Legislative Assembly of Samoa
Fono Aoao Faitulafono o Samoa
Va'aletoa Sualauvi II
since 21 July 2017
Papali'i Li'o Taeu Masipau (Disputed)
since 24 May 2021
Length of term
|9 April 2021|
|On or before April 2026|
|Maota, Tiafau, Apia|
In the Samoan language, the Legislative Assembly of Samoa is sometimes referred to as the Samoan Fono while the government of the country is referred to as the Malo.
The word fono is a Samoan and Polynesian term for councils or meetings great and small and applies to national assemblies and legislatures, as well as local village councils.
The Samoan Fono is descended from the Western Samoan Legislative Assembly established under New Zealand rule in the early 1900s. On the country's political independence in 1962, the 5th Legislative Assembly became the 1st Western Samoan Parliament.
Prior to a 2019 constitutional amendment, the Samoan Fono had 49 Members of Parliament. These were elected in six two-seat and 35 single-seat constituencies. Of these 49 seats, 47 were legally reserved for traditional heads of families (matai) and two for special constituencies: These two seats were first reserved for Samoan citizens descended from non-Samoans (so-called 'individual constituencies') and elected on a non-territorial basis until the 2015 constitutional amendment after which these were replaced with specific 'urban constituencies'. These 'urban constituencies' were only in place for the 2016 general election and were then abolished by the 2019 amendment ahead of the next general election. Following this amendment, each electoral constituency elects one member, totalling 51 members of parliament.
An extra Member of Parliament was added after the 2016 election in order to meet the quota of 10% female MPs.
Members of Parliament in Samoa are directly elected by universal suffrage, and serve a five-year term.
The ceremonial Head of State or O le Ao o le Malo is elected for a five-year term by the Fono. He or she is limited to a maximum of 2 terms.
Elections are held under a simple plurality system. Samoan electors are divided into six two-seat and 35 single-seat constituencies. In addition, two seats are reserved for "individual voters", non-indigenous citizens who may not hold a chiefly title or any customary interest in Samoan land.
|Human Rights Protection Party||49,237||55.38||25||-10|
|Faith in the One God of Samoa||32,510||36.57||25||New|
|Tautua Samoa Party||2,900||3.26||0||-2|
|Samoa First Party||207||0.23||0||New|
|Sovereign Independent Samoa Party||30||0.03||0||New|
|Source: Government of Samoa, Seat counts, Registered voters; |
Candidate affiliations of all except Vaa o Fonoti,
Anoamaa 1 and Aleipata Itupa i Luga
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (July 2010)
The Fono is responsible for electing the O le Ao o le Malo, the ceremonial Samoan head of state.
|1st Legislative Assembly||1948 election||No parties|
|2nd Legislative Assembly||1951 election||No parties|
|3rd Legislative Assembly||1954 election||No parties|
|4th Legislative Assembly||1957 election||No parties|
|5th Legislative Assembly / 1st Parliament||1961 election||No parties|
|2nd Parliament||1964 election||No parties|
|3rd Parliament||1967 election||No parties|
|4th Parliament||1970 election||No parties|
|5th Parliament||1973 election||No parties|
|6th Parliament||1976 election||No parties|
|7th Parliament||1979 election||No parties|
|8th Parliament||1982 election||Human Rights Protection Party|
|9th Parliament||1985 election||Human Rights Protection Party / Christian Democratic Party (Samoa)|
|10th Parliament||1988 election||Human Rights Protection Party|
|11th Parliament||1991 election||Human Rights Protection Party|
|12th Parliament||1996 election||Human Rights Protection Party|
|13th Parliament||2001 election||Human Rights Protection Party|
|14th Parliament||2006 election||Human Rights Protection Party|
|15th Parliament||2011 election||Human Rights Protection Party|
|16th Parliament||2016 election||Human Rights Protection Party|
|17th Parliament||2021 election||Faith in the One True God Party|
The Fono is housed in a beehive shaped building based on the traditional Samoan fale.