This is a list of islands in the Pacific Ocean, collectively called the Pacific Islands. Three major groups of islands in the Pacific Ocean are Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. Depending on the context, Pacific Islands may refer to countries and islands with common Austronesian origins, islands once or currently colonized, or Oceania. The indigenous inhabitants of the Pacific Islands are referred to as Pacific Islanders. This list is organized by archipelago or political unit. In order to keep this list of moderate size, links are given to more complete lists for countries with large numbers of small or uninhabited islands.
The umbrella term Pacific Islands has taken on several meanings. Sometimes it is used to refer only to the islands defined as lying within Oceania. More commonly, it is used to refer to the islands of the Pacific Ocean that were previously colonized by the British, French, Spaniards, Portuguese, Dutch, or Japanese, or by the United States. Examples include the Pitcairn Islands, Taiwan, and Borneo.
Islands of the Pacific Ocean proper, with an area larger than 10,000 km2.
|Name||Area (km2)||Country/Countries||Population||Population density||Region||Subregion|
|New Guinea||785,753||Indonesia and Papua New Guinea||7,500,000||9.544||Oceania / Australia||Melanesia|
|South Island||150,437||New Zealand||1,135,500||7.5||Oceania / Zealandia||Polynesia|
|North Island||113,729||New Zealand||3,749,200||33.0||Oceania / Zealandia||Polynesia|
|Tasmania||90,758||Australia||514,700||5.671||Oceania / Australia||Australasia|
|Taiwan Island (Formosa)||35,883||Taiwan||23,000,000||641||Asia||East Asia|
|New Britain||35,145||Papua New Guinea||513,926||14.62||Oceania||Melanesia|
|Vancouver Island||31,285||Canada||759,366||24.27||North America||Northern America|
|Grande Terre||16,648||New Caledonia (France)||208,709||12.54||Oceania / Zealandia||Melanesia|
|Hawaii||10,434||United States of America||185,079||17.74||Oceania||Polynesia|
Islands of Federated States of Micronesia
Palau has over 250 islands, including:
This is the only contemporary text on the Pacific Islands that covers both environment and sociocultural issues and will thus be indispensable for any serious student of the region. Unlike other reviews, it treats the entirety of Oceania (with the exception of Australia) and is well illustrated with numerous photos and maps, including a regional atlas.- via JSTOR (subscription required)