List of Kurdish Historical Sites
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List of Kurdish Historical Sites

This article briefly introduces a list of better known Kurdish historical sites (Kurdish: Asewari mêjûyi Kurdan). Apart from Kurdish historical sites within Kurdistan, non-Kurdish sites within Kurdistan, and Kurdish sites outside of Kurdistan are also included.

Sites in Iran and Iranian Kurdistan

Sites in Iraqi Kurdistan

  • Pira Delal
  • Tomb of Cyaxares, Qyzqapan, Sulaymaniyah
  • Tomb of the Prophet Hazkiel, Amadiya, Iraqi Kurdistan, The tomb is Considered holy to Muslims, Christians and Jews.[2]
  • Lalish Temple, Located in Nineveh, Iraq, the temple is considered a sacred place of worship for the Yezidi Kurds, According to Historians and archaeologists The site and temple is believed to date back to approximately 4,000 years [3]
  • Xarab-I Kilashin, ancient city[4] rediscovered in 2017 near the Grand Zab River in Iraqi Kurdistan
  • Hawler Citadel, Erbil is first mentioned in literary sources by the Sumerians around 2300 B.C, According to Giovanni Pettinato, author of several publications about Mesopotamian civilizations, Erbil is mentioned in two tablets as "Irbilum".[5] The city was largely under the rule of Sumerians, however in 2200 BC, the king of the Gutians, Erridupizir, conquered the city.
  • Dwin Castle, Said to have been belonged[6] to the family of the Kurdish Sultan Saladin
  • Ruins of Yassin tepe; Capital city of ancient Sharazor[7]
  • Khanzad Castle, located east of Hawler, it lies on Erbil-Shaqlawa road and is one of the archaeological sites in the city of Erbil.[8]
  • Shirwanah Castle, Kalar, Iraqi Kurdistan, The Castle was Home to the Kurdish Jaff family[9]
  • Shanidar Cave

Sites in Turkish Kurdistan

Sites in Syria and Syrian Kurdistan

  • Afrin (includes Julianus Church[10] and the Ain Dara Site which was Seriously damaged[11][12] by Turkish Forces during the Afrin Operation)
  • Abu'l-Fida Mosque, Hama, Syria, Erected by the Kurdish Prince and Local Governor of Hama Abulfeda
  • Hisn al-Akrad, originally a Kurdish settlement for Kurdish Mirdasid Soldiers[13]
  • Bab al-Ahmar (Red gate) located in Aleppo, Syria. built during the reign of the Ayyubid emir of Aleppo al-Aziz Muhammad and renovated by the Mamluk Sultan Qansuh II al-Ghawri at the beginning of the 16th century
  • Al-Adiliyah Madrasa, Damascus, Syria, 13th-century madrasah which was built by the Kurdish-Ayyubid Sultan Al-Adil I
  • Citadel of Damascus, partially Modified by Sultan Saladin in 1174, Re-built Completely by the Ayyubid Sultan Al-Adil between the years 1203-1216.[14]
  • Nimrod Fortress, Mount Hermon, Built by the Ayyubid Kurdish Sultan Al-Malik al-Aziz Uthman[15]
  • Citadel of Aleppo, partially Ayyubid-built,[16] greatly expanded under the Ayyubids and was Strongly fortified for protection from the Crusaders and local raiders.[17]

References

  1. ^ iranicaonline.org https://iranicaonline.org/articles/dimdim. Retrieved . Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Nordland, Rod (2017-11-07). "An Iraqi Town Where Muslims, Jews and Christians Coexist, in Theory (Published 2017)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved .
  3. ^ www.rudaw.net https://www.rudaw.net/english/people-places/12112018. Retrieved . Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ "4,000-year-old Mesopotamian city discovered in Kurdistan". www.kurdistan24.net. Retrieved .
  5. ^ Nordland, Rod (2017-11-07). "An Iraqi Town Where Muslims, Jews and Christians Coexist, in Theory (Published 2017)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved .
  6. ^ www.rudaw.net https://www.rudaw.net/english/kurdistan/121120142. Retrieved . Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica: A New Survey of Universal Knowledge - Page 521, by Walter Yust - 1951
  8. ^ "Khanzad (Banaman) Citadel | Unbelievable Kurdistan - Official Tourism Site of Kurdistan". bot.gov.krd. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "Sherwana Citadel | Unbelievable Kurdistan - Official Tourism Site of Kurdistan". bot.gov.krd. Retrieved .
  10. ^ History, Centre for World Environmental. "The Turkey assault on Afrin in northern Syria : CWEH Activists Blog : ... : Centre for World Environmental History : University of Sussex". www.sussex.ac.uk. Retrieved .
  11. ^ al-Sabbagh, Hazem (2019-12-16). "American newspaper: Militants affiliated with Turkey stole basalt lion statue from Ain Dara archeological site". Syrian Arab News Agency. Retrieved .
  12. ^ Reuters Staff (2018-01-28). "Syrian government says Turkish shelling damaged ancient temple". Reuters. Retrieved .
  13. ^ Elisséeff, N. (2012-04-24). "?i?n al-Akr?d". Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition.
  14. ^ "Citadel of Damascus - Madain Project (en)". madainproject.com. Retrieved .
  15. ^ Margalit, Alon (2018-10-29). "Differential earthquake footprints on the masonry styles at Qal'at al-Subayba (Nimrod fortress) support the theory of its ancient origin". Heritage Science. 6 (1): 62. doi:10.1186/s40494-018-0227-9. ISSN 2050-7445. S2CID 53629332.
  16. ^ "Citadel of Aleppo". World Monuments Fund. Retrieved .
  17. ^ "Ayyubid Palace Complex in the Citadel of Aleppo". World Monuments Fund. Retrieved .

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