List of American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipients: M-P
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List of American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipients: M%E2%80%93P

This is a complete alphabetical list (M to P) of Medal of Honor recipients during the Civil War. Many of the awards during the Civil War were for capturing or saving regimental flags. During the Civil War, regimental flags served as the rallying point for the unit, and guided the unit's movements. Loss of the flag could greatly disrupt a unit, and could have a greater effect than the death of the commanding officer.

Medal of Honor

The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government and is bestowed on a member of the United States armed forces who distinguishes himself "...conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States..." Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.[1]

Recipients are listed alphabetically by last name. Posthumous receipt is denoted by an asterisk.

M

Recipients are listed alphabetically by last name. Posthumous receipt is denoted by an asterisk.


Image Name Service Rank Unit/Command Place of action Date of action Notes
Head and shoulders of a white man with wavy hair and a mustache, wearing a double-breasted military jacket with shoulder cords and two medals hanging from ribbons on the left breast. Army
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O-02First Lieutenant
Wisconsin 24th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Missionary Ridge, Tennessee Father of General Douglas MacArthur, who also was awarded a Medal of Honor
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Navy Boy United States Navy USS Brooklyn Aboard USS Brooklyn, Battle of Mobile Bay On board USS Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864.
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Navy Captain of the Top United States Navy USS Brooklyn Aboard USS Brooklyn, Battle of Mobile Bay On board USS Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864.
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Navy Seaman United States Navy USS Hendrick Hudson  Aboard USS Hendrick Hudson   - As seaman on board USS Hendrick Hudson, St. Marks, Florida, 5 and 6 March 1865, Mack served with the Army in charge of Navy howitzers during the attack on St. Marks and, throughout this fierce engagement, made remarkable efforts in assisting transport of the gun.
Framed portrait of a white man with a mustache and long beard wearing a flat-topped cap and a military jacket with four large medals hanging from ribbons on the left breast. Marine Corps
USMC CORP 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
United States Marine Corps USS Galena Aboard USS Galena, Drewry's Bluff Serving aboard USS Galena Mackie was the first Marine to receive the Medal of Honor.
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Army E-01Private New York (state) Company K, 42nd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment Masons Island, Maryland Assisted a wounded comrade to the riverbank and, under heavy fire of the enemy, swam with him across a branch of the Potomac to the Union lines.
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Navy Coal Heaver United States Navy USS Brooklyn Aboard USS Brooklyn, Battle of Mobile Bay On board USS Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864.
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Army
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E-05Sergeant
New York (state) Company E, 8th New York Volunteer Cavalry Regiment Battle of Waynesboro, Virginia Recapture of General Crook's headquarters flag.
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Army Drummer New Jersey Company C, 33rd New Jersey Volunteer Infantry Third Battle of Murfreesboro, Tenn. In a charge, was among the first to reach a battery of the enemy and, with one or two others, mounted the artillery horses and took two guns into the Union lines.
--
Army
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E-05Sergeant
Massachusetts Company A, 29th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Fort Sanders, Knoxville, Tennessee Capture of flag of 17th Mississippi Infantry (C.S.A.).
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Army
USA 1SGT CAV 1859.jpg
E-08First Sergeant
New York (state) Company B, 4th New York Provisional Cavalry Regiment Battle of Front Royal, Virginia Capture of flag of 3d Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).
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Army E-01Private New York (state) Company H, 148th Regiment New York Volunteer Infantry Hatcher's Run, Third Battle of Petersburg, Virginia Capture of flag of 8th Mississippi Infantry (C.S.A.)
joseph s manning moh winner
Army E-01Private Massachusetts Company K, 29th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Fort Sanders, Knoxville, Tennessee Capture of flag of 17th Mississippi Infantry (C.S.A.).
William Marland MoH winner
Army
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O-02First Lieutenant
Massachusetts 2nd Massachusetts Battery Battle of Grand Coteau, La. After having been surrounded by the enemy's cavalry, his support having surrendered, he ordered a charge and saved the section of the battery that was under his command.
Charles D Marquette MoH winner
Army
USA SGT INF 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
Pennsylvania Company F, 93rd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Third Battle of Petersburg, Virginia E-05Sergeant Marquette, although wounded, was one of the first to plant colors on the enemy's breastworks.
Albert Marsh MoH winner
Army
USA SGT INF 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
New York (state) Company B, 64th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia Captured the enemy flag
Head and shoulders of a young white man with thick, neatly combed hair, wearing a dark suit and tie. Army E-01Private Connecticut Company D, 1st Connecticut Back Creek Valley, Virginia Capture of flag and its bearer.
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Army
USA SGT INF 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
Illinois Company D, 104th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment Elk River, Tenn. Voluntarily led a small party and, under a heavy fire, captured a stockade and saved the bridge.
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Navy Quartermaster United States Navy USS Galena Aboard USS Galena, Battle of Mobile Bay Securely lashed to the side of Oneida which had suffered the loss of her steering apparatus and an explosion of her boiler from enemy fire, Galena aided the stricken vessel past the enemy forts to safety. Despite heavy damage to his ship from raking enemy fire, Martin performed his duties with skill and courage throughout the action
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Army
USA SGT CAV 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
United States Company B, 6th U.S. Cavalry Regiment Millerstown, Pennsylvania Enlisted under the name Martin Schwenk, medal was issued under that name.
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Marine Corps
USMC SGT 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
United States Marine Corps USS Richmond Aboard USS Richmond, Battle of Mobile Bay Despite damage to his ship and the loss of several men on board as enemy fire raked her decks, Sgt. Martin fought his gun with skill and courage throughout the furious two hour battle which resulted in the surrender of the rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of batteries at Fort Morgan.
Sylvester Hopkins Martin MoH winner
Army
Union 2nd lt rank insignia.svg
O-01Second Lieutenant
Pennsylvania Company K, 88th Pennsylvania Infantry Battle of Globe Tavern, Virginia Gallantly made a most dangerous reconnaissance, discovering the position of the enemy and enabling the division to repulse an attack made in strong force.
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Navy Boatswain's Mater United States Navy USS Benton Aboard USS Benton, Yazoo River Expedition Serving as boatswain's mate on board USS Benton during the attack on Hayne's Bluff, Yazoo River, 27 December 1862.
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Navy Seaman United States Navy USS Varuna Aboard USS Varuna, Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip O-03Captain of a gun on board USS Varuna during an attack on Forts Jackson and St. Philip, 24 April 1862.
Head of a white man with a full beard and receding hairline, wearing a military jacket with large bright buttons. Army
USA SGT INF 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
Ohio Company K, 21st Ohio Infantry Great Locomotive Chase, Georgia Fourth person to receive Medal of Honor
William Henry Mathews MoH winner
Army
USA 1SGT INF 1859.jpg
E-08First Sergeant
Maryland Company E, 2nd Maryland Veteran Infantry Battle of the Crater, Petersburg, Virginia Enlisted under the name Henry Sivel, and original Medal of Honor issued under that name. A new medal was issued in 1900 under true name.
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Army
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E-04Corporal
Pennsylvania Company A, 61st Pennsylvania Infantry Third Battle of Petersburg, Virginia Voluntarily took the colors, whose bearer had been disabled, and, although himself severely wounded, carried the same until the enemy's works were taken.
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Army E-01Private Pennsylvania Company C, 61st Pennsylvania Infantry Third Battle of Petersburg, Virginia Capture of flag of 7th Tennessee Infantry (C.S.A.).
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Army E-01Private Kentucky Company B, 10th Regiment Kentucky Volunteer Infantry Battle of Jonesborough, Georgia Capture of flag of 6th and 7th Arkansas Infantry (C.S.A.).
Charles Porter Mattocks (October 11, 1840 - May 16, 1910) was a colonel in the Union Army who received the Medal of Honor.
Army
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O-04Major
Maine 17th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Sayler's Creek, Virginia Displayed extraordinary gallantry in leading a charge of his regiment which resulted in the capture of a large number of prisoners and a stand of colors.
Lowell Mason Maxham MoH winner
Army
USA CORP INF 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
Massachusetts Company F, 7th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Second Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia Though severely wounded and in face of a deadly fire from the enemy at short range, he rushed bravely forward and was among the first to enter the enemy's works on the crest of Marye's Heights and helped to plant his regimental colors there.
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Army E-01Private Iowa Company H, 32nd Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Nashville, Tennessee Ran ahead of his regiment over the enemy's works and captured from its bearer the flag of Bouanchaud's Battery from Louisiana serving in the Confederate States Army.
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Army E-01Private Delaware Company F, 1st Delaware Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Gettysburg, Pa. Captured the enemy flag
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Army E-01Private Iowa Company K, 11th Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment Near Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia With one companion and under a fierce fire from the enemy at short range went to the rescue of a wounded comrade who had fallen between the lines and carried him to a place of safety.
MoH winner George H Maynard
Army E-01Private Massachusetts Company D, 13th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia A wounded and helpless comrade, having been left on the skirmish line, this soldier voluntarily returned to the front under a severe fire and carried the wounded man to a place of safety.
Peter McAdams MoH winner
Army
USA CORP INF 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
Pennsylvania Company A, 98th Pennsylvania Infantry Salem Heights, Virginia Went 250 yards in front of his regiment toward the position of the enemy and under fire brought within the lines a wounded and unconscious comrade.
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Army
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E-05Sergeant
Maryland, Company D, 3rd Regiment Maryland Volunteer Infantry Battle of the Crater, Petersburg, Virginia Picked up a shell with burning fuse and threw it over the parapet into the ditch, where it exploded; by this act he probably saved the lives of comrades at the great peril of his own.
Charles McAnally MoH winner
Army
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O-01Second Lieutenant
Pennsylvania Company D, 69th Pennsylvania Infantry Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia In a hand-to-hand encounter with the enemy captured a flag, was wounded in the act, but continued on duty until he received a second wound.
William Wallace McCammon MoH winner
Army
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O-02First Lieutenant
Missouri 24th Missouri Infantry Second Battle of Corinth, Mississippi While on duty as provost marshal, voluntarily assumed command of his company, then under fire, and so continued in command until the repulse and retreat of the enemy on the following day, the loss to this company during the battle being very great.
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Army E-01Private Delaware Company C, 1st Regiment Delaware Volunteer Infantry Battle of Gettysburg, Pa. Capture of flag.
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Army E-01Private West Virginia Company D, 12th West Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment Third Battle of Petersburg, Virginia Conspicuous gallantry as color bearer in the assault on Fort Gregg.
Charles H McCleary MoH winner
Army
Union army 1st lt rank insignia.jpg
O-02First Lieutenant
Ohio Company C, 72nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry Battle of Nashville, Tennessee Capture of flag of 4th Florida Infantry (C.S.A.), while in advance of his lines.
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Army E-01Private Ohio Company B, 30th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
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Navy First Class Fireman United States Navy USS Richmond Aboard USS Richmond, Siege of Port Hudson Serving on board USS Richmond in the attack on Port Hudson, 14 March 1863. Damaged by a 6-inch solid rifle shot which shattered the starboard safety-valve chamber and also damaged the port safety-valve, the fireroom of Richmond immediately became filled with steam to place it in an extremely critical condition. Acting courageously in this crisis, McClelland persisted in penetrating the steam-filled room in order to haul the hot fires of the furnaces and continued this gallant action until the gravity of the situation had lessened.
Samuel McConnell MoH winner
Army
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O-03Captain
Illinois Company H, 119th Illinois Infantry Regiment Battle of Fort Blakely, Alabama While leading his company in an assault, Capt. McConnell braved an intense fire that mowed down his unit. Upon reaching the breastworks he found that he had only one member of his company with him, Private Wagner. He was so close to an enemy gun that the blast knocked him down a ditch. Getting up, he entered the gun pit, the guncrew fleeing before him. About 30 paces away he saw a Confederate flag bearer and guard which he captured with the last shot in his pistol.
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Navy Boatswain's Mate United States Navy USS Signal Aboard USS Signal, Red River Campaign Served as boatswain's mate on board USS Signal, Red River, 5 May 1864. Proceeding up the Red River, USS Signal engaged a large force of enemy field batteries and sharpshooters, returning the fire until the ship was totally disabled, at which time the white flag was raised. Serving as gun captain and wounded early in the battle, McCormick bravely stood by his gun in the face of the enemy fire until ordered to withdraw.
Andrew McCornack MoH winner
Army E-01Private Illinois Company I, 127th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
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Navy Seaman United States Navy USS Lackawanna Aboard USS Lackawanna, Battle of Mobile Bay On board USS Lackawanna during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864.
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Army E-01Private ConnecticutCompany L, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery Regiment Battle of Fort Stedman, Virginia Capture of flag
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Navy Boatswain's Mate United States Navy USS Baron DeKalb Aboard USS Baron DeKalb, Yazoo River Expedition  - Serving on board USS Baron de Kalb, Yazoo River Expedition, 23 to 27 December 1862.
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Army E-01Private Illinois Company E, 20th Illinois Infantry Regiment Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee Was severely wounded while endeavoring, at the risk of his life, to carry to a place of safety a wounded and helpless comrade.
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Army E-01Private West Virginia Company A, 2nd West Virginia Volunteer Cavalry Regiment Battle of Sayler's Creek, Virginia Capture of flag.
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Army
USA SGT CAV 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
New York (state) Company D, 6th New York Cavalry Regiment Battle of Opequon, Virginia Capture of colors of 36th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).
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Army
USA SGT INF 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
Michigan Company E, 17th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia Captured Colonel Barker, commanding the Confederate brigade that charged the Union batteries; on the same day rescued Lieutenant George W. Harmon of his regiment from the enemy.
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Navy Captain of the Forecastle United States Navy USS Hartford Aboard USS Hartford, Battle of Mobile Bay For not leaving his post while under fire during successful action against Fort Morgan in Mobile Bay.
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Army E-01Private Ohio Company F, 54th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
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Army E-01Private Ohio Company B, 30th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
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Army
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O-03Captain and Assistant Quartermaster
United States Quartermaster Corps Army of the Shenandoah (Union) Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia While acting chief quartermaster of General Sheridan's forces operating in the Shenandoah Valley was severely wounded while voluntarily leading a brigade of infantry and was commended for the greatest gallantry by Gen. Sheridan.
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Army
USA CORP ART 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
United States Battery D, 5th U.S. Artillery First Battle of Bull Run, Virginia Through his personal exertions under a heavy fire, one of the guns of his battery was brought off the field; all the other guns were lost.
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Navy Quartermaster United States Navy USS Varuna Aboard USS Varuna, Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip McGowan occupied one of the most responsible positions on USS Varuna during the attacks on Forts Jackson and St. Philip and in action against the rebel ship Morgan on 24 April 1862.
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Army
USA SGT INF 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
Illinois Company B, 23rd Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment Third Battle of Petersburg, Virginia One of the three soldiers most conspicuous for gallantry in the final assault.
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Army E-01Private Illinois Chicago Mercantile Independent Battery Light Artillery Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi Carried with others by hand a cannon up to and fired it through an embrasure of the enemy's work.
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Army
USA CORP INF 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
Michigan Company H, 26th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia Captured a Confederate color in a charge, threw the flag over in front of the works, and continued in the charge upon the enemy.
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Navy Seaman United States Navy USS Cincinnati Aboard USS Cincinnati, Operations against Vicksburg Serving on board USS Cincinnati during the attack on the Vicksburg batteries and at the time of her sinking, 27 May 1863.
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Navy Captain of the Top United States Navy USS Richmond Aboard USS Richmond, Battle of Mobile Bay On board USS Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864.
Charles W McKay MoH winner
Army
USA SGT INF 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
New York (state) Company C, 154th New York Volunteer Infantry Battle of Rocky Face Ridge, Dug Gap, Georgia Voluntarily risked his life in rescuing under the fire of the enemy a wounded comrade who was lying between the lines.
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Army
USA Company QMS Inf 1859.jpg
E-06Color Sergeant
New York (state) Company D, 89th New York Infantry Third Battle of Petersburg, Virginia Gallantry as color bearer in the assault on Fort Gregg
Nineveh S. McKeen.jpg Army
Union army 1st lt rank insignia.jpg
O-02First Lieutenant
Illinois Company H, 21st Illinois Infantry Regiment Stone River, Tennessee and Battle of Hoover's Gap, Liberty Gap, Tennessee and Conspicuous in the charge at Stone River, Tennessee, where he was three times wounded. At Liberty Gap, Tennessee, captured colors of 8th Arkansas Infantry (C.S.A.).
Michael McKeever MoH winner
Army E-01Private Pennsylvania Company K, 5th Pennsylvania Cavalry Regiment Burnt Ordinary, Virginia Was one of a small scouting party that charged and routed a mounted force of the enemy six times their number. He led the charge in a most gallant and distinguished manner, going far beyond the call of duty.
Framed portrait of a white man with an extremely bushy mustache, wearing a dark suit coat and bow tie. Navy Coxswain United States Navy USS Varuna Aboard USS Varuna, Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip Captain of a gun on board USS USS Varuna during the attacks on Forts Jackson and St. Philip and in action against the rebel ship Morgan, 24 April 1862.
Nathaniel A McKown MoH winner
Army
USA SGT INF 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
Pennsylvania Company B, 58th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Battle of Chaffin's Farm, Virginia Capture of flag.
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Navy Captain of the Foretop United States Navy Aboard USS Pensacola, Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip  - O-03Captain of foretop, and a volunteer from the Colorado, McLeod served on board USS Pensacola during the attack upon Forts Jackson and St. Philip and the taking of New Orleans, 24 and 25 April 1862. Acting as gun captain of the rifled howitzer aft which was much exposed, he served this piece with great ability and activity, although no officer superintended it.
Martin T McMahon (cropped).jpg Army
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O-03Captain
United States U.S. Volunteers Army of the Potomac Battle of White Oak Swamp, Virginia Under fire of the enemy, successfully destroyed a valuable train that had been abandoned and prevented it from falling into the hands of the enemy.
Francis M McMillen MoH winner
Army
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E-05Sergeant
Ohio Company C, 110th Ohio Infantry Third Battle of Petersburg, Virginia Capture of flag.
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* Army
USA CORP INF 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
New York (state) Company D, 49th New York Infantry Fredericksburg Heights, Virginia Shot a Confederate color bearer and seized the flag; also approached, alone, a barn between the lines and demanded and received the surrender of a number of the enemy therein.
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Army
USA Troop QMS Cav 1859.jpg
E-06Commissary Sergeant
West Virginia Company E, 3rd West Virginia Cavalry Battle of Sayler's Creek, Virginia Capture of flag of 6th Tennessee Infantry (C.S.A.)
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Navy Landsman United States Navy USS Pontoosuc Aboard USS Pontoosuc, First and Second Battles of Fort Fisher  - Served on board USS Pontoosuc during the capture of Fort Fisher and Wilmington, 24 December 1864, to 22 February 1865.
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Army
USA SGT CAV 1859.jpg
E-05Farrier
New York (state) Company I, 6th New York Cavalry Regiment Battle of Opequon, Virginia Capture of flag
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Army
USA 1SGT INF 1859.jpg
E-08First Sergeant
New York (state) Company G, 158th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Chaffin's Farm, Virginia Led a section of his men on the enemy's works, receiving a wound while scaling a parapet.
George Washington Mears MoH winner
Army E-05Sergeant Pennsylvania Company A, 6th Pennsylvania Reserve Regiment Battle of Gettysburg, Pa. With five volunteers he gallantly charged on a number of the enemy's sharpshooters concealed in a log house, captured them, and brought them into the Union lines.
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Navy Ordinary Seaman United States Navy USS Hartford Aboard USS Hartford, Battle of Mobile Bay On board the flagship USS Hartford during action against rebel gunboats, the ram Tennessee, and Fort Morgan in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864.
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Army
USA SGT INF 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
Michigan Company D, 5th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Sayler's Creek, Virginia Capture of flag.
A white man with mustache, wearing an ornate military uniform including a sash across the chest, fringed shoulder boards, white gloves, and several medals pinned to the left breast. Army
Union Army LTC rank insignia.png
O-05Lieutenant Colonel
United States73rd Regiment Infantry U.S. Colored Troops Battle of Fort Blakely, Alabama Volunteered to attack the enemy's works in advance of orders and, upon permission being given, made a most gallant assault.
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Army
USA CORP INF 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
Illinois Company C, 88th Illinois Infantry Regiment Second Battle of Franklin, Tennessee Captured two battle flags from the enemy and returned with them to his own lines.
George Merrill MoH winner
Army
Union army cpt rank insignia.jpg
O-03Captain
Maine Company B, 1st Maine Veteran Volunteer Infantry Third Battle of Petersburg, Virginia With 6 men, captured 69 Confederate prisoners and recaptured several soldiers who had fallen into the enemy's hands.
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Army E-01Private New York (state) Company I, 142nd New York Volunteer Infantry Second Battle of Fort Fisher, North Carolina Voluntarily advanced with the head of the column and cut down the palisading.
John G Merritt MoH winner
Army
USA SGT INF 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
New York (state) Company I, 142nd New York Volunteer Infantry First Battle of Bull Run, Virginia Gallantry in action; was wounded while capturing flag in advance of his regiment.
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Army
Union army cpt rank insignia.jpg
O-03Captain
Minnesota Company K, 1st Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment Second Battle of Petersburg, Virginia During an assault and in the face of a heavy fire rendered heroic assistance to a wounded and helpless officer, thereby saving his life and in the performance of this gallant act sustained a severe wound.
A U.S. Navy poster featuring Mifflin
Navy Engineer's Cook United States Navy USS Brooklyn Aboard USS Brooklyn, Battle of Mobile Bay On board USS Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864.
Head and shoulders of a young white man with wavy hair and a mustache, wearing a double-breasted military jacket with a rectangular patch over each shoulder. Army Colonel New York (state) 61st New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia  - Holding with his command an advanced position against repeated assaults by the enemy.
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Marine Corps
USMC SGT 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
United States Marine Corps USS Richmond Aboard USS Richmond, Battle of Mobile Bay Served board USS Richmond during Battle of Fort Morgan.
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Army E-01Private New York (state) Company M, 2nd New York Cavalry Regiment Battle of Sayler's Creek, Virginia Capture of flag of 25th Battalion Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.); was taken prisoner, but successfully retained his trophy until recaptured.
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Army
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O-03Captain
Illinois Company B, 8th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Fort Blakely, Alabama Capture of flag
Jacob C Miller MoH winner
Army E-01Private Illinois Company G, 113th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Framed portrait of a white man with a drooping mustache wearing a dark suit coat and bow tie. Navy Quartermaster United States Navy USS Marblehead Aboard USS Marblehead Served as quartermaster on board the U.S. steam gunboat USS Marblehead off Legareville, Stono River, 25 December 1863, during an engagement with the enemy on John's Island. Acting courageously under the fierce hostile fire, Miller behaved gallantly throughout the engagement which resulted in the enemy's withdrawal and abandonment of its arms.
James P Miller MoH winner
Army E-01Private Iowa Company D, 4th Iowa Cavalry Selma, Alabama Capture of standard of 12th Mississippi Cavalry (C.S.A.).
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Army
USA CORP INF 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
Ohio Company G, 8th Ohio Infantry Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania for capture of 2 flags
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Army E-01Private New York (state) Company H, 8th New York Volunteer Cavalry Regiment Battle of Waynesboro, Virginia for capture of flag
William Edward Miller MoH winner
Army
Union army cpt rank insignia.jpg
O-03Captain
Pennsylvania Company H, 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Without orders, led a charge of his squadron upon the flank of the enemy, checked his attack, and cut off and dispersed the rear of his column.
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Navy Quarter Gunner United States Navy USS New Ironsides Aboard USS New Ironsides, First and Second Battles of Fort Fisher  - Milliken served on board USS New Ironsides during action in several attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 December 1864 and 13, 14 and 15 January 1865.
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Navy Seaman United States Navy USS Minnesota Aboard USS Minnesota, Second Battle of Fort Fisher On board USS Minnesota, in action during the assault on Fort Fisher, 15 January 1865.
Frank W Mills MoH winner
Army
USA CORP INF 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
New York (state) Company C, 1st New York Mounted Rifles Regiment Sandy Cross Roads, North Carolina While scouting, this soldier, in command of an advance of but 3 or 4 men, came upon the enemy, and charged them without orders, the rest of the troops following, the whole force of the enemy, 120 men, being captured.
George Washington Mindil MoH winner
Army
Union army cpt rank insignia.jpg
O-03Captain
Pennsylvania Company I, 61st Pennsylvania Infantry Battle of Williamsburg, Virginia As aide de camp led the charge with a part of a regiment, pierced the enemy's center, silenced some of his artillery, and, getting in his rear, caused him to abandon his position.
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Army
Union army 1st lt rank insignia.jpg
O-02First Lieutenant
Pennsylvania Company A, 105th Pennsylvania Infantry Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia Capture of flag of 18th North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.), in a personal encounter with the color bearer.
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Army E-01Private Pennsylvania Company C, 61st Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Third Battle of Petersburg, Virginia Capture of the flag of the Tennessee Brigade (C.S.A.).
John Henry Moffitt.jpg Army
USA CORP INF 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
New York (state) Company C, 16th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Gaines' Mill, Virginia Voluntarily took up the regimental colors after several color bearers had been shot down and carried them until himself wounded.
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Army
USA SGT ART 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
Rhode Island Battery G, 1st Rhode Island Volunteer Light Artillery Third Battle of Petersburg, Virginia Was one of a detachment of 20 picked artillerymen who voluntarily accompanied an infantry assaulting party and who turned upon the enemy the guns captured in the assault.
Framed portrait of a white man with a very long beard, neatly trimmed hair, and a dark jacket. Navy Ordinary Seaman United States Navy USS Fort Hindman Aboard USS Fort Hindman Served on board USS Fort Hindman during the engagement near Harrisonburg, Louisiana, 2 March 1864.
Patrick H Monaghan MoH winner
Army
USA CORP INF 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
Pennsylvania Company F, 48th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Second Battle of Petersburg, Virginia Recapture of colors of 7th New York Heavy Artillery.
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Navy Captain of the Afterguard United States Navy USS Agawam Aboard USS Agawam, First Battle of Fort Fisher Montgomery served on board USS Agawam, as one of a volunteer crew of a powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher, 23 December 1864.
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Navy Landsman United States Navy USS Marblehead Aboard USS Marblehead Serving on board the U.S. steam gunboat USS Marblehead off Legareville, Stono River, 25 December 1863, during an engagement with the enemy on John's Island.
--
Navy Seaman United States Navy USS Kearsarge Aboard USS Kearsarge off Cherbourg, France Served as seaman on board USS Kearsarge when she destroyed the raider Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864.
--
Army
USA CORP INF 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
Wisconsin Company E, 11th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Fort Blakely, Alabama At the risk of his own life saved the life of an officer who had been shot down and overpowered by superior numbers.
--
Navy Seaman United States Navy USS Rhode Island Aboard USS Rhode Island, loss of USS Monitor Served on board USS Rhode Island which was engaged in saving the lives of the officers and crew of USS Monitor, 30 December 1862.
--
Army E-01Private West Virginia Company D, 11th West Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Fisher's Hill, Virginia Capture of flag
--
Army E-01Private Illinois Company C, 117th Illinois Infantry Regiment Battle of Nashville, Tennessee Captured flag of a Confederate battery while far in advance of the Union lines.
--
Navy Boatswain's Mate United States Navy USS Benton Aboard USS Benton Serving as boatswain's mate on board USS Benton during the attack on Hayne's Bluff, Yazoo River, 27 December 1862.
Delano Morey MoH winner
Army E-01Private Ohio Company B, 82nd Ohio Infantry Battle of McDowell, Virginia After the charge of the command had been repulsed, he rushed forward alone with an empty gun and captured two of the enemy's sharpshooters.
--
Army E-01Private Illinois Company K, 55th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
--
Navy Captain of the Top United States Navy USS Richmond Aboard USS Richmond, Battle of Mobile Bay As captain of a gun on board USS Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864.
--
Army E-01Private Ohio Company I, 4th Ohio Infantry Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia Capture of flag from the enemy's works.
Richard H Morgan MoH winner
Army
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E-04Corporal
Iowa Company A, 4th Iowa Cavalry Columbus, Georgia Capture of flag inside the enemy's works, contesting for its possession with its bearer.
WalterGoodaleMorrill.jpg Army
Union army cpt rank insignia.jpg
O-03Captain
Maine Company B, 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment Second Battle of Rappahannock Station, Virginia Learning that an assault was to be made upon the enemy's works by other troops, this officer voluntarily joined the storming party with about 50 men of his regiment, and by his dash and gallantry rendered effective service in the assault.
William Powers Morris MoH winner
Army
USA SGT CAV 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
New York (state) Company C, 1st New York Volunteer Cavalry Battle of Sayler's Creek, Virginia Capture of flag of 40th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).[2]
MoH winner Francis Morrison
Army E-01Private Pennsylvania Company H, 85th Pennsylvania Infantry Bermuda Hundred Campaign, Virginia Voluntarily exposed himself to a heavy fire to bring off a wounded comrade.
MoH winner John George Morrison
Navy Coxswain United States Navy USS Carondelet Aboard USS Carondelet Serving as coxswain on board USS Carondelet, Morrison was commended for meritorious conduct in general and especially for his heroic conduct and his inspiring example to the crew in the engagement with the rebel ram Arkansas, Yazoo River, 15 July 1862.
Benjamin Morse MoH winner
Army E-01Private Michigan Company C, 3rd Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia Capture of colors of 4th Georgia Battery (C.S.A.)
MoH winner Charles E Morse
Army
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E-05Sergeant
New York (state) Company I, 62nd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of the Wilderness, Virginia Voluntarily rushed back into the enemy's lines, took the colors from the color sergeant, who was mortally wounded, and, although himself wounded, carried them through the fight.
--
Navy Boatswain's Mate United States Navy USS Benton Aboard USS Benton, Yazoo River Expedition  - For extraordinary heroism onboard USS Benton during the expedition.
--
Army E-01Private Pennsylvania Company B, 54th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Battle of Lynchburg, Virginia Voluntarily led a charge on a Confederate battery (the officers of the company being disabled) and compelled its hasty removal.
Portrait of a white man with wavy hair and a long, forked beard, wearing a suit. Army
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O-04Major
Pennsylvania 116th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia  - In command of the picket line held the enemy in check all night to cover the retreat of the Army.
--
Navy Boatswain's Mate United States Navy USS Wyandank Aboard USS Wyandank, Mattox Creek Served as boatswain's mate on board USS Wyandank during a boat expedition up Mattox Creek, 17 March 1865.
--
Navy Boatswain's Mate United States Navy USS Don Aboard USS Don For extraordinary heroism onboard USS Don where he saved an officer from drowning
--
Army
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E-04Corporal
Michigan Company E, 5th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Sayler's Creek, Virginia Capture of flag.
MoH winner Harvey May Munsell
Army
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E-05Sergeant
Pennsylvania Company A, 99th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania  - Gallant and courageous conduct as color bearer. (This noncommissioned officer carried the colors of his regiment through 13 engagements.)
Charles J. Murphy.jpg Army
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O-02First Lieutenant and Quartermaster
New York (state) 38th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment "Second Scott's Life Guard" First Battle of Bull Run, Virginia Took a rifle and voluntarily fought with his regiment in the ranks; when the regiment was forced back, voluntarily remained on the field caring for the wounded, and was there taken prisoner.
--
Army
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E-05Sergeant
Massachusetts Company F, 19th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment Hatchers Run, Virginia Capture of flag of 47th North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.).
--
Army
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E-05Sergeant
Wisconsin Company F, 14th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Second Battle of Corinth, Mississippi Although wounded three times, carried the colors throughout the conflict.
--
Army E-01Private Connecticut Company L, 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery Regiment Battle of Fort Stedman, Petersburg, Virginia A piece of artillery having been silenced by the enemy, this soldier voluntarily assisted in working the piece, conducting himself throughout the engagement in a gallant and fearless manner.
--
Army E-01Private Ohio Company K, 5th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Antietam, Maryland Capture of flag of 13th Alabama Infantry (C.S.A.).
Portrait of a Michael Murphy from his March 4, 1903 obituary Army
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O-05Lieutenant Colonel
New York (state) 170th New York Volunteer Infantry Battle of North Anna, Virginia This officer, commanding the regiment, kept it on the field exposed to the fire of the enemy for 3 hours without being able to fire one shot in return because of the ammunition being exhausted.
Patrick Murphy MoH winner
Navy Boatswain's Mate United States Navy USS Metacomet Aboard USS Metacomet, Battle of Mobile Bay Served as boatswain's mate on board USS Metacomet, during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864.
--
Army Musician Illinois Company A, 127th Illinois Infantry Regiment Battle of Ezra Church, Atlanta, Georgia Being orderly to the brigade commander, he voluntarily led two regiments as reinforcements into line of battle, where he had his horse shot under him.
--
Army
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E-04Corporal
New York (state) Company K, 158th New York Volunteer Infantry Battle of Chaffin's Farm, Virginia Capture of flag
--
Army
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E-04Corporal]
Illinois Company I, 31st Illinois Infantry Regiment Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi Voluntarily crossed the line of heavy fire of Union and Confederate forces, carrying a message to stop the firing of one Union regiment on another.
--
Army
USA 1SGT INF 1859.jpg
E-08First Sergeant
New York (state) Company G, 146th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Five Forks, Virginia Capture of flag
George S Myers MoH winner
Army E-01Private Ohio Company F, 101st Ohio Infantry Battle of Chickamauga, Georgia Saved the regimental colors by greatest personal devotion and bravery.
--
Army E-01Private Maryland Company A, 1st Maryland Cavalry Battle of Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia Gallantry in action; was 5 times wounded.

N

Recipients are listed alphabetically by last name. Posthumous receipt is denoted by an asterisk.


Image Name Service Rank Unit/Command Place of action Date of action Notes
--
Army
USA CORP INF 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
Ohio Company B, 47th Ohio Infantry Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi Was one of a party that volunteered and attempted to run the enemy's batteries with a steam tug and two barges loaded with subsistence stores.
--
Navy Landsman United States Navy USS Oneida Aboard USS Oneida, Battle of Mobile Bay For his actions while on board USS Oneida in the engagement at Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864
MoH winner Zachariah C Neahr
Army E-01Private New York (state) Company K, 142nd New York Volunteer Infantry Second Battle of Fort Fisher, North Carolina Voluntarily advanced with the head of the column and cut down the palisading.
--
Navy Quarter Gunner United States Navy USS Agawam Aboard USS Agawam, First Battle of Fort Fisher For his actions while serving on board USS Agawam, as one of a volunteer crew of a powder boat which was exploded near Fort Fisher, 23 December 1864
--
Army
Union army cpt rank insignia.jpg
O-03Captain
Connecticut Company C, 1st Connecticut Cavalry Battle of Sayler's Creek, Virginia Capture of the enemy flag
Head and shoulders of a man with a wide, bushy mustache wearing a dark suit coat with a pocket square. The portrait is surrounded by a circular frame and a depiction of ships at sea and an American flag. Navy Ordinary Seaman United States Navy USS Oneida Aboard USS Oneida, Battle of Mobile Bay Newland distinguished himself on board USS Oneida for his good conduct and faithful discharge of his station, behaving splendidly under the fire of the enemy and throughout the battle which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee and the damaging of Fort Morgan.
MoH winner Marcellus J Newman
Army E-01Private Illinois Company B, 111th Illinois Infantry Battle of Resaca, Georgia Voluntarily returned, in the face of a severe fire from the enemy, and rescued a wounded comrade who had been left behind as the regiment fell back.
--
Army
Union 2nd lt rank insignia.svg
O-01Second Lieutenant
New York (state) Company B, 86th New York Infantry Near Amelia Springs, Virginia Capture of the enemy flag
MoH winner John H Nibbe
Navy Quartermaster United States Navy USS Petrel Aboard USS Petrel Served as quartermaster on board USS Petrel during its capture in Yazoo River, 22 April 1864.
MoH winner Henry Clay Nichols
Army
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O-03Captain
United States73rd Regiment Infantry U.S. Colored Troops Battle of Fort Blakely, Alabama Voluntarily made a reconnaissance in advance of the line held by his regiment and, under a heavy fire, obtained information of great value.
--
Navy Quartermaster United States Navy USS Brooklyn Aboard USS Brooklyn, Battle of Mobile Bay On board USS Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee, in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864.
MoH winner Robert Niven
Army
Union 2nd lt rank insignia.svg
O-01Second Lieutenant
New York (state) Company H, 8th New York Volunteer Cavalry Regiment Battle of Waynesboro, Virginia Capture of two flags
--
Navy Landsman United States Navy USS Metacomet Aboard USS Metacomet, Battle of Mobile Bay As landsman on board USS Metacomet, Noble served among the boat's crew which went to the rescue of the U.S. monitor USS Tecumseh when that vessel was struck by a torpedo in passing enemy forts in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864.
MoH winner John J Nolan
Army E-05Sergeant New Hampshire Company K, 8th New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry Regiment Georgia Landing, Louisiana Although prostrated by a cannon shot, refused to give up the flag which he was carrying as color bearer of his regiment and continued to carry it at the head of the regiment throughout the engagement.
MoH winner Conrad Noll
Army
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E-05Sergeant
Michigan Company D, 20th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia Seized the colors, the color bearer having been shot down, and gallantly fought his way out with them, though the enemy were on the left flank and rear.
--
Army E-01Private West Virginia Company D, 4th West Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
MoH winner Elliot Malloy Norton
Army
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O-01Second Lieutenant
Michigan Company H, 6th Michigan Cavalry Battle of Sayler's Creek, Virginia Rushed ahead of his column and captured the flag of the 44th Tennessee Infantry (C.S.A.).
--
Army
Union 2nd lt rank insignia.svg
O-01Second Lieutenant
New York (state) Company M, 1st New York ("Lincoln Cavalry") Cavalry Battle of Sayler's Creek, Virginia Capture of the enemy flag
MoH winner Llewellyn Powell Norton
Army
USA SGT CAV 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
New York (state) Company L, 10th New York Volunteer Cavalry ("Porter Guard") Battle of Sayler's Creek, Virginia Charged the enemy and, with the assistance of Corporal Bringle, captured a fieldpiece with two prisoners.
MoH winner William Wallace Noyes
Army E-01Private Vermont Company F, 2nd Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia Standing upon the top of the breastworks, deliberately took aim and fired no less than 15 shots into the enemy's lines, but a few yards away.
--
Marine Corps
USMC QMS 1859.jpg
E-07Orderly Sergeant
United States Marine Corps USS Fort Henry Aboard USS Fort Henry For his actions while serving on board USS Fort Henry, Crystal River, Florida, 15 June 1863.
MoH winner Lee Nutting
Army
Union army cpt rank insignia.jpg
O-03Captain
New York (state) Company C, 61st New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment Todd's Tavern, Virginia Led the regiment in charge at a critical moment under a murderous fire until he fell desperately wounded.

O

Recipients are listed alphabetically by last name. Posthumous receipt is denoted by an asterisk.


Image Name Service Rank Unit/Command Place of action Date of action Notes
Medal of Honor winner James Rowan O'Beirne
Army
Union army cpt rank insignia.jpg
O-03Captain
New York (state) Company C, 37th New York Volunteer Infantry (Irish Rifles) Battle of Seven Pines, Virginia  - Gallantly maintained the line of battle until ordered to fall back.
Medal of Honor winner Henry D O'Brien
Army
USA CORP INF 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
Minnesota Company E, 1st Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Taking up the colors where they had fallen, he rushed ahead of his regiment, close to the muzzles of the enemy's guns, and engaged in the desperate struggle in which the enemy was defeated, and though severely wounded, he held the colors until wounded a second time.
--
Navy Coxswain United States Navy USS John Adams Aboard USS John Adams Served as coxswain on board the U.S. sloop John Adams, Sullivan's Island Channel, 28 November 1864. Taking part in the boarding of the blockade runner SS Beatrice (UK registry) while under heavy enemy fire from Fort Moultrie, O'Brien, who was in charge of one of the boarding launches, carried out his duties with prompt and energetic conduct. This action resulted in the firing of Beatrice and the capture of a quantity of supplies from her.
--
Army E-01Private New York (state) Company A, 1st New York Volunteer Cavalry "Lincoln Cavalry" Battle of Waynesboro, Virginia Capture of flag and of a Confederate officer with his horse and equipment
--
Navy Coal Heaver United States Navy USS Hartford Aboard USS Hartford, Battle of Mobile Bay On board the flagship USS Hartford, during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay on 5 August 1864.
Medal of Honor winner Albert O'Connor
Army
USA SGT INF 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
Wisconsin Company A, 7th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment Gravelly Run, Virginia  - On 31 March 1865, with a comrade, recaptured a Union officer from a detachment of 9 Confederates, capturing 3 of the detachment and dispersing the remainder, and on 1 April 1865, seized a stand of Confederate colors, killing a Confederate officer in a hand-to-hand contest over the colors and retaining the colors until surrounded by Confederates and compelled to relinquish them.
--
Army E-01Private United StatesCompany E, 1st U.S. Cavalry Regiment Malvern, Virginia Private O'Connor captured the flag of the Confederate 18th North Carolina Infantry. For extreme bravery, he was awarded the Medal of Honor on January 5, 1865 and later achieved the rank of Sergeant.
Medal of Honor winner John O'Dea
Army E-01Private Missouri Company D, 8th Missouri Volunteer Infantry Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party
Medal of Honor winner Menomen O'Donnell
Army
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O-02First Lieutenant
Missouri Company A, 11th Missouri Volunteer Infantry Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi and Fort DeRussey, Louisiana and Voluntarily joined the color guard in the assault on the enemy's works when he saw indications of wavering and caused the colors of his regiment to be planted on the parapet. Voluntarily placed himself in the ranks of an assaulting column (being then on staff duty) and rode with it into the enemy's works, being the only mounted officer present, was twice wounded in battle.
--
Navy Seaman United States Navy USS Signal Aboard USS Signal, Red River Campaign Served as boatswain's mate on board USS Signal, Red River, 5 May 1864.
--
Army
USA SGT INF 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
Pennsylvania Company M, 100th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Battle of Fort Stedman, Petersburg, Virginia Capture of flag of 31st Georgia Infantry (C.S.A.).
Medal of Honor winner Paul Ambrose Oliver
Army
Union army cpt rank insignia.jpg
O-03Captain
New York (state) Company D, 12th New York Volunteer Infantry Battle of Resaca, Georgia While acting as aide assisted in preventing a disaster caused by Union troops firing into each other
Medal of Honor winner Stephen O'Neill
Army
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E-04Corporal
United States Company E, 7th U. S. Infantry Regiment Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia Took up the colors from the hands of the color bearer who had been shot down and bore them through the remainder of the battle.
Medal of Honor winner John N Opel
Army E-01Private Indiana Company G, 7th Indiana Infantry Regiment Battle of the Wilderness, Virginia Capture of flag of 50th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.).
Medal of Honor winner David Orbansky
Army E-01Private Ohio Company B, 58th Ohio Infantry Shiloh, Tennessee; Vicksburg, Mississippi, etc.  - Gallantry in actions.
Medal of Honor winner Charles Alvin Orr
Army E-01Private New York (state) Company G, 187th New York Volunteer Infantry Battle of Boydton Plank Road, Petersburg, Virginia This soldier and two others, voluntarily and under fire, rescued several wounded and helpless soldiers.
Medal of Honor winner Robert Levan Orr
Army
Union army maj rank insignia.jpg
O-04Major
Pennsylvania 61st Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Third Battle of Petersburg, Virginia Carried the colors at the head of the column in the assault after two color bearers had been shot down.
--
Navy Seaman United States Navy USS Saratoga Aboard USS Saratoga Served as seaman during actions on two occasions. Carrying out his duties courageously during these actions, Ortega conducted himself gallantly through both periods. Promoted to acting master's mate.
Medal of Honor winner Jacob George Orth
Army
USA CORP INF 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
Pennsylvania Company D, 28th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Battle of Antietam, Maryland Capture of flag of 7th South Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.), in hand-to-hand encounter, although he was wounded in the shoulder.
Medal of Honor winner William Henry Osborne
Army E-01Private Massachusetts Company C, 29th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia Although wounded and carried to the rear, he secured a rifle and voluntarily returned to the front, where, failing to find his own regiment, he joined another and fought with it until again severely wounded and taken prisoner.
--
Army E-01Private New Jersey Company B, 11th New Jersey Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia Remained in the rifle pits after the others had retreated, firing constantly, and contesting the ground step by step.
--
Army E-01Private Indiana Company K, 83rd Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Medal of Honor winner Miles Mason Oviatt USMC
Marine Corps
USA CORP INF 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
United States Marine Corps USS Brooklyn Aboard USS Brooklyn, Battle of Mobile Bay For actions against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay.

P

Recipients are listed alphabetically by last name. Posthumous receipt is denoted by an asterisk.


Image Name Service Rank Unit/Command Place of action Date of action Notes
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Army E-01Private New York (state) Company E, 5th New York Cavalry Regiment Raccoon Ford, Virginia After his command had retreated, this soldier, voluntarily and alone, returned to the assistance of a comrade and rescued him from the hands of three armed Confederates.
George H. Palmer
George H. Palmer Army Musician Illinois 1st Illinois Cavalry Regiment Lexington, Missouri Volunteered to fight in the trenches and also led a charge which resulted in the recapture of a Union hospital, together with Confederate sharpshooters then occupying the same.
Medal of Honor winner John Gideon Palmer
Army
USA CORP INF 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
Connecticut 21st Connecticut Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia First of six men who volunteered to assist gunner of a battery upon which the enemy was concentrating its fire, and fought with the battery until the close of the engagement. His commanding officer felt he would never see this man alive again.
William Jackson Palmer.jpg Army
Union Army colonel rank insignia.png
O-06Colonel
Pennsylvania 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry Red Hill, Alabama Attacked and defeated a superior force of the enemy without losing a man.
Photo of Thomas Parker taken after the Civil War Army
USA CORP INF 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
Rhode Island Company B, 2nd Rhode Island Infantry Third Battle of Petersburg, Virginia and Battle of Sayler's Creek, Virginia and Planted the first color on the enemy's works. Carried the regimental colors over the creek after the regiment had broken and been repulsed.
--
Navy Captain of the Afterguard United States Navy USS Cayuga Aboard USS Cayuga, Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip  - At the wheel on board USS Cayuga during the capture of Forts St. Philip and Jackson, and New Orleans, 24 and 25 April 1862.
--
Navy Captain of the Forecastle United States Navy USS Richmond Aboard USS Richmond, Battle of Mobile Bay On board USS Richmond during action against rebel forts and gunboats and with the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864.
Medal of Honor winner Henry Jeremiah Parks
Army E-01Private New York (state) Company A, 9th New York Volunteer Cavalry Regiment Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia While alone and in advance of his unit and attempting to cut off the retreat of a supply wagon, he fought and sent to flight a Confederate color bearer. After capturing the color bearer and leaving him in the rear, he returned to the front and captured three more wagons and drivers.
--
Army
USA CORP INF 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
Missouri Company F, 11th Missouri Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Nashville, Tennessee Capture of flag
A white man with dark hair and a thin mustache sitting on a chair, his hands resting on his leg. He is wearing a military jacket and overcoat. Army E-01Private Ohio Company K, 33rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment Great Locomotive Chase, Georgia First Medal of Honor recipient.
--
Army E-01Private West Virginia Company B, 4th West Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Medal of Honor winner John Henry Patterson
Army
Union army 1st lt rank insignia.jpg
O-02First Lieutenant
United States 11th U.S. Infantry Regiment Battle of the Wilderness, Virginia Under the heavy fire of the advancing enemy, picked up and carried several hundred yards to a place of safety a wounded officer of his regiment who was helpless and would otherwise have been burned in the forest.
--
Army Principal Musician Ohio 122nd Ohio Infantry Second Battle of Winchester, Virginia With one companion, voluntarily went in front of the Union line, under a heavy fire from the enemy, and carried back a helpless wounded comrade, thus saving him from death or capture.
William H. Paul, c. 1901
Army E-01Private Pennsylvania Company E, 90th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Battle of Antietam, Maryland Under a most withering and concentrated fire, voluntarily picked up the colors of his regiment, when the bearer and 2 of the color guard had been killed, and bore them aloft throughout the entire battle.
Medal of Honor winner Byron E Pay
Army E-01Private Minnesota Company H, 2nd Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment Nolensville, Tennessee Was one of a detachment of 16 men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of 125 cavalry, repulsed the attack and saved the train.
--
Army
USA CORP CAV 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
New York (state) Company M, 2nd New York Cavalry Regiment Battle of Sayler's Creek, Virginia Capture of Virginia State colors.
Medal of Honor winner Thomas H L Payne
Army
Union army 1st lt rank insignia.jpg
O-02First Lieutenant
Illinois Company E, 37th Illinois Infantry Regiment Battle of Fort Blakely, Alabama While acting regimental quartermaster, learning of an expected assault, requested assignment to a company that had no commissioned officers present; was so assigned, and was one of the first to lead his men into the enemy's works.
--
Army
USA CORP INF 1859.jpg
E-04Corporal
Ohio Company C, 30th Ohio Infantry Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Alfred Pearson.jpg Army
Union Army colonel rank insignia.png
O-06Colonel
Pennsylvania 155th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Battle of Lewis's Farm, Virginia Seeing a brigade forced back by the enemy, he seized his regimental color, called on his men to follow him, and advanced upon the enemy under a severe fire. The whole brigade took up the advance, the lost ground was regained, and the enemy was repulsed.
A U.S. Navy poster featuring Pease
Navy Seaman United States Navy USS Kearsarge Aboard USS Kearsarge off Cherbourg, France Served as seaman on board USS Kearsarge when she destroyed the raider Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864.
Cassius Peck
Army E-01Private United States Company F, 1st United States Sharpshooters Near Blackburn's Ford, Virginia Took command of such soldiers as he could get and attacked and captured a Confederate battery of four guns. Also, while on a reconnaissance, overtook and captured a Confederate soldier.
--
Navy Second Class Boy United States Navy USS Varuna Aboard USS Varuna, Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip Peck served as second class boy on board Varuna during an attack on Forts Jackson and St. Philip, 24 April 1862.
Theodore Safford Peck 3.jpg Army
Union army 1st lt rank insignia.jpg
O-02First Lieutenant
Vermont Company H, 9th Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment Newport Barracks, North Carolina By long and persistent resistance and burning the bridges, kept a superior force of the enemy at bay and covered the retreat of the garrison.
Medal of Honor winner James Kastor Peirsol
Army
USA SGT CAV 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
Ohio Company F, 13th Ohio Volunteer Cavalry Regiment Paines Crossroads, Virginia Capture of flag
Portrait of a white man with a mustache and thinning hair, wearing a jacket with two medals pinned to the left breast. The portrait is in a shield-shaped frame next to a sketch of an American flag. Navy Landsman United States Navy USS Hartford Aboard USS Hartford, Battle of Mobile Bay On board the flagship USS Hartford during successful actions against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864.
Head and shoulders of a white man with dark hair and a mustache, wearing a double-breasted military jacket with fringed shoulder boards. Army
Union Army colonel rank insignia.png
O-06Colonel
Pennsylvania 97th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Second Battle of Fort Fisher, North Carolina Gallantly led the charge over a traverse and planted the colors of one of his regiments thereon, was severely wounded.
Medal of Honor winner Patrick Henry Pentzer
Army
Union army cpt rank insignia.jpg
O-03Captain
Illinois Company C, 97th Illinois Infantry Regiment Battle of Fort Blakely, Alabama Among the first to enter the enemy's entrenchments, he received the surrender of a Confederate general officer and his headquarters flag.
--
Navy Boatswain's Mate United States Navy USS Kearsarge Aboard off Cherbourg, France Served as boatswain's mate on board USS Kearsarge when she destroyed the raider Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864.
--
Army E-01Private Missouri Battery A, 1st Missouri Light Artillery Battle of Grand Gulf, Mississippi  - With two comrades voluntarily took position on board the steamer Cheeseman, in charge of all the guns and ammunition of the battery, and remained in charge of the same, although the steamer became unmanageable and was exposed for some time to a heavy fire from the enemy.
--
Army E-01Private Ohio Company B, 47th Ohio Infantry Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi Was one of a party that volunteered and attempted to run the enemy's batteries with a steam tug and two barges loaded with subsistence stores
--
Navy Seaman United States Navy USS Commodore Perry Aboard USS Commodore Perry On board USS Commodore Perry in the attack upon Franklin, Virginia, 3 October 1862.
Medal of Honor winner Philip Petty
Army
USA SGT INF 1859.jpg
E-05Sergeant
Pennsylvania Company A, 136th Pennsylvania Infantry Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia Took up the colors as they fell out of the hands of the wounded color bearer and carried them forward in the charge.
Hon. Charles E. Phelps, Maryland - NARA - 527033.jpg Army
Union Army colonel rank insignia.png
O-06Colonel
Maryland 7th Maryland Infantry Regiment Laurel Hill, Virginia Rode to the head of the assaulting column, then much broken by severe losses and faltering under the close fire of artillery, placed himself conspicuously in front of the troops, and gallantly rallied and led them to within a few feet of the enemy's works, where he was severely wounded and captured.
--
Army E-01Private Pennsylvania Company E, 148th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment Battle of Sutherland's Station, Virginia Capture of flag
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Navy Boatswain's Mate United States Navy USS Lackawanna Aboard USS Lackawanna, Battle of Mobile Bay On board USS Lackawanna during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864.
Frederick Phisterer.jpg Army
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O-02First Lieutenant
United States 18th U.S. Infantry Regiment Battle of Stones River, Murfreesboro, Tennessee Voluntarily conveyed, under a heavy fire, information to the commander of a battalion of regular troops by which the battalion was saved from capture or annihilation.
Medal of Honor winner Alonzo H Pickle
Army
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E-05Sergeant
Minnesota Company B, 1st Battalion Minnesota Infantry Deep Bottom, Virginia At the risk of his life, voluntarily went to the assistance of a wounded officer lying close to the enemy's lines and, under fire carried him to a place of safety.
Medal of Honor winner Edward M Pike
Army
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E-08First Sergeant
Illinois Company A, 33rd Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry Battle of Cotton Plant, Arkansas While the troops were falling back before a superior force, this soldier, assisted by one companion, and while under severe fire at close range, saved a cannon from capture by the enemy.
Head and shoulders of a white man with bushy sideburns connecting to a mustache, wearing a suit coat and bow tie. Army
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O-03Captain
Vermont Company F, 3rd Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Lee's Mills, Virginia Gallantly led his company across a wide, deep creek, drove the enemy from the rifle pits, which were within 2 yards (1.8 m) of the farther bank, and remained at the head of his men until a second time severely wounded.
Medal of Honor winner Charles H Pinkham
Army
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E-09Sergeant Major
Massachusetts 57th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Fort Stedman, Virginia Captured the flag of the 57th North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.) and saved his own colors by tearing them from the staff while the enemy was in the camp.
Head and shoulders of a balding black man with a goatee, wearing a suit coat, vest, and bow tie. On the jacket's left breast is a row of three medals. Army
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E-08First Sergeant
United States Company I, 5th Regiment United States Colored Troops Battle of Chaffin's Farm, Virginia Took command of his company after all the officers had been killed or wounded and gallantly led it in battle.
James Milton Pipes.jpg Army
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O-03Captain
Pennsylvania Company A, 140th Pennsylvania Infantry Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania and Second Battle of Ream's Station, Virginia and While a sergeant and retiring with his company before the rapid advance of the enemy at Gettysburg, he and a companion stopped and carried to a place of safety a wounded and helpless comrade; in this act both he and his companion were severely wounded. A year later, at Reams Station, Virginia, while commanding a skirmish line, voluntarily assisted in checking a flank movement of the enemy, and while so doing was severely wounded, suffering the loss of an arm.
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Army
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E-05Sergeant
New York (state) Company C, 1st New York Volunteer Cavalry Battle of Sayler's Creek, Virginia Capture of flag of the Sumter Heavy Artillery (C.S.A.).
Head of a balding white man with a goatee, wearing a suit coat and tie. Army
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E-05Sergeant
Ohio Company G, 2nd Ohio Infantry Great Locomotive Chase, Georgia Fifth person to receive Medal of Honor
Medal of Honor winner Henry E Plant
Army
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E-04Corporal
Michigan Company F, 14th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment Battle of Bentonville, North Carolina Rushed into the midst of the enemy and rescued the colors, the color bearer having fallen mortally wounded.
Medal of Honor winner George Crawford Platt
Army E-01Private United States Troop H, 6th U.S. Cavalry Regiment Battle of Fairfield, Pennsylvania Seized the regimental flag upon the death of the standard bearer in a hand-to-hand fight and prevented it from falling into the hands of the enemy.
Medal of Honor winner William Plimley
Army
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O-02First Lieutenant
New York (state) Company F, 120th New York Volunteer Infantry Hatcher's Run, Third Battle of Petersburg, Virginia While acting as aide to a general officer, voluntarily accompanied a regiment in an assault on the enemy's works and acted as leader of the movement which resulted in the rout of the enemy and the capture of a large number of prisoners.
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Army
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E-09Sergeant Major
Maryland 3rd Maryland Infantry Regiment Second Battle of Petersburg, Virginia Recaptured the colors of the 2d Pennsylvania Provisional Artillery.
Medal of Honor winner Thomas Plunkett
Army
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E-05Sergeant
Massachusetts Company E, 21st Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Fredericksburg, Virginia Seized the colors of his regiment, the color bearer having been shot down, and bore them to the front where both his arms were carried off by a shell.
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Army E-01Private Wisconsin Company C, 3rd Wisconsin Cavalry Drywood, Kansas With two companions, attacked a greatly superior force of guerrillas, routed them, and rescued several prisoners.
No-nb bldsa 1c075.jpg Army
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O-02First Lieutenant
Wisconsin Company C, 3rd Wisconsin Cavalry Battle of Baxter Springs, Kans. While in command of two companies of Cavalry, was surprised and attacked by several times his own number of guerrillas, but gallantly rallied his men, and after a severe struggle drove the enemy outside the fortifications. 1st Lt. Pond then went outside the works and, alone and unaided, fired a howitzer three times, throwing the enemy into confusion and causing him to retire.
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Navy Quartermaster United States Navy USS Kearsarge Aboard USS Kearsarge off Cherbourg, France He was serving as a Quartermaster on the sloop-of-war USS Kearsarge when she sank the commerce raider CSS Alabama off Cherbourg, France. He was awarded his Medal of Honor for gallantry under fire exhibited while steering the ship.
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Army
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E-06Commissary Sergeant
Missouri Company D, 12th Missouri Volunteer Cavalry Tallahatchie River, Mississippi Was one of four volunteers who swam the river under a brisk fire of the enemy's sharpshooters and brought over a ferry boat by means of which the troops crossed and dislodged the enemy from a strong position.
A white man with a Van Dyke beard and mustache sitting in a chair, wearing a baggy double-breasted military jacket. Army
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O-03Captain
United States US Army Ordnance Department Battle of Chickamauga, Georgia While acting as a volunteer aide, at a critical moment when the lines were broken, rallied enough fugitives to hold the ground under heavy fire long enough to effect the escape of wagon trains and batteries.
Head and torso of a young white man wearing a full military uniform, including a cap, straps crossing his chest, and a rifle leaning against his right shoulder. Army E-01Private Ohio Company G, 21st Ohio Infantry Great Locomotive Chase, Georgia One of the 19 of 22 men (including 2 civilians) who, by direction of Gen. Mitchell (or Buell), penetrated nearly 200 miles south into enemy territory and captured a railroad train at Big Shanty, Georgia, in an attempt to destroy the bridges and track between Chattanooga and Atlanta.
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Army
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E-05Sergeant
New Jersey Company H, 1st New Jersey Volunteer Cavalry Battle of Sayler's Creek, Virginia Among the first to check the enemy's countercharge.
PhilipSPost.jpg Army
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O-06Colonel
Illinois 59th Illinois Infantry Regiment Battle of Nashville, Tennessee  - Led his brigade in an attack on a strong position under intense fire. Later a U.S. Representative for Illinois.
Medal of Honor winner James Parke Postles
Army
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O-03Captain
Delaware Company A, 1st Regiment Delaware Volunteer Infantry Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Voluntarily delivered an order in the face of heavy fire of the enemy.
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Army E-01Private Rhode Island Battery G, 1st Rhode Island Volunteer Light Artillery Third Battle of Petersburg, Virginia Was one of a detachment of 20 picked artillerymen who voluntarily accompanied an infantry assaulting party, and who turned upon the enemy the guns captured in the assault.
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Army
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E-08First Sergeant
New York (state) Company E, 149th New York Infantry Battle of Lookout Mountain, Tennessee Capture of flag (Bragg's army).
Medal of Honor winner William Henry Powell
Army
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O-04Major
West Virginia 2nd West Virginia Volunteer Cavalry Regiment Sinking Creek Raid, Virginia (now West Virginia) Distinguished services in raid, where with 20 men, he charged and captured the enemy's camp, 500 strong, without the loss of man or gun.
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Army E-01Private Iowa Company A, 3rd Iowa Volunteer Cavalry Regiment Battle of Pea Ridge, Arkansas Under a heavy fire and at great personal risk went to the aid of a dismounted comrade who was surrounded by the enemy, took him up on his own horse, and carried him to a place of safety.
Medal of Honor winner Wesley James Powers
Army
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E-04Corporal
Illinois Company F, 147th Illinois Infantry Regiment Oostanaula, Georgia Voluntarily swam the river under heavy fire and secured a ferryboat, by means of which the command crossed.
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Navy Captain of the Main Top United States Navy USS Ticonderoga Aboard USS Ticonderoga, First and Second Battles of Fort Fisher  - On board USS Ticonderoga during attacks on Fort Fisher, 24 and 25 December 1864; and 13 to 15 January 1865.
Medal of Honor winner Joseph Rollin Prentice
Army E-01Private United States Company E, 19th U.S. Infantry Regiment Battle of Stones River, Murfreesboro, Tennessee Voluntarily rescued the body of his commanding officer, who had fallen mortally wounded. He brought off the field his mortally wounded leader under direct and constant rifle fire.
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Navy Landsman United States Navy USS Oneida Aboard USS Oneida, Battle of Mobile Bay Served on board USS Oneida in the engagement at Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864.
Medal of Honor winner Noble Delance Preston
Army
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O-02First Lieutenant and Commissary
New York (state) 10th New York Volunteer Cavalry Regiment Battle of Trevilian Station, Virginia Voluntarily led a charge in which he was severely wounded.
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Navy Coxswain United States Navy USS Brooklyn Aboard USS Brooklyn, Battle of Mobile Bay On board USS Brooklyn during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay.
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Navy Ordinary Seaman United States Navy USS Santiago de Cuba Aboard USS Santiago de Cuba, Second Battle of Fort Fisher On board USS Santiago de Cuba during the assault on Fort Fisher.
Medal of Honor winner Hiram W Purcell
Army
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E-05Sergeant
Company G, 104th Pennsylvania Infantry Battle of Seven Pines, Virginia While carrying the regimental colors on the retreat he returned to face the advancing enemy, flag in hand, and saved the other colors, which would otherwise have been captured.
James Jackson Purman (1864).jpg Army
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O-01Second Lieutenant
Pennsylvania Company A, 140th Pennsylvania Infantry Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Voluntarily assisted a wounded comrade to a place of apparent safety while the enemy were in close proximity; he received the fire of the enemy and a wound which resulted in the amputation of his left leg.
Medal of Honor winner Edgar Pierpont Putnam
Army
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E-05Sergeant
New York (state) Company D, 9th New York Volunteer Cavalry Regiment Crumps Creek, Virginia With a small force on a reconnaissance drove off a strong body of the enemy, charged into another force of the enemy's cavalry and stampeded them, taking 27 prisoners.
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Army
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E-04Corporal
Illinois Company A, 77th Illinois Infantry Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi Carried, with others, by hand, a cannon up to and fired it through an embrasure of the enemy's works.
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Navy Seaman United States Navy USS Magnolia USS Magnolia Landing Party, Battle of Natural Bridge  - Served as a seaman on board USS Magnolia, St. Marks, Florida, 5 and 6 March 1865.

See also

References

  1. ^ Defense link Medal of Honor history Archived 2009-06-15 at WebCite
  2. ^ "William Powers Morris". MilitaryTimes Hall of Valor. Gannett Government Media. Archived from the original on January 1, 2014. Retrieved 2013.

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