Kurds in Kazakhstan
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Kurds in Kazakhstan
Kurds in Kazakhstan
Total population
38,325 (0,2%)
(2011 census)[1]
44,768
(2017 statistics)[2]
Regions with significant populations
Almaty Province, Jambyl Province, South Kazakhstan Province[3][4]
Languages
Kurdish (Kurmanji), Kazakh, Russian[3]
Religion
Overwhelmingly Islam
Related ethnic groups
Iranian people

The Kurds in Kazakhstan form a part of the historically significant Kurdish population in the post-Soviet space, and encompass people born in or residing in Kazakhstan who are of Kurdish origin. According to the most recent Kazakh census in 2011, the Kurdish population is 38,325 or 0.2% of the population,[1] but Vice President of the Kurdish Association of Kazakhstan, Malikshah Gasanov numbers the population up to 46,000,[5] because many Kurds list themselves as Turks and Azeris.[3] During the Soviet era, most of the Kurdish population in the Kazakh SSR were deported there by Joseph Stalin from the Armenian, Azerbaijan and Georgian Soviet republics. Years later, Kurds immigrated to Kazakhstan from the neighbouring countries, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan.[5]

In cities with a substantial Kurdish population, Kurdish literature and Kurdish language is taught in the primary and secondary schools. In the village of Kashkabulak, Kurdish students can study Kurdish through 12th grade.[5] And since 1990, Kurds also have had their own newspaper, the Kurdistan newspaper.[5]

Religion among Kazakh Kurds[1]

  Islam (98.3%)
  Christianity (0.52%)
  Atheist and non-religious (0.7%)
  Other and undeclared (0.39%)
  Judaism (0.02%)
  Buddhism (0.01%)

Mother tongue among Kazakh Kurds[1]

  Kurdish (88.7%)
  Other languages (11.3%)

Deportation and immigration

Kurds were deported twice to Central Asia from Caucasia. The first deportation occurred in 1937 where Stalin deported Kurds from Nakhchivan and the second deportation occurred in 1944 in Georgia. Stalin feared a Turkish invasion and he saw Kurds as unreliable, even though many Kurds served in the Soviet military. Many of them died during the deportations.[3]

After the Osh riots and the riots in Fergana Valley between Kyrgyzs and Uzbeks, many Kurds moved to Kazakhstan.[3]

Population by year

Year Population
2011 38,325
2012 40,626
2013 41,431
2014 42,312
2015 43,119
2016 43,974
2017 44,768

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Table 4.1.1 Population by individual ethnic groups" (PDF). Government of Kazakhstan. stat.kz. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 28, 2013. Retrieved 2012.
  2. ^ " ? ? 2017 ?" (PDF).
  3. ^ a b c d e Ustina Markus; Didar Kassymova; Zhanat Kundakbayeva (2012). Historical Dictionary of Kazakhstan. p. 166. ISBN 9780810879836. Retrieved 2012.
  4. ^ Chaliand, Gérard (1993). People Without a Country: The Kurds and Kurdistan. p. 203. ISBN 9781856491945. Retrieved 2012.
  5. ^ a b c d "Kazakhstan: A paradise for ethnic minorities". Kurdish Media. Archived from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 2012.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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