List of Shia Dynasties
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List of Shia Dynasties

The following is a list of Shia Muslim dynasties.

North Africa and Europe

Iran and Caucasus

Arabian Peninsula

Hijaz

  • Sharifate of Mecca - Zaidi (converted to Sunnism in the Ottoman period)[8]
  • Emirate of Medina - Twelver (converted to Sunnism in the Ottoman period)

Yemen

Bahrain

Levant and Iraq

Indian subcontinent

Anatolia

Southeast Asia

East Africa

See also

References

  1. ^ Ibn Ab? Zar? al-F?s?, ?Al? ibn ?Abd All?h (1340), Raw? al-Qirs: An?s al-Mu?rib bi-Rawd al-Qirs f? Akhb?r Mul?k al-Maghrib wa-T?r?kh Mad?nat F?s, ar-Rab: D?r al-Manr (published 1972), p. 38
  2. ^ ? , ? , ( : 1993), p.420
  3. ^ As a vassal state, due to political conflict with the Fatimids, in around 1048 the dynasty changed alliagance to the Sunni Abbasid Caliphate and the ruling elite switched from Shia (Zaydi or Ismaili) Islam to Sunnism. See Idris H. Roger, L'invasion hil?lienne et ses conséquences, in : Cahiers de civilisation médiévale (43), Jul.-Sep. 1968, pp.353-369. [1] and Berry, LaVerle. "Fatamids". Libya: A Country Study. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2011.
  4. ^ "Al-Humaydi and Peter Scales (1994: 94-95) seem to be ignorant of the Zaydiyya, whose outward practice appears Sunni. Possibly, Al-Humaydi and Scales have conflated Shi'ite with Imamiyyah and are in fact refuting their projection of the Hammudids." Article by Sayyid 'Ali ibn 'Ali Al-Zaidi, At-tarikh as-saghir 'an ash-shia al-yamaniyeen (Arabic , A short History of the Yemenite Shi'ites). 2005
  5. ^ Berkey, Jonathan (2003). The Formation of Islam: Religion and Society in the Near East, 600-1800. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-58813-3., p. 135
  6. ^ a b Newman, Andrew J. Twelver Shiism: Unity and Diversity in the Life of Islam, 632 to 1722. Edinburgh University Press, Nov 20, 2013.
  7. ^ RM Savory, Safavids, Encyclopedia of Islam, 2nd ed.
  8. ^ http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/shiites-in-arabia
  9. ^ Contemporary Yemen: politics and historical background, By B. R. Pridham, pg.14
  10. ^ a b Yitzhak Nakash, Reaching for Power:The Shi'a in the Modern Arab World, (Princeton University Press, 2006), 22.
  11. ^ http://www.alwasatnews.com/data/2009/2379/pdf/fdt5.pdf
  12. ^ Juan R. I. Cole, "Rival Empires of Trade and Imami Shiism in Eastern Arabia, 1300-1800", International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 19, No. 2. (May, 1987), pp. 177-203, at p. 179, through JSTOR. [2]
  13. ^ Antiquity to Institutionalization of al-Khalifa Rule. Fanack. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
  14. ^ https://www.academia.edu/35291290/The_Spread_of_Shiism_in_Kashmir_during_Chak_Dynasty_1554-1586_A.D
  15. ^ http://www.talpur.org
  16. ^ a b c d e ? , ? , ( : 1993), p.1987
  17. ^ ? , ? , ( : 1993), p.1360
  18. ^ ? , ? ? , ( : 1993), p.1371

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