Kurdish Tribes
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Kurdish Tribes
Kurdish-inhabited areas (Kurdistan)

The following is a list of tribes of Kurdish people from the geo-cultural region of Kurdistan and other regions.

Armenia and Georgia

While Armenia has had a Kurdish presence since around the 15th century, most Kurdish tribes in Armenia and Georgia fled the Kars and Van areas in the Ottoman Empire due to oppression from 1916 to 1918. Entering the Russian Empire, they appealed for protection from the Tsar and were eventually settled in Armenia and Georgia. Since then, the unique traditions among the different tribes have been weakened albeit continued strong tribal identities and about 50,000 to 60,000 have migrated to Germany. Many have moved to Russia as well.[1]

The present tribes and tribal confederations with their sub-tribes are listed below:[2][3][4]

  • Xaltî
  • Anqosî
  • Axlerî

Zuqiriya Confederation

  • Baravî
  • Bûtikî
  • Belekerî
  • Dasinî
  • Divinî
  • Korkitiya
  • Kurtikî
  • Masekî
  • Chokhreshî
  • Memreshî
  • Mendesorî
  • Mendikî
  • Reshî
  • Reshkî
  • Shemsika
  • Sorî

Mehemdiya Confederation

  • Mehemdî
  • Memresha

Hesiniya Confederation

  • Belekerî
  • Beyandûrî
  • Bûvkî
  • Dasinî
  • Dawidî
  • Divinî
  • Dodkî
  • Gêloyî
  • Kashakhî
  • Mamtajî
  • Memîdokî
  • Mekhsûdî
  • Mûskî
  • Mîrangî
  • Qazanî
  • Qûchî
  • Remoshî
  • Sherqî
  • Tûzhkî
  • Ûdî
  • Ortilî (Disputed)

Sipki Confederation

  • Belî
  • Chîlî
  • Îsedizî
  • Kashakha
  • Karêyî
  • Kilêrî
  • Mikhayla
  • Pîvazî
  • Rejevî
  • Rojkî
  • Sahaniya
  • Stûrkî
  • Shanezera
  • Shemsika
  • Utî

Azerbaijan

A large portion of the centuries-old Kurdish population in present-day Azerbaijan was deported by the Soviet Union to Central Asia from the 1930s on. The remaining Kurdish population in the former Red Kurdistan was displaced by the Armenian Army during the first Nagorno-Karabakh War, while the ones in Azerbaijan proper became heavily assimilated into Azerbaijani culture.[5][6][7]

The information on the tribes in Azerbaijan is from 1936:[8][9]

Tribes
Alihan Aliyan Babali Bargushat Bozlu Ferihkan Gajisam Gulukchi Hasenan Karachorlu Kelani
Kulekan Kulpucci Milan Pugian Pusian Shadmanli Sheylanli Sisiyan Sultan Tahmas Terter

Iraq

Baghdad Governorate

The following tribes are present in Baghdad Governorate:

Diyala Governorate

The following tribes are present in Diyala Governorate:

Dohuk Governorate

The following tribes are present in Dohuk Governorate:[22][23][24]

  • Babiri tribe
  • Bamernî tribe
  • Barzani tribe
  • Basidki tribe (Yezidi)
  • Berwari tribe
  • Belesini tribe (Yezidi)
  • Birimeni tribe (Yezidi)
  • Dina tribe (Yezidi)
  • Dinnadi tribe (Yezidi)[25]
  • Dolamarî tribe
  • Doski tribe
  • Dumilî tribe (Yezidi)
  • Ertu?i tribe
  • Guli tribe
  • Haweri tribe (Yezidi)[26]
  • Hekarî tribe (Yezidi)
  • Heraqî tribe (Yezidi)
  • Mamusi tribe (Yezidi)
  • Mamesh tribe
  • Misusan tribe (Yezidi)
  • Mizûrî tribe
  • Nerwa tribe
  • Pedayi tribe (Yezidi)
  • Qaidi tribe (Yezidi)
  • Qirnayi tribe (Yezidi)
  • Rekani tribe
  • Rubanisti tribe (Yezidi)
  • Sharafani tribe
  • Sindi tribe
  • Sipna tribe
  • Slivani tribe[27]
  • Surchi tribe
  • Tirk tribe (Yezidi)
  • Xalti tribe (Yezidi)
  • Xetari tribe (Yezidi)
  • Zebari tribe

Erbil Governorate

The following tribes are present in Erbil Governorate:[28]

  • Balak tribe[29]
  • Ako tribe[30]
  • Barzani tribe
  • Barzinji tribe
  • Bilbas tribe
  • Bradost tribe
  • Dizayee tribe
  • Dolamari tribe[30]
  • Gerdi
  • Haruti tribe[30]
  • Herki tribe
  • Kawani tribe
  • Khailani tribe
  • Khoshnaw tribe
  • Mantik tribe
  • Nanakali tribe
  • Shwan tribe
  • Siani tribe
  • Siyan tribe
  • Surchi tribe
  • Zarari tribe
  • Zebari tribe

Halabja Governorate

Kirkuk Governorate

The following tribes are present in Kirkuk Governorate:[11]

Nineveh Governorate

The following tribes and confederations are present in Nineveh Governorate:[35][36][37]

Xorkan Tribal Confederation (Yezidi)

  • Aldexî tribe
  • Adiyan tribe
  • Aldîn tribe
  • Bekran tribe
  • Cefrî tribe
  • Çêlkan tribe
  • Dilkan tribe
  • Heskan tribe
  • Hewîrî tribe
  • Helîqî tribe
  • Kurkurka tribe
  • Mendikan tribe
  • Mûsanî tribe
  • Mehirkan tribe
  • Musqora tribe
  • Mala Bakê tribe
  • Qîçkan tribe
  • Qîranî tribe
  • Reshkan tribe
  • Simûqî tribe
  • Sherqiyan tribe
  • Shehwanî tribe

Cuwana Tribal Confederation (Yezidi)

  • Aqosî tribe
  • Bekira tribe
  • Çûkan tribe
  • Dilkan tribe
  • Emeran tribe
  • Hebaban/Hebabat tribe
  • Howêrî tribe
  • Hilêqî tribe
  • Heskan tribe
  • Kizan tribe
  • Korkorkî tribe
  • Mashekî tribe
  • Mihirkan tribe
  • Xinan tribe
  • Mala Xalitê tribe
  • Miskora tribe
  • Qîçikan tribe
  • Hesenî tribe
  • Nukrî tribe
  • Eldinan tribe
  • Usivan tribe
  • Xosî tribe
  • Elî Sorka tribe
  • Xifshan tribe

Other

Saladin Governorate

The following tribes are present in Saladin Governorate:

Sulaymaniyah Governorate

The following tribes are present in Sulaymaniyah Governorate:[41]

Wasit Governorate

The following tribes are present in Wasit Governorate:

Iran

Ardabil Province

The following tribes are present in Ardabil Province:[44]

  • Delikan tribe
  • Qolugjan tribe
  • Shatran tribe

East Azerbaijan Province

The following tribes are present in East Azerbaijan Province:

Fars Province

The following tribes are present in Fars Province:

Gilan Province

The following tribes are present in Gilan Province:[11]

Hamadan Province

The following tribes are present in Hamadan Province:

Ilam Province

The following tribes are present in Ilam Province:[52]

Kermanshah Province

The following tribes are present in Kermanshah Province:[11]

Khorasan Provinces

The following tribes are present in North Khorasan Province and Razavi Khorasan Province:[61]

  • Amar tribe
  • Baçvan tribe
  • Badlan tribe
  • Berivan tribe
  • Bicervan tribe
  • Çape? tribe
  • Davan tribe
  • Hamazkan tribe
  • Izan tribe
  • Keyvan tribe
  • Mamyan tribe
  • Mastyan tribe
  • Mozdegan tribe
  • Palokan tribe
  • Qaçkan tribe
  • Qarabas tribe
  • Qaraçur tribe
  • Qaraman tribe
  • Re?wan tribe
  • Rudkan tribe
  • Sevkan tribe
  • Silsepuran tribe
  • ?adiyan tribe
  • ?eyhkan tribe
  • ?irvan tribe
  • Torosan tribe
  • Tukan tribe
  • Zafaran tribe
  • Zangalan tribe
  • Zaraqkan tribe
  • Zardkan tribe
  • Zeydan tribe

Kurdistan Province

The following tribes are present in Kurdistan Province:

Lorestan Province

The following tribes are present in Lorestan Province:

Mazandaran Province

The following tribes are present in Mazandaran Province:[11]

Qazvin Province

The following tribes are present in Qazvin Province:[11]

Tehran Province

The following tribes are present in Tehran Province:[11]

West Azerbaijan Province

The following tribes are present in West Azerbaijan Province:[11]

Syria

Al-Hasakah and Raqqa Governorates

The following tribes are present in Al-Hasakah Governorate and Raqqa Governorate:[78][79]

  • Abasan tribe
  • Aliyan tribe
  • A?itan tribe
  • Berazi tribe
  • Daqoran tribe
  • Dorkan tribe
  • Gabara tribe
  • Hasenan tribe
  • Hawna tribe
  • Heverkan tribe
  • Ketikan tribe
  • Kikan tribe
  • Koçer tribe
  • Milan tribe
  • Miran tribe
  • Omerkan tribe
  • Omeriyan tribe
  • Pinar Eliya tribe
  • ?êxan tribe

Aleppo Governorate

The following tribes are present in Aleppo Governorate:[80][81]

  • Amkan tribe
  • Berazi tribe[82]
  • Biyan tribe
  • Çêlka tribe (Yezidi)
  • Cûmiyan tribe
  • Dawudiya tribe (Yezidi)
  • Dimili tribe[83]
  • Dinadi tribe (Yezidi)
  • Hey?tiyan tribe
  • Qopani tribe (Yezidi)
  • Re?wan tribe[83]
  • Re?kan tribe (Yezidi)
  • Rûbariyan tribe
  • Sheriqan tribe (Yezidi)
  • ?êxan tribe
  • Xaltî tribe (Yezidi)
  • Xastiyan tribe
  • Xerzan tribe

Turkey

Ad?yaman Province

The following tribes are present in Ad?yaman Province and are all Hanafi unless noted:[84]

  • Balyan tribe[85]
  • Bezikan tribe
  • Canbegan tribe
  • Cikkan tribe
  • Culur tribe
  • Çerkezan tribe
  • Dersim tribe
  • Direjan tribe
  • Fer?atan tribe
  • Gavuz tribe
  • Hacimehmedan tribe
  • Haciyan tribe
  • Hidiri tribe
  • Hidisor tribe (Alevi)
  • Izol tribe
  • Karalos tribe
  • Kavi tribe (Alevi and Hanafi)
  • Kirvar tribe
  • Kurdan tribe
  • Melikzade tribe
  • Mikri tribe
  • Mirdesan tribe
  • Pirvan tribe
  • Poliklos tribe
  • Re?wan tribe
  • Rumyan tribe
  • Sinemilli tribe (Alevi)[86]
  • Ziran tribe

A?r? Province

The following tribes are present in A?r? Province and are all Shafi'i:[87]

  • Berjeri tribe
  • Jalali tribe
  • Hasenan tribe
  • Haydaran tribe
  • Memani tribe
  • Sipkan tribe[88]
  • Zilan tribe

Batman Province

The following tribes are present in Batman Province and are all Shafi'i:[89]

  • Alikan tribe
  • Belekan tribe
  • Beleki tribe
  • Berikan tribe
  • Hiyan tribe
  • Malabini tribe
  • Mala?eref tribe
  • Musi tribe
  • Receban tribe
  • Remman tribe
  • Re?kotan tribe
  • Sarmi tribe
  • Sinikan tribe
  • Sinka tribe

Bingöl Province

The following tribes are present in Bingöl Province:[90]

Bitlis Province

The following tribes are present in Bitlis Province and are all Shafi'i:[94]

  • Alikan tribe
  • Atmakan tribe
  • Duban tribe
  • Celali tribe
  • Dimbilan tribe
  • Duderiyan tribe
  • Hevedan tribe
  • Ke?koliyan tribe
  • Mamediyan tribe
  • Makso tribe
  • Muhacir tribe
  • Motikan tribe[95]
  • Neceman tribe
  • Parsink tribe
  • Taplar tribe
  • Tarlan tribe
  • Velo tribe

Black Sea and Marmara Regions

The following tribes are present in the Black Sea Region and Marmara Region:

Central Anatolia Region

The following tribes are present in Central Anatolia Region and are all Hanafi unless noted:

Diyarbak?r Province

The following tribes are present in Diyarbak?r Province and are all Shafi'i:[110]

  • Bekirhan tribe
  • Bedikan tribe
  • Çaruma tribe
  • Dodikan tribe
  • Hancuk tribe
  • Hasani tribe
  • Hevedan tribe
  • Hiyan tribe
  • Izol tribe
  • Ke?ko tribe
  • Kulp tribe
  • Mendan tribe
  • Narik tribe
  • Omeran tribe
  • Pa?ur tribe
  • Peçari tribe
  • ?eyhdoda tribe
  • Zahori tribe

Elaz Province

The following tribes are present in Elaz Province and are all Hanafi unless noted:[111]

Erzincan Province

The following tribes are present in Erzincan Province and are all Alevi:[119]

  • Abasan tribe
  • Abdalan tribe
  • Alan tribe
  • Aril tribe
  • A?uran tribe
  • Atman tribe[120]
  • Balaban tribe
  • Bal tribe
  • Çarik tribe
  • Çerek tribe
  • Dervi? Cemal tribe
  • Haydaran tribe
  • Keçelan tribe
  • Keman tribe
  • Kieven tribe
  • Koçgiri tribe
  • Komsor tribe
  • Kure?an tribe
  • Lolan tribe
  • Mazgan tribe
  • Menikan tribe
  • Pulan tribe
  • Putikan tribe
  • Rotan tribe
  • Suleyman tribe
  • ?adiyan tribe
  • ?eyhhasan tribe
  • ?evelan tribe
  • Xormekan tribe

Erzurum Province

The following tribes are present in Erzurum Province:[121]

Gaziantep Province

The following tribes are present in Gaziantep Province and are all Hanafi unless noted:[122]

Greater Kars Provinces

The following tribes are present in Ardahan Province, Kars Province and I?d?r Province (one province until 1993) and are all Shafi'i unless noted:[124]

Gümü?hane Province

The following tribes are present in Gümü?hane Province and are all Alevi:[125]

  • Abasan tribe
  • Abdalan tribe
  • Arel tribe
  • Butkan tribe
  • Kure?an tribe
  • Lolan tribe
  • ?adiyan tribe[126]
  • ?eyhhasan tribe
  • Xormekan tribe

Hakkâri Province

The following tribes are present in Hakkâri Province and are all Shafi'i:[127]

  • Diri tribe
  • Doski tribe
  • Ertu?i tribe
  • Gerdi
  • Gravi tribe[128]
  • Guyan tribe
  • Herki tribe
  • Humara tribe
  • Jirki tribe
  • Ka?uri tribe
  • Oramar tribe
  • Pinyani? tribe
  • Selahiye tribe
  • Zerzan tribe

Kahramanmara? Province

The following tribes are present in Kahramanmara? Province and are all Alevi unless noted:[129]

  • Alhas tribe
  • Atman tribe (Alevi and Shafi'i)
  • Avdalan tribe
  • Canbegan tribe[130]
  • Celikan tribe (Shafi'i)
  • Çrasan tribe
  • Hidiran tribe (Shafi'i)
  • Kiliçli tribe
  • Koçgiri tribe
  • Mahkan tribe
  • Resulan tribe
  • Sinemilli tribe
  • Sultankorusu tribe (Alevi and Shafi'i)
  • ?adiyan tribe
  • ?emsikan tribe
  • Zelikan tribe

Kilis Province

The following tribes are present in Kilis Province and are all Hanafi:[131]

  • Delikan tribe

Malatya Province

The following tribes are present in Malatya Province:[132]

Mardin Province

The following tribes are present in Mardin Province and are all Shafi'i:[137]

  • Abasan tribe
  • Allo tribe
  • Alyan tribe
  • Atman tribe
  • Barava tribe
  • Batiyan tribe
  • Batuvan tribe
  • Bereli tribe
  • Bile?ki tribe
  • Bubelan tribe
  • Çayi tribe
  • Çelebi tribe[138]
  • Çemkari tribe
  • Cemnehir tribe
  • Çiti tribe
  • Dekkori tribe
  • Dek?ori tribe
  • Delikan tribe
  • Dere tribe
  • De?tiguvar tribe
  • Dubilan tribe
  • Dudiran tribe
  • Dumili tribe
  • Erolyan tribe
  • Gençoi tribe
  • Gocikan tribe
  • Hasenan tribe
  • Hasinan tribe
  • Hasuna tribe
  • Helecan tribe
  • Herikan tribe
  • Heverkan tribe (Yazidi)
  • Hidiran tribe
  • Ispirti tribe
  • Kalendernan tribe
  • Kica Hasinan tribe
  • Kiçan tribe
  • Kicani Omerhan tribe
  • Kiççani ?emsan tribe
  • Kikan tribe
  • Kiki tribe
  • Lef tribe
  • Mahalye tribe
  • Mahmudan tribe
  • Mazidag tribe
  • Meman tribe
  • Metinan tribe
  • Milan tribe
  • Mi?kan tribe
  • Musa Rean tribe
  • Omergan tribe
  • Pinarli tribe
  • Rutan tribe
  • Selikan tribe
  • Sofnan tribe
  • Sorkan tribe
  • ?eyhan tribe
  • Temikan tribe
  • Teyyani Kervan tribe
  • Teryani Re?it tribe
  • Zivikan tribe

Mu? Province

The following tribes are present in Mu? Province and are all Shafi'i unless noted:[139]

  • Badikan tribe
  • Bekiran tribe
  • Bonaki tribe
  • Bozikan tribe
  • Cibran tribe
  • Çeçen tribe (see Chechen Kurds, Hanafi and Shafi'i)
  • Çerek tribe (Hanafi and Shafi'i)
  • Çukur tribe
  • Elmali tribe
  • Halefbey tribe
  • Hasenan tribe
  • Haydaran tribe
  • Heridi tribe
  • Hiyan tribe
  • Hizan tribe
  • Huyut tribe
  • Jalali tribe
  • Lezgi tribe (Hanafi and Shafi'i)
  • Lolan tribe (Alevi)
  • Parsink tribe
  • Rektan tribe
  • Savdan tribe
  • Top tribe
  • Zamana?a tribe

Siirt Province

The following tribes are present in Siirt Province and are all Shafi'i:[140]

  • Adiyan tribe
  • Alikan tribe
  • Babusi tribe
  • Dudiran tribe
  • Gerisan tribe
  • Çirri tribe
  • Davudiyan tribe
  • Ke?kolan tribe
  • Malabini tribe
  • Mehmediyan tribe
  • Itmankan tribe
  • Pencenar tribe
  • Poran tribe
  • Silokan tribe
  • Soran tribe
  • ?akiran tribe
  • Usturikan tribe

Sivas Province

The following tribes are present in Sivas Province and are all Alevi:[141]

  • Atman tribe[142]
  • Canbegan tribe
  • Çarekan tribe[143]
  • Direjan tribe
  • Giniyan tribe[143]
  • Kirme? tribe
  • Koçgiri tribe (see Koçgiri rebellion)
  • Pevizan tribe
  • Sinemilli tribe[144]
  • ?adiyan tribe
  • Zerikan tribe

?anl?urfa Province

The following tribes are present in ?anl?urfa Province:[145]

rnak Province

The following tribes are present in rnak Province and are all Shafi'i:[146]

  • Batuvan tribe
  • Ertu?i tribe
  • Gerdi
  • Guyan tribe
  • Hacibayram tribe
  • Jirki tribe
  • Kiçan tribe
  • rnak tribe
  • Tayan tribe

Tunceli Province

The following tribes are present in Tunceli Province and are all Alevi:[147]

  • Abasan tribe
  • Alan tribe
  • Arel tribe
  • Aslanan tribe
  • A?uran tribe
  • Bamasoran tribe
  • Bahtiyaran tribe
  • Balaban tribe
  • Balan tribe
  • Balçikan tribe
  • Bermaz tribe
  • Beytan tribe
  • Bezger tribe
  • Çarekan tribe
  • Demenan tribe
  • Ferhadan tribe
  • Haydaran tribe
  • Hiran tribe
  • Izol tribe
  • Kalan tribe
  • Keman tribe
  • Karabal tribe
  • Karsan tribe
  • Keçelan tribe
  • Kekektirvan tribe
  • Kirgan tribe
  • Kure?an tribe
  • Laçin tribe
  • Lolan tribe
  • Maksudan tribe
  • Mestan tribe
  • Pilvankan tribe
  • Piran tribe
  • Qirxan tribe[148]
  • Qoçan tribe
  • Rutan tribe
  • Semkan tribe
  • Seyitalan tribe
  • Sisan tribe
  • Sûran tribe
  • ?adiyan tribe
  • ?avak tribe (Alevi and Hanafi)
  • ?avan tribe
  • ?eyhhasan tribe
  • ?eyhmahmutlu tribe
  • Xormekan tribe
  • Yusufan tribe

Van Province

The following tribes are present in Van Province and are all Shafi'i:[149]

  • Adaman tribe
  • Alan tribe
  • Asiyan tribe
  • Buriki tribe
  • Botan tribe
  • Ertu?i tribe
  • Ezdinan tribe
  • Geloi tribe
  • Hacidiran tribe
  • Haydaran tribe
  • Kure?in tribe
  • Manhuran tribe
  • Meleyan tribe
  • Memani tribe
  • Milan tribe
  • Pinyani? tribe
  • Shekak tribe
  • ?emsikan tribe
  • Takuri tribe

Historical tribes

Notes

  1. ^ Kereme Anqosi (January 2005). "The Yezidi Kurds' tribes & clans of south Caucasus". International Journal of Kurdish Studies. 19 (1). Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ Kereme Anqosi (January 2005). "The Yezidi Kurds' tribes & clans of south Caucasus". International Journal of Kurdish Studies. 19 (1). Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ OMARKHALI, Khanna (2008-12-31). "On the Structure of the Yezidi Clan and Tribal System and its Terminology among the Yezidis of the Caucasus". Journal of Kurdish Studies. 6 (0): 104-119. doi:10.2143/jks.6.0.2038092. ISSN 1370-7205.
  4. ^ Yazidis; Yazidis. "The name of the tribes and genera of the Yezidis of the South Caucasus". Yazidis.Az. Retrieved .
  5. ^ Tatiana Fedoroud Aristova (1966). - (in Russian). Izd-vo "Nauka," Glav. red. vostochno? lit-ry. pp. 48 & 53.
  6. ^ "Seven Years of Conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh" (PDF). Human Rights Watch: 14. 1994. Retrieved 2020.
  7. ^ "Kurds". Minority Rights. Retrieved 2020.
  8. ^ ?, ? (1986). (in Russian). p. 102.
  9. ^ Budagov B.A., Geybullayev (2009). Explanatory Dictionary of Azerbaijani Origin Places' Names in Armenia (PDF). Baku. p. 141. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 June 2017. Retrieved 2020.
  10. ^ "Iraq: Information on the Kurdish Feyli (Faily/Falli) families, including their main area of residence and their relationship with other Kurdish groups and the Iraqi regime". Refworld. 1996. Retrieved 2020.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Kurdish tribes". Iranica Online. Retrieved 2020.
  12. ^ Soane (1918), pp. 7-8.
  13. ^ Adel Soheil (2018). The Iraqi Ba'th Regime's Atrocities Against the Faylee Kurds: Nation-State Formation Distorted. ISBN 978-91-7785-892-8.
  14. ^ Soane (1918), p. 14.
  15. ^ a b C. J. Edmonds (1936). "Soane at Halabja". Journal of the Royal Central Asian Society. The Royal Central Asian Society: 622. doi:10.1080/03068373608730766.
  16. ^ "Two abducted Kurdish Kaka'i farmers found killed in Khanaqin". Kurdistan24. 11 May 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  17. ^ a b c "" (in Persian). ? . Retrieved 2020.
  18. ^ a b Soane (1918), p. 35.
  19. ^ "Iraqi Kurdish tribe fights Islamic State alone in disputed area". Ekurd. 21 September 2014. Retrieved 2020.
  20. ^ Soane (1918), p. 37.
  21. ^ Soane (1918), p. 36.
  22. ^ Mohseni Sadjadi (1999). La communauté des réfugiés kurdes irakiens en France Modes de vie et intégration (PDF) (in French). p. 40. Retrieved 2020.
  23. ^ "Ezidische Stämmen in Shengal und Shêxan".
  24. ^ NA, NA (2003-01-01). Mustafa Barzani and the Kurdish Liberation Movement. Palgrave Macmillan US. ISBN 978-0-312-29316-1.
  25. ^ Maisel, Sebastian (2016-12-24). Yezidis in Syria: Identity Building among a Double Minority. Lexington Books. ISBN 978-0-7391-7775-4.
  26. ^ Sykes, Mark (1908). "The Kurdish Tribes of the Ottoman Empire". The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. 38: 451-486. doi:10.2307/2843309.
  27. ^ Eagleton (1988). An Introduction to Kurdish Rugs and Other Weavings. p. 30.
  28. ^ "Refugee Review Tribunal - Australia" (PDF). ECOI. p. 2. Retrieved 2020.
  29. ^ Evan Mati; Hugo de Boer (2010). "Contemporary Knowledge of Dye Plant Species and Natural Dye Use in Kurdish Autonomous Region, Iraq". New York Botanical Garden Press. Springer. 64 (2): 139. doi:10.1007/s12231-010-9118-z. S2CID 25303429.
  30. ^ a b c d e Archibald Roosevelt (1944). "Kurdish tribal map of Iraq : showing the Iraq portion of Kurdistan and the major Kurdish tribal divisions within Iraq". Yale University.
  31. ^ Soane (1918), p. 5.
  32. ^ Soane (1918), p. 12.
  33. ^ a b "Kaka'i". Iranicaonline. Retrieved 2020.
  34. ^ Eagleton, William (1988). An Introduction to Kurdish Rugs and Other Weavings. Scorpion. ISBN 978-0-905906-50-8.
  35. ^ Henry Field (1951). "Anthropology of Iraq: The Northern Jazira". Peabody Museaum of American Archaeology and Ethnology. Harvard University. 11 (1): 58-61.
  36. ^ "KURDICA - Die Kurdische Enzyklopädie - Ezidische Stämmen in Shengal u...". archive.fo. 2013-06-29.
  37. ^ Edmonds, C. J. (2002-03-21). A Pilgrimage to Lalish. Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-947593-28-5.
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Bibliography


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