General view of Král?v Dv?r
|o Mayor||Petr Vychodil|
|o Total||15.24 km2 (5.88 sq mi)|
|Elevation||240 m (790 ft)|
|o Density||650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Král?v Dv?r (pronounced ['kra:lu:v dvu:r], German: Königshof) is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 9,900 inhabitants. Král?v Dv?r creates a conurbation with Beroun.
Villages of Karlova Hu?, K?i?atky, Levín, Po?aply, Popovice and Zaho?any are administrative parts of Král?v Dv?r.
In the middle of the 13th century, King Wenceslaus I probably had a medieval court built here, which in 1585 was rebuilt into a Renaissance castle by the Lobkowicz family, who owned it for a time in the second half of the 16th century.
In 1850, municipalities of Král?v Dv?r, Popovice, Karlova Hu? a K?í?atky were merged and created a single municipality. Král?v Dv?r was joined to Beroun in 1980 as a housing and industrial suburb. In 1990, Král?v Dv?r became an independent municipality again. In 2004, it became a town.
In 1988, the D5 motorway was built, splitting Král?v Dv?r into two halves. Iron works were decommissioned in the 1990s, significantly improving air pollution.
The first written mention of Popovice is from 1266, when it was possessed by the Chotov Abbey. An iron smeltery was situated here, as well as iron mills powered by running water, which were fed by a system of ponds. Two ponds have been preserved - Mák and Popovícký.
Karlova Hu? was an iron smeltery established at the latest in the 1350s. In the 16th century, it was owned by the noble family of Karlové of Svárov, after which it got its name. In 1595, the very first blast furnace in Bohemia was built here. The settlement was mostly demolished in 1960, when the smeltery was expanded to iron works and cement plants were established. Although the classic blast furnace production ended here in the 1980s, the company's tradition continues to this day.
Po?aply was first mentioned in 1253. The workers' colony for the nearby iron works was erected in 1905. In 1915, a monumental building of an elementary school was built.
K?i?atky was first mentioned in 1603. It was a small settlement situated in the hills, where blacksmiths from Karlova Hu? lived. One hundred years later it no longer existed, but at the end of the 18th century it was restored again.
The first written mention of Levín is from 1391.
Zaho?any was first mentioned in 1525, and in 1980 was joined to Beroun. Between 1990 and 2002, Zaho?any was an independent municipality, and on 1 January 2003, Zaho?any joined Král?v Dv?r.
In the 21st century, population numbers are growing. Proximity to the capital city of Prague makes Král?v Dv?r a favorite place for people to live.
The main landmark is Král?v Dv?r Castle. In 1585, the stone court was rebuilt in the Renaissance style into a closed four-winged castle with an inner courtyard. During the great fire in 1712, the castle lost one wing. The biggest changes awaited the castle in the second half of the 18th century, when it was rebuilt in the Baroque style. It received roughly its present appearance, which was most likely created by Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer.
In 1860, the castle was sold to Emil Egon Fürstenberg, who had no interest in keeping the property in good shape, and the castle was used as a warehouse. After World War II, the chateau was nationalized, and state enterprises were maintained by using its buildings as a warehouse. The castle's garden was used as a path for the D5 highway. The castle was sold as private property in 2000 and its reconstruction is planned.
The Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary was built in Po?aply in 1730-1733 most likely by K. I. Dientzenhofer.