Lincoln Financial Field
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Lincoln Financial Field
"The Linc"
Lincoln Financial Field logo.svg
Lincoln Financial Field (Aerial view).jpg
Aerial view, 2012
Lincoln Financial Field is located in Philadelphia
Lincoln Financial Field
Lincoln Financial Field
Location in Philadelphia
Lincoln Financial Field is located in Pennsylvania
Lincoln Financial Field
Lincoln Financial Field
Location in Pennsylvania
Lincoln Financial Field is located in the United States
Lincoln Financial Field
Lincoln Financial Field
Location in the United States
Address1020 Pattison Avenue
LocationPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Coordinates39°54?3?N 75°10?3?W / 39.90083°N 75.16750°W / 39.90083; -75.16750Coordinates: 39°54?3?N 75°10?3?W / 39.90083°N 75.16750°W / 39.90083; -75.16750
Public transitSEPTA.svg NRG
Bus transport SEPTA.svg SEPTA bus: 4, 17
OwnerCity of Philadelphia[1]
OperatorPhiladelphia Eagles
Executive suites172
Field size790 by 825 feet (241 m × 251 m) - 15 acres (6.1 ha) (Stadium footprint)
SurfaceBermuda grass[2]
North End-zone 192' x 27'
South End-zone 160' x 27'
Broke groundMay 7, 2001; 20 years ago (May 7, 2001)
OpenedAugust 3, 2003; 18 years ago (August 3, 2003)
Construction costUS$512 million
($720 million in 2020 dollars[3])
Agoos Lovera Architects[1]
Project managerKUD International[1]
Structural engineerOve Arup & Partners[1]
Services engineerM-E Engineers Inc.[1]
General contractorTurner Construction[1]
Main contractorsKeating Building Corp., McKissack Group Inc.[1]
Philadelphia Eagles (NFL) (2003-present)
Temple Owls (AAC college football) (2003-present)
Philadelphia Union (MLS) (2010)
Army-Navy Game (NCAA) (2003-2006, 2008-2010, 2012-2015, 2017-2019, 2022)

Lincoln Financial Field, also known as simply "The Linc", is an American football stadium located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. It serves as the home stadium of the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League (NFL) and the Temple Owls football team of Temple University. It is located in South Philadelphia on Pattison Avenue between 11th and South Darien streets, also alongside I-95 as part of the South Philadelphia Sports Complex. It has a seating capacity of 69,796.

The stadium opened on August 3, 2003 after two years of construction that began on May 7, 2001, replacing Veterans Stadium. While total seating capacity is similar to that of "The Vet", the new stadium contains double the number of luxury and wheelchair-accessible seats, along with more modern services. The field's construction included several light emitting diode (LED) video displays, as well as more than 624 feet (190 m) of LED ribbon boards.[4]

Naming rights were sold in June 2002 to the Lincoln Financial Group, for a sum of $139.6 million over 21 years. Together, the City of Philadelphia and the State of Pennsylvania contributed approximately $188 million to the stadium construction.[5] Additional construction funding was raised from the sale of Stadium Builder's Licenses to Eagles season ticket holders.

The Army-Navy football game is frequently played at the stadium due to Philadelphia being located halfway between both service academies, the stadium being able to house the large crowds in attendance, and the historic nature of the city. Temple University's Division I college football team also plays their home games at Lincoln Financial Field, paying the Eagles $3 million a year to do so as of February 2020.[6] The Philadelphia Union of Major League Soccer have played exhibition games here against high-profile international clubs when their stadium Subaru Park does not provide adequate seating. The stadium also plays host to several soccer games each year. It has also played host to the NCAA lacrosse national championship three times, in 2005, 2006, and 2013 respectively.

In late spring 2013, the Eagles announced that there would be some major upgrades to Lincoln Financial Field over the next two years. The total project estimate was valued at over $125 million. The upgrades included seating expansion, two new HD video boards, upgraded amenities, WiFi, and two new connecting bridges for upper levels. These upgrades were decided upon after research from season ticket holders, advisory boards, and fan focus groups. The majority of these changes, including WiFi (which would accommodate 45,000 users and have coverage over the entire stadium), were completed by the 2013 home opener. The upgraded sound systems and video boards were finished for the 2014 season.[7]

Notable events


  • For the inaugural season at Lincoln Financial Field (2003), the Eagles imposed a ban on hoagies and cheesesteaks being brought into the stadium, citing security concerns related to the events of September 11. The ban only lasted one week after much mockery by fans and sports radio, along with traditional media.[10]
  • Prior to the first Eagles game of the 2007 season, a ruling was made concerning a Philadelphia and national tradition: tailgating. While the Eagles did not ban the act entirely, they did ban the use of tables and tents as well as the purchasing of more than one parking spot per vehicle. Prices were also doubled to $40 for RVs and buses, and $20 for cars. Fans have been reported to be upset.[11][12]

Suites and lounges

Lincoln Financial Field from I-95, before addition of solar panels to exterior.

There are 172 Luxury Suites at Lincoln Financial Field. They range in capacity from 12 to 40 people and cost $75,000 to $300,000 per year or $20,000 for a single game rental. The suites are located in six separate areas throughout the stadium. There are 3,040 luxury suite seats in total.[13]

There are 2 exclusive 40,000 sq ft (3,700 m2) club lounges in the stadium. The lounge on the west side is the "Hyundai Club" and the one on the east side is the "Tork Club". Suite holders and club seat holders have access to these 2 lounges. There are a total of 10,828 club seats in the stadium. These club seats feature some unique benefits above and beyond the lounges. One major benefit is the lounges open hours before the event, in most cases 2-4 hours. The lounges also have multiple full-service bars in them. The seats in the club level are padded, and there is also a wait staff present to serve food and drinks.[13]


There are numerous parking lots surrounding Lincoln Financial Field. The parking assignments may change depending on other activities in the area on a particular day. According to the stadium's website, all lots will cost visitors $40 and $80 for an oversized vehicle. Tailgating is allowed in all lots except for T-X lots. The majority of the lots are public cash lots, but visitors should visit the website Lincoln Financial Field Parking for more information before heading to an event.[14]

Training Camp

The Eagles decided after the 2012 season to move training camp back to Philadelphia. As a part of this new agreement the Eagles will have multiple practices, which are open to the public, at Lincoln Financial Field. The rest of the practices will be closed, and will take place across the street at the NovaCare Complex. Information about tickets and dates can be found at Training Camp Information.[15]

College football

Lincoln Financial Field before a Temple football game in 2011.

Lincoln Financial Field is the home field for Temple University football. On August 13, 2003, the Philadelphia Eagles and Temple University announced a 15-year agreement for Temple to play their home football games at Lincoln Financial Field.[16] Temple played its first game at the Linc on September 6, 2003 against Villanova, the teams' first meeting since 1980. During the 2015 season, the Temple Owls sold out the Linc on two occasions. The September 5 season opener against Penn State, and again on October 31 in a prime time matchup against Notre Dame. With its capacity of 69,796, it is the largest stadium in the American Athletic Conference.

Lincoln Financial Field is the primary home to the Army-Navy Game. The game has been played the most often in Philadelphia. It was played at Veterans Stadium for the final time in 2001, and prior to the Vet, at John F. Kennedy Stadium and Franklin Field. The Linc hosted the game five times between 2003 and 2009. It was announced on June 9, 2009 that the game would be played in Philadelphia at the Linc in 2010, 2012, 2013, 2015 and 2017.[17]

Lincoln Financial Field is one of only five stadiums to be the home of both an NFL and college team, with the other four being Allegiant Stadium in Las Vegas (Raiders and UNLV), Hard Rock Stadium in Miami (Dolphins and Hurricanes), Heinz Field in Pittsburgh (Steelers and Panthers), and Raymond James Stadium in Tampa (Buccaneers and South Florida).


The stadium opened on August 3, 2003 with 68,396 attending a preseason friendly with Manchester United defeating Barcelona 3-1.[18] It hosted some 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup matches.[]

Lincoln Financial Field during week 10 of the 2015 NFL Season featuring the Miami Dolphins against the Philadelphia Eagles.

In 2004, after winning the gold-medal in soccer at the 2004 Summer Olympics, the U.S. women's team conducted a "Fan Celebration Tour", playing ten matches across the United States from September to December 2004. The matches were the final national team appearances for Mia Hamm, Joy Fawcett, and Julie Foudy, all of whom retired after the tour. The team played at the Linc on November 6, 2004 where they lost 3-1 to Denmark in front of 14,812 spectators.[19]

In late July and early August 2004, Manchester United returned to play Celtic and A.C. Milan played Chelsea in two friendly matches.[20]

On July 18, 2009, Lincoln Financial Field hosted a doubleheader quarterfinal for the 2009 CONCACAF Gold Cup. The first game was between Canada and Honduras, and the second between USA and Panama. This was the first full international appearance for the United States national soccer team in Philadelphia since a 1968 friendly against Israel at Temple Stadium.[21]

Lincoln Financial Field was listed by U.S. Soccer's World Cup bid committee as one of 18 stadiums to be potential sites for the United States to host the 2022 FIFA World Cup.[22][23][24]

The Linc was also the first home of the Philadelphia Union early in 2010. The Union played their home opener against D.C. United at the Linc on April 10, 2010 due to construction delays at their new stadium, PPL Park (now Subaru Park). The Union defeated United, 3-2. The Union also played FC Dallas to a 1-1 tie in the second home game in franchise history at the Linc. After moving to their permanent venue in Chester, the Philadelphia Union continued to use the Linc for matches where ticket demand is expected to far exceed the full capacity at its regular home until 2011.[] English powerhouse club Manchester United met the Philadelphia Union during their pre-season tour on July 21, 2010 where they lost 1-0.[25] The Union played the Spanish powerhouse club Real Madrid on July 24, 2011, where they lost 2-1.[26]

Lincoln Financial Field also hosted the US National team's final match on home soil before the 2010 World Cup.[27] The US defeated Turkey 2-1 on May 29, 2010.

The US men's national team returned to Lincoln Financial Field on August 10, 2011, for an international friendly match against Mexico, where they tied 1-1.[28]

In 2012, the stadium hosted a World Football Challenge match between Real Madrid and Celtic F.C. with Real Madrid winning 2-0.[29]

On August 2, 2014, Lincoln Financial Field hosted a soccer match between A.S. Roma and Inter Milan which was part of the 2014 International Champions Cup. Inter Milan won the match 2-0.[30]

On July 26, 2015, the Linc hosted the final match of the 2015 CONCACAF Gold Cup.

In 2016, the stadium hosted games in the Copa América Centenario.

The Linc hosted a doubleheader of quarterfinals of the 2017 CONCACAF Gold Cup and did so again for the 2019 CONCACAF Gold Cup.[31]

On July 25, 2018, the Linc hosted a 2018 International Champions Cup match between Juventus F.C. and FC Bayern Munich that Juventus won 2-0.[32]

On August 29, 2019, the Linc hosted the US Women's National Team in the second match of their victory tour in a game against Portugal. The match set the record for the highest attendance for the team in a friendly match, attracting 49,504 fans. The United States won 4-0.[33]

In the Summer of 2026, the Linc will host games for the 2026 FIFA World Cup.

Panorama of the U.S. National Soccer Team playing the National Team of Turkey on May 29, 2010 as part of the 2010 World Cup send-off series

Other sports

The NCAA Men's Lacrosse Championship in 2005, 2006, 2013 and 2019 were held at the stadium.[34]

The Philadelphia Phillies celebrated their 2008 World Series championship with a parade down Broad Street, appearance before a sold-out crowd at the Linc, and then a ceremony at Citizens Bank Park. The Citizens Bank Park ceremony was simulcast to the crowd at the Linc.[35] Tickets to the event at Lincoln Financial Field were made available at no cost to the public and were gone within 45 minutes when they were made available at 3pm on October 30, 2008.[36]

Monster Jam performed at the stadium from 2010 to 2012 as part of the summer stadium tour. After a six-year absence, Monster Jam returned to the stadium on May 5, 2018. Previous events took place during the winter at the Spectrum and the Wells Fargo Center from 2013 to 2015.

On February 23, 2019, the Philadelphia Flyers defeated the Pittsburgh Penguins 4-3 in overtime in the 2019 NHL Stadium Series in front of a crowd of 69,620, the largest record attendance for a hockey game in Pennsylvania.



Date Artist Opening act(s) Tour / Concert name Attendance Revenue Notes
August 8, 2003 Bruce Springsteen N/A The Rising Tour 139,318 / 147,763 $10,342,060 [37]
August 9, 2003
August 11, 2003
July 19, 2008 Kenny Chesney Keith Urban
LeAnn Rimes
Gary Allan
Luke Bryan
Sammy Hagar
The Poets and Pirates Tour 49,169 / 50,017 $4,519,632 Before 2008 his tours were performed at Wells Fargo Center or Susquehanna Bank Center. His Summer Tours have been held here ever since.[38]
June 27, 2009 Lady Antebellum
Miranda Lambert
Montgomery Gentry
Sun City Carnival Tour 52,343 / 52,343 $4,407,377
June 18, 2011 Kenny Chesney
Zac Brown Band
Billy Currington
Uncle Kracker
Goin' Coastal Tour 54,166 / 54,166 $5,084,803
July 14, 2011 U2 Interpol U2 360° Tour 72,389 / 72,389 $6,536,230 The show was originally scheduled to take place on July 12, 2010, but was postponed, due to Bono's emergency back surgery.
August 6, 2011 Taylor Swift Needtobreathe
Hunter Hayes
James Wesley
Speak Now World Tour 51,395 / 51,395 $4,268,678 [39]
June 16, 2012 Kenny Chesney
Tim McGraw
Grace Potter and the Nocturnals
Jake Owen
Brothers of the Sun Tour 53,111 / 53,111 $5,541,757
June 8, 2013 Kenny Chesney
Eric Church
Eli Young Band
Kacey Musgraves
No Shoes Nation Tour 50,962 / 50,962 $5,351,550
July 19, 2013 Taylor Swift Ed Sheeran
Austin Mahone
Joel Crouse
The Red Tour 101,277 / 101,277 $8,822,335 On the show of July 20, 2013, after the opening acts performed, Swift was about to start her set, until heavy rain as well as lightning delayed the show.[40][41]
July 20, 2013
August 13, 2014 One Direction 5 Seconds of Summer Where We Are Tour 101,527 / 101,527 $8,818,556
August 14, 2014
August 15, 2014 Luke Bryan Brantley Gilbert
Lee Brice
Cole Swindell
DJ Rock
That's My Kind of Night Tour 48,576 / 48,576 $3,896,840
June 12, 2015 Taylor Swift Vance Joy
Shawn Mendes
The 1989 World Tour 101,052 / 101,052 $11,987,816 Echosmith, Cara Delevingne & Mariska Hargitay were special guests.[42][43]
June 13, 2015 Rachel Platten and Mariska Hargitay were special guests.[44]
July 11, 2015 Kenny Chesney Eric Church
Brantley Gilbert
Chase Rice
Old Dominion
The Big Revival Tour 55,131 / 55,131 $5,952,700
August 30, 2015 Kevin Hart N/A What Now? Tour 53,000 N/A First comedian to sell out a football stadium for a stand-up comedy show.
September 1, 2015 One Direction Icona Pop On the Road Again Tour 47,761 / 47,761 $3,079,651 During the performance, the band performed a cover of "The Fresh Prince of Bel Air" by Will Smith.
June 5, 2016 Beyoncé DJ Khaled The Formation World Tour 47,223 / 47,223 $5,563,435 Heavy rain and lighting slightly delayed the start of the concert. Yo Gotti, Young Gunz, Freeway, Meek Mill , Nicki Minaj and Rick Ross joined DJ Khaled during the opening act.[45]
June 25, 2016 Kenny Chesney Miranda Lambert
Big & Rich
Old Dominion
Spread the Love Tour 48,322 / 50,676 $4,634,450
July 14, 2016 Guns N' Roses Wolfmother Not in This Lifetime... Tour 49,328 / 49,328 $4,883,474
August 6, 2016 Coldplay Alessia Cara
A Head Full of Dreams Tour 54,497 / 54,497 $5,530,866
September 29, 2016 Beyoncé DJ Khaled The Formation World Tour 44,693 / 44,693 $3,353,627
May 12, 2017 Metallica Volbeat WorldWired Tour 49,722 / 51,728 $5,421,187 Avenged Sevenfold was not able to appear as an opening act for Metallica due to Synyster Gates' wife going into labor.[46]
June 18, 2017 U2 The Lumineers The Joshua Tree Tour 2017 56,570 / 56,570 $6,259,880
June 9, 2018 Kenny Chesney Thomas Rhett
Old Dominion
Brandon Lay
The Trip Around The Sun Tour 55,238 / 55,238 $6,384,845
July 13, 2018 Taylor Swift Camila Cabello
Charli XCX
Taylor Swift's Reputation Stadium Tour 107,378 / 107,378 $11,951,047 During the second show, Swift performed "Our Song" and "Wildest Dreams" a cappella after the levitating basket stage used during "Delicate" malfunctioned.[47]
July 14, 2018
July 30, 2018 Beyoncé
Chloe X Halle and DJ Khaled On the Run II Tour 54,870 / 54,870 $6,709,691 "Black Effect" was premiered and added to the setlist.
September 27, 2018 Ed Sheeran Snow Patrol
÷ Tour 54,292 / 54,292 $5,161,683
July 23, 2019 The Rolling Stones Des Rocs No Filter Tour 51,115 / 51,115 $11,741,373 This concert was originally scheduled to take place on June 4, 2019 but was postponed due to Mick Jagger recovering from a heart procedure.[48]
June 19, 2021 Kenny Chesney Florida Georgia Line

Old Dominion

Michael Franti & Spearhead

Chillaxification Tour Postponed due to coronavirus pandemic
TBA Justin Bieber TBA Changes Tour Postponed due to coronavirus pandemic
August 26, 2021 Rammstein Duo Jatekok Rammstein Stadium Tour Originally scheduled for August 23, 2020
TBA Beyoncé TBA Unannounced 2021 Tour Postponed due to coronavirus pandemic


The stadium is prominently featured in the opening of the TV show It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia. It also features in the third episode of season 3 of the show.


In 2013, Lincoln Financial Field was considered one of the "greenest" NFL stadiums.[49] Energy-efficient additions include 11,000 solar panels, and 14 UGE-4K wind turbines outside and on top of the stadium respectively. These installations account for 30% of the electricity used to run the facility. 2013 also marked the fourth year in a row that the venue made the top of PETA's list of "Vegetarian-Friendly NFL Stadiums".[50]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Lincoln Financial Field". SportsBusiness Journal. September 15, 2003.
  2. ^ "NorthBridge(TM) Bermudagrass at Lincoln Financial Field". October 6, 2017.
  3. ^ 1634 to 1699: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy ofthe United States: Addenda et Corrigenda (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1700-1799: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How much is that in real money?: a historical price index for use as a deflator of money values in the economy of the United States (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1800-present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800-". Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ "Lincoln Financial Field: Stadium Facts". Archived from the original on May 29, 2014.
  5. ^ "The case against the Eagles: It looks like Philly's NFL team is robbing Temple".
  6. ^ Narducci, Marc (February 10, 2020). "Temple football signs contract extension with Eagles to play at least five more years of home games at Lincoln Financial Field". Philadelphia Inquirer.
  7. ^ McManus, Tim (September 6, 2013). "Eagles Unveil $125 Million Plan For the Linc".
  8. ^ "Philadelphia Union 0 United 1". Archived from the original on August 11, 2016. Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ "Jamaica 1, Mexico 3 | CONCACAF Gold Cup Match Recap". July 26, 2015.
  10. ^ Taylor, Jeff (July 22, 2003). "Meal Ticket". Reason. Retrieved 2007.
  11. ^ "Eagles Fans Endure New Tailgating Rules", CBS 3, September 17, 2007. Retrieved December 19, 2007.
  12. ^ "Eagles Fans Find New Surprises Parking and Partying at The Linc". MyFox. Philadelphia. September 17, 2007. Archived from the original on January 10, 2009. Retrieved 2007.
  13. ^ a b "Stadium Facts". Archived from the original on May 29, 2014.
  14. ^ "Maps and Parking - Lincoln Financial Field". Retrieved 2019.
  15. ^ "Philadelphia Eagles | Training Camp". Archived from the original on June 16, 2013.
  16. ^ "Temple University Facilities". Temple Official Athletic Site. Temple University. Archived from the original on May 7, 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  17. ^ "Philadelphia gets Army-Navy game 5 of next 8 years". Yahoo! Sports. Associated Press. June 9, 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  18. ^ Morkides, Chris (August 4, 2003). "Manchester United Beats FC Barcelona 3-1". Associated Press. Archived from the original on October 22, 2012. Retrieved 2008.
  19. ^ "Houston Officially Added to Fan Celebration Tour with Oct. 23 Date". United States Soccer Federation. September 14, 2009. Archived from the original on April 25, 2012. Retrieved 2009.
  20. ^ "Manchester United Returns to lincoln Financial Field". Archived from the original on September 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  21. ^ "Israel Official Games 1960-1969". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on April 26, 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  22. ^ "58 of 70 USA World Cup venue candidates express interest". Soccer By Ives. April 23, 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  23. ^ "2018-2022 US World Cup Bid List". Yahoo! Sports. June 17, 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  24. ^ "Linc still in running to host World Cup games". The Philadelphia Inquirer. August 20, 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  25. ^ "Man United to play 3 preseason games in US". February 10, 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  26. ^ Iuelephiladelphiaunion, Nick (July 24, 2011). "After Shaky Start Union Prove Point Against Real Madrid". Retrieved 2019.
  27. ^ "U.S. TO FACE TURKEY IN PHILADELPHIA ON MAY 29. The US national team is heavily favored. IN SEND-OFF MATCH FOR 2010 FIFA WORLD CUP". March 15, 2010. Archived from the original on February 18, 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  28. ^ Giase, Frank (August 11, 2011). "U.S. Soccer ties Mexico, 1-1, in Jurgen Klinsmann's first game as coach".
  29. ^ "WFC: Real Madrid top Celtic to finish US tour perfect |". mlssoccer.
  30. ^ Inter defeats Roma as Vidic nets first Inter goal Archived August 12, 2014, at August 2, 2014 Retrieved August 4, 2014
  31. ^ "Here's the full schedule for CONCACAF Gold Cup 2017 quarterfinals". July 17, 2017.
  32. ^ "Juventus rides Andrea Favilli brace to beat Bayern Munich at Lincoln Financial Field".
  33. ^ "Victory Tour 2019: USA vs. Portugal in Philadelphia - Match Report & Stats". Retrieved 2021.
  34. ^ "2005 NCAA men's lacrosse championships schedule". May 30, 2005. Retrieved 2008.
  35. ^ Zolecki, Todd (November 1, 2008). "For Players, a Parade of a Lifetime". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2008.
  36. ^ "Free Parade Sports-Complex Tickets Gone". WTXF-TV. October 30, 2008. Archived from the original on January 10, 2009. Retrieved 2008.
  37. ^ "Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band The Rising Tour 2002-3 Itinerary". Columbia Records Thrill Hill Productions, Inc. Archived from the original on November 13, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  38. ^ "Kenny Chesney : Poets & Pirates Tour". July 15, 2008.
  39. ^ "Taylor Swift Rocks Lincoln Financial Field". August 6, 2011. Archived from the original on August 9, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  40. ^ DeLuca, Dan (July 22, 2013). "Taylor Swift RED Tour". Retrieved 2013.
  41. ^ "Lightning Forces Thousands Out of Linc During Taylor Swift Concert". Retrieved 2017.
  42. ^ Roth, Madeline (June 13, 2015). "A Bunch Of Famous 'Cool Kids' Joined Taylor Swift's 1989 Tour". MTV News. Retrieved 2015.
  43. ^ "Review: Taylor Swift captivates 50,000 at Lincoln Financial Field". Retrieved 2015.
  44. ^ Lipshutz, Jason (June 14, 2015). "Watch Taylor Swift Bring Out Rachel Platten for 'Fight Song' in Philadelphia". Billboard. Retrieved 2015.
  45. ^ DeLuca, Dan (June 6, 2016). "Review: Beyoncé's impassioned Formation tour dazzles at the Linc". Philadelphia Daily News. Retrieved 2016.
  46. ^ "Avenged Sevenfold to make up for cancelled Philly show on Metallica tour with date in Camden". May 15, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  47. ^ Bailey, Alyssa. "Taylor Swift Had the Craziest Weekend and It All Started With a Stage Malfunction Mid-Concert". Elle. Retrieved 2018.
  48. ^ Kaufman, Gil (May 16, 2019). "Rolling Stones Announce Rescheduled North American Tour Dates". Billboard. Retrieved 2019.
  49. ^ "5 NFL Football Stadiums Score Big on Efficiency". Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. September 11, 2017. Lincoln Financial Field...considered one of the "greenest" stadiums in the world
  50. ^ "Philadelphia Named Most Vegetarian-Friendly City for Sports Fans". CBS. November 18, 2013.

External links

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