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^As a vassal state, due to political conflict with the Fatimids, in around 1048 the dynasty changed alliagance to the Sunni Abbasid Caliphate and the ruling elite switched from Shia (Zaydi or Ismaili) Islam to Sunnism. See Idris H. Roger, L'invasion hil?lienne et ses conséquences, in : Cahiers de civilisation médiévale (43), Jul.-Sep. 1968, pp.353-369.  and Berry, LaVerle. "Fatamids". Libya: A Country Study. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2011.
^"Al-Humaydi and Peter Scales (1994: 94-95) seem to be ignorant of the Zaydiyya, whose outward practice appears Sunni. Possibly, Al-Humaydi and Scales have conflated Shi'ite with Imamiyyah and are in fact refuting their projection of the Hammudids." Article by Sayyid 'Ali ibn 'Ali Al-Zaidi, At-tarikh as-saghir 'an ash-shia al-yamaniyeen (Arabic , A short History of the Yemenite Shi'ites). 2005
^Juan R. I. Cole, "Rival Empires of Trade and Imami Shiism in Eastern Arabia, 1300-1800", International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 19, No. 2. (May, 1987), pp. 177-203, at p. 179, through JSTOR.