Lake %C4%B0znik
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Lake %C4%B0znik
Lake ?znik
Lake Iznik NASA.jpg
View from space
Lake ?znik is located in Turkey
Lake ?znik
Lake ?znik
LocationBursa Province
Coordinates40°26?N 29°31?E / 40.43°N 29.52°E / 40.43; 29.52Coordinates: 40°26?N 29°31?E / 40.43°N 29.52°E / 40.43; 29.52
Basin countriesTurkey
Max. length32 km (20 miles)
Max. width10 km (6.2 miles)
Surface area298 km2 (115 sq mi)
Max. depth80 m (260 ft)
Surface elevation85 m (279 ft)

Lake Iznik (Turkish: ?znik Gölü) is a lake in the Province of Bursa, Turkey. It is around 32 km in length and 10 km in width with a maximum depth of about 80 m. The town of Iznik (historically known as Nicaea) lies at its eastern end. The lake's Ancient Greek name was Askania (?); the Latin name was Ascania.


In Greek mythology, during the Trojan War the region by the Lake ?znik was held by the Phrygians, who sent troops to the aid of King Priam, led by the brothers Phorcys and Ascanius, sons of Aretaon as related in the Iliad.

Ascanius, son of Aretaon, should not be confused with Ascanius (son of Aeneas) or Ascanius (son of Priam), who also feature in legends of the Trojan War.

In the 1920s, the region was known for rice production.[1]

In 2014, during aerial photography to survey the local monuments, the remains of an underwater Byzantine basilica -possibly erected in the 4th century- were identified, a discovery which was named one of the top 10 discoveries by the Archeological Institute of America. The basilica was dedicated to St. Neophytos of Nicaea and it is thought that the effects of an earthquake which took place in A.D. 740 provoked its collapse. Plans are on the way to establish an underwater museum.[2]

Important Bird Area

The lake, which is in unprotected status, was declared by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area in 1989 for its waterfowl species, which are threatened through pollution and development of ?znik as a recreational center.[3]

Lake ?znik, as seen from the town of ?znik.


  1. ^ Prothero, G.W. (1920). Anatolia. London: H.M. Stationery Office.
  2. ^ Basilica in Lake Iznik to become underwater museum Hürriyet Daily News 2015-04-07
  3. ^ "Important Bird Areas In Turkey: Unprotected And Under Threat æauthors=Grimmett, R. F. A. & M. Kasparek, A. K?l?ç, A. Ertan I" (PDF). Retrieved .

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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