Left-wing populism, also called social populism, is a political ideology that combines left-wing politics with populist rhetoric and themes. Its rhetoric often consists of anti- elitism, opposition to the Establishment and speaking for the " common people". Recurring themes for left-wing populists include  economic democracy, social justice, and skepticism of globalization. Socialist theory plays a lesser role than in traditional left-wing ideologies. 
Criticism of capitalism and globalization is linked to antimilitarism, which has increased in left populist movements as a result of unpopular United States military operations, especially those in the Middle East. It is considered that the populist left does not exclude others horizontally and relies on  egalitarian ideals. Some scholars point out  nationalist left-wing populist movements as well, a feature exhibited by Kemalism in Turkey for instance or the Bolivarian Revolution in Venezuela. Unlike exclusionary or  right-wing populism, left-wing populist parties tend to claim to be supportive of minority rights and to an idea of nationality that is not delimited by cultural or ethnic particularisms. 
With the rise of Greek
Syriza, Spanish Podemos and to some extent the Italian Five Star Movement during the European debt crisis, there has been increased debate on new left-wing populism in Europe. 
Party of Democratic Socialism was explicitly studied under left-wing populism, especially by German academics. The party was formed after the  reunification of Germany and it was similar to right-wing populists in that it relied on anti-elitism and media attention provided by a charismatic leadership. The party competed for the same voter base with the right-wing populists to some extent, although it relied on a more serious platform in Eastern Germany. This was limited by anti-immigration sentiments preferred by some voters, although the lines were for example crossed by  Oskar Lafontaine, who used a term previously associated with the Nazi Party, Fremdarbeiter ("foreign workers"), in his election campaign in 2005. The PDS merged into the  Left Party in 2007.
Syriza, which became the largest party since January 2015 elections, has been described as a left-wing populist party after their platform incorporated most demands of the popular movements in Greece during the government-debt crisis. Populist traits in Syriza's platform include growing importance of "the People" in their rhetoric and "us/the people against them/the establishment" antagonism in campaigning. On immigration and LGBT rights, Syriza is inclusionary. Syriza itself does not accept the label "populist". 
Five Star Movement (M5S), which became the largest party in the 2018 general election, has been often described as a big tent populist party,  but sometimes also as a left-wing populist movement;  in fact the "five stars", which are a reference to five key issues for the party, are  public water, sustainable transport, sustainable development, right to Internet access, and environmentalism, typical proposals of left-wing populist parties. However, despite its background in left wing politics, the M5S has often expressed right wing views on immigration. 
In September 2019, the M5S formed a government with the centre-left
Democratic Party (PD) and the left-wing Free and Equal (LeU), with Giuseppe Conte at its head.  The  government has been sometimes referred to as a left-wing populist cabinet.
Socialist Party has run a left-wing populist platform after dropping its communist course in 1991. Although some have pointed out that the party has become less populist over the years, it still includes anti-elitism in its recent election manifestos.  It opposes what it sees as the  European superstate.
The left-wing populist party
Podemos achieved 8 percent of the national vote in the 2014 European Parliament election. Due to avoiding nativist language typical with right-wing populists, Podemos is able to attract left wing voters disappointed with the political establishment without taking sides in the regional political struggle. At the  2015 election for the national parliament, Podemos reached 20.65% of the vote and became the third largest party in the parliament after the conservative People's Party with 28.71% and the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party with 22.02%. In the new parliament, Podemos holds 69 out of 350 seats and this result ended the traditional two-party system of Spain. In a November 2018 interview with  , Jacobin Íñigo Errejón argues that Podemos requires a new "national-popular" strategy in order to win more elections.
South American countries
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (the President of Argentina from 2007 to 2015) and her husband Néstor Kirchner were said to practice Kirchnerism, a variant of Peronism that was often mentioned alongside other Pink tide governments in Latin America. During Cristina Fernández de Kirchner time in office, she has spoken against certain free trade agreements such as the proposed Free Trade Area of the Americas. Her administration was characterized by tax increases, especially on agricultural exports during the late 2000s commodities boom, Argentina's main export, in order to fund social programs such as the PROGRESAR university scholarships, the universal allocation per child subsidy (commonly referred to as AUH in Argentina, Asignación Universal por Hijo), a means-tested benefit to families with children who qualified for the subsidy, and progressive social reforms such as the recognition of same-sex marriage.
In Brazil, the biggest popular leader is
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, the 35th President of Brazil, who promoted changes of broad popular support based on his policy to combat social inequality, generating a movement called lulism.
The leadership of
Siles Zuazo practiced left-wing populism as well as that of former socialist  President Evo Morales.
Rafael Correa, the former President of Ecuador, has stressed the importance of a "populist discourse" and has integrated technocrats to work within this context for the common Ecuadorians. In the conflict between the indigenous peoples and the government, Correa has blamed foreign non-governmental organizations for exploiting the indigenous people.  
The current governing party the
National Regeneration Movement is a left wing populist party.
The presidency of
Hugo Chávez resembled a combination of folk wisdom and charismatic leadership with doctrinaire socialism. Chávez's government was also described to have been a "throwback" to populist nationalism and redistributivism. 
Huey Long, the fiery Great Depression-era Governor-turned-Senator of Louisiana, was an early example of left wing populism in the United States, advocating for wealth redistribution under his Share Our Wealth plan. Meanwhile, Bernie Sanders and Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, self-described democratic socialists, are example of modern left-wing populist politicians.    Ocasio-Cortez's Democratic primary victory over the establishment Democratic Caucus Chair Joe Crowley, a 10-term incumbent, was widely seen as the biggest upset victory in the 2018 midterm election primaries. Ocasio-Cortez was described by The Nation magazine as a "new rock star" who was "storming the country on behalf of insurgent populists." 
Left-wing populist political parties
The examples and perspective in this section
deal primarily with Europe and the Americas and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject
( April 2017)
Current left-wing populist parties or parties with left-wing populist factions
Movement for a People's Party
Represented in national legislatures
Argentina - Frente de Todos 
Australia - Australian Greens (factions and some state divisions)  
Austria - JETZT - Pilz List 
Bulgaria - Bulgarian Socialist Party
Bosnia - Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (factions)
Bolivia - Movement for Socialism 
Brazil - Workers' Party,  Communist Party of Brazil, Socialism and Liberty Party
Canada - New Democratic Party of Canada (factions)
Chile - Broad Front (factions), Chile Digno
Colombia - Alternative Democratic Pole, Colombia Humana
Cyprus - Citizens' Alliance, Progressive Party of Working People
Czech Republic - Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia  Party of Civic Rights 
Denmark - Inuit Ataqatigiit, Red-Green Alliance, Republic, Socialist People's Party 
Dominican Republic - Dominican Liberation Party
Ecuador - Citizen Revolution Movement
El Salvador - Nuevas Ideas
Europe - Party of the European Left, European United Left-Nordic Green Left
Finland - Left Alliance (Finland)
France - Left Front,  Left Party,   La France insoumise  
Germany - The Left 
Greece - Syriza  
Haiti - Platfòm Pitit Desalin
Honduras - Libertad y Refundación (Libre)
Indonesia - Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle
Ireland, Northern Ireland - Sinn Féin 
Italy - Democratic Party (factions),    Five Star Movement (factions)    
Japan - Reiwa Shinsengumi    
Luxembourg - The Left
Mexico - National Regeneration Movement
Netherlands - Socialist Party 
Nicaragua - Sandinista National Liberation Front
Norway - Red Party 
Paraguay - Guasú Front
Peru -- Free Peru
Portugal - Left Bloc
Romania - Social Democratic Party   
Russia - A Just Russia, Communist Party of the Russian Federation (factions)
San Marino - United Left, Active Citizenship
Serbia - Socialist Party of Serbia, Movement of Socialists
South Africa - Economic Freedom Fighters 
Spain - Podemos,    Más País, United Left
Sweden - Left Party 
Taiwan - New Power Party, Taiwan Solidarity Union
Turkey - Peoples' Democratic Party 
United Kingdom - Labour Party (factions)   
United States - Democratic Party (factions),    Democratic Socialists of America  
Venezuela - United Socialist Party of Venezuela   Zimbabwe - ZANU-PF 
Not represented in national legislatures
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