scarves on the neck and head.

Blue Khatas tied to a stone stele at the former Manjusri Monastery, Mongolia that was destroyed by Mongolian communists in 1937.

Uses and types

The khata symbolizes purity and compassion and is worn or presented with incense at many ceremonial occasions, including births, weddings, funerals, graduations and the arrival or departure of guests. When given as a farewell gesture it symbolizes a safe journey. When given to arriving guests it symbolizes welcome. They were usually made of silk but now much more commonly cotton or polyester. Tibetan khatas are usually white, symbolising the pure heart of the giver,[6][7] though it is quite common to find yellow-gold khata as well. Tibetan, Nepali, and Bhutanese khatas feature the ashtamangala. There are also special multi-colored khatas. Mongolian khatas are usually blue, symbolizing the blue sky. In Mongolia, khatas are also often tied to ovoos, stupas, or special trees and rocks.


  1. ^ Das, Sarat Chandra (1902). Rockhill., William Woodville (ed.). Journey to Lhasa and Central Tibet. London: Royal Geographical Society. p. 32. OCLC 557688339. ... handing him a scarf (khatag), I expressed the hope that we might meet next year.
  2. ^ () [A Dictionary of Current Chinese (Seventh Edition).]. . Beijing?. The Commercial Press. 1 September 2016. p. 505. ISBN 978-7-100-12450-8. ? h?dá
  3. ^ (?3?) [A Standard Dictionary of Current Chinese (Third Edition).]. . Beijing. Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press. May 2014. p. 507. ISBN 978-7-513-54562-4. ? h?dá
  4. ^
  5. ^ "The Eternal Blue Sky" (PDF). Hoop. 2014. Retrieved .
  6. ^ Staff. "Khata/Tibet "roof of the world"". Oracle ThinkQuest Education Foundation. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Ethnic Culture Thrives After Sichuan Quake". China Daily. Chengdu: China Daily. 2012-05-10. Archived from the original on 6 March 2018. Retrieved . The 19-year-old Tibetan woman says she enjoys working as a guide at the site, where she also sells Katak, a white flaxen scarf the Tibetans present with respect, incense and other religious items.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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