List of African Countries by Human Development Index
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List of African Countries by Human Development Index

The Human Development Index is a summary measure of average achievement in key dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, knowledge, and a decent standard of living. It is a standard means of measuring well-being. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, developing, or underdeveloped country, and also to measure the impact of economic policies on quality of life. Countries (almost all UN member states and a couple of special territories) fall into four broad categories based on their HDI: very high, high, medium and low human development.

List of African countries

African countries by Human Development Index (2020 report, showing 2019 data)
  >= 0.900
  0.850-0.899
  0.800-0.849
  0.750-0.799
  0.700-0.749
  0.650-0.699
  0.600-0.649
  0.550-0.599
  0.500-0.549
  0.450-0.499
  0.400-0.449
  
  Data unavailable

The table below presents the latest Human Development Index (HDI) for countries in Africa as included in the United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report, released on 15 December 2020 and based on data collected in 2019.[1]

List of African countries by Human Development Index
Africa rank Global rank Country HDI value Change in HDI value 2018-19
Very high human development
1 66  Mauritius 0.804 Increase 0.003
High human development
2 67  Seychelles 0.796 Increase 0.006
3 91  Algeria 0.748 Increase 0.002
4 95  Tunisia 0.740 Increase 0.002
5 100  Botswana 0.735 Increase 0.005
6 105  Libya 0.724 Increase 0.003
7 114  South Africa 0.709 Increase 0.002
8 116  Egypt 0.707 Increase 0.006
9 119  Gabon 0.703 Increase 0.006
Medium human development
10 121  Morocco 0.686 Increase 0.006
11 126  Cape Verde 0.665 Increase 0.002
12 130  Namibia 0.646 Increase 0.001
13 135  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.625 Increase 0.001
14 138  Eswatini 0.611 Increase 0.006
15 138  Ghana 0.611 Increase 0.005
16 143  Kenya 0.601 Increase 0.006
17 145  Equatorial Guinea 0.592 Increase 0.010
18 146  Zambia 0.584 Increase 0.002
19 148  Angola 0.581 Decrease 0.001
20 149  Republic of the Congo 0.574 Increase 0.001
21 150  Zimbabwe 0.571 Increase 0.002
22 153  Cameroon 0.563 Increase 0.003
23 156  Comoros 0.554 Increase 0.002
Low human development
24 157  Mauritania 0.546 Increase 0.004
25 158  Benin 0.545 Increase 0.004
26 159  Uganda 0.544 Increase 0.006
27 160  Rwanda 0.543 Increase 0.003
28 161  Nigeria 0.539 Increase 0.005
29 162  Ivory Coast 0.538 Increase 0.004
30 163  Tanzania 0.529 Increase 0.005
31 164  Madagascar 0.528 Increase 0.001
32 165  Lesotho 0.527 Increase 0.005
33 166  Djibouti 0.524 Increase 0.006
34 167  Togo 0.515 Increase 0.005
35 168  Senegal 0.512 Decrease 0.004
36 170  Sudan 0.510 Increase 0.004
37 172  Gambia 0.496 Increase 0.009
38 173  Ethiopia 0.485 Increase 0.007
39 174  Malawi 0.483 Increase 0.005
40 175  Liberia 0.480 Steady 0.000
41 175  Guinea-Bissau 0.480 Increase 0.008
42 175  Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.480 Increase 0.002
43 178  Guinea 0.477 Increase 0.004
44 180  Eritrea 0.459 Increase 0.003
45 181  Mozambique 0.456 Increase 0.004
46 182  Sierra Leone 0.452 Increase 0.005
47 182  Burkina Faso 0.452 Increase 0.009
48 184  Mali 0.434 Increase 0.003
49 185  Burundi 0.433 Increase 0.002
50 185  South Sudan 0.433 Increase 0.004
51 187  Chad 0.398 Increase 0.001
52 188  Central African Republic 0.397 Increase 0.002
53 189  Niger 0.394 Increase 0.003

See also

References

  1. ^ Human Development Report 2020 (PDF) (Report). Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme. pp. 343-346. Retrieved 2020.

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