List of Broadcast Satellites
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List of Broadcast Satellites

This is a list of satellites in geosynchronous orbit (GSO). These satellites are commonly used for communication purposes, such as radio and television networks, back-haul, and direct broadcast. Traditional global navigation systems do not use geosynchronous satellites, but some SBAS navigation satellites do. A number of weather satellites are also present in geosynchronous orbits. Not included in the list below are several more classified military geosynchronous satellites, such as PAN.

A special case of geosynchronous orbit is the geostationary orbit, which is a circular geosynchronous orbit at zero inclination (that is, directly above the equator). A satellite in a geostationary orbit appears stationary, always at the same point in the sky, to ground observers. Popularly or loosely, the term "geosynchronous" may be used to mean geostationary.[1] Specifically, geosynchronous Earth orbit (GEO) may be a synonym for geosynchronous equatorial orbit,[2] or geostationary Earth orbit.[3] To avoid confusion, geosynchronous satellites that are not in geostationary orbit are sometimes referred to as being in an inclined geostationary orbit (IGSO).

Some of these satellites are separated from each other by as little as 0.1° longitude. This corresponds to an inter-satellite spacing of approximately 73 km. The major consideration for spacing of geostationary satellites is the beamwidth at-orbit of uplink transmitters, which is primarily a factor of the size and stability of the uplink dish, as well as what frequencies the satellite's transponders receive; satellites with discontiguous frequency allocations can be much closer together.

As of December 2019, the website UCS Satellite Database lists 2218 known satellites. This includes all orbits and everything down to the little CubeSats, not just satellites in GEO. Of these, 562 are listed in the database as being at GEO. The website provides a spreadsheet containing details of all the satellites, which can be downloaded.

Listings are from west to east (decreasing longitude in the Western Hemisphere and increasing longitude in the Eastern Hemisphere) by orbital position, starting and ending with the International Date Line. Satellites in inclined geosynchronous orbit are so indicated by a note in the "remarks" columns.

Western hemisphere

Location Satellite Satellite
bus
Source Operator Type Coverage Launch date/rocket (UTC) Remarks
180.0° W Intelsat-18 Intelsat Television and Radio Broadcasting South Pacific 5 October 2011 Zenit Replaced Intelsat 701
177.1° W Yamal 300K Russia Gazprom Space Systems Television and Internet Russia 2 November 2012 Proton-M [4]
183° E NSS-9 SES Intercontinental Voice, Video, and Internet Pacific Ocean region 12 February 2009 Ariane 5
174.3° W TDRS-10 United States
171.1° W TDRS-11 United States
169.5° W NSS-6 Lockheed Martin
A2100AXS
Netherlands SES Direct broadcasting, video distribution Asia
Ariane 44L
Ku-band satellite
167.6° W TDRS-5 United States
148.0° West EchoStar-1 Lockheed Martin AS-7000 United States Echostar / DISH Network Direct Broadcasting , Long March 2E Scheduled to move to 77° W
139.0° W AMC-6 Lockheed Martin
A2100AX
United States SES Comsat North America, Greenland, Latin America
Proton-K / DM3
Formerly GE-6 (1997-2001)
AMC-18 Lockheed Martin
A2100A
United States SES and AT&T Alascom Comsat Canada, United States, Mexico, Caribbean
Ariane 5ECA (VA174)
Formerly GE-18
135.0° W AMC-4 Lockheed Martin
2100AX
United States SES Television and Radio Broadcasting North America, Latin America, Caribbean
Ariane 44LP H10-3 (V123)
Formerly GE-4 (1999-2001)
AMC-8, Aurora-3 Lockheed Martin
2100A
United States SES and AT&T Alascom Comsat Canada, Alaska, United States, Mexico, Caribbean
Ariane 5G (V138)
Formerly GE-8 (2000-2001)
128° West GOES 15 United States National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS)[5] Weather [5] North America and the Pacific Ocean basin [5] 4 March 2010, Delta IV, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS), Florida [5]
133.0° W Galaxy-15 United States
131.0° W AMC-1 Lockheed Martin
A2100
United States SES Television and Radio Broadcasting Canada, United States, Mexico, Caribbean
Atlas IIA
Formerly GE-1 (1996-2001)
AMC-11 Lockheed Martin
A2100A
United States SES Television and Radio Broadcasting Canada, Caribbean, CONUS, Mexico
Atlas IIAS
Formerly GE-11 (2004)
129.0° W SES-15 Boeing Satellite Systems
BSS-702P
Luxembourg SES Aviation, government, VSAT North America, Latin America, Caribbean, Atlantic Ocean region
Soyuz ST-A / Fregat-M
Hybrid Ku-band / Ka-band / WAAS satellite
Ciel-2 Thales Alenia Space Spacebus 4000C4 Canada Ciel Satellite Group Direct Broadcasting North America , Proton-M / Briz M Ku-band satellite|
Galaxy-12 Orbital Sciences Corporation STAR-2 United States Intelsat Television/Radio Broadcasting [6] Ariane 5G replaced failed Galaxy 15
127.0° W Galaxy-13 HS-601 United States Intelsat 24 C-Band transponders , Zenit-3SL Same satellite as Horizons-1
Horizons-1 HS-601 United States Japan Satellite Systems 24 Ku-Band transponders , Zenit-3SL Same satellite as Galaxy-13
125.0°W AMC-21 Orbital ATK
GEOStar-2
United States SES Comsat Canada, United States, Mexico, Caribbean, Central America
Ariane 5 ECA
Ku-band satellite
123.0° W Galaxy 18 LS-1300 United States Intelsat Television and radio broadcasting North America , Zenit-3SL Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite 2008-11-19
121.0° W Galaxy-23 FS-1300 United States Intelsat Direct Broadcasting North America , Zenit-3SL Hybrid C/Ku/Ka-band satellite; C band payload referred to as Galaxy-23 2008-11-26
EchoStar-9 FS-1300 United States Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting North America , Zenit-3SL Hybrid C/Ku/Ka-band satellite; Ku/Ka-band payload referred to as EchoStar-9 2008-11-26
119.1° W DirecTV-7S LS-1300 United States DirecTV Direct Broadcasting 54 Ku-band transponders , Zenit-3SL 8 active transponders at this time 2008-11-26
118.8° W EchoStar-7 Lockheed Martin A2100AX United States Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 32 Ku-band transponders , Atlas IIIB 21 active transponders at this time 2008-11-26
118.7° W Anik F3 EADS Astrium Eurostar-3000S Canada Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting 24 C band transponders, 32 Ku-band transponders, 2 Ka-band transponders , Proton Ku-Band leased to Echostar/Dish Network 2008-11-26
116.8° W SatMex 5 Hughes HS-601HP Mexico Satmex 24 C-band transponders, 24 Ku-band transponders , Ariane 42L 2008-11-26
116.1° West SIRIUS-FM-6
115.2° West XM-Blues United States , Zenit-3SL
115° West Solidaridad-2 Mexico Satmex , Ariane 44L
115.1° West ViaSat-1 LS-1300 United States ViaSat , Proton-M 56 Ka-band Transponders
115° West EUTELSAT 115 West A
114.8° W MEXSAT-3
113° W Satmex 6 Mexico Satmex , Ariane 5 ECA
113.0° W Eutelsat 113 West A
111.2° W WILDBLUE-1 United States ViaSat
111.1° W Anik F2 Boeing 702 Canada Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting , Ariane 5G Hybrid C-band / Ku-band / Ka-band satellite
111° West TerreStar-1
110° West EchoStar-11 LS-1300 United States Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting , Zenit-3SL 2008-11-19
EchoStar-10 A2100AXS United States Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting , Zenit-3SL
DirecTV-5 LS-1300 United States DirecTV Direct Broadcasting , Proton 32 Ku-band transponders
108° West GOES 3
107.3°W Anik F1 Boeing 702 Canada Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting , Ariane 44L Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite; will be replaced by Anik F1R
Anik F1R Eurostar-3000 Canada Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting, WAAS PRN #138 , Proton Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite; will replace Anik F1
105° W SES-11 / EchoStar 105 Airbus Defence and Space
Eurostar-3000
Luxembourg SES Direct broadcasting, VSAT Hawaii, North America, Latin America, Caribbean
Falcon 9 Full Thrust
Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite
AMC-15 Lockheed Martin
A2100AXS
United States SES Direct Broadcasting Canada, United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Mexico
Proton-M / Briz-M
Hybrid Ku-/Ka-band satellite. Twin of AMC-16
104.6° W GOES-14 United States
103.0° W SES-3 GEOStar-2.4 United States SES S.A. Direct Broadcasting North America , Proton-M / Briz-M Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite
102.9° W SPACEWAY-1 Boeing 702 United States DirecTV Direct Broadcasting , Zenit-3SL
102.8° W DIRECTV-10 United States
102.8° W DIRECTV-12 United States
101.3° W SkyTerra-1 Boeing 702 United States Ligado Networks Telecommunications United States , Proton-M
101.2°W DirecTV-4S HS-601 United States DirecTV Direct Broadcasting , Ariane 44LP 48 Ku-band transponders
101.1° W DirecTV-9S LS-1300 United States DirecTV Direct Broadcasting , Ariane 5 ECA
101° West SES-1 GEOStar-2.4 US SES S.A. Direct Broadcasting Canada, United States, Mexico, Caribbean, Central America , Proton-M / Briz-M Hybrid C-band / Ku-band satellite
100.8° W DirecTV-8 LS-1300 United States DirecTV Direct Broadcasting , Proton Hybrid Ku/Ka-band satellite
99.2° W DIRECTV-14 United States
99.2° W DIRECTV-11 United States
99.1° W SPACEWAY-2 United States , Ariane 5 ECA
97° W Galaxy-16 FS-1300 Intelsat , Zenit-3SL
98° W Inmarsat-4 F3[7] UK Inmarsat Maritime and Aviation Communications Canada, Caribbean, CONUS, Mexico , Atlas V 431 2014-04-2
97.0° W Galaxy-19 FS-1300 United States Intelsat Television and Radio Broadcasting 24 C- and 28 Ku-band transponders (North America) , Zenit-3SL 2008-11-20
96.0° W SIRIUS-FM-5
95.2° W DIRECTV-15 United States
95.0° W Galaxy 3C United States , Zenit-3SL
95.0° W INTELSAT-30
93.0° W Galaxy-26 FS-1300 United States , Proton-K
94.9° W SPACEWAY-3 United States
93.1° W GALAXY-25 United States
91.1° W Nimiq 1 A2100AX Canada Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting , Proton 32 Ku-band transponders
91.0° W Galaxy 17 Spacebus 3000 B3 United States Intelsat Television and radio broadcasting North America , Ariane 5 ECA Hybrid C-/Ku-band satellite 2008-06-13
89.0° W Galaxy-28 FS-1300 United States Intelsat The Americas , Zenit-3SL Hybrid C/Ku/Ka-band satellite; launched as Telstar 8
87.2° W TKSAT-1
87.0° W SES-2 GEOStar-2.4 US SES Direct Broadcasting North America, Latin America, Caribbean , Ariane 5 ECA Hybrid C-/Ku-band satellite
86.5° W Astra 3A HS-376HP Luxembourg SES Comsat
Ariane 44L
Not in regular use
85.2° W XM-5 United States
85.1° W XM-Rhythm Boeing 702 United States XM Satellite Radio Holdings Radio Broadcasting CONUS , Zenit-3SL
85.0°W AMC-16 Lockheed Martin
A2100AXS
United States SES Direct Broadcasting Canada, United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Mexico
Atlas V (V521)
Hybrid Ku-/Ka-band satellite. Twin (and originally ground spare) of AMC-15
84.0°W Brasilsat B3 Brazil , Ariane 44LP
84.0°W Brasilsat B4
83.8°W HISPASAT-1C
83.0°W AMC-18 Lockheed Martin
LM-A2100A
United States SES Comsat Canada, United States, Mexico, Caribbean
Ariane 5ECA (VA174)
C-band satellite. Formerly GE-18 (Originally ground spare for of AMC-10 and AMC-11)
82.0°W Nimiq 2 A2100AX Canada Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting , Proton Hybrid Ku/Ka-band satellite
Nimiq 3 HS-601 Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting , Ariane 42P Previously DirecTV-3 for DirecTV
82.0°W Nimiq-4 Eurostar-3000S Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting , Proton-M
81W ARSAT-2 ARSAT-3K Argentina ARSAT Data, Internet and TV broadcasting. Ku Band: North America and South America except Brazil, C Band: Americas , Ariane 5ECA 2015-10-10[8]
80.9°W SBS-6 HS-393 United States Intelsat Television and Radio Broadcasting , Ariane 44L Beyond expected end of life. Serves Argentina now 2008-06-13
79.0°W Satcom C3 United States , Ariane 44LP
78.8°W SKY MEXICO-1
78.0°W VENESAT-1
77.0°W EchoStar-4 A2100AX United States Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting , Proton Retired
EchoStar-8 FS-1300 United States Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting , Proton Deorbited 2008-11-19
77.1°W ECHOSTAR-1 United States
77.0°W QUETZSAT-1
76.9°W ECHOSTAR-8 United States
76.8°W Galaxy 4R United States , Ariane 42L Inclined orbit
76.2°W INTELSAT-16
76.2°W GOES-13 United States
75.0°W Brasilsat B1 Brazil , Ariane 44LP
74.9°W Galaxy-9 United States , Delta II (7925) spare
74.0°W Horizons-2 STAR Bus United States Intelsat JSAT Television and Radio Broadcasting CONUS Canada Caribbean , Ariane 5GS 20 Ku Xpndrs 2008-06-13
73.3°W Astra 1D HS-601 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe
Ariane 42P
72.7°W EchoStar-6 FS-1300 United States Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting , Atlas II-AS 2008-11-19
72.5°W Directv-1R United States , Zenit-3SL
72.0°W AMC-3 Lockheed Martin
A2100A
United States SES Television and Radio Broadcasting Canada, United States, Mexico, Caribbean
Atlas IIAS
Formerly GE-3 (1997-2001)
71.8°W ARSAT-1 ARSAT-3K Argentina Direct Broadcasting Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay , Ariane 5ECA First geostationary satellite built in Latin America
71.0°W Nahuel 1A Argentina , Ariane 44L
70.0°W STAR ONE C2
69.9°W STAR ONE C4
67.0°W SES-10 Airbus Defence and Space
Eurostar-3000
Luxembourg SES Direct broadcasting, VSAT Central America, Caribbean, South America, Brazil
Falcon 9 Full Thrust
Ku-band satellite
70.0°W Brasilsat B4 Brazil , Ariane 44LP
65.0°W Brasilsat B2 Brazil , Ariane 44LP+
65.0°W STAR ONE C1
63.0°W Estrela do Sul 1 Brazil , Zenit-3SL
63.0°W TELSTAR-14R United States
62.8°W ABS-1A United States
62.2°W TDRS-3 United States
61.5°W ECHOSTAR-16 United States
61.3°W EchoStar-12 A2100AXS United States , Atlas V (521) Formerly Rainbow-1, purchased from VOOM
61.8°W EchoStar-3 A2100AX United States Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting , Atlas II-AS
61.0°W Hispasat Amazonas Spain Hispasat , Proton-M
58.0°W Intelsat-9 HS-601HP United States , Zenit-3SL formerly PAS-9
55.5°W Intelsat-805 Intelsat , Atlas II-AS
54.0°W[7] Inmarsat-3 F4 UK Inmarsat Maritime and Aviation Communications Atlantic Ocean Region , Arianne 44L 2014-04-2
53.0°W Intelsat-707 Intelsat , Ariane 4
50.0°W Intelsat-705 Intelsat , Atlas II-AS
47.5°W SES-14 Airbus Defence and Space
Eurostar-3000EOR
Luxembourg SES Cable distribution, government and enterprise VSAT, aviation and maritime mobility, broadband Latin America, Caribbean, North America, Atlantic Ocean, West Africa
Ariane 5 ECA
C-band satellite
Carries NASA's GOLD payload
45.0°W Intelsat 14 HS702 United States , Ariane 5G formerly PAS-1R, and IS-1R
43.1°W Intelsat-3R HS-601 United States , Ariane 44L formerly PAS-3R
43.0°W Intelsat-6B HS-601HP , Ariane 42L formerly PAS-6B
40.5°W SES-6 EADS Astrium Eurostar-3000 Luxembourg SES Direct broadcasting, cable distribution, aviation North America, Latin America, Europe, Atlantic Ocean
Proton-M / Briz-M
Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite
37.5°W NSS-10 Alcatel Space
Spacebus 4000 C3
United States SES Television and Radio Broadcasting North America, South America, Europe, Africa
Proton-M / Briz-M
Formerly Worldsat-2 (2005)
AMC-12 (2005-2009)
Telstar-11N LS-1300 United States Telstar Telecommunications, Video, Data Africa, Europe, Atlantic Ocean, North and Central America 26 February 2009 39 high-power Ku-band transponders
36°W Hispasat AG1 (H36W1) OHB SmallGEO Spain Hispasat 28 January 2017
34.5°W Intelsat-903 Intelsat , Proton-K
31.5°W Intelsat-801 Intelsat , Ariane 44P
31.4° West Galaxy-14 Orbital Sciences STAR-2 United States Intelsat 24 C Band transponders - North America , Soyuz-FG/Fregat 2008-11-20
30.0°W Hispasat-1C Spain Hispasat , Atlas II-AS
Hispasat-1D Spain Hispasat , Atlas II-AS
Spainsat Spain Hisdesat, XTAR , Ariane 5
27.5°W Intelsat-907 Intelsat , Ariane 44L
24.5°W Intelsat-905 Intelsat , Ariane 44L
24.0°W Cosmos 2379 Russia Inclined orbit
22.0°W SES-4 Space Systems/Loral
SSL-1300
Netherlands SES Video distribution, government, VSAT, maritime services North America, South America, Europe, Middle East, West Africa
Proton-M / Briz-M
Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite
Originally named NSS-14
20.0°W NSS-7 Lockheed Martin
A2100AXS
Netherlands SES Video distribution, broadband Latin America, Africa
Ariane 44L
Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite
20.0°W Intelsat-603 Intelsat , Commercial Titan III Inclined orbit
18.0°W Intelsat-901 Intelsat , Ariane 44L
15.5°W Inmarsat 3 F2 UK Inmarsat EGNOS PRN #120 , Proton-K
15.0°W Telstar 12 SSL United States , Ariane 44LP
14.0°W Gorizont 32 Russia Inclined orbit
Express-A4 Russia
12.5°W Eutelsat 12 West A Europe Eutelsat , Ariane 5G formerly Atlantic Bird 1
11.0°W Express-A3 Russia , Proton-K
8.0°W Eutelsat 8 West A Europe Eutelsat , Ariane 44P formerly Atlantic Bird 2
Telecom 2D France , Ariane 44L Inclined orbit
7.0°W Nilesat 101 Egypt , Ariane 44P
Nilesat 102 Egypt , Ariane 44LP
Nilesat 103 Egypt , Ariane 42P
Nilesat 201 Egypt , Ariane 5
7.0°W Eutelsat 7 West A Europe Eutelsat formerly Atlantic Bird 7
5.0°W Eutelsat 5 West A Europe Eutelsat , Ariane 5 formerly Atlantic Bird 3
4.0°W AMOS 1 Israel , Ariane 44L
AMOS 2 Israel , Soyuz-FG/Fregat
3.4°W Meteosat 8 , Ariane 5G
1.0°W Intelsat 10-02 Intelsat , Proton-M
0.8°W Thor 2 Norway , Delta II
Thor 3 Norway , Delta II (7925-9.5)

Eastern Hemisphere

Location Satellite Satellite
bus
Source Operator Type Coverage Launch date/vehicle (UTC) Remarks As of
0.5°E Meteosat 7 Europe ESA Weather satellite , Ariane 44LP Inclined orbit
1.9°E BulgariaSat-1[9][circular reference] Bulgaria Bulgaria Sat Communications 52 Ku band covering Balkans
48 Ku band covering Europe and Middle East[10]
, Falcon 9 FT
3.0°E Telecom 2A Europe , Ariane 44L
4.0°E Eurobird 4 Europe Eutelsat , Ariane 44LP
4.8°E Astra 4A A2100AX Sweden SES Comsat Europe and Africa
Proton-M
Originally named Sirius 4
SES-5 LS-1300 Sweden SES Comsat Europe and Africa
Proton-M
Originally named Sirius 5, then Astra 4B
6.0°E Skynet 4F United Kingdom Ministry of Defence Military communications , Ariane 44L Inclined orbit
7.0°E Eutelsat W3A Europe Eutelsat , Proton-M
9.0°E Eurobird 9 Europe Eutelsat , Atlas II-A formerly Hot Bird 2
9.5°E Meteosat 6 Europe ESA Weather satellite , Ariane 44LP Inclined orbit
10.0°E Eutelsat W1 Europe Eutelsat , Ariane 44P
12.5°E Raduga 29 Russia Inclined orbit
13.0°E Hot Bird 6 Europe Eutelsat , Atlas V-401
Hot Bird 7A Europe Eutelsat , Ariane 5 ECA
Hot Bird 8 Europe Eutelsat , Proton
16.0°E Eutelsat W2 Europe Eutelsat , Ariane 44L
19.2°E Astra 1G HS-601HP Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe , Proton-K Not in regular use
Astra 1KR A2100 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe , Atlas V (411)
Astra 1L A2100 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe , Ariane 5 ECA
Astra 1M Eurostar E3000 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe , Proton-M
Astra 1N Eurostar E3000 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe , Ariane 5 ECA
Astra 2B Eurostar E2000+ Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe , Ariane 5G Not in regular use
20.0°E Arabsat 2A , Ariane 44L Inclined orbit
21.0°E LuxGovSat/SES-16 Orbital ATK
GEOStar-3
Luxembourg SES Military, government Europe, Middle East, Africa
Falcon 9 Full Thrust
Hybrid Ka/X-band satellite
SES/Luxembourg government joint venture
21.0°E AfriStar US , Ariane 44L
21.5°E Eutelsat W6 Europe Eutelsat
Artemis Europe ESA EGNOS PRN #124 , Ariane 5G Inclined orbit.
23.5°E Astra 2C HS-601HP Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe
Proton-K
Not in regular use
Astra 3B Eurostar E3000 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe
Ariane 5 ECA
25.0°E Inmarsat 3 F5 UK Inmarsat EGNOS PRN #126 , Ariane 44LP
25.0°E[7] Inmarsat-4 F2 UK Inmarsat Maritime and Aviation Communications EAME , Zenit 3 SL 2014-04-2
25.0°E[7] Inmarsat-4A F4 UK Inmarsat Maritime and Aviation Communications EAME , Arianne 5ECA 2014-04-2
25.5°E Eurobird 2 Europe Eutelsat
25.8°E Badr 2
26.0°E Badr 3
26.2°E Badr C
28.2°E Astra 2A HS-601HP Luxembourg SES Comsat UK and Europe
Proton Breeze M
Astra 2E Eurostar E3000 Luxembourg SES Comsat UK and Europe
Proton
Not in regular use
Astra 2F Eurostar E3000 Luxembourg SES Comsat UK and Europe
Ariane 5 ECA
Astra 2G Eurostar E3000 Luxembourg SES Comsat UK and Europe
Proton Breeze M
29.0°E XTAR-EUR Spain Hisdesat, XTAR , Ariane-5 ECA
30.5°E Arabsat 2B Arabsat , Ariane 44L
31.5°E Astra 5B Eurostar E3000 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe
Ariane 5 ECA
33.0°E Eurobird 3 Europe Eutelsat , Ariane 5G
Intelsat 802 LM-3000 ITSO , Ariane 44P
36.0°E Eutelsat Sesat 1 Europe Eutelsat , Proton-K
Eutelsat W4 Europe Eutelsat , Atlas IIIA
38.0°E Paksat-1R Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission , Long March 3B
39.0°E Hellas Sat 2 Greece , Atlas V (401)
40.0°E Express AM1 Russia Russian Satellite Communications Company (Intersputnik) , Proton-M
42.0°E Turksat 1C Turkey Turksat Comsat 16 Ku band , Ariane 44L
Turksat 2A Turkey Turksat Comsat 34 Ku band , Ariane 44P
45.0°E Intelsat 12 Europe ESA
46.0°E Azerspace-1/ Africasat-1a Orbital STAR-2.4 Azerbaijan Azercosmos[11] Broadcast and Telecommunications Satellite C-band: Africa, Central Asia, the Middle East and Europe, Ku-band: Central Asia and Europe , Ariane 5 ECA 2014-09-11
49.0°E Yamal 202 Russia Gazprom Space Systems (subsidiary of Gazprom) , Proton-K
52.5°W Yahsat 1A EADS Astrium
Eurostar-3000]
Europe Al Yah Satellite Communications Direct broadcasting Middle East, North Africa, Southwest Asia, Europe
Ariane 5ECA (VA201)
Hybrid C-band/Ku-band/Ka-band satellite
53.0°E Express AM22 Russia Russian Satellite Communications Company (Intersputnik)/Eutelsat , Proton-K
56.0°E Bonum 1 Russia , Delta II (7925-9.5)
57.2°E Astra 2D HS-376HP Luxembourg SES Comsat , Ariane 5G Not in regular use
62.6°E[7] Inmarsat-5 F1 UK Inmarsat Maritime and Aviation Communications EAME , Proton M/Briz-M 2014-04-2
64.5°E[7] Inmarsat-3 F1 UK Inmarsat Maritime and Aviation Communications Indian Ocean Region , Atlas IIA| 2014-04-2
66°W[12] Galaxy-27 FS-1300 US Intelsat Television broadcasting & Satellite Internet Access , Ariane 44LP Inclined, collocated 2016-04-05
66°W Intelsat 17 Intelsat November 26, 2010 Replaces Intelsat 702
68.5°E Intelsat 7 FS-1300 Europe ESA , Ariane 44LP
Intelsat 10 HS-601HP US , Proton-K
74.0°E INSAT-3C India ISRO , Ariane 42L
KALPANA-1 India ISRO Weather satellite N/A , PSLV Originally MetSat-1. Renamed in 2003 in memory of Kalpana Chawla, an astronaut killed in the Columbia accident 2007-10-27
EDUSAT India ISRO Educational communication satellite 6 Ka band and 6 C-band transmitters, covering India , GSLV Also known as GSAT-3 2007-10-27
INSAT-4CR India ISRO DTH, VPT and DSNG communication 12 Ku band covering India , GSLV 2007-10-27
GSAT-18 I-3K India ISRO Comsat 24 C-band transponders, 12 upper extended C-band transponders, 12 Ku-band transponders, 2 Ku-Beacon transmitters[13] 5 October 2015, Ariane 5 ECA[14] Launched with Australian NBN-Co 1B
75.0°E ABS 1 Lockheed Martin Intersputnik , Proton-K
79.0°E Esiafi 1 HS-351 Tongasat Comsat , Atlas-Centaur Originally Comstar-4 for LMGT. Ranamed Parallax-1 in 2001 and operated by SSC Parallax. Purchased by Tongasat and renamed Esiafi-1 in 2002 2007-11-10
80.0°E Express AM2 Russia Russian Satellite Communications Company (Intersputnik) , Proton-K
90.0°E Yamal 101 Russia Gazprom Space Systems (subsidiary of Gazprom) , Proton-K
Yamal 201 Russia Gazprom Space Systems (subsidiary of Gazprom) , Proton-K
91.5°E MEASAT-3 Boeing 601 HP Malaysia MEASAT Satellite Systems Broadcast and Telecommunications C-band: Asia, Australia, Middle East, South Eastern Europe and Eastern Africa
Ku-band: Malaysia, Indonesia and South Asia
, Proton-M 2013-10-08
MEASAT-3a Orbital STAR-2.3 Malaysia MEASAT Satellite Systems Broadcast and Telecommunications C-band: Asia, Australia, Middle East and Eastern Africa
Ku-band: Malaysia, Indonesia
, Land Launch Zenit - 3SLB 2013-10-08
92.2° ChinaSat 9 Alcatel SB4000 China China Satcom Broadcast and Telecommunications China 9 June 2008, Long March 3B
95.0°E SES-8 Orbital Sciences Corporation
STAR-2.4
Luxembourg SES Direct broadcasting, government, VSAT South Asia, India, Indo-China, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos
Falcon 9 v1.1
Ku-band satellite
SES-12 Airbus Defence and Space
Eurostar-3000
Luxembourg SES Direct broadcasting, VSAT, mobility, data South Asia, Asia-Pacific
Falcon 9 Full Thrust
Ku-band satellite
96.0°E Express AM33 Russia Russian Satellite Communications Company (Intersputnik) , Arianespace
105.0°E AsiaStar US CMMB Vision (formerly 1worldspace) Television, radio, data Southeast and South Asia , Proton-M
108.2°E SES-7 Boeing Satellite Systems
BSS-601HP
United States SES Direct broadcasting, VSAT Indonesia, India, Taiwan, Philippines, Southeast Asia
Proton-M / Briz-M
Previously named Galaxy-8iR, ProtoStar-2/IndoStar-2
Hybrid Ku/S/X-band satellite
SES-9 Boeing Satellite Systems
BSS-702HP
Luxembourg SES Direct broadcasting, maritime Northeast Asia, South Asia, Indonesia, Indian Ocean
Falcon 9 Full Thrust
Ku-band satellite
119.1°E Bangabandhu-1 Bangladesh Bangladesh Communication Satellite Company Limited Communication and Broadcasting Southeast and South Asia 11 May 2018, Falcon 9 Block 5[15]
119.5°E MEASAT-5 Loral FS-1300 SX Malaysia MEASAT Satellite Systems Comsat Malaysia , Ariane 5G 2013-10-08
140.0°E NBN-Co 1A SSL 1300 Australia NBN Co Comsat 101 Ka spot beams covering mainland Australia and some offshore territories[16] 30 September 2015, Ariane 5 ECA[14] Launched with Argentine ARSAT-2[14] 2016-04-01
Express AM3 Russia Russian Satellite Communications Company (Intersputnik) , Proton-K
145.0°E NBN-Co 1B SSL 1300 Australia NBN Co Comsat 101 Ka spot beams covering mainland Australia and some offshore territories[16] 5 October 2015, Ariane 5 ECA[14] Launched with Indian GSAT-18 2016-04-01
146.0°E Agila 2 Philippines Space Systems/Loral Comsat, TV and Radio Broadcasting Southeast Asia , Long March 3B
148.0°E MEASAT-2 Boeing 376 HP Malaysia MEASAT Satellite Systems Broadcast & Telecommunications C-band: Asia Pacific and Hawaii
Ku-band: West Malaysia/Indonesia (Sumatra & Java), Taiwan, Eastern Australia, Vietnam and the Philippines (switchable)
, Ariane 44L inclined orbit 2013-10-08
152.0°E Optus B3 HS-601 Australia Optus / Commonwealth Bank Comsat , Long March 2E 2007-10-28
Optus D2 STAR-2 Australia Optus Comsat , Ariane 5GS 2007-10-28
166.0°E Intelsat 8 FS-1300 US , Proton-K
178.0°E[7] Inmarsat-3 F3 UK Inmarsat Maritime and Aviation Communications Pacific Ocean Region , Atlas IIA 2014-04-2

In transit

En route to Satellite Satellite
bus
Source Operator Type Coverage Launch date/rocket (GMT) Previous locations Remarks As of
65.0°W Star One C1 Spacebus 3000 B3 Brazil Star One Broadcast comsat 28 C-band
14 Ku band
1 X-band, covering South America
, Ariane 5 ECA 2007-11-14
53.0°E Skynet 5B E3000 UK Ministry of Defence/Paradigm Military comsat , Ariane 5ECA 2007-11-14
5.0°E Sirius 4 A2100AX Sweden SES Sirius Comsat 52 Ku-band covering Europe
2 Ka-band covering Scandinavia
, Proton-M 2007-11-18
93.1°W Galaxy-25 FS-1300 United States , Proton-K formerly Telstar 5 2008-11-20
105.0°W Galaxy-15 Orbital Sciences Corporation Star-2 United States Intelsat Television/Radio Broadcasting, WAAS PRN #135 , Ariane 5G 133.0°W drifting to libration point since loss of stationkeeping on April 5, 2010

Historical

Date of disposal Satellite Satellite
bus
Source Operator Type Coverage Launch date/rocket (UTC) Locations Remarks As of
Kosmos 1546 Blok D USSR VKS Early warning Continental USA , Proton-K 24° W Deactivated 2002[17]

20:37 GMT
Thaicom 3 Spacebus 3000 A Thailand Shin Satellite Comsat Middle East and South Asia , Ariane 44LP 78.5°E Retired after power system failure
2008-11-09[19] NigComSat-1 DFH-4 Nigeria NASRDA Communication satellite 4 C-band, 14 Ku band & 2 L-band covering Africa. 8 Ka band covering Africa and Italy , Long March 3B 42.5°E (2007-2008) Power system failure[19] 2008-11-19
2008-07-14 EchoStar-2 AS-7000 US Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting , Ariane 4 , 148.0°W (1999-2008) Failed in orbit 2008-07-14, slowly drifting east 2008-11-19
1994? DFS Kopernikus 1 Germany Deutsche Bundespost / Deutsche Telekom AG Television and Radio Broadcasting 1989? 23.5°E, later 33.5°E No longer in use
2000? DFS Kopernikus 2 Germany Deutsche Bundespost / Deutsche Telekom AG Television and Radio Broadcasting 1990? 28.5°E No longer in use
2002? DFS Kopernikus 3 Germany Deutsche Bundespost / Deutsche Telekom AG Television and Radio Broadcasting 1992? 23.5°E No longer in use
December 2004 Astra 1A GE-4000 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe
Ariane 44LP
19.2°E, 5.2°E Graveyard orbit
July 2006 Astra 1B GE-4000 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe
Ariane 44LP
19.2°E Originally built as Satcom K3. In graveyard orbit
2012 ? AMC-2 Lockheed Martin
A2100A
United States SES Television and Radio Broadcasting North America
Ariane 44L (V93)
81°W, 81°W Formerly GE-2 (1997-2001). Drifting west 2.9°/day
17 May 2014 AMC-5 Aérospatiale
Spacebus 2000
United States SES Comsat United States, Canada, Mexico
Ariane 44L (V113)
79°W Formerly GE-5, Nahuel-1B
In graveyard orbit
Active AMC-7 Lockheed Martin
A2100A
United States SES Comsat United States, Caribbean, Mexico
Ariane 5G (V130)
137° W, 135° W Formerly GE-7, Drifting west 4.1°/day
2015 Sirius 3 HS-376HP Sweden SES Comsat Europe
Ariane 44L
28.2°E, 4.8°E, 51.2°E Drifting west
February 2015 Astra 1C HS-601 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe
Ariane 42L
19.2°E, 5°E, 72°W, 1.2°W, 40°W Drifting west
June 2015 Astra 1E HS-601 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe
Ariane 42L
19.2°E, 23.5°E, 5°E, 108.2°E, 31.5°E Drifting west
Jule 2017 AMC-9 Spacebus 3000B3 United States SES Direct Broadcasting Canada, Caribbean, Central America, CONUS, Mexico
Proton
83° W Formerly GE-12. In graveyard orbit
2018 ? NSS-806 AS-7000 Netherlands SES Comsat Americas, Europe
Atlas II-AS
40.5°W, 47.5°W Originally Intelsat 806
Drifting west
February 2019 AMC-10 Lockheed Martin
A2100A
United States SES Direct Broadcasting Canada, United States, Mexico, Caribbean
Atlas IIAS (AC-165)
135° W Formerly GE-10. In graveyard orbit
October 2019 Astra 1H HS-601HP Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe
Proton-K
19.2°E, 52.2°E, 67°W, 47.5°W, 55.2°E, 43.5°E, 81°W Drifting west
November 2020 Astra 1F HS-601 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe
Proton-K
19.2°E, 51°E, 55°E, 45.5°E Drifting west

References

  1. ^ C. D. Brown (1998), Spacecraft Mission Design, 2nd Edition, AIAA Education Series, p. 81
  2. ^ "Ariane 5 User's Manual Issue 5 Revision 1" (PDF). arianespace. July 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ "What is orbit?". NASA. 25 October 2001. Retrieved 2013. Satellites that seem to be attached to some location on Earth are in Geosynchronous Earth Orbit (GEO)... Satellites headed for GEO first go to an elliptical orbit with an apogee about 23,000 miles. Firing the rocket engines at apogee then makes the orbit round. Geosynchronous orbits are also called geostationary. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. ^ "YAMAL 300K". N2YO.com. Retrieved 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d "NOAA Satellite Information System (NOAASIS)". NOAA. Archived from the original on 25 August 2018. Retrieved 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  6. ^ "GALAXY 12". N2YO.com. 5 April 2016.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g wikipedia list of Inmarsat satellites
  8. ^ "El ARSAT-2 llegó a órbita geoestacionaria" [The ARSAT-2 has reached the geostationary orbit] (in Spanish). ARSAT S.A. 10 October 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ BulgariaSat-1
  10. ^ "Satellite Coverage Maps - Bulgariasat". Archived from the original on 3 December 2018. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ "Azerspace/Africasat-1a is prepared for Arianespace's first Ariane 5 launch in 2013".
  12. ^ "GALAXY 27 (TELSTAR 7) Satellite details 1999-052A NORAD 25922". N2YO. 5 April 2016.
  13. ^ "GSat 18". space.skyrocket.de. Retrieved 2018.
  14. ^ a b c d "NBN-Co 1A, 1B (Sky Muster 1, 2)". space.skyrocket.de. Retrieved 2018.
  15. ^ Amos, Jonathan (11 May 2018). "SpaceX flies 'lessons learned' rocket". BBC News. Retrieved 2018.
  16. ^ a b "NBN-Co 1A - Ariane 5 VA226 - Spaceflight101". spaceflight101.com. Retrieved 2018.
  17. ^ Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (PDF). Science and Global Security. 10: 21-60. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.692.6127. doi:10.1080/08929880212328. ISSN 0892-9882. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 March 2012.
  18. ^ Sat ND | Failures - Thaicom 3
  19. ^ a b Hallah, Tashikalmah; Okeke, Francis; Muhammad, Hamisu (19 November 2008). "Nigeria: Nigcomsat-1 is Lost, MD Says". allAfrica. Retrieved 2008.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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