|Subdivisions||Districts: 9, Municipalities: 45|
|o Governor||Ikuo Kabashima|
|o Total||7,409.48 km2 (2,860.82 sq mi)|
(June 1, 2019)
|o Density||240/km2 (610/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-43|
|Bird||Eurasian skylark (Alauda arvensis)|
|Flower||Gentian (Gentiana scabra var. buergeri)|
|Tree||Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)|
Kumamoto Prefecture (, Kumamoto-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Ky?sh?. Kumamoto Prefecture has a population of 1,748,134 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 7,409 km2 (2,860 sq mi). Kumamoto Prefecture borders Fukuoka Prefecture to the north, ?ita Prefecture to the northeast, Miyazaki Prefecture to the southeast, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the south.
Kumamoto is the capital and largest city of Kumamoto Prefecture, with other major cities including Yatsushiro, Amakusa, and Tamana. Kumamoto Prefecture is located in the center of Ky?sh? on the coast of the Ariake Sea, across from Nagasaki Prefecture, with the mainland separated from the East China Sea by the Amakusa Archipelago. Kumamoto Prefecture is home to Mount Aso, the largest active volcano in Japan and among the largest in the world, with its peak 1,592 metres (5,223 ft) above sea level.
Historically, the area was called Higo Province; and the province was renamed Kumamoto during the Meiji Restoration. The creation of prefectures was part of the abolition of the feudal system. The current Japanese orthography for Kumamoto literally means "bear root/origin", or "origin of the bear".
Kumamoto Prefecture is in the center of Kyushu, the southernmost of the four major Japanese islands. It is bordered by the Ariake inland sea and the Amakusa archipelago to the west, Fukuoka Prefecture and ?ita Prefecture to the north, Miyazaki Prefecture to the east, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the south.
As of 31 March 2019, 21% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as natural parks: the Aso Kuj? and Unzen-Amakusa National Parks; Ky?sh? Ch Sanchi and Yaba-Hita-Hikosan Quasi-National Parks; and Ashikita Kaigan, Itsuki Gokanosh?, Kinp?zan, Misumi-?yano Umibe, Okukuma, Sh?taisan, and Yabe Sh?hen Prefectural Natural Parks.
Fourteen cities are located in Kumamoto Prefecture:
These are the towns and villages in each district:
The population was on 1 June 2019 at 1,748,134 inhabitants with a population density of 236 per km ². The prefecture ranks 23rd in Japan.
There is a Honda motorcycle plant.
These sports teams are based in the prefecture:
Kumamoto Prefecture is the 'sister state/prefecture' of Montana in the United States.
Kumamoto has a sister city located in Texas named San Antonio, which holds an annual fall festival 'akimatsuri' for its Japanese citizens. In 2015 the mascot, 'Kumamon' visited as an honorary ambassador during the festival located at the Japanese Tea Gardens.